No more NEET or JEE?

The Indian government is taking the initiative to merge the two most important entrance examinations. Will this move be revolutionary, or just another failed attempt to modernize the education?

This is not a new examination but just an existing examination, Common University Entrance Test (CUET) that will confine the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) and National Eligibility Entrance Test (NEET). University Grants Commission (UGC) chairperson M Jagadesh Kumar said on Friday that the government was looking at introducing the integrated entrance exam at the earliest, preferably by next year.

CUET being launched this year offers undergraduate admissions to 90 universities including 45 central universities. Responsible personnel mentioned 1.05 million students applied for CUET, making it the second biggest exam after NEET which received 1.8 million applications. Aiming to reduce the students’ burden, Kumar said, ‘one nation, one entrance’.

“NEET requires biology, physics and chemistry, JEE requires mathematics, physics and chemistry. All these subjects are already in CUET. Therefore, it won’t be an issue for medical and engineering colleges to use CUET scores for admission,” the UGC chairperson said.

Kumar showed concern toward the near running exam dates and said that they won’t make sudden changes, “We don’t want to announce anything in a sudden manner just a few months before the exams” (Kumar).

Experts from various fields would formulate a team and work in progress to make the examination much more viable and feasible. “The committee will work on preparing recommendations for an integrated entrance exam. These recommendations will then be shared with the stakeholders for consultation and feedback and based on that the ministry and UGC will decide the modalities of the exam. A lot of planning has to be done,” Kumar said.

There are possibilities of the examination being conducted twice a year, hence, giving students much better opportunities to bring their best performances to the front. Kumar also said, “We are also discussing if the NTA can come up with its own entrance examination centres in educational institutions across the country that can accommodate more than 300 to 400 students at a time. These centres can be used by educational institutions for the rest of the year,”.

In spite of all the similarities that align with his new examination CUET, the only wall that stands is the fact that the NEET examination is till on paper format and not over a computer based platform. Kumar said, “The question papers of all these entrance exams are strictly based on NCERT syllabus and are in multiple-choice format. NTA uses the same criteria for selecting experts for preparing these question papers. The only difference will be in the case of NEET, which is still OMR-based and not computer-based. Therefore, introducing a common entrance exam will be good both from a logistical point of view and the interest of the students.”

One of the involved NTA officials also mentioned, “Once a committee is formed and it submits its recommendations, NTA will start preparing for the integrated exam.”

The only wait now is to actually see how this excellent initiative runs out in future and whether it will prove itself to be amiable to the hardworking students.



How to be prepared for Kota’s Climate.

Going to a new place is stressful in itself and being unaware of its climate can invite more unwanted stress. So, in this article we’ll talk about the climate of the city of Kota so that you can be well prepared. Along with it, we’ll include tips to make your Kota journey easier.

Summers- Probably this would be the time when you would be arriving in Kota. Summers start here as early as the April and then starts to get harsh in the upcoming months. May, June and July are equally hot and bright with massive heatwaves blowing throughout the day. Just in 2-3 days you will realise why along with Books and uniform, the coaching provided you with an umbrella.

Summer tips-

• Carry a bottle of water along with you

• Try to cover your head with umbrella or a cloth.

• Have juice and enough electrolytes.

• Save yourself from heatwave.

• Avoid moving out unnecessarily during the day

Rain- The summers are harsh. And by the end of July or August you would have surrendered to the might of the Sun. And then monsoons will bring relief to you. Monsoon in Kota is heavy. It sometimes rains continuously for a day or two.

Monsoon Tip-

• Umbrella obviously.

• Protect your books and notes from getting wet.

• Do not go to see water rushing through the gates of Chambal barrage.

• Avoid trips to Gaipernath Mahadev.

• While walking on water filled roads keep in mind for open manholes.

• Avoid going near the river bank.

• The sun would be off, therefore make sure your clothes are dried properly. There is a potent risk of fungal infections at this time.

September and October

September would be a mix of both rain and sun. The weather would be nice. You can plan for short trips of sightseeing within Kota this time. Transition to october is beautiful. Looking at the colours of the evening sky in the Chambal water on an October evening would be so peaceful. October slowly welcomes the arrival of the winter. The winds which were previously hot, then became cool and humid would now change to more cool and less humid. Just mark my words transition to October is beautiful. And October late evenings are beautiful too.


• Time of going home would be coming near. Just don’t get distracted from excitement.

• Can try chai / coffee on weekend with friends in late october evening.

Winters- The arrival of winter in Kota does not depend on the calender. It usually starts when you come back from Diwali vacations. First the nights will start getting cold. Then the mornings and then at last the noon. Winters till mid December are moderate. And from about new year the nights and mornings start to get harsh. The winter winds directly strike the bones. Days are however not that cold. The sweatshirt provided by coaching is enough to beat the cold during the day.


• Protect yourself from cold winds.

• Heavy quilts are not required. Heavy blanket is enough, just make sure cold winds are not entering your room.

• While going out in the night or morning wear proper clothes.

February and March

February will bid farewell to the Winters. Mornings however will continue to stay cold. March will witness Holi celebration. That would be the time you will realise that the tap water is not THAT cold and you can now stop wearing the winter clothing. To keep the fan on or off would be a tough choice to make. Just keep a leg out from the covers and you would be okay.


• On a serious note, this is the time when almost everyone stop going to the classes. But the syllabus would still be running. So avoid making this mistake.

April and May

The most tensed time. The weather won’t matter to you now. Exams would be approaching and there would be a lot of things to revise. Just keep calm and focus. Weather now would be little warm. Not too much. Fans will do till the April and then coolers and fans will take over from May.


• Just maintain the continuous nature of study.

• Do not demotivate or over motivate yourself.

• Make no changes in the schedule at last time. This is not the time to do experiment with mew schedules. Just continue with your already experienced schedule.

• Eat food on time.















You can now join IIT-Madras without JEE


  • Students can credit an 8-month apprenticeship with companies or research institutes in their final year.
  • Course catalogue includes – Data Visualization Design, Reinforcement Learning, Industry 4.0, and Algorithmic Thinking in Bioinformatics.
  • The last date to apply is August 19, 2022 for the September 2022 term.
  • Students who complete the 4-year BS can appear for GATE and pursue an MTech in India, apply for postgraduate degrees internationally.
  • Class 12 students can also apply and secure admission.


Ranking number 1 in India, IIT – Madras has introduced a viable degree program for candidates without a JEE score. The course offers multifold of eccentricities with multiple entry-exit options via a BS degree in Data Science and programming, the sexiest job of 21st century (Erik and McAfee). Encapsulating the Bachelor of Science (BS) level, students can do an 8-month apprenticeship or a project with companies or research institutes.

The exit options include a certification, a diploma, and/or a degree. This enhanced pliancy provides students myriad number of choices where they can pursue a degree in Data Visualization Design, Reinforcement Learning, Industry 4.0, and Algorithmic Thinking in Bioinformatics. The students in class 12th currently can also enroll for this program. On the quirky side, students from any stream can enroll for this program and the declaration contains no age limit whatsoever. The classes are conducted online and hence there is no geographical obligation. Students who completed English and Mathematics in class 10th are eligible to apply for the course.

The current enrollment numbers sky up to 13,000 students with majority from Tamil Nadu, followed by Maharashtra. In the lines, “The institute is happy to offer this well-designed, contemporary BS in Data Science and Applications degree, which provides access to IIT quality education in an inclusive manner to learners across the country. Data Science is one of the emerging topics. This is a highly employment-oriented program in a domain where the demand is high for skilled resources.”, Prof V Kamakoti (Director of IIT – Madras) laid down the importance of the program. Furthermore, the professor in charge of the Data Science and Applications at IIT – Madras, Prof Andrew Thangaraj said, “As Data Science is a multidisciplinary domain, this BS degree from IIT Madras is open for students from all backgrounds. Students who are pursuing commerce or humanities can also earn a degree from IIT Madras. As content delivery is online and the in-person exams are conducted on Sundays, this degree can also be pursued while attending an on-campus degree or while working full-time.”

This kind of program allows students to study at one of the best Engineering institutions in India without the compliance of going through a bottle-neck competitive exam such as Joint Entrance Examination. The direct impact of this program lays foundation in the rural areas where students can’t afford the expensive amenity of JEE coaching classes. This program offers up to 100% tuition Scholarship which is both need and academic based.

Further, Dr. Vignesh Muthuvijayan, Professor In-Charge, BS in Data Science and Applications, IIT Madras, said, “Admission to the BS program does not require qualifying JEE. Unlike any other entrance exam, the qualifying process for this program is very inclusive. The state-of-the-art pedagogy enables IIT Madras to admit all qualified candidates without any restriction on the numbers. With generous scholarships, IIT Madras has created one of the most inclusive models in the country.”

IIT Madras BS program is a rejuvenating opportunity which will accelerate the approach towards the higher studies and incite possible change in people’s perspective towards going to their ‘dream’ college. The IIT madras team is confident that this program will be a viable and exhilarating opportunity for anyone who believes that their love of the life is Science!

Deadline for applications for the September 2022 term is 19th August, 2022. You can apply through :


Works Cited

Brynjolfsson, Andrew McAfee and Erik. “Data Scientist: The Sexiest Job of the 21st Century.” Harvard Business Review, 11 Mar. 2022,

“IIT-Madras Offers 4-Year Degree in BS Programming and Data Science; JEE Score Not Required.” The Indian Express, 2 Aug. 2022,

Now access 23,000 free higher education e-courses under New Education Policy

The Draft of much-awaited ‘New Education Policy’ of the Government of India was presented in front of the country in the year 2020 which has been implemented in the whole country from the academic session 2022. Its aim is to prepare for the future of this country with the rapid changes taking place in the world nowadays. It is noteworthy that through this, not only the nature and way of the traditional curriculum was changed, but keeping the all-round development of the students at the center, many new dimensions were also enshrined in the new education policy.

On the occasion of the 2nd anniversary of the NEP, the university grants commission introduced an online portal with the aim of easier access to education for all and bridging the digital divide and enhance accessibility of higher education in remote parts of the country. The portal will be helpful in providing digital access and make e-governance services available to all the students especially those who are living in the rural India at their doorstep.

The UGC has tied up with the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology  to integrate the e-resources with their over 7.5 lakh Common Service Centres (CSC) and Special Purpose Vehicle Centres to offer Over 23,000 higher education courses, including programmes on Artificial Intelligence, cyber security and early childhood care. these courses will be available from the forthcoming academic session of 2022-23. “As part of its efforts in making higher education accessible to all, the UGC has been constantly working in making digital resources available to students in English as well as regional languages,” UGC Chairman M Jagadesh Kumar said.

The courses include 23,000 postgraduate courses, 137 SWAYAM MOOC courses in emerging areas and 25 non-engineering SWAYAM courses. There are no charges for accessing these on the UGC portal. These can be accessed for free on the UGC platform.

Students can use these e-resources to strengthen their understanding of their subjects they are learning in their colleges or take upto 40% credit of their courses and store them in the Academic Bank of Credit (ABC). These PG courses are in either text or video format like offered by National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning (NPTEL). “Degrees will be offered only when the Digital University will be in place. Right now students can earn 40% of their course credits from these courses,” said M Jagadesh Kumar, chairperson, UGC.





NEET 2022: Answer Key

Find out the answer key and question paper from different institute at one click

Aakash Institute

Code: S5 (Click the below PDF)

Ques & Ans_NEET-2022_(Code-S5)



Code: S3


Allen Career Institute

Code: T2 (Physics, Chem, Bio Solution)

Click the PDF Below


biology-paper-with-answer (1)


Goal Institute, Patna

Ckick the PDF below

NEET 2022 Question with Answerkey





Dissolution of the Govt of India Act 1935 and the rise of The Republic of India

India coming from the harsh years of struggles achieved her Independence from the British Raj on August 15, 1947. An act called the Indian Independence Act 1947 was passed through the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which granted India its independence but as a constitutional monarchy under George VI as the head of the state and Earl Mountbatten as the governor-general of India. This was so as newly Independent India does not yet have a permanent constitution. It was governed by the modified version of the Government of India Act 1935. Fourteen days after the Independence on August 29, 1947, a resolution was moved for the establishment of a Drafting Committee with Dr. BR Ambedkar as its chairman, with the task to crown Independent India with her own permanent constitution. Moving with the time, the assembly met in sessions which were open to the public, studied constitutions of countries around the globe, debated, and brought the preamble to the Constitution of India on 26th November 1949. Moving ahead and after the long researched time of two years, eleven months and eighteen days, the draft for the Constitution of India was brought which after being signed by 308 members of the Assembly became our constitution on January 24, 1950 and the Constituent Assembly became the Parliament of India. However, the Constitution of India was made to come into effect two days later on 26 January 1950, to coincide with the day of the declaration of Purna Swaraj in 1930.
Thus on this day in 1950, Dominion India quashed The Colonial Government of India Act 1935 and the Indian Independence Act 1947 of the British and now, the Republic of India began to be governed by her own set of rules, that is, the constitution.
The constitution of India or the Bharatiya Samvidhan is the supreme law of India. The longest written constitution ever written, imparts constitutional supremacy to India. That is, it does not grant parliament to override the constitution. The constitution covering diverse subjects, primarily declare India as Sovereign, Socialist, Secular and Democratic Republic and assures its citizens Justice, Equality, Liberty and endeavours to promote fraternity. To add up in general knowledge, The Original hand written copy of the Constitution is preserved in a Helium filled case at the Parliament House in New Delhi.

As this day grants The President as the head of the state, therefore the celebrations of Republic day is held on Rajpath, New Delhi, before the President of India. Delhi bidding farewell to the winters is decorated beautifully for the celebration. As per the protocols established, the Prime Minister of India pays tribute to the martyrs at Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate. Then the President escorted by the cavalry reaches the Rajpath to hoist the National Flag followed by the National Anthem. Awards like Paramvir Chakra, Ashok Chakra and Vir Chakra are then presented to the brave soldiers. Soon after, the parade conducted by the President and arranged by the Ministry of Defence hits the Rajpath. Parade is lead by the winners of gallantry award saluting the President. It is then followed by the March past of armed forces, police, home guards and the national cadet corps. President being the Commander in Chief of the Indian Armed forces takes the salute. Parade is then followed by vibrant tableaux and cultural dances from various states and ministries. The republic day parade is concluded by the flypast of Indian Airport fighter jets over the Rajpath. The President’s bodyguard then escort the President back to the Rashtrapati Bhavan. As per the protocol no one is allowed to leave the ceremony before the exit of the President.
The Celebrations of the Republic day ends after four days, terminating in Beating Retreat ceremony on January 29 at Vijay Chowk. The chief guest of the function is the President of India who arrives in a cavalry unit escorted by the ‘President’s Body Guard’ (PBG). After the arrival of the President, PBG commander asks the unit to give the National Salute, which is followed by the playing of the National Anthem by the massed band and unfurling of the National Flag. The bands of various units of army, navy and air force play diverse Indian tunes. At exactly 6 PM the National flag is lowered, bringing celebrations to a formal end.
This year, the parade would be a little different. Indian Airforce is making the biggest flypast this year. Due to fog conditions the celebration this year will start from 10:30 AM instead to 10 as done previously. After merging of the flames of Amar Jawan Jyoti and National War Memorial, a bit different would be seen in paying of tribute by Prime Minister at Amar Jawan Jyoti. With Covid in action, the number of attendees have been reduced to 5000-6000, and there would be no foreign Chief Guest for the parade. This year by the instructions of the Prime Minister, the grand parade would be witnessed by those who don’t get chance to visit there, like rickshaw pullers, roadside venders etc. The beating retreat ceremony this year would be huge. It would be marked with the 1000 drones making patterns and symmetry along with the laser shows.
May the Republic of India always shine.
Jay Hind.

Article by: Sumit Yadav

NEET UG Phase 2 Registration: 57 Particulars To Be Filled

During the second phase of NEET 2021 registration, candidates will have to fill up to 57 columns with information and documents. The list of information has been mentioned on the NEET 2021 information bulletin. It includes personal information of candidates, education details and additional information. NEET 2021 phase 2 registration has now started on official website. The National Testing Agency (NTA) has divided the process into two phases so that candidates can submit their data quickly.

These are the columns to be filled during the second phase of NEET 2021 registration.

Personal details

A girl candidate will have to mention if she is the only girl child of her parents.
Place of residence.
If the candidate belongs to a minority community.
Religious minority.
Mode of preparation.

Educational details (for Class 10)

Pass Status
Year of passing or appearing
Qualifying exam name
Place of schooling
Type of school, college
‘Qualifying exam state
Qualifying exam district
Name of board
Result mode
Maximum grade point
CGPA obtained
Total CGPA
Marks obtained
Total marks
Percentage of marks
Roll number
School or college name and address
School or college pin code

Educational Details (Class 11)

Pass status
Year of passing or appearing
Name of qualifying exam
Place of schooling
Type of school or college
Qualifying exam state
Qualifying exam district
Name of board
Mode of result
Maximum grade point
CGPA obtained
Total CGPA
Total marks
Marks obtained
Percentage of marks
Roll number
Name and address of the school or college
Pin code of the school or college

Additional details

Place of birth
Qualification of father
Occupation of father
Annual income of father
Qualification of mother
Occupation of mother
Annual income of mother
Qualification of guardian
Occupation of guardian
Annual income of guardian

Documents to be uploaded

Category certificate, if applicable
Person with benchmark disability (PwBD) certificate, if applicable
Class 10 certificate
Citizen certificate

NEET 2021 Answer Key and explanation, click here to check

The National Testing Agency (NTA) has conducted the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET 2021) exam today from 2 pm to 5 pm in pen and paper-based mode. NEET 2021 question paper contained 200 questions from Physics, Chemistry, Botany and Zoology sections, while candidates have to answer only 180 MCQs.

Now, different coaching institutes Will update answer key of the paper. You can access them all  at one place. Right here.

NEET 2021 Question paper

Click here⬇️⬇️


NEET 2021 Answer Key

1. Answer Key by Goal Institute

Click here⬇️⬇️

NEET 2021 Answer Key

2. Detailed Answer Key By Aakash Institute(Code P3)

Click here⬇️⬇️

Que&Ans_NEET-2021 (Code-P3

3. Answer Key By Allen Career Institute(Code M2)

4. Answer Key by Resonance (Code N2)

5. Answer Key by Narayana Medical Academy (Code N6)

Complete Answer Key by Allen

Click Here(Touch below to download answer PDF)⬇️⬇️

neet-ug-2021-answerkey (6)

NEET 2021 Video Solution

By: Aakash Institute

Click here⬇️⬇️

By: Etoos India

Click here⬇️⬇️

NIRF 2021: The India Ranking

Education Minister Dharmendra Pradhan released the NIRF Ranking 2021 on Thursday listing the top institutes and universities in India this year. The education minister went live from his Twitter handle with Minister of State Sanjay Dhotre and AICTE Chairman Anil Saharsrabudhe to announce the top universities of India. The live recordings an also be seen on YouTube and Twitter.

The top two institutes remain the same as last year in the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF). IIT Madras has topped the ‘Overall’ NIRF Rankings and the second spot was taken by IISc Bengaluru. The third spot has changed from last year’s IIT Delhi to IIT Bombay.

The number of Indian institutes registered for the NIRF ranking 2020 increased by 20 percent as compared to 2019. In 2020, 3,800 institutes participated in NIRF Rankings. In 2021, the number was 6000.

The top institutes and universities of India are judged on the basis of certain predetermined factors for the NIRF Rankings. These include — Teaching, Learning & Resources (TLR), Research and Professional Practice (RP), Graduation Outcomes (GO), Outreach and Inclusivity (OI), Peer Perception.

Please note that depending on the category for which an institute has been judged, their scores may differ. The categories NIRF has chosen in 2021 to rank colleges in are:


NIRF Ranking 2021: Top 20 institutes in ‘Overall’ category

Rank 1: Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras

Location: Chennai, Tamil Nadu

Score: 86.76

Rank 2: Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bengaluru

Location: Bengaluru, Karnataka

Score: 82.67

Rank 3: Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay

Location: Mumbai, Maharashtra

Score: 82.52

Rank 4: Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi

Location: New Delhi, Delhi

Score: 81.75

Rank 5: Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur

Location: Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh

Score: 76.50

Rank 6: Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kharagpur

Location: Kharagpur, West Bengal

Score: 75.62

Rank 7: Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Roorkee

Location: Roorkee, Uttarakhand

Score: 71.40

Rank 8: Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Guwahati

Location: Guwahati, Assam

Score: 69.26

Rank 9: Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU)

Location: New Delhi, Delhi

Score: 66.61

Rank 10: Banaras Hindu University (BHU)

Location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh

Score: 63.10

Rank 11: Calcutta University (CU)

Location: Kolkata, West Bengal

Score: 61.45

Rank 12: Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham

Location: Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu

Score: 59.87

Rank 13: Jamia Millia Islamia

Location: New Delhi, Delhi

Score: 59.54

Rank 14: Jadavpur University (JU)

Location: Kolkata, West Bengal

Score: 58.93

Rank 15: Manipal Academy of Higher Education

Location: Manipal, Karnataka

Score: 58.91

Rank 16: Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Hyderabad

Location: Hyderabad, Telangana

Score: 58.53

Rank 17: University of Hyderabad (UoH)

Location: Hyderabad, Telangana

Score: 57.67

Rank 18: Aligarh Muslim University

Location: Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh

Score: 57.38

Rank 19: University of Delhi (DU)

Location: New Delhi, Delhi

Score: 56.03

Rank 20: Savitribai Phule Pune University

Location: Pune, Maharashtra

Score: 55.83

NIRF Ranking 2021: Top 3 ‘Research’ institutes in India

Rank 1: Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bengaluru

Location: Bengaluru, Karnataka

Score: 86.48

Rank 2: Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras

Location: Chennai, Tamil Nadu

Score: 86.01

Rank 3: Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay

Location: Mumbai, Maharashtra

Score: 80.93

NIRF Rankings: Top 3 ‘Universities’ in India

Rank 1: Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bengaluru

Location: Bengaluru, Karnataka

Score: 82.67

Rank 2: Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU)

Location: New Delhi, Delhi

Score: 67.99

Rank 3: Banaras Hindu University (BHU)

Location: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh

Score: 64.02

NIRF Ranking 2021: Top 3 ‘Engineering’ institutes in India

Rank 1: Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras

Location: Chennai, Tamil Nadu

Score: 90.19

Rank 2: Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi

Location: New Delhi, Delhi

Score: 88.96

Rank 3: Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay

Location: Mumbai, Maharashtra

Score: 85.16

NIRF Rankings: Top 3 ‘Management’ institutes in India

Rank 1: Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Ahmedabad

Location: Ahmedabad, Gujarat

Score: 83.69

Rank 2: Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Bangalore

Location: Bengaluru, Karnataka

Score: 83.48

Rank 3: Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Calcutta

Location: Kolkata, West Bengal

Score: 80.04

NIRF Ranking 2021: Top 3 ‘Pharmacy’ institutes in India

Rank 1: Jamia Hamdard

Location: New Delhi, Delhi

Score: 78.52

Rank 2: Panjab University

Location: Chandigarh, Chandigarh

Score: 77.99

Rank 3: Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS)

Location: Pilani, Rajasthan

Score: 75.57

NIRF Rankings: Top 3 ‘Colleges’ in India

Rank 1: Miranda House

Location: New Delhi, Delhi

Score: 75.42

Rank 2: Lady Shri Ram College For Women

Location: New Delhi, Delhi

Score: 69.44

Rank 3: Loyola College

Location: Chennai, Tamil Nadu

Score: 69.28

NIRF Ranking 2021: Top 3 ‘Medical’ colleges in India

Rank 1: All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)

Location: New Delhi, Delhi

Score: 92.07

Rank 2: Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER)

Location: Chandigarh, Chandigarh

Score: 82.62

Rank 3: Christian Medical College (CMC)

Location: Vellore, Tamil Nadu

Score: 75.33

NIRF Ranking: Top 3 ‘Law’ colleges in India

Rank 1: National Law School of India University

Location: Bengaluru, Karnataka

Score: 78.06

Rank 2: National Law University (NLU)

Location: New Delhi, Delhi

Score: 74.55

Rank 3: Nalsar University of Law

Location: Hyderabad, Telangana

Score: 72.39

NIRF Ranking 2021: Top 3 ‘Architecture’ institutes in India

Rank 1: Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Roorkee

Location: Roorkee, Uttarakhand

Score: 82.65

Rank 2: National Institute of Technology (NIT) Calicut

Location: Kozhikode, Kerala

Score: 76.50

Rank 3: Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kharagpur

Location: Kharagpur, West Bengal

Score: 76.14

NIRF Rankings: Top 3 ‘Dental’ institutes in India

Rank 1: Manipal College of Dental Sciences

Location: Udupi Karnataka

Score: 81.30

Rank 2: Dr. DY Patil Vidyapeeth

Location: Pune, Maharashtra

Score: 80.72

Rank 3: Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences

Location: Chennai, Tamil Nadu

Score: 78.33

Check code of eligibility for NEET(UG) 2021

After a lot of uncertainty regarding the conduct of NEET exams, NTA has finally released the dates and the exam is scheduled to be held on September 12, 2021. Registration has begun on the official website and the protocols for conduct of exam has been communicated.
National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) is a national level examination that is important for students who need to take admission in a medical/dental course.

Even since the opening of application portal, candidates are confused about the code of eligibility to be filled.

To be eligible for NEET (UG) – 2021, candidates need to refer to the following for qualifying examination criteria.

CODE: 01

A candidate who is appearing in the qualifying examination, i.e., 12 Standard in 2021, whose result is awaited, may apply and appear in the test but he/she shall not be eligible for admission to the Undergraduate Medical Courses if he/she does not pass the qualifying examination with the required pass percentage at the time of first round of Counselling.
Candidates who have appeared or are appearing at the qualifying Examination with English, Physics, Chemistry and Biology as the main subject and expect to pass the Examination with the required percentage of marks are also eligible to apply and appear in the Competitive Entrance Examination. However, their candidature will be considered only if they provide documentary evidence of having passed the qualifying Examination with the required subjects and percentage of marks.

Code 02

The Higher/Senior Secondary Examination or the Indian School Certificate Examination which is equivalent to 10+2 Higher/Senior Secondary Examination after a period of 12 years study, the last two years of such study comprising of Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology (which shall include practical tests in these subjects) and Mathematics or any other elective subject with English at a level not less than the core course for English as prescribed by the National Council of Educational Research and Training after the introduction of the 10+2+3 educational structure as recommended by the National Committee on Education.
Candidates who have passed 10+2 from Open School or as private candidates shall not be eligible to appear for the ‘National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test’. Furthermore, a study of Biology/Biotechnology as an Additional Subject at 10+2 level also shall not be permissible.
The candidates who have passed 10+2 level with Biology as an additional subject will also be eligible for MBBS Entrance Examination (as per Hon’ble High Court Order No. 2341/-W/DHC/WRIT/D-1/2019 dated 24/09/2019 in the Writ Petition (C) No. 6773/2019. If the institute has to consider an examination of an Indian University or of a foreign/university to be equivalent to the 12 Class under 10+2 scheme/intermediate science examination, the candidates shall have to produce a certificate from the concerned Indian University/Association of Indian Universities to the effect that the examination passed by him/her is considered to be equivalent to the 12 class under 10+2 scheme/intermediate science examination.

CODE: 03

The Intermediate/Pre-degree Examination in Science of an Indian University/Board or other recognised examining body with Physics, Chemistry, Biology /Biotechnology (which shall include practical tests in these subjects) and also English as a compulsory subject.

CODE: 04

The Pre-professional/Pre-medical Examination with Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology and English after passing either the Higher Secondary Examination or the Pre-University or an equivalent examination. The Preprofessional/Pre-medical examination shall include practical tests in these subjects and also English as a compulsory subject.

CODE: 05

The first year of the three years’ degree course of a recognised University with Physics, Chemistry and Biology/Biotechnology including practical tests in these subjects provided the examination is a University Examination and candidate has passed the earlier qualifying examination with Physics, Chemistry, Biology/ Biotechnology with English at a level not less than a core course.

CODE: 06

B.Sc. Examination of an Indian University provided that he/she has passed the B.Sc. Examination with not less than two of the subjects Physics, Chemistry, Biology (Botany, Zoology)/Biotechnology and further that he/ she has passed the earlier qualifying examination with Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English.

CODE: 07

Any other examination which in scope and standard (Last 02 years of 10+2 Study comprising of Physics, Chemistry and Biology/Biotechnology; which shall include practical test in these subjects) is found to be equivalent to the Intermediate Science Examination of an Indian University/Board, taking Physics, Chemistry and Biology/Biotechnology including practical tests in each of these subjects and English.

Provided also that to be eligible for NEET (UG) – 2021, the candidate must have passed in Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology and English individually and must have obtained a minimum of 50% marks taken together in Physics, Chemistry and Biology/Biotechnology at the qualifying examination as mentioned in the regulation of NMC & DCI. In addition, they must have got a rank in the merit list of NEET (UG) – 2021 for admission to Undergraduate Medical Courses.

In respect of the candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes or Other Backward Classes (NCL), the minimum marks obtained in Physics, Chemistry and Biology/Biotechnology taken together in qualifying examination shall be 40% marks instead of 50% marks for Unreserved and General-EWS Candidates. In respect of PwBD candidates as per NMC and DCI Regulations, the minimum marks in the qualifying examination in Physics, Chemistry and Biology (or Botany & Zoology)/Biotechnology taken together shall be 40% instead of 50%.

Provided further that the students who have received education abroad and wish to seek admission into medical colleges in India must have passed in Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology and English with 50% marks in class 12 and their equivalency determined by the Association of Indian Universities (AIU) as per regulations of the Medical Council of India and the concerned University.

The criteria for minimum qualifying marks to be eligible for admission to MBBS courses shall also be applicable to concerned INIs like AIIMS and JIPMER, reads the information bulletin reads.

CBSE releases new scheme to conduct 2022 board exams; check details here.

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) on Monday announced a special assessment scheme for the current academic session. The Class X and XII board exams will be split into two terms in the 2021-22 academic session. However, this scheme, according to a senior CBSE official, will be continued beyond the pandemic period as well.
The first term questions will be objective, which will take place in November-December 2021, while the second term exams will be subjective which will happen in March-April 2022.
Moreover, there will be no overlapping of syllabus in both these terms.
The final results will be declared on the basis of the performances of both these exams and equal weightage will be given to both the term exams.
As per the CBSE’s guidelines, at the end of the first term, the board will organize Term I examination in a flexible schedule to be conducted between November-December 2021 with a window period of four to eight weeks for schools situated in different parts of country and abroad.

The question paper will have Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) of 90-minute duration and during the pandemic period, it will cover only the rationalized syllabus of Term I.

At the end of the second term, the board would conduect Term II or year-end examination based on the rationalized syllabus.
The paper will be of 120-minute duration and will have subjective questions of different formats.
The responses of students will be captured on OMR sheets which, after scanning, may be directly uploaded at the CBSE portal. Alternatively, the sheets may be evaluated and marks obtained will be uploaded by the school on the very same day.

“Students will study only the specific syllabus meant for that particular term-end exam. No part of the first-term syllabus will be part of the second-term exam and vice-versa,” said the CBSE official.
As a learning from the Covid-19 situation, CBSE is also looking at keeping options of online exams as an exigency measure.
“Due to the pandemic, exams are getting postponed and cancelled. So, the online exam is one model which is also being planned,” said the official.
For the pandemic period, the Board has decided that in case the situation of the pandemic improves and students are able to come to schools or centres for taking the exams, exams will be conducted at schools/centres and the theory marks will be distributed equally between the two exams.
However, if schools remain closed in the November-December period but Term II exams are conducted in schools then Term I would be done by students online/offline from home and the weightage of this exam for the final score would be reduced while the weightage of Term II exams will be increased for declaration of final result. In a vice-versa scenario, the same rules will apply.
But in case of complete closure of schools for both the exams, results would be computed on the basis of the Internal Assessment/Practical/Project Work and Theory marks of Term-I and II exams taken by the candidate from home in Class X/XII.
“When the situation normalise, the Board will revert to its original schedule and conduct the Term I exam in October-November and Term II in February-March and for the full syllabus,” said the official.

Here’s What the board said in it’s official release:

  1. Special Scheme for 2021-22

A. Academic session to be divided into 2 Terms with approximately 50% syllabus in each term:

The syllabus for the Academic session 2021-22 will be divided into 2 terms by following a systematic approach by looking into the interconnectivity of concepts and topics by the Subject Experts and the Board will conduct examinations at the end of each term on the basis of the bifurcated syllabus.

This is done to increase the probability of having a Board conducted classes X and XII examinations at the end of the academic session 2021.

B. The syllabus for the Board examination 2021-22 will be rationalized similar to that of the last academic session to be notified in July 2021. For academic transactions, however, schools will follow the curriculum and syllabus released by the Board vide Circular no. F.1001/CBSE-Acad/Curriculum/2021 dated 31 March 2021. Schools will also use alternative academic calendar and inputs from the NCERT on transacting the curriculum.

C. Efforts will be made to make Internal Assessment/ Practical/ Project work more credible and valid as per the guidelines and Moderation Policy to be announced by the Board to ensure fair distribution of marks.

2. Details of Curriculum Transaction

  •  Schools will continue teaching in distance mode till the authorities permit in-person mode of teaching in schools. 
  •  Classes IX-X: Internal Assessment (throughout the year-irrespective of Term I and II) would include the 3 periodic tests, student enrichment, portfolio and practical work/ speaking listening activities/ projects. 
  •  Classes XI-XII: Internal Assessment (throughout the year-irrespective of Term I and II) would include end of topic or unit tests/ exploratory activities/ practicals/ projects. 
  •  Schools would create a student profile for all assessments undertaken over the year and retain the evidence in digital format. 
  •  CBSE will facilitate schools to upload marks of Internal Assessment on the CBSE IT platform. 
  •  Guidelines for Internal Assessment for all subjects will also be released along with the rationalized term wise divided syllabus for the session 2021-22.The board would also provide additional resources like sample assessments, question banks, teacher training etc. for more reliable and valid internal assessments.

3. Term I Examinations:

  •  At the end of the first term, the Board will organize Term I Examination in a flexible schedule to be conducted between November-December 2021 with a window period of 4-8 weeks for schools situated in different parts of the country and abroad. Dates for conduct of examinations will be notified subsequently. 
  •  The Question Paper will have Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) including case-based MCQs and MCQs on assertion-reasoning type. Duration of test will be 90 minutes and it will cover only the rationalized syllabus of Term I only (i.e. approx. 50% of the entire syllabus). 
  •  Question Papers will be sent by the CBSE to schools along with a marking scheme. 
  •  The exams will be conducted under the supervision of the External Center Superintendents and Observers appointed by CBSE. 
  •  The responses of students will be captured on OMR sheets which, after scanning may be directly uploaded at CBSE portal or alternatively may be evaluated and marks obtained will be uploaded by the school on the very same day. The final direction in this regard will be conveyed to schools by the Examination Unit of the Board. 
  •  Marks of the Term I Examination will contribute to the final overall score of students. 

4. Term II Examination/ Year-end Examination:

  •  At the end of the second term, the Board would organize Term II or Year-end Examination based on the rationalized syllabus of Term II only (i.e. approximately 50% of the entire syllabus). 
  •  This examination would be held around March-April 2022 at the examination centres fixed by the Board. 
  •  The paper will be of 2 hours duration and have questions of different formats (case-based/ situation based, open ended- short answer/ long answer type). 
  •  In case the situation is not conducive for normal descriptive examination a 90 minute MCQ based exam will be conducted at the end of the Term II also. 
  •  Marks of the Term II Examination would contribute to the final overall score.

5. Assessment / Examination as per different situations.

A. In case the situation of the pandemic improves and students are able to come to schools or centres for taking the exams. Board would conduct Term I and Term II examinations at schools/centres and the theory marks will be distributed equally between the two exams.

B. In case the pandemic forces complete closure of schools during November-December 2021, Term II exams are held at schools or centres. Term I MCQ based examination would be done by students online/offline from home – in this case, the weightage of this exam for the final score would be reduced, and weightage of Term II exams will be increased for declaration of the final result.

C. In case the situation of the pandemic forces complete closure of schools during March-April 2022, but Term I exams are held at schools or centres. Results would be based on the performance of students on Term I MCQ based examination and internal assessments. The weightage of marks of Term I examination conducted by the Board will be increased to provide year end results of candidates.

D. In case the situation of the pandemic forces complete closure of schools and Board conducted Term I and II exams are taken by the candidates from home in the session 2021-22.

Results would be computed on the basis of the Internal Assessment/Practical/Project Work and Theory marks of Term-I and II exams taken by the candidate from home in Class X / XII subject to the moderation or other measures to ensure validity and reliability of the assessment. In all the above cases, data analysis of marks of students will be undertaken to ensure the integrity of internal assessments and home based exams.


क्यों तबाह किया जा रहा है बकस्वाहा का जंगल?

कुछ दिनों पहले तक देश के मानचित्र पर अंजान सी छवि रखने वाला मध्य प्रदेश का बक्सवाहा जंगल पिछले कुछ समय से अचानक चर्चा का विषय बना हुआ है। लोगों का ध्यान इसके तरफ तब गया जब सोशल मीडिया पर ‘save baxwaha forest’ ट्रेंड करने लगा। आइए जानने और समझने का प्रयाश करते हैं की दरअसल ये पूरा मामला क्या है और क्यों आजकल यह मुद्दा प्रयावरण प्रेमियों और मध्य प्रदेश सरकार के बीच संघर्ष का कारण बना हुआ है।

जैसा की हम सभी जानते है कि भारत में हीरे कि सबसे बड़ी खान मध्य प्रदेश के पन्ना में स्थित है, किंतु अब मध्य प्रदेश के ही बक्सवाहा के जंगलों में हीरे कि एक बहुत बड़ी खान होने कि बात सामने आई है और ऐसा कहा जा रहा है कि अनुमानित रूप से यहां पर पन्ना के मुकाबले 15 गुना अधिक हीरा मौजूद है। मध्य प्रदेश सरकार ने इन हीरों को हासिल करने के लिए एक प्राइवेट कंपनी को यह जमीन 50 साल के लिए लीज पर देने का फैसला किया है। किंतु क्या जमीन के भीतर दबी इस बेशुमार खजाने को बाहर निकालना इतना आसान काम है? कदापि नहीं,और यही से जन्म होता है उस वजह कि जिसके कारण मध्य प्रदेश सरकार और पर्यावरण प्रेमी आमने सामने खरे हैं। दरअसल इन हीरों को बाहर निकालने के लिए तकरीबन 382 हेक्टेयर भूमि पर स्थित 2.5 लाख पेड़ों को काटना पड़ेगा और इसी बात को लेकर स्थानीय लोग और पर्यावरण संरक्षण के लिए काम करने वालों ने सरकार का विरोध शुरू किया है।

इस पूरे घटनाक्रम कि शुरुआत 20 साल पहले हुई जब छतरपुर के बक्सवाहा के जंगलों में प्रोजेक्ट डायमंड बंदर के तहत सर्वे का काम शुरू किया गया। इस क्षेत्र में छुपी भंडार के बारे में पता लगने पर 2 साल पहले राज्य सरकार ने इस जंगल कि 62.64 हेक्टेयर जमीन को जो कि खादान के लिए चिन्हित है, बिड़ला समूह को 50 साल के लिए लीज पर देने का फैसला किया। किंतु अब कम्पनी ने खदानों से निकलने वाले मलबों को दबाने के लिए कुल तकरीबन 382 हेक्टेयर भूमि कि मांग की है, कंपनी का कहना है की वो तत्काल इस प्रोजेक्ट में 2500 करोड़ का निवेश करेगी। कंपनी कि मांग को देखते हुए वन विभाग ने अनेकों बेशकीमती पेड़ों सहित तकरीबन 2.5 लाख पेड़ों को कटाई के लिए चिन्हित किया है। हालांकि इस प्रोजेक्ट को अभी केंद्रीय पर्यावरण एवम वन मंत्रालय कि मंजूरी मिलनी बाकी है,इस बाबत वन संरक्षक सुनील अग्रवाल का कहना है कि इस प्रोजेक्ट का प्रोपोजल केंद्र को भेजा जा चुका है किंतु अभी मंजूरी मिलनी बाकी है। ज्ञात हो कि 40 हेक्टेयर से अधिक क्षेत्र के खनन के प्रोजेक्ट को केंद्र सरकार कि पर्यावरण एवम वन मंत्रालय से मंजूरी लेनी पड़ती है।

लेकिन इस बात की भनक लगते ही स्थानीय लोगों ने इस प्रोजेक्ट का पुरजोर विरोध करना शुरू किया, देशभर में इस जंगल को बचाने के लिए जोर शोर से आवाजे उठने लगी। 9 मई को देशभर कि 50 संस्थानों ने वेबिनार करके आगे कि रणनीति पर चर्चा कि और यह कहा कि 5 जून को पर्यावरण दिवस के अवसर पर इस प्रोजेक्ट का विरोध करने के लिए बक्सवाहा के तरफ कूच करने का निर्णय लिया गया है और साथ ही यह भी कहा कि जरूरत पड़ने पर चिपको आन्दोलन के तरह वो लोग इन पेड़ों को बचाने के लिए फिर से वृक्षों से चिपकेंगे। इन लोगों का कहना है कि इस प्रोजेक्ट से जैव विविधता को भारी चोट पहुंचेगी। बुंदेलखंड का क्षेत्र पहले से ही सुखा ग्रस्त रहा है और पेड़ों कि कटाई के बाद यह क्षेत्र और विरान हो जायेगा। इन जंगलों में कई प्रकार के दुर्लव वृक्ष है और साथ ही विभिन्न प्रकार के जंगली जीवों का यह निवास स्थान भी है, जंगल के कटाई से यह प्राकृतिक संरचना पूरी तरह ध्वस्त हो जायेगी।

ICFRE के मुताबिक एक पेड़ कि औसत उम्र तकरीबन 50 साल होती है और इन 50 सालों में वह 50 लाख कीमत कि सुविधा देता है साथ ही लगभग 23 लाख 68 हजार कीमत का वायु प्रदूषण कम कम करता है और 20 लाख रुपए का भू-क्षरण नियंत्रण और उर्वरता बढ़ाने का काम करता है।लोगों का कहना है कि उन्हें हीरा निकाले जाने से कोई परेशानी नहीं है किंतु इसके लिए इतने बड़े पैमाने पर जंगल कि कटाई स्वीकार्य नहीं है,इसके लिए कोई दूसरा वैकल्पिक मार्ग निकाला जाना चाहिए। स्थानीय लोगों का कहना है कि वो विकास के खिलाफ कतई नहीं है किंतु उसकी कीमत इतने बड़े पैमाने पर जंगल की कटाई कभी नही हो सकती और वो सरकार के साथ एक लंबी चलने वाली लड़ाई के लिए तैयार हैं।

इस बाबत 9 अप्रैल की सुप्रीम कोर्ट ने दिल्ली कि समाजसेविका नेहा सिंह ने एक याचिका दायर कि और कहा कि हीरों के खनन के लिए इतने विशाल मात्रा में जीवनदायिनी वृक्षों कि कटाई नहीं होनी चाहिए। याचिका में कहा गया कि बिरला ग्रुप को दी गई लीज को भी रद्द किया जाए क्योंकि इस प्रोजेक्ट के कारण होने वाली विनाश कि क्षति पूर्ति करना असम्भव है,साथ ही जिस क्षेत्र में यह प्रोजेक्ट किया जाना है वह पेयजल कि समस्याओं से जूझ रहा है और सुखा ग्रस्त क्षेत्र है, पेड़ों कि कटाई से यह समस्या और भी विकराल रुक धारण कर लेगी।

IHOIK के लिए देवेश की रिपोर्ट।

CBSE Class 12 board exams 2021 cancelled; Read full details here

Finally the speculation over the fate of CBSE class XII board examination has come to an end. The board and the government has decided to cancel the exam after an extensive discussion. The decision came after the Prime Minister chaired a high level meeting.

PM Modi said that the decision on the Class 12 CBSE board exams had been taken in the interest of students due to the uncertain situation created due to the pandemic.

The Prime Minister chaired a review meeting regarding the Class XII Board exams of CBSE. Officials gave a detailed presentation on the wide and extensive consultation held so far and views received from all stakeholders, including State governments.

In view of the uncertain conditions due to COVID and the feedback obtained from various stakeholders, it was decided that Class XII Board Exams would not be held this year. It was also decided that CBSE will take steps to compile the results of class XII students as per a well-defined objective criteria in a time-bound manner

The Prime Minister said that the decision on Class 12 CBSE Exams has been taken in the interest of students. He stated that COVID-19 has affected the academic calendar and the issue of Board Exams has been causing immense anxiety among students, parents and teachers, which must be put to an end.

PM said that the Covid situation is a dynamic situation across the country. While the numbers are coming down in the country and some states are managing the situation through effective micro-containment, some states have still opted for a lockdown. Students, parents and teachers are naturally worried about the health of the students in such a situation. PM said that students should not be forced to appear for exams in such a stressful situation.

The Prime Minister stressed that the health and safety of our students is of utmost importance and there would be no compromise on this aspect. He said that in today’s time, such exams cannot be the reason to put our youth at risk.

PM said that all stakeholders need to show sensitivity for students. PM directed officials to ensure that the results are prepared in accordance with well-defined criteria, in a fair and time-bound manner.

Referring to the wide consultative process, PM expressed appreciation that a student friendly decision has been reached after consulting all stakeholders from across the length and breadth of India. He also thanked the States for providing feedback on this issue.

It was also decided that like last year, in case some students desire to take the exams, such an option would be provided to them by CBSE, as and when the situation becomes conducive.

The Hon’ble Prime Minister had earlier held a high-level meeting on 21/05/21 which was attended by Ministers & officials. Thereafter a meeting under the Chairmanship of Union Defence Minister was held on 23.05.2021 which was attended by the Education Minsters of States. Various options for conduct of CBSE examinations were discussed in the meeting and feedback obtained from the States and UTs.

Today’s meeting was attended by Union Ministers of Home, Defence, Finance, Commerce, Information & Broadcasting, Petroleum and Women & Child Development Ministries and Principal Secretary to PM, Cabinet Secretary & Secretaries of School Education & Higher Education Departments & other officials.

सभी वयस्कों को लगेगी कोरोना वैक्सीन, जानिए रजिस्ट्रेशन की प्रक्रिया

कोरोना वायरस के लगातार बढ़ते मामलों के बीच भारत में तीसरे चरण का टीकाकरण 1 मई से शुरू होने जा रहा है। केंद्र सरकार के नई घोषणा के मुताबिक अब 18 वर्ष से अधिक के सभी नागरिक टीकाकरण के पात्र होंगे। ज्ञात हो कि पहले चरण में फ्रंटलाइन वर्कर्स और दूसरे चरण में 45 वर्ष से ऊपर के नागरिकों को शामिल किया गया था। इस फैसले की जानकारी भारत सरकार के स्वास्थ मंत्रालय ने अपने आधिकारिक ट्विटर हैंडल से ट्वीट कर के भी दी।

अब तक भारत में फ्रंटलाइन कार्यकर्ताओं के अलावा 45 वर्ष से ऊपर के व्यक्तियों को कोरोना से बचाव के लिए कोविशिल्ड और कोवैक्सिन नाम के दो टिके लगाए जा रहे। कोवैक्सीन को हैदराबाद की भारत बॉयोटेक ने बनाया है, वहीं कोविशिल्ड को ऑक्सफोर्ड यूनिवर्सिटी और एस्ट्राजेन्का ने मिल कर बनाया है, भारत में इसका निर्माण सीरम इंस्टिट्यूट ऑफ इंडिया में हो रहा है। स्पूतनिक वी नाम के एक और रूस निर्मित वैक्सीन के आपातZकालीन इस्तेमाल की अनुमति ड्रग कंट्रोलर जनरल ऑफ इंडिया ने दी है पर अब तक इसका प्रयोग शुरू नही किया गया है।

कैसे करें वैक्सीन के लिए पंजीकरण?

सरकार के फैसले के मुताबिक टीकाकरण के लिए पंजीकरण की सुविधा 28 अप्रैल से उपलब्ध होगी। वहीं 24 अप्रैल तक कोविन पोर्टल को 18 वर्ष से ऊपर के सभी वयस्कों के पंजीकरण के लिए तैयार कर दिया जाएगा। टीकाकरण के लिए 28 अप्रैल से केवल कोविन पोर्टल या आरोग्य सेतु एप्लिकेशन के माध्यम से ही पंजीकरण किया जा सकेगा।

कोविन पोर्टल के माध्यम से पंजीकरण की प्रक्रिया

1.  वेबसाइट पर जाएं और  Register / Sign in पर क्लिक करें।
2. अब अपना मोबाइल नंबर डालें और Get OTP पर क्लिक करें। ओटीपी प्राप्त होते ही ओटीपी डाल कर वेरीफाई करें।
3. ‘रजिस्ट्रेशन फ़ॉर वैक्सिनेशन’ पेज पर फोटो आईडी प्रमाण, नाम, लिंग और जन्म के वर्ष सहित सभी विवरण दर्ज करें। यह हो जाने के बाद, रजिस्टर को क्लिक कर दें।
4. रजिस्टर करने के बाद, आप अपॉइंटमेंट शेड्यूल करने के विकल्प पर जाएंगे। रजिस्टर्ड व्यक्ति के नाम के आगे ‘’शेड्यूल” पर क्लिक करें।
5. अब अपना पिन कोड एंटर करें और सर्च पर क्लिक करें। आपको आपके पिनकोड के अनुसार वैक्सिनेशन केंद्र दिख जाएंगे।
6. तारीख और समय को स्केक्त करें और ‘कन्फर्म/सबमिट’ पर क्लिक करें।और इसी के साथ आपकी पंजीकरण की प्रक्रिया पूरी हो जाएगी।

आरोग्य सेतु से पंजीकरण की प्रक्रिया।

1. आरोग्य सेतु ऐप खोले और होम स्क्रीन पर दिख रहे coWIN टैब पर क्लिक करें।
2. अब अपना मोबाइल नंबर डालें और Get OTP पर क्लिक करें। ओटीपी प्राप्त होते ही ओटीपी डाल कर वेरीफाई करें।
3. ‘रजिस्ट्रेशन फ़ॉर वैक्सिनेशन’ पेज पर फोटो आईडी प्रमाण, नाम, लिंग और जन्म के वर्ष सहित सभी विवरण दर्ज करें। यह हो जाने के बाद, रजिस्टर को क्लिक कर दें।
4. रजिस्टर करने के बाद, आप अपॉइंटमेंट शेड्यूल करने के विकल्प पर जाएंगे। रजिस्टर्ड व्यक्ति के नाम के आगे ‘’शेड्यूल” पर क्लिक करें।
5. अब अपना पिन कोड एंटर करें और सर्च पर क्लिक करें। आपको आपके पिनकोड के अनुसार वैक्सिनेशन केंद्र दिख जाएंगे।
6. तारीख और समय को स्केक्त करें और ‘कन्फर्म/सबमिट’ पर क्लिक करें।

बताते चलें कि हाल ही में प्रकाशित सरकारी आंकड़ों के मुताबिक कोवैक्सीन और कोविशिल्ड टिका लेने वाले व्यक्तियों में 99 प्रतिशत अब तक कोविड से सुरक्षित है। अगर आपकी उम्र 18 वर्ष से ऊपर है तो आप भी ऊपर दिए गए स्टेप्स का पालन कर के खुद को कोरोना से सुरक्षित करने की तरफ कदम बढ़ा सकते हैं।

हेल्थ डेस्क के लिए आशीष रंजन की रिपोर्ट

CBSE Class 10th Board Cancelled, Class 12th Board postponed; check details here

In an unprecedented move, the Central Board Of secondary Education has decided to cancel it’s 10th board examination whereas the 12th board which was earlier scheduled to be conducted from June 4th, 2021 now stands postponed. The union Education Minister, Dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank made these announcements in a series of tweets. The decision came after the high level meeting chaired by Prime Minister to review the situation for conduct of board examinations.

In his tweet regarding class 10th board, Dr. Nishank stated that the examination stands cancelled and results will be prepared on the basis of objective criterion which will be developed by CBSE. This implies that now the board has to formulate a method of marks distribution.

He also added that if any candidate is not satisfied with the marks allotted on the base of the criterion set by board, he/she can sit in special exams to be conducted when situations get back to normalcy.

The Education minister announced that the class 12th board examinations stand postponed as of now. A review of the situation will be taken on 1st June 2021 and then a further schedule will be declared. He also mentioned that students will be informed about the exam dates at least in a prior of 15 days.

These decisions are taken after considering the present situation of the pandemic and school closures, and also taking in account the safety and well-being of the students. Also, a number of students and parents were using different social media platforms to ask for postponement of Board exams in wake of skyrocketing Covid-19 cases in the country.

Report by Ashish Ranjan for Education Desk

कोरोना की एक और वैक्सीन को मंजूरी, जानिए स्पूतनिक V की विशेषताएं

भारत में कोरोना के मामलों में बेतहाशा वृद्धि के साथ-साथ अलग-अलग राज्यों से वैक्सीन की कमी के खबरों से हलकान आम जनता के लिए रविवार को एक राहत की ख़बर आई। कोविशिल्ड और कोवैक्सिन के बाद अब स्पुतनिक V वैक्सीन को भी वैक्सीन मामलों की विशेषज्ञ कमिटी SEC के साथ साथ ड्रग कंट्रोलर जनरल ऑफ इंडीया की भी मंजूरी मिल गई है।

भारत में हैदराबाद स्थित डॉक्टर रेड्डीज लैब ने इस वैक्सीन के ट्रायल किये थे जिससे प्राप्त आंकड़ों के आधार पर भारत के ड्रग कंट्रोलर जनरल के समक्ष इसके आपातकालीन प्रयोग की मांग रखी गई थी। खबरों के मुताबिक सेंट्रल ड्रग स्टैंडर्ड कंट्रोल ऑर्गनाइजेशन (CDSCO) की सब्जेक्ट एक्सपर्ट कमिटी (SEC) ने इस वैक्सीन के ट्रायल आंकड़ो को तय मानकों के अनुरूप पाया है और इसके इस्तेमाल की अनुमति देने की अनुशंसा की है। इस मामले में आख़िरी फ़ैसला लेते हुए सोमवार के अहले सुबह ड्रग कंट्रोलर जनरल ऑफ इंडिया (DCGI) ने वैक्सीन के आपातकालीन उपयोग की अनुमति दे दी है।

ज्ञात हो कि भारत में भारत बॉयोटेक की कोवैक्सिन और ऑक्सफ़ोर्ड यूनिवर्सिटी एवम एस्ट्राजेन्का के तत्वधान में सीरम इंस्टिट्यूट ऑफ इंडिया द्वारा निर्मित कोविशिल्ड वैक्सीन को पहले हीं आपातकालीन प्रयोग की अनुमति मिली हुई है। प्राप्त आंकड़ो के मुताबिक अब तब भारत में वैक्सीन के 10 करोड़ 45 लाख से भी अधिक डोज लगाए जा चुके हैं।

स्पूतनिक V का निर्माण गामालेया नेशनल सेंटर ऑफ एपीडेमियोलॉजी एन्ड माइक्रोबायोलॉजी तथा रशियन डाईरेक्टरेट इंवेस्टमेंट फंड के संयुक्त तत्वधान में हुआ है। ये कोरोना पर दुनिया का पहला रजिस्टर्ड वैक्सीन है जिसे 2020 के अगस्त महीने में रजिस्टर कराया गया था। निर्माताओं के मुताबिक ये वैक्सीन कोरोना रोकने में 91.6 फीसदी तक कारगर है वहीं कोवैक्सिन और कोविशिल्ड कि सफलता दर 80 प्रतिशत के आस-पास है। कुछ मामलों में स्पूतनिक V वैक्सीन लगाने के उपरांत बुखार, थकान, सरदर्द जैसे साइड इफेक्ट्स भी देखे गए हैं, पर जानकारों के मुताबिक इस वैक्सीन के साइड इफ़ेक्ट अन्य वैक्सीन के मुक़ाबले कम है। भारत से पहले कुल 59 देश स्पुतनिक V के आपातकालीन प्रयोग की अनुमति दे चुके हैं। बाजार में इस वैक्सीन के दो डोज की कीमत 10 अमिरिकी डॉलर यानी तकरीबन 750 रुपये होगी जो कि फाइजर और मोडर्ना क वैक्सीन के मुकाबले काफी कम है। इस वैक्सीन को 2 से 8 डिग्री सेंटीग्रेड के तापमान पर स्टोर किया जाना है और इसके दो डोज के बीच का अंतर 21 दिन का होगा।

स्पूतनिक V के प्रयोग की अनुमति मिलने के बाद भारत में दैनिक वैक्सीन उत्पादन क्षमता में उछाल आने की संभावना है जिससे मांग और आपूर्ति के बीच की खाई को और कम किया जा सकेगा। साथ हीं, इस वैक्सीन के प्रयोग में आने से अन्य दो वैक्सीन निर्माता कम्पनियों (भारत बॉयोटेक और सीरम इंस्टीट्यूट ऑफ इंडिया) से भी दबाव घटेगा।

भारत में रूस के राजदूत निकोलय क़ुदशेव ने भी स्पूतनिक V के प्रयोग की संस्तुति पर हर्ष व्यक्त किया और इसको डीसीजीआई अप्रूवल मिलने की उम्मीद जताई।

हेल्थ डेस्क के लिए आशीष रंजन की रिपोर्ट।

Physics, Math Not Compulsory For Engineering: AICTE

In an unprecedented move that would have big impact on future of engineers produced in the country, the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) has made mathematics and physics at Class XII-level optional to get admissions to BE and B.Tech courses from 2021-22.

Students who are seeking admission into engineering colleges must have passed 10 + 2 with three of the following subjects:

  • Physics
  • Mathematics
  • Chemistry
  • Computer Science
  • Electronics
  • Information Technology
  • Biology
  • Informatics Practices
  • Biotechnology
  • Technical Vocational Subject
  • Agriculture
  • Engineering Graphics
  • Business Studies
  • Entrepreneurship

In its handbook AICTE said that candidates will have to score 45 per cent marks, and 40 per cent if in reserved category, in the above subjects taken together. “The universities will offer suitable bridge courses such as mathematics, physics, engineering drawing for students coming from diverse backgrounds to achieve learning outcomes of the programme,” it said.

The move has proven to be a controversial one with many experts stating that physics and mathematics are absolute essentials for a course in engineering. Many experts have urged AICTE to reconsider its decision.

AICTE Chairman Anil D Sahasrabudhe told that the choice of three mandatory courses as input to engineering has been expanded. “Hence for different disciplines there could be different three mandatory courses,” he said. He said that this would give a lot of flexibility in line with National Education Policy but acknowledged that physics and math are important to understand engineering otherwise a lot of bridge courses would be required.

Report Based On Inputs from News Agencies and handbook released by AICTE

COVID 19 Vaccination Registration To Begin; Check Eligibility And Process

The second phase of the Covid-19 vaccination drive in India has begun. It aims to cover 10 crore people across the country. So far, more than 1.5 core people have received Covid-19 shots.
States and UTs have been asked to keep a vaccination scale-up plan ready which includes the granular weekly and fortnightly plans for scaling up the vaccination sites both within the government and private facilities and also the number of vaccine doses administered.


People who are above the age of 60 and people within the age bracket of 45 to 59 years with specified co-morbidities are allowed to take the Covid-19 vaccine shots.
The government has released a list of 20 comorbidities that are covered for vaccination.

Here’s the list of 20 comorbidities:

1. Heart failure with hospital admission in past one year
2. Post cardiac transplant/ Left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD)
3. Significant Left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVEF < 40%) 4. Moderate or Severe Valvular Heart Disease 5. Congenital heart disease with severe PAH or Idiopathic PAH 6. Coronary Artery Disease with past CABG/ PTCA/ MI and Hypertension/ Diabetes on treatment 7. Angina and Hypertension/ Diabetes treatment 8. CT/MRI documented stroke and Hypertension/Diabetes on treatment 9. Pulmonary artery hypertension and Hypertension/ Diabetes on treatment 10. Diabetes (>10 years or with complication) and Hypertension on treatment
11. Kidney/Liver/Hematopoietic stem cell transplant: Recipient/ On wait-list
12. End stage Kidney Disease on haemodialysis/ CAPD
13. Current prolonged use of oral corticosteroids/ immunosuppressant medications
14. Decompensated cirrhosis
15. Severe respiratory disease with hospitalisations in last two years/ FEVI <50%
16. Lymphoma/ Leukaemia/ Myeloma
17. Diagnosis of any solid cancer on or after July 1, 2020 or currently on any cancer therapy
18. Sickle Cell Disease/ Bone marrow failure/ Aplastic Anemia/ Thalassemia Major
19. Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases/ HIV infection
20. Persons with disabilities due to Intellectual disabilities/ Muscular Dystrophy/ Acid attack with involvement of respiratory system/ Persons with disabilities having high support needs/ Multiple disabilities including deaf-blindness.

Registration Process

Registration will open on 1st March-2021

Please convey below message to your parents and other senior citizen members.

How to register for COVID Vaccine for senior citizen

◐ Use Co-Win app, Aarogya Setu app or log on to

◐ Enter your mobile number

◐ Get an OTP to create your account

◐ Fill in your name, age, gender and upload an identity document

◐ If 45+, upload doctor’s certificate as comorbidity proof

◐ Choose centre, date

◐ Up to 4 appointments can be made by one mobile number

Other options are also available for senior citizens who are not tech-savvy.

They can go to common service centres and get themselves registered.

A call centre number – 1507 – can also be availed for the same.


JEE Main 2021 Question Papers (Available) – Download PDF

JEE Main February 2021 is being conducted on February 23, 24, 25 & 26.
JEE Main Question Papers 2021 with Solutions- The memory-based questions of JEE Main 2021 paper 1 for the February 24 Shift 1 exam are now available.
Kindly click the attached pdf to access the question paper with solution.

click here to download:

24 Feb Shift 1


Legendary women from field of science

Eleventh day of February witness the International Day of Women and Girls in Science, by the resolution of the United Nations General Assembly on 22 December 2015. The International Day of Women and Girls in Science is implemented by UNESCO and UN Women, in collaboration with intergovernmental agencies and institutions, as well as civil society partners. The aim of the day is to promote women and girls in science and recognize the crucial and vital role women and girls play in science and technology. Also, the day resonates on the promotion of equal access for participation in science for women and girls.

The exponential increase in the undergraduate degrees of women over the past two decades was appreciated but it still was not able to harness the efficiency and productivity of women in the science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM). Women were holding only half the degrees as compared to men in STEM. This was alarming. Women being the equal participant of the world affairs was lacking behind. At present, less than 30 per cent of researchers worldwide are women. According to UNESCO data (2014 – 2016), only around 30 per cent of all female students select STEM-related fields in higher education. Globally, female students’ enrolment is particularly low in ICT (3 per cent), natural science, mathematics and statistics (5 per cent) and in engineering, manufacturing and construction (8 per cent). Hence, it caught the attention of the world and an international day was designated for the purpose of bringing women up to their designated deserving place. This was also included in the 2030 agenda for Sustainable development.

The hindrance in women progress might be due to long standing biases and gender stereotypes or various social or economic reasons. But today on 11th of February let us grab a cup of coffee (if chai, then heaven) and have a look to some of the contributions of women and girls in science.


  • Marie Sklodowska Curie (1867–1934) was the first person ever to receive two Nobel Prizes.
  • The first in 1903 in physics for the discovery of the phenomenon of radioactivity
  • The second in 1911 in chemistry for the discovery of the radioactive elements polonium and radium.
  • She is the only woman to win to win the award in two different fields.


  • American chemist Alice Ball was the first woman and first African American to receive a master’s from the University of Hawaii and went on to become the university’s first female chemistry professor.
  • Ball developed a groundbreaking treatment for leprosy — a disease which previously had little chance of recovery and forced victims into exile.
  • Prior to Ball’s research on leprosy, the best treatment available was chaulmoogra oil, which was difficult for patients to ingest or apply topically and too thick to inject. Ball developed an easily injectable form of the oil that ultimately saved countless lives and became the best treatment for leprosy until the 1940s.


  • British chemist and DNA researcher Rosalind Franklin was the first to demonstrate the basic dimensions of DNA strands and reveal the molecule was in two matching parts, running in opposite directions.
  • Her data was used by James Watson and Francis Crick to get their research on the DNA model across the finish line, and was published separately as supporting data alongside Watson, Crick and Maurice Wilkins’ research articles in Nature.


  • Known as the ‘Missile Woman’ of India is the Director General of Aeronautical Systems.
  • She was the former Project Director for Agni-IV missile in Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO).
  • She is the first woman scientist to head a missile project in India.
  • She has contributed in guidance, trajectory simulation and mission design at the DRDO. She designed the guidance scheme for long-range missile systems, which is used in all Agni missiles.


  • Dubbed as the ‘Rocket Woman of India’ Ritu joined ISRO in 2007 and was also the Deputy Operations Director to India’s Mars Orbiter mission, Mangalyaan.
  • As Mission Director of the Chandrayaan-2 mission, Ritu Karidhal was feted for role in helming one of India’s most ambitious lunar projects.
  • She was responsible for detailing and the execution of the craft’s onward autonomy system, which independently operated the satellite’s functions in space and responded appropriately to malfunctions.
  • In 2007, she also received the ISRO Young Scientist Award from APJ Abdul Kalam, then President of India.


  • Also known as the ‘polar woman of ISRO.
  • Mangala Mani is ISRO’s first woman scientist to spend more than a year in the icy landscape of Antarctica.
  • In November 2016, she was part of the 23-member team that went on an expedition to Bharati, India’s research station in Antarctica.
  • She spent 403 days at the southernmost continent operating and maintaining ISRO’s ground station.

The contribution of women in the field of science cannot be made limited to just these faces. There are several other countless works of women that had went unnoticed or unrecognized from the eye of the world. Yet from the very limited ashes the world gave to women, they have been making it possible to convert theses ashes into the stardust with par elegance. To every beautiful women out here reading this, I wish to say, the world might have stayed rough on you in the past, But if you are reading this, the world needs your help. Take this as an appeal but take this as a humble request, to come forward and be the light which will outshine all the darkness the world has and will see in the future. On this day of International Day of Women and Girls in Science, I invite you to come forward and be the momentum which will lead the world.

Report by Sumit Yadav

JEE Main 2021: So far, a record 22 lakh register for multiple JEE (M) cycles

JEE Main 2021 aspirants will take the test over four cycles this year. A total of 21.75 lakh candidates have made the JEE Main registration. The number is near to twice the number of students that appeared in 2020 for JEE Main. With nearly 22 lakh candidates, JEE surpasses NEET 2020 as the largest UG exam in the country in terms of registration.

It is going to be one of the biggest computer-based UG competitive exams in the country. Primarily because JEE Main would also replace UPSEE examination for admissions to AKTU. Also, 200 technical institutions from UP would be conducting its admission through JEE Main 2021 scores.

From this year candidates can appear the exam in 10 new languages. JEE Main 2021. There are nearly 2.2 lakh candidates appearing from Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Uttar Pradesh. However, most of the students would be taking up JEE Main 2021 in English.

The last date for JEE Main 2021 registration was January 23, 2021. A total of 149621 candidates have opted to appear for the exam in Indian languages. Nearly half of this value has opted for Hindi Languages. A total of 44094 and 24841 candidates will appear in Gujarati and Bengali Languages respectively.

The first cycle of JEE Main 2021 will be held in February. The consecutive cycles will be in March, April and May, respectively. A total of 6.6 lakh candidates will appear in the first cycle. The registration window will open briefly for the second, third, and fourth cycle. The total number of candidates may go high during the registration processes.

Apart from IIITs, NITs, GFTIs and premier private institutions, technical colleges from Uttar Pradesh will also take admission based on JEE Main score. The other States which have been using JEE main scores are Haryana, MP, Uttarakhand, Odisha, Nagaland, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Punjab.

Why does anything hurt more in winters?

Ever noticed how even a casual rash hurts in winters more than it would hurt on a  normal sunny summer day? You must have felt how you start to feel like a really  aged person, and even your body seems to get fatigued more quickly when it’s  cold! An increase in magnitude of joint pains, the worsening of old  injuries… Winter can be blamed for a lot of things! It isn’t your body’s fault or any  sort of medical emergency but rather a very common phenomenon which is  observed worldwide. 

Imagine how you go to your offices, classes and other working spaces in such  throes of this dazzling winter. If you are not a fan of winters, you would just want  to sit in your blanket for the whole day long and have some modern fun like  “Netflix & Chill”, but that isn’t the case for everybody and it doesn’t answer our  problem too. Many of you think of just hovering over internet and look up for answers about “How to get over the winter pain” but generally end with some  really complex things like change in barometric pressure, a decrease in muscle  and tendon elasticity with decreased temperatures, decreased blood flow to the  joints, and even seasonal affective disorder which could make you feel even more  numb and you would end up in blankets.

After going through a bit of already made research, I came up with a more plausible  theory which seems to involve a systematic functioning of our nervous system and some other body parts which make our body capable of dynamicity. Initially it  might seem to be complicated to you but here I have tried explaining this infinitive concept of “Our Nervous System” in a few key terms – knowledge of these will explain the whole problem to you in a snap.

The Nervous System Explained:

The nervous system can be explained with the example of an “information train” which simply runs in your whole body moving from one end to the other. All your  sensation, feelings, desires, impulses, vital signals are transported to your brain (The processor) by your “Nerve Trains”. A really important work, isn’t it? Our  Nervous System consists of the brain, nerves, and the spinal cord. The peripheral nerves carry the impulses through the spinal cord to the brain, where the brain will do  the rest of the processing part. Believe it or not, you won’t have feelings -of pain  and pleasure- without these precious nerves (Alas! that heart of yours plays no  role in it). 

Our sensory organs and nerves send signals to the brain through the spine. Imagine  how frequently you would get tired if every signal that came from all such millions  of sensory points went to the brain for processing. The brain would not be able to  handle such amount of constant stimulation, further causing a delay in processing, and a lag in processing may lead you to death – imagine how it would  be to start feeling the burning sensation when half of the body is already burnt.

So, any impulse that is to be sent to the brain must cross a sensation limit to  bypass the key to unlock the way to the brain, i.e. it may be allowed to travel  through the spinal cord only if it is past that limit. Our brain adjusts the threshold  limit, however, if the sensation remains constant for a longer period of time, supporting the fact that many times you forget where you kept the pen even  when you’re holding it in your hand or how you forget to take your glasses off.  You may not feel absurd or heavily burdened upon wearing clothes as your body  fine-tunes itself for that threshold of stimuli.

The nervous system follows a “Deal or No deal” system – there will be either no  input (sending off of impulse) at all or there will be a complete transmission of  stimulus. 

What is the relation between cold and pain?

Well, the answer lies in the nervous system and it is high time to unfold the truth  of that extra pain. What causes that pain to be felt as more painful is the crossing of the impulse of stimuli above threshold with a greater margin. When you  encounter any pain or other such sensation, it is boosted by the preoccupied  sensation of cold. Since the body is already fine-tuned by the sensation of cold, all it (stimuli) needs to do is to cross that small amount of sensation limit to pass the threshold. This tricks our trustworthy brain, and it combines the stimuli of pain  with cold and treating the impulse to be of higher measure and dispatching  signals for intense pain so that we may be aware of that treacherous substance  that is causing us pain and back off far away from it – this is a life-saving  mechanism at times!

The sub thresholds might also be present in forms of arthritis, old injuries,  fibromyalgia and other conditions that get egregious in such low temperature  conditions of winter.

Are there any other possible reasons too? 

Yes, there are more such phenomena that take place to make this sensation  happen or even make it worse sometimes! The skin in winters gets rigid and  sensitive due to lesser blood supply. This binds up a full-fledged bad experience  when our arms or fingers get hit when they are cold, as compared to when they  are warm, soft and flexible. The blazing wind of winter, exacerbating the  situations, drains all of the moisture content present on our skin (that the body  secretes), making it more vulnerable to the scratches and unnecessary rashes.  

As you might guess, the descendance temperature drops the atmospheric pressure too. People suffering with arthritis often report about excessive pain and  swelling in joints. The lower pressure subsequently leads to enhanced swelling in  the previously inflamed tissues, stimulating pain in those nerves and causing more  pain. The temperature on the other hand shrinks down tissues which causes  stretching in nerves, further worsening the previously spoilt conditions. To your  curiosity, many predict the onset of winters by the pain they start to feel in their  joints or by a general feeling of numbness throughout their body. Although there  has not been scientifically said over the effect on joints with the weather, a  few people behold this as a natural phenomenon that is part of a human life. 


  • The problem of feeling more pain in winters is a common effect and is felt  by everyone around the globe. 
  •  We can say that the feeling of excessive sensation of pain is a combined  work of many parts of the body. 
  • Although the weather is not a totally certified indicator of joint pains but it  affects our bodies in other ways like making it susceptible to rashes and causing dryness in the more sensitive parts of body (example: eyes) which  causes itching and irritation. 
  • The pain is caused due to a cumulative effect of shrinking of tissues,  sensitive nervous stimuli, swelling in previously inflamed tissues (if any),  swelling of tendons and stretching of nerves due to low pressure and  temperature.

Report by Sashit Vijay

Inspiring women of current generation

Happy National Girl Child Day! Yes, fortunately the ministry of women and child development initiated the celebration of this day from 2008, to spread awareness on gender based discrimination that a girl faces and to bring change in the attitude of people towards girls.

A very famous quote speaks all about those unpopular people who are & who will be excelling in their lives like anything, “Women aren’t created to do things a man can do, but women can do even the things a man can’t do”.

Today, we are stepping into a hi-tech digital world where on one side, we proudly announce the victory of women in different fields, but, on the other hand, we still have keen interest in knowing the gender of the unborn  child, unburden ourselves from a baby girl without knowing the perks of being blessed with a girl in the world where there’s no field in which women aren’t excelling.

With time, we will understand how tremendously a girl, a woman can perform anything and everything. Even today, there are many amazing women personalities who will leave us amazed:

  1. Bhawna Kanth
  2. Arunima Sinha
  3. Hima Das
  4. Seema Rao
  5. Smita Sabharwal

Bhawana Kanth:

One of the first women in the list of India’s Female Fighter Pilots. She was declared as the first combat pilot along with her two cohorts, the trio was first selected after the government of India decided to bring women fighter pilots into Indian Air Force.

She was the first female fighter pilot to be a part of republic day parade based on the theme of make in India. Her bravery made the nation proud and women more empowered. In 2020, she was honored with Nari Shakti Puruskar by Ramnath Kovind at Rashtrapati Bhawan. Thus, she is the one who inspires all of us to always look for the things out of the box.

Arunima Sinha:

She is an Indian Mountain climber and a sportsperson who reached the heights of mountains with the zeal and the burning desire for her passion even with the physical disability she is suffering with. She was the world’s first female amputee to climb Mount Everest in 2013 and has again set another record by climbing Mount Vinson, the highest peak of Antarctica. She never made her disabilities define her. She is one of the most inspiring woman of the nation, today even with all the amenities we are ready to escape from, to make excuses for her life, her achievements are the biggest lessons to be learnt and inspired from.

Hima Das:

“Dhing express”, is a 21 years old Indian sprinter from the state of Assam. She holds the current Indian sprinter from state Assam. She holds the current Indian national record in 400 meters with a timing of 50.79 s that she clocked at the 2018 Asian Games in Jakarta, Indonesia. She is the first Indian athlete to win a gold medal in a track event at the IAAF World U20 Championships.

At such a young age, bringing medals to the nation is not an easy job to do. Hats off to her performance.

Seema Rao:

India’s wonder women, is India’s first woman commando trainer, having trained Special Forces of India for over two decades without compensation. It seems like she has mastered the art of fighting in tight proximity, and is involved in training many Indian forces. She even holds a black belt in Taekwondo and Krav Maga, in addition to that, she has 8th degree black belt in military martial arts. She is also the world’s highest qualified women instructor in Bruce Lee art of Jeet Kune Do. In the country of traditional martial arts, nothing can be more beautiful than seeing her bravery act.

Smita Sabharwal:

“People’s officer”, the youngest aspirant to clear UPSC exam in Telangana, also the first lady officer to be appointed at chief minister’s office. Apart from this, she even motivates women for active participation of women in productive work and in the issues they are facing through. Another most inspiring woman of India.

In a country where girls are regarded as Goddess and never leave anybody down by their performance in any field. Today, women are excelling in every field without any exception. There’s no limit to the achievement of a woman; they are not just matching the pace with men but also leading with dignities.

This will probably never come to end but here’s to the limit ending with a beautiful saying let’s just keep empowering women and celebrate their victory.

“If we educate a boy, we educate one PERSON, but if we educate a girl, we educate a FAMILY”. 

Report by Sneha Verma

Board Exams 2021, JEE, NEET Will Be Based On Reduced Syllabus: Education Minister

Union Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank on Monday said that students will be asked questions in the upcoming board exams on the basis of the revised syllabus. Further, the minister said that engineering and medical entrance tests JEE Main 2021 and NEET 2021 will also be held on the basis of reduced syllabus.

“Those preparing for JEE Main and NEET have doubts in their minds as the syllabus for boards have been reduced. I can assure that you can study based on the revised syllabus and not be at a disadvantage as the JEE Main 2021 will have more options than usual and students who have studied the curtailed syllabus will find questions from the parts they have studied in it,” Nishank said during an interaction with teachers and students of Kendriya Vidyalaya.

The JEE-Advanced test for admission to Indian Institutes of Technology is scheduled for July 3. The relaxation in admission requirement of 75 per cent marks in class 12 which was announced last year in view of COVID-19 pandemic will be offered this year as well.

For admissions to IITs, apart from qualifying the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE)-Advanced, the candidates are required to secure either minimum 75 per cent marks in class 12 board exams or rank among the top 20 percentile in their qualifying examinations.

While JEE-Main is conducted for admission to engineering colleges across the country, it is considered as a qualifying test for JEE-Advanced.

Meanwhile, the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) will conduct board exams for classes 10 and 12 physically from May 4 to June 10. Practical examinations will be conducted by schools from March 1. The results of the board exams will be announced by July 15.

With inputs from Times Of India and NDTV India

23 senior citizens die soon after taking Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine in Norway

In a worrying development, 23 elderly people died within a short time of receiving their first coronavirus vaccine shots in Norway. However, there is no confirmation yet if there is direct correlation between the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 jab and these deaths.

Although a direct correlation between the Pfizer jab and these deaths is yet to be established, experts have said that 13 out of 23 people who died showed common side effects of mRNA vaccines such as diarrhea, nausea and fever.

The Norwegian Institute of Public Health has cautioned against vaccinating elderly people above 80 years of age saying those with a short life span may not benefit much from the jab. The Norwegian regulator further told Bloomberg, “For those with the most severe frailty, even relatively mild vaccine side effects can have serious consequences.”

Pfizer and BioNTech are working with the Norwegian authorities to investigate the deaths in Norway. According to Pfizer, the regulator discovered “the number of incidents so far is not alarming and in line with expectations”.

Experts are of the strong opinion that doctors need to exercise strong caution in vaccinating people in the wake of deaths of 23 elderly people. The Norwegian Medicines Agency said in a recent report that 21 women and 8 men reported side effects. Apart from the 23 deaths, nine people have reported serious side effects without fatal outcomes such as allergic reactions, strong discomfort and severe fever. Seven people reported less serious side effects such as severe pain at the injection site.

Meanwhile, Norway had administered at least one dose of the Pfizer or Moderna coronavirus vaccines to approximately 33,000 people by end of December.


National Youth Day: Swami Vivekananda’s Famous Speech In Chicago

Every year on January 12, the country celebrates the National Youth Day to honour Swami Vivekananda. It was on this day in 1863 that the youth icon was born. The day is also known as Yuva Diwas and is observed at schools and colleges with functions, speeches and so. Let’s know more about the monk who underlined the importance of youth making a better nation and changed the world with his modern thoughts.

Born on Jan 12, 1863, in a Bengali family, Narendra Natha Datta was a precocious child who was what we call nowadays, an all-rounder, excelling in music, studies and athletics. His father Vishwanatha Datta was a well-known attorney. As a youngster, Narendra suffered a crisis of faith and met Sri Ramkrishna in Dakshineshwar near Kolkata. He became his disciple and nursed him when he was unwell, even though his own father had passed away and his family was forced into poverty. Upon Sri Ramkrishna’s death, along with other disciples, Narendra took the sannyasa.

Following this, he went on a long journey across India, where he was shocked to see first-hand the appalling poverty of the masses. To fight the malaise of poverty, he chose to bring in effect a ‘machinery’ which would come to be known as the Ramkrishna foundation, which included educational, economic and religious betterment.
It was 1893 that would be defined as his annus mirabilis when he addressed the World’s Parliament of Religions in Chicago where he presented his Master’s message to the world. His welcoming address there earned him a standing ovation. Here’s the starting of the speech:
Sisters and Brothers of America, It fills my heart with joy unspeakable to rise in response to the warm and cordial welcome which you have given us. I thank you in the name of the most ancient order of monks in the world; I thank you in the name of the mother of religions, and I thank you in the name of millions and millions of Hindu people of all classes and sects. My thanks, also, to some of the speakers on this platform who, referring to the delegates from the Orient, have told you that these men from far-off nations may well claim the honour of bearing to different lands the idea of toleration. I am proud to belong to a religion which has taught the world both tolerance and universal acceptance.

His speech was so well-received that he spent the next three and a half years in USA and London in the UK spreading Sri Ramakrishna’s message of Vedanta. He finally returned to India in 1897 and delivered a series of lectures here as well which sought to increase religious awareness as instil pride in Indian culture. He also looked to help increase awareness about practical Vedanta. Later that same year, he opened the Ramakrishna Mission, which provided various forms of social service, including running hospitals, schools, colleges, rural developments centres and hostels and also do relief work.

A year later, he acquired land on the Western bank of the Ganga where he built his monastic order that started earlier at Baranagar. Among his disciples were Margaret Noble (Sister Nivedita), Josephine McLeod and Sara Ole Bull. His health deteriorated and he passed away in 1902 but not before changing how the world viewed Hinduism

Coaching Institutes In Kota To Reopen From 18th Jan; SOP Released

राजस्थान सरकार के आदेश के बाद कोचिंग नगरी कोटा एक बार फिर छात्रों के सपनों को सवांरने के लिए तैयार हो रहा है। दस महीने बन्द रहने के बाद इंजीनियरिंग और मेडिकल प्रतियोगिताओं की तैयारी कराने वाले कोचिंग संस्थान फिर खुल रहे हैं। राजस्थान के मुख्यमंत्री अशोक गहलोत ने ट्वीट कर के जानकारी दी कि 18 जनवरी से कोचिंग संस्थान खोले जा सकते हैं और उसी के आलोक में राज्य के गृह विभाग ने कोचिंग व्यवस्था के संचालन के लिए विस्तृत नियमावली जारी की है। इन नियमावलियों में कोचिंग संस्थान, होस्टल/ मेस/ पीजी संचालकों के लिए सख्त दिशानिर्देश दिए गए हैं।

A. केवल कन्टेन्टमेंट जोन्स के बाहर शिक्षा विभाग के निर्देशानुसार विद्यार्थियों को स्वैच्छिक रूप से कोचिंग संस्थान जाने की अनुमति होगी।B. लेकिन ऐसा करने से पूर्व विद्यार्थियों को माता-पिता/अभिभावक से लिखित सहमति प्राप्त करना आवश्यक होगा।
C. आनलाईन/डिस्टेन्स लर्निंग अध्यापन का preferred माध्यम रहेगा एवं इसे प्रोत्साहित किया जाएगा।
D. जहाँ आनलाईन क्लासेज चलाई जा रही हैं, और जहाँ विद्यार्थी भौतिक रूप से उपस्थित होने के बजाय आॅनलाइन क्लासेज को प्राथमिकता देते हैं, तो उन्हें इसकी अनुमति दी जाए।
E. विद्यार्थी केवल माता-पिता की लिखित सहमति पर ही क्लासेज अटैन्ड कर सकेंगे।
F. राजस्थान के बाहर से आने वाले विद्यार्थी को राजस्थान आने के चौबीस घंटे पहले आरटीपीसीआर टेस्ट की जांच करानी होगी और उपरोक्त जांच के निगेटिव आने पर ही विद्यार्थी को कोचिंग में प्रवेश की अनुमति होगी।
G. संस्थान द्वारा प्रत्येक विद्यार्थी के आगमन पर उनका स्क्रीनिंग टेस्ट कराना अनिवार्य होगा।
H. छात्रों की उपस्थिति पर जोर नहीं दिया जायेगा और पूर्णतः माता पिता की अनुमति पर ही आधारित होगा।
I. सभी कोचिंग संस्थानो द्वारा कोचिंग के लिए प्रवेश लेने वाले विद्यार्थियों के संबंध में सूचना जिला कलक्टर द्वारा नियुक्त नोडल अधिकारी को प्रेषित किया जाना सुनिश्चित किया जाएगा।

कोचिंग संस्थान खोले जाने से पूर्व की जाने वाली व्यवस्था:

1. कोचिंग संस्थान खोलने से पहले संपूर्ण भवन, फर्नीचर, उपकरण, स्टेशनरो, संग्रहण स्थान, पानी के टैंक, रसोईघर, बाथरूम, कैन्टीन, प्रयोगशाला इत्यादि की पूर्ण सफाई एवं कीटाणु रहित/Santize कराया जाये।

2. कक्षों इत्यादि में हवा का पूर्ण प्रवाह रहे यह सुनिश्चित किया जायें।

3. हाथ धोने को पर्याप्त उपकरण उपलब्ध हो।

4. धर्मल स्कैनिंग/कीटाणुनाशक /Santizer पर्याप्त मात्रा में उपलब्ध हो।

5. कोचिंग संस्थानों में आवागमन हेतु परिवहन के समस्त साधन सैनिटाईज हो।

6. संस्थान के खोले जान से पूर्व यह सुनिश्चित किया जावे कि
विद्यार्थयों के बैठने की व्यवस्था ऐसी हो कि परस्पर बैठक की दूरी 6 फीट रखी जाये। स्टाफ रूम, एवं परिसर एवं अन्य स्थानों पर सामाजिक दूरी बनाये जाने हेतु पर्याप्त व्यवस्था की जायें।

7. संस्थान का यह दायित्व होगा कि विद्याचियों, अभिभावकों, स्टॉफ को कोरोना वायरस (कोविड-19) संबंधी चुनौतियों एवं उनकी भूमिका
के बारे में विस्तृत रूप से जागरूक करें।

৪. सस्थान में यथा स्थान सामाजिक दूरी बनाये रखने, हाथ धोने एवं मास्क संबंधी पोस्टर, संदेश, स्टीकर लगाया जाना सुनिश्चित किया जायें।

9. सार्वजनिक स्थानों पर थूकने पर प्रतिबंध हो।

10. संस्थान को खोले जाने से पूर्व रिसेप्शन, पानी पीने के स्थान, हाथ धोने के स्थान पर निश्चित दुरी पर सर्किल (Marking circle) किया जावें । संस्थान खोले जाने से पूर्व अभिभावकों की सहमति प्राप्त की जावें।

11. संस्थान का यह दायित्व होगा वह पूर्ण प्रशिक्षित स्टाफ/नर्स एवं चिकित्सक की संपूर्ण अवधि में उपलब्धता सुनिश्चित रखें।

12. संस्थान द्वारा पाठ्यक्रम का निर्धारण इस प्रकार किया जावे कि कोचिंग समय में कमी की जा सके।

13. एक बैच से दूसरे बैच के मध्य कम से कम 30 मिनट का अंतराल रखा जाना चाहिए, ताकि दोनों बैचों के छात्र एक साथ एकत्रित न हो सके।

14. यह भी सुनिश्चित किया जाये कि एक बैच के समापित उपरांत एवं दूसरा बैच प्रारम्भ होने से पूर्व सम्बन्धित कक्षा को सेनेटाईज कराया जाये।

संस्थान के खोले जाने पर दिशा-निर्देश:-

संस्थान यह सुनिश्चित करेगा कि-

1. मुख्य द्वार पर सामाजिक दूरी का ध्यान रखा जाये एवं विद्यार्थी / अभिभावक / कर्मचारी अनावश्यक रूप से एकत्रित न हो |
2. अध्ययन अवधि के दौरान संस्थान में एवं सार्वजनिक परिवहन के दौरान फेस मास्क पहनना अनिवार्य होगा | “No Mask No Entry” की पालना आवश्यक है |
3. सेनेटाईजेशन एवं तापमान की जांच करने के पश्चात ही प्रवेश सुनिश्चित हो
4. गार्ड कैबिन में भी सामाजिक दूरी का पालन किया जाये एवं प्रत्येक शिफ्ट के गार्ड नियमित रूप से हाथ धोने / सेनेटाईजेशन का ध्यान रखें ।
5. संस्थान में प्रतिदिन काम में आने वाली स्टेशनरी एवं अन्य उपकरणों को सेनेटाइजर किया जाये ।
6. प्रमुख द्वार पर किसी भी अनजान व्यक्ति से कोई भी वस्तु बिना वेरिफिकेशन के प्राप्त नहीं की जाये ।
7. संस्थान में आने वाले सामान को बिना सेनेटाईजेशन के आने की अनुमति नहीं हो ।
8. सार्वजनिक स्थान पर थूकने पर प्रतिबंध हो एवं उल्लंघन किये जाने पर नियमानुसार आर्थिक दंड कारित किया जाये ।
9. यह सुनिश्चित किया जाये कि सभी विद्यार्थी एवं फैकल्टी मेम्बर्स ऐसी किसी सतह जो कि सार्वजनिक सम्पर्क में है, को छूने के उपरांत साबुन व पानी से हाथ धोए एवं सेनेटाईजर का उपयोग करें, इस हेतु यथा स्थान पोस्टर / स्टीकर लगाते जाते ।
10. कोविड-19 दिशा – निर्देशों का उल्लंघन करने वालों का ध्यान रखने के लिए संस्थान में कैमरों की व्यवस्था की जाये ।
11. संस्थान अपने विद्यार्थी एवं फैकल्टी स्टाफ को सार्वजनिक एवं स्वंय की सुरक्षा के लिये उनके मोबाइल फोन पर आरोग्य सेतु एप इंस्टॉल करने एवं उपयोग करने के लिये प्रेरित व प्रोत्साहित करेंगे ।

कक्षाओं में अध्ययन के दौरान रखी जाने वाली सावधानियां:

1. विद्यार्थियों की एंट्री व एक्जिट के दौरान सामाजिक दूरी का ध्यान रखा जावे।

2. कोचिंग कक्ष में प्रवेश करते समय एवं बाहर जाने के समय
सेनेटाईजर/ साबुन/पानी से हाथ धोने को प्रोत्साहित किया जावें।

3. विद्यार्थियों के चेहरों पर मास्क (No Mask No Entry) व स्वयं पानी की बोतल लाना सुनिश्चित किया जावे।

4. किसी विद्यार्थी द्वारा मास्क नहीं लगाया जाने पर संस्थान द्वारा मास्क उपलब्ध कराना सुनिश्चित किया जावे।

5. प्रत्येक फ्लोर पर क्लासरूम एवं फैकल्टी रूम को प्रतिदिन सेनेटाईज किया जावे एवं खिड़की/दरवाजों को खुला रखा जावे ताकि हवा का पर्याप्त प्रवाह सुनिश्चित रहे।

6. कैंटीन स्टाफ एवं कैंटीन काउंटर के सेनेटाईजेशन का ध्यान रखा जावे विद्यार्थियों को सामग्री उपलब्ध कराते समय स्टाफ द्वारा सेनेटाईज दस्तानों का प्रयोग किया जावे।

7. कुर्सियों, सामान्य सुविधाओं एवं मानव सम्पर्क में आने वाले सभी बिन्दुओं जैसे रेलिंग्स, डोर हैण्डलस एवं सार्वजनिक सतह, फर्श आदि की बार-बार सफाई की जायेगी।

8. प्रतिदिन सभी छात्रों का तापमान मापने एवं सेनेटाईजेशन के उपरान्त ही प्रवेश दिया जावे।

9. विद्यार्थियों को अपने कक्ष के अतिरिक्त अन्य विद्यार्थियों के कक्ष में प्रवेश अनुमति नहीं है।

10. आपातकालीन स्थिति में तुरन्त चिकित्सकीय सहायता उपलब्ध कराई जावे।

11.संस्थान में अध्ययन के दौरान किसी विद्यार्थी में कोविड- 19 पाये जाने पर उसे तुरन्त निकटस्थ अस्पताल / कोविड सेंटर में ईलाज/ आईसोलेशन हेतु रेफर/भर्ती किया जावेगा, जिसका व्यय संस्थान द्वारा वहन किया जावेगा।

12. संस्थान द्वारा एंबुलेंस की व्यवस्था की जावेगी।

संस्थान द्वारा संचालित हॉस्टल/अन्य हॉस्टलों/पीजी/किराये के मकानों में की जाने वाली आवश्यक व्यवस्थाऐं:-

1. एक कक्ष में एक विद्यार्थी के ही रुकने की व्यवस्था सुनिश्चित की जावे। जिन बड़े कक्षों में एक से अधिक विद्यार्थियों को रुकने की व्यवस्था है, उनमें अस्थाई पार्टिशन की व्यवस्था कर सिंगल रूप में परिवर्तित किया जावे।

2. विद्यार्थियों के हॉस्टल में रहने के दौरान पर्याप्त सामाजिक दूरी संधारित की जावे।

3. हॉस्टल में उन्ही बच्चों को प्राथमिकता से लिया जावे जिनके स्थानीय निवास न हो एवं ऑनलाईन शिक्षण की व्यवस्था न हो।

4. प्रत्येक विद्यार्थी की प्रतिदिन स्क्रीनिंग सुनिश्चित की जावे।

5. बाहर से आने वाले छात्रों को हॉस्टल पहुंचने पर प्रारंभिक दिनों में अन्य छात्रों से पर्याप्त दूरी सुनिश्चित की जावे।

6. छात्रों के मानसिक एवं भावनात्मक मनोबल को सुदृढ़ करने हेतु संस्थान द्वारा काउंसलर की व्यवस्था की जावे।

7. संस्थान के स्टाफ के अतिरिक्त अनावश्यक लोगों के आगमन पर रोक लगाई जावे।

8. किसी भी छात्र या स्टाफ के सदस्य में कोरोना वायरस के लक्षण प्रकट होने पर उसे तुरंत आइसोलेट किया जाकर चिकित्सालय सुविधा उपलब्ध कराई जावे। इस हेतु पृथक हॉल/तल की व्यवस्था भी सुनिश्चित की जावे।

मैस व्यवस्था:-

1. यह सुनिश्चित किया जाए कि प्रत्येक छात्रावास में मैस व्यवस्था अनिवार्य हो, ताकि विद्यार्थियों को बाहर से भोजन नहीं मंगवाना पड़े।

2. मैस में एकत्रित होकर भोजन करने के स्थान पर अपने कक्ष में ही भोजन करने हेतु प्रोत्साहित किया जावे।

3. यह सुनिश्चित किया जावे कि प्रतिदिन रसोई अच्छी तरह से साफ किया जावे और सेनेटाइज किया जावे। यह भी सुनिश्चित किया जावे की गंदा पानी एक जगह एकत्रित न हो।

4. मैस में विद्यार्थियों के बैठने के स्थान को प्रतिदिन धुलाया जावे और फर्निचर को सेनेटाइज किया जावे।

5. खाना परोसने वाला स्टाफ अनिवार्य रूप से हाथ दस्तानें/मास्क का उपयोग करें।

6. विद्यार्थियों की मैस में एंट्री के समय अनिवार्य रूप से हाथ धोना/सेनेटाइज करना सुनिश्चित किया जावे।

7. सामाजिक दूरी का पालन करते हुए भोजन की व्यवस्था सुनिश्चित की जावे।

8. कोरोना महामारी को देखते हुए भोजन में आवश्यक पौष्टिक तत्वों की अनिवार्यता सुनिश्चित की जावे।

9. मैस में पीने के स्थान की स्वच्छता सुनिश्चित की जावे।


US Capitol hill siege: Trump’s supporters storms senate, one shot

The US Capitol had to be locked down Wednesday with lawmakers inside as violent clashes broke out between supporters of President Donald Trump and the police. The US House of Representatives and Senate had met in a rare joint session to begin considering the certification of Electoral College results, that show Democrat Joe Biden defeated Trump.

Trump, who continues to insist he will not concede, had said at a rally of his supports on Wednesday afternoon in Washington, “We will never give up.”

Hours later, according to the Associated Press, protesters tore down metal barricades at the bottom of the Capitol’s steps and were met by officers in riot gear.  Some tried to push past the officers, who held shields, and the police could be seen firing pepper spray into the crowd to keep them back, even as the crowd shouted, “traitors”.  A suspicious package was also reported in the area Capitol Police.

The violence soon moved inside the Capitol building, with reports of firing at the premises.

As the clashes broke out, Trump appealed for peace. “Please support our Capitol Police and Law Enforcement. They are truly on the side of our Country. Stay peaceful!” he tweeted.

President-elect Joe Biden calls protest on Capitol Hill “an assault on the citadel of liberty” and “rule of law”. He further added that at this hour American democracy is under unprecedented assault, unlike anything we have seen in modern times.


  • The Senate stopped its proceedings with Sen. James Lankford (R-Okla.) interrupted by an aide who said protesters were in the building. The House doors also were closed. In a notification, U.S. Capitol Police said no entry or exit is permitted in the buildings within the Capitol Complex. “Stay away from exterior windows, doors. If outside, seek cover,” police said.
  • A person was shot inside the U.S. Capitol after the mob breached the building, according to two people with knowledge of the incident. The circumstances were not immediately clear. One of those people said the person shot was receiving emergency care.
  • The entire D.C. National Guard will be activated within hours. The rapid expansion of military involvement came after D.C. Mayor Muriel E. Bowser requested that guardsmen already on duty be sent to the Capitol, said a defense official and a District official, speaking on the condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the issue.
  • Bowser (D) imposed a citywide curfew as a chaotic scene worsened at the U.S. Capitol building. From 6 p.m. Wednesday to 6 a.m. Thursday, Bowser said no one other than essential personnel would be allowed outdoors in the city.

Videos of the clash from Capitol Hill:

Report based on inputs from International Press Agencies.

Bird flu hits India; thousands of birds dead, alert issued

Bird flu, a highly contagious viral disease caused by “influenza type A” virus which generally affects poultry birds such as chicken and turkey. There are different types of strains causing bird flu some are mild and some are severely affecting one which may lead to death of the bird.

Forest department officials said- “the source of bird flu was migratory birds which probably came from Commonwealth of Independent States(CIS) countries and have spread to native species”.

Around one lakh poultry birds are found dead due to it’s outbreak in Haryana. Meanwhile cases are being reported among wild geese in Himachal Pradesh, crows in Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh and ducks in Kerala. Around 3,400 migratory birds are found dead in Himachal Pradesh’s Pong Dam lake by the spread of H5N1 strain. The officials said that till now there’s no report of virus infecting humans there. Kangra district is under strict restrictions in the four subdivisions adjoining the wetland. Kangra’s Deputy Commissioner told that  in interest of protecting the health and safety of public at large, sale, purchase and expert of poultry, birds and fish is prohibited in Fatehpur, Dehra, Kawali and Indora subdivisions. “No movement of humans shall be allowed within a kilometer of Pong Dam or the alert zone except those related to managing the outbreak”, Prajapati said. He added that all agriculture or horticulture related activities are prohibited and staff are assigned to keep check on such activities.

Bird flu alert in Rajasthan has come up where 625 crows were found dead in around 16 of 33 districts which includes Kota and Baran districts too. Rajasthan animal husbandry minister said, ”The virus has not affected chicken or eggs but all precautions are taken, looking at the way it spreads among crows. But positive news is there that samples from Jodhpur have tested negative. Those from Jhalawar, Kota and Baran have tested positive ”. He added that the affected areas will be sanitized properly as it was done in the times of Covid-19. In Jhalawar and Pali district the infected area, prohibitory orders under section 144 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC) is imposed. The government is also taking account of sealing the Madhya Pradesh border for poultry transportation.

Credits: The Lallantop

The bird flu virus H5N8 has spread to 10 district (Indore, Mandsaur, Agar-Malwa, Khargone, Neemuch, Dewas, Ujjain, Shajapur, all in Malwa region; Sehore in central region and Guna in Gwalior- Chambal region) of Madhya Pradesh where about 500 crows have died since December 23. The director of the animal husbandry department said,” There is no sign of other birds including poultry having been infected by any sort of virus”. He even said that bird flu in poultry is H1N5. Dr. Shailesh Sakalle said a household survey is being done in the affected areas.

In Kerala about 20,000 ducks have died in the past one week. Animal husbandry department additional secretary Dr. Hari Kumar said 38,000 birds will be culled in Alappuzha and 8,000 in Kottayam. Poultry farmers are restricted for trading birds till further notice. He said that culling and burying birds will take at least three days. Poultry farmers are in stress and in need of at least minimal  compensation from the government.

States such as Uttarakhand, Bihar, Haryana, Jharkhand Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Maharashtra have issued advisories and have asked forest department officials to monitor the health of birds in and around water bodies. 

Central government too is in act of precaution, it has issued an alert and advisory for all forest officers to keep an eye on any unusual avian activities.

Dr. AK Kataria told that the virus strain H5N8 is not fatal for humans, only H5N1 is known, which can cause pneumonia. The strains which are considered to be highly affected are N1, N2, N5, N6 and N9. He even said that, ”The situation can be dealt with by opting required precautions such as burying dead birds three feet down and away from water sources”.

Unlike in birds, where it generally infects the gut, the avian influenza attacks the respiratory tract of humans and may cause severe respiratory illnesses such as pneumonia or Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). Its early symptoms include fever, cough, sore throat, and sometimes abdominal pain and diarrhoea. To prevent oneself from its effect we are advised to have no interaction with birds till this virus is sustaining into them.

A report by Sneha

Why a big number of engineers go unemployed?

Core companies are the companies which offer jobs to aspirants in a particular domain which is excelled by them during their academic years. It allows them to explore knowledge and test their abilities. For instance, electrical engineers are offered jobs in companies which deal with power generation, transmission and distribution. Similarly, for mechanical engineers and electronics engineers jobs offered are usually in automobiles, machine design sectors and design of circuit chips respectively. These companies are critical to the economic growth of the country. Thus, they ensure greater stability and job security to the employees.

In other words, it can be said that core companies such as Bajaj, Mahindra, etc. are those companies which do not indulge in bulk-hiring like IT or Sales & Marketing companies. Nowadays after completing B.TECH, engineers are mostly hired by mass hiring IT or Sales & Marketing companies like WIPRO and INFOSYS. It’s a common thing how engineers fail to secure their jobs in the core companies and the main reason behind this is the poor quality of technical education provided by technical Institutes in India, except IITs and some other technical Institutes. Most of the engineering colleges in India provide a substandard education to students.

CP Gurnani, CEO & MD of Tech Mahindra, says that 94% of engineering graduates are not fit for hiring. According to the data provided by the HRD Ministry, India has 6,214 engineering and technology institutions which are enrolling 2.9 million students. Around 1.5 million engineers are released into the job market every year. But the pathetic condition of higher education in India results in inadequate skills which lessens the chances of an individual of being employed. As many as 97% of graduating engineers want jobs either in Software Engineering or Core Engineering while only 3% engineers have suitable skills to be employed in Software or Product Market, and just 7% of engineers can handle Core Engineering tasks. Presently, it’s a common thing how most of the engineers join an IT sector job instead of their core sector and there are a lot of reasons behind it, which are as follows:

  • Incapable engineers: After getting a B.Tech degree, no engineer is capable of doing work without at least 6 months or one year of training. This is a burden for companies so they are putting freshers aside with a simple word “experience”. But the point is that if no one will hire freshers then how will they get experience? To gain experience, they need to work, but the funny thing is that almost every company rejects freshers by saying them, they don’t enough work experience.
  • Outdated syllabus: The technology is changing drastically but the syllabus of the colleges is not changing linearly. In India, we have a very outdated syllabus for studies in almost every field. How can someone studying old mechanisms and technology can work well in these days where technology changes rapidly? Courses are not oriented towards areas which will be helpful in real-world problems. There is a huge difference between what the need of the job market is and what is included in the syllabus of future employees. Mr. Siddharth Bharwani once said, “The traditional education sector in India has not evolved at the same pace as the industry. The expectations that the companies have from their candidates and the skills that engineering graduates bring in, do not match.”
  • Less capable teachers: In institutes, it’s seen that many faculty members have not achieved the level of quality which is required for teaching higher studies students. Teachers just want to finish the syllabus and leave the students. They try to follow a traditional way of teaching which is inefficient. They should motivate the students to focus on learning rather than studying.
  • Going for higher studies: Some students just assume in their mind that a Bachelor’s degree is not enough to get a good job and because of this instead of putting the effort in Bachelor’s degree they just start their preparation for Master’s degree.
  • The state of the economy also plays a major role in employment generation. Industry insiders say that in a strained economic condition, companies do not want to spend much on training and would prefer candidates with some skills sets who can be made billable soon.
  • IT sector development: For the past 10 years, I.T sectors developed all over India and many people got jobs but some core sectors like Electronics, Communication, Mechanical, Electrical etc. so students are not enrolled in this type of core department.
  • Below standard facilities provided by institutes: Even in this modern era, our studies are highly rated by theories and marks. In India, many colleges don’t have good labs, ponder how one can make a car just by studying theory!? We focus on theory papers much more in our academics and put the practical aside, then how can one imagine that engineers can face real-world problems? Suppose there are 2 students, one has a very strong theoretical knowledge about making of a transformer and the second student has a piece of practical knowledge about the same thing, according to our education system, the former student is very good as he will be able to get a job because he will secure good marks in exams and the latter student will not! But this is a wrong assumption.
  • Lack of soft skills and communication skills: “The lack of ability of the individual to deliver his views effectively at the interview leads to the rejection of even the most brilliant candidate. This is because training institutes do not make an effort to ensure that the candidates develop their skills in a wholesome manner which can contribute towards client-handling and team communication skills”, says Siddharth Bharwani. Even the IT sector requires employees who are fluent and well versed in English but the reality is 73.63% engineers lack in English communicative skills and 57.96% have low analytical and quantitative skills.
  • ‘The big colleges’ hype: According to some reports, companies only tend to visit top colleges to hire aspirants and thus usually they neglect job applications of students who belong to not well-known colleges.

Despite all these reasons, lack of innovation and research in the academic years and lack of skill-based education system are the biggest elements behind the unemployment of the engineers. In this 21st century, we are teaching our students in a very old manner. We are focused on ‘studying’ not on ‘learning’, further, theoretical knowledge is rated as higher than practical knowledge and the funny thing is, the practical knowledge provided to engineers is also outdated! Higher education bodies of India need to sit and think about it and have to address this issue as soon as possible because it’s an alarming situation for the development and stability of the nation.

Report by Devesh

White Hole: The concept

Almost all of us are familiar with a black hole. A region in space time where gravity is so strong that even light can’t defy its gravity. But what if you are on a trip of cosmos and you find a white hole. Not sure, may you find one? Tighten your seat belts, now it’s your turn to explore a thrilling creature of cosmos.

A white hole is a time-reversed black hole or simply white holes are mirror twins of a black hole. in simpler terms, all the properties possessed by a black hole when reversed we simply get a white hole. Both share precisely the same mathematics and geometry, this makes the white hole more interesting. Imagine you are watching footage of black hole just pauses it and rewind it, now the footage on your screen is of a white hole.

A white hole is a sphere of no admission. Even light can’t enter a white hole. It simply means light can only leave the white hole. A white hole can be considered as a sphere whose center is a singularity and boundary is called the event horizon. For a black hole event horizon is a point no exit and for the white hole, it is a point of no entry.

Here we come across a term singularity. What singularity is? Okay, come let’s do some math. Take a sphere of mass 10kg and volume 1m^3.calculate its density. It’s quite simple, 10kg/m^3 is the right answer. What if the volume of sphere tends to zero, its density will become infinite. Now u have a sphere with an infinite density or we can say all of its mass compressed into a single point. This is what we call a singularity. Along with infinite density, it adds up the property of infinite gravity too.

Ideas for the formation of a white hole:

  1. A black hole devours every object which comes under its way and shatters it into atomic or subatomic particles. Every object has information in it which get stored in a black hole. Black hole evaporates slowly and gets vanished. As the black hole evaporates, what about all the information within? This is what called black hole information paradox. According to some astronomers, the black hole has a hole inside it which opens into a white hole through a tunnel called a wormhole or Einstein Rosen bridge. Einstein Rosen Bridge is an imaginary shortcut to another universe. White hole let all the information escape in another universe. But what if matter falling into the wormhole will cause it to collapse, closing the passage between the black hole and the white hole. Some astronomers suggest that wormholes are made up of exotic matter. Anti-gravity is one of the unique feature of such matters. Exotic matter repels another object instead of pulling it. Exotic matters may be the cause of our accelerating expansion of the universe.
  2. More or fewer things often come in binaries and are complementary to each other like male-female, day-night, dusk-dawn. White holes to feel like a necessary balance to the black hole. When a black hole is in its last stage it eventually turns into a white hole and spews all the matters gathered by a black hole.
  1. It have been speculated that big bang is itself a white hole. A bang was a blast which spewed all the raw material of the universe and no one can enter in the bang itself. This bang looks, mathematically at least, much like a white hole.

Feasibility of a white hole:

What do you think the white hole follow the laws of nature, of course not. Every natural reaction is irreversible and highly spontaneous. Every spontaneous reaction follows SLOT (second law of thermodynamics). SLOT tells about the entropy of the isolated system. According to SLOT, if we consider a system as isolated its entropy never going to be decrease. Entropy is a measure of the degree of disorderliness. Black hole follows SLOT but the white hole fails to follow it.

For instance, let’s consider an apple. It has some value of entropy. Now cut into 4 parts, by doing so the randomness of the apple increase and so does the entropy. This is what happens near a black hole. Any object near a black hole undergoes a process called,” spaghettification”. Spaghettigication is a process by which an object would be stretched and ripped apart by gravitational forces. If you are near a black hole, your head and toe experience a different gravitational pull of nearly infinite magnitude and u will shatter into pieces. Now come back to the apple try to fix the apple pieces into a whole apple. You can’t do so, if somehow you managed to do fix it, you are just lowering its entropy. This is what a white hole do, fix all the shattered part of an object undergone spaghettification and spew it into another universe. As white holes do not follow SLOT, the possibility of its existence is quite negligible. Our universe is vast may white holes exist in some part of the universe.

Do white holes exist?

What if you are told, whatever, you are reading is just a fictional description of mathematical imagination. Yaa, that’s true, in the real universe no white holes exist, or more correctly no white holes discovered so far, May it exists. Like black holes, white holes too are a possible solution to Einstein theory of general relativity. Don’t feel disappointed.  There are some evidence which point out the existence of a white hole. In 2006 NASA’S Swift satellite recorded an extremely powerful gamma-ray outburst and named it “GBR060614”. These are the most luminous energetic explosion known to the world till now. The mesmerizing fact of this outburst is that, this burst didn’t happened in the part of the universe where it was expected. Its property is also different from gamma rays observed from a supernova burst. It lasts long for 102 seconds. This outburst was hypothesized to have been an observation of white holes.

If we date back in the ’90s   black hole too was just a paper fantasy. But now scientists had discovered the black hole and successfully captured its image by telescope named “EVENT HORIZON”. Maybe a white hole too get discovered in near future, maybe not?

A report by Shekhar

How probable is the probability?

How Probable Is The Probability?

Imagine one day you wake up with a bad feeling of not doing well, no major problems but just not feeling the same way how you would feel on any other day. You seek a doctor and he says that everything is absolutely fine, but since you were feeling unwell so he asks you to get a few tests so that he may get the idea if anything is causing you ill from inside and isn’t showing any visible symptoms. You get tested, and after a few days when the reports came back, the doctor finds something wrong and tells you that you have been detected with a very rare disease (just 0.1% of the world’s population suffers from it) which is really dangerous and makes all the stuff go wrong inside the body. You then ask the doctor about the authenticity of the test and the doctor assures with 99% probability of it being correct. Now, you would think that there is a 99% chance of you having that disease. But that is not the case. To know why, you have to dig into one of the excellent theorems of probability – The Bayes’ Theorem.

  • The Bayes’ Theorem Simplified


This tells you the probability of you having the disease after getting tested positive. The “A” signifies that you actually have the disease, given that you are tested positive for it which is signified by “B”.


This is the probability of you thinking to be tested positive before even getting test results, i.e. how likely you thought you would have the disease.


This is the probability of getting tests results as positive if you were having the disease.


The probability of the event occurring (i.e. testing positive). This term is actually a combination of 1.) Having the disease and correctly identified and 2.) Not having the disease and falsely identified.

The hardest part to figure is the “Prior” , and it is many times just a guess. But in your case the Prior can be taken as the frequency of the disease, i.e. 0.001  (0.1% as assumed previously). Now after plugging all other details:

We observe that we have a probability of 9% of having the disease even after testing positive for the same; this incredibly strange, isn’t it? This is a low figure as compared to what we presumed to be 99%! You might think this as some stupid concept that switches things like the way a magic whip does. But frankly speaking, this is just general common sense that is applied to mathematics.

For example, take a group of 1000 people. Let us suppose, one among them will have the disease and the test will identify it correctly. But the twist is that for the sample size of 1000 people we have taken, out of the other 999 people, to make up the 1%, ten (1% of 999 people is 10 people) will be falsely detected as positive! (Where 1% is the frequency of this disease)

So, from everyone who has a positive test result and you are selected at random, you are to be chosen from the group of 11 people (10 false + you). This brings us up to your chances of having the disease as 1 in 11, and that is 9%. This is real, isn’t it.

When Bayes came up with this, he didn’t think that it was a revolutionary thought and that it wasn’t worth publishing. Later, after his demise, the family members requested his juniors or assistants to go through his papers and check if anything worth publishing is left in these papers of brilliance. Believe it or not, there they found in his desolated papers this theorem of sheer excellence.

How Did Bayes come up with this idea?

Bayes used to sit with his back towards a square table, then asking one of his assistants to throw one ball on the table and he tried to guess the exact location of every ball. After the very first ball, he asked assistant whether the ball landed to the left or right, or to the front or behind of the very first ball; he kept continuing this as he jotted down everything. Hence, updating the location after each ball was thrown, trying to be more precise about the location of the first ball each time.

Bayes came up with the idea that this world could not be predicted up to utter precision but rather just could be updated time and again (say after every ball was thrown) to be closer to precision. When his juniors published this, he tried to explain the analogy with the example of a cave man- when the cave man saw the sunlight for the very first time, he might have thought of it as a quirk or an anomaly, but as the days passed, he would have realized how the Sun or this Earth works (by summing up the continuous evidences).

Bayes’ formula is not a one-time formula, but it is to be applied every time when we find out a new evidence. Now think of the very first illustration- now you go to a different doctor for checkup and a different lab to get tested. Guess What? you tested positive again! so now you will use the Bayes’ Formula once again to find out the actual probability, but with a bit of change. You will have to change the Prior part of formula because you already have one positive test.

After calculating these figures:

The final result comes out to be a 91%. i.e. there is a 91% chance of you being infected and getting the correct test report. But still the probability isn’t as high as the reported accuracy of the tests.

Thinking Of Practical Applications? Here Is The Answer

The Bayes’ theorem is used to create a modern filter or more precisely a spam filter which is also coined as “Bayes’ filter”.

It filters out an email as a spam or original and uses this above probability to check the viability of the email.

Bayes’ theorem tells us about how to upgrade with the new evidences and keep tweaking to move forward. Imagine a person with the 100% certainty about an outcome, while the other person having 0% certainty about the same outcome. According to Bayes, there is no sense of creating a debate between those two people on that specific topic as there is no possible room for a change and we won’t be able to come at a decision or won’t even encounter chance of one convincing the other of anything.

People think that how weakly intuitive they are about the analogy of Bayes’ theorem, but the reality is that people live in a strongly Bayesian world where anyone who faces continuous rejections, low wages or continuous descend builds up his or her intuition about it being certain as it had happened enough amount of times. Hence, you would not have any “Prior” (often termed as being hopeless) for that event and this will make it impossible for the event to happen.

What many usually miss is that how crucial their play is in determining the outcome of a thing. So, if we keep on thinking that something is 100% “true” or 100% “false” then we won’t be able to bring an about change for the same as no matter how many evidences we get, there will be no cumulative effect on that “100%”.

Bayes’ theorem suggests the idea of making changes. If you are performing an experiment for a long time and you aren’t seeing any favorable result, it’s high time to change! (Trying in a similar manner won’t increase the probability of it being possible)


› Bayes’ Theorem completely revolutionizes the vey basic concept of probability.

› Probability of any event heavily depends on how the person is performing it.

› New evidences may exceptionally change the probability outcomes.

› There can practically be nothing done to change a straight 100% or a 0%.

›  Every new evidence suggests about the progress of the experiment.

› Methods must be changed to obtain different outcomes (different than the ones which have been used for a long time now).

Report by Sashit Vijay

किसान दिवस: नए कानून और किसानों की हालत

वर्तमान राजनीतिक परिदृश्य में, जहां किसान सिर्फ और सिर्फ एक चुनावी मुद्दा बन कर रह गया है, वहां किसान दिवस की क्या अहमियत रह जाती है यह बताना तो मुश्किल है लेकिन वर्तमान समय में भी उस व्यक्ति कि एक बार चर्चा करना तो अनिवार्य है जिसने किसान और उससे जुड़े मुद्दों को कागजी फाइलों से निकाल कर संसद से लेकर सड़क तक एक ज्वलंत मुद्दा बना दिया। वह नेता जो किसानों के दिल के इतना करीब था, उनके मुद्दों से इतना जुड़ा हुआ था कि उसके जन्मदिन को देश ने किसान दिवस के रूप में मनाना शुरू कर दिया, हम बात कर रहे है भारत के पूर्व प्रधानमंत्री और देश के खेत खलिहानों से निकल कर संसद तक का सफर करने वाले किसानों के प्रिये नेता, चौधरी चरण सिंह की। चौधरी चरण सिंह ही वह व्यक्ति थे जिन्होंने किसान के जुड़े मुद्दों पर खुल कर बोलना शुरू किया और इसे चंद फाइलों से निकाल कर देश के राजनीतिक पटल पर कुछ इस तरह स्थापित किया कि आज भी देश का राजनीति और चुनाव बिना इस चूल्हे में अपने वादों की रोटी सेके आगे नहीं बढ़ पाता। हालांकि इसी सिक्के का दूसरा पहलू ये भी है कि चरण सिंह ने इस मुद्दे को भले ही इसलिए मुख्य पर्दे पर लाया हो क्युकी वो उस परिवेश से भली भांति परिचित थे और अपने तरफ़ से किसानों के बेहतरी के लिए पूरा प्रयास भी किया हो लेकिन उनको इस बात का तनिक भी अंदाजा नहीं रहा होगा कि किसानों का यह मुद्दा आने वाले दिनों में राजनीतिक दलों के सत्ता के भूख को मिटाने वाली एक रोटी मात्र बन कर रह जाएगी। चरण सिंह एक कांग्रेसी थे लेकिन इसके बावजूद भी पंडित नेहरू से उनके कई मुद्दों पर मतभेद थे और वो खुल कर कहा करते थे कि पंडित जी को किसानों के वास्तविक हालत और जमीनी हकीकत का तनिक भी अंदाजा नहीं है। यही नहीं जब पंडित नेहरू ने देश में सहकारी खेती को बढ़ावा देने का विचार किया तो चरण सिंह उनके विरोध में उतरने वाले सबसे मुखर आवाज थे, पंडित नेहरू को भी उनके कद का अंदाजा था और उन्होंने भी अपने इस विचार को जाने दिया। चरण सिंह कि विचारधारा आरंभ से ही शोषित,गरीब, मजदूरों और किसानों के हित से जुड़ी थी और इसका एक बहुत बड़ा प्रमाण तब मिला जब 1952 में उन्होंने जमींदारी उन्मूलन विधेयक पारित किया, इससे नाराज होकर उस समय करीब 27000 पटवारियों ने इस्तीफा दे दिया, लेकिन चरण सिंह इससे घबराए नहीं, उन्होंने नए तरीके से पटवारियों कि भरती शुरू कि जिन्हें आज लेखपाल कहा जाता है, इसमें उन्होंने 18% सीट हरिजनों के लिए आरक्षित किया। चरण सिंह को देश भले ही एक मजबूत प्रधानमंत्री के रूप में याद न रखे लेकिन एक सशक्त किसान नेता कि उनकी छवि हमेशा बनी रहेगी। आज जब देश में किसान और सरकार आमने सामने खड़ी है ऐसे में किसानों को एक मजबूत नेतृत्व के लिए चरण सिंह कि कमी जरूर खल रही होगी, एक ऐसे नेता कि कमी जो अपने किसी भी व्यक्तिगत स्वार्थ को दरकिनार कर किसानों के मुद्दों और उनके हितों के लिए किसी भी चुनौती से टकराने का माद्दा रखता हो। देश में जब वर्तमान परिस्थिति ऐसी हो कि एक साल में (2019 में) देश ने 10,281 किसान आत्महत्या करता है, अर्थात प्रत्येक घंटे करीब 1 किसान, उनके मसलों को सिर्फ एक चुनावी मुद्दा से आगे बढ़ा कर मुखर रूप से देश के पटल पर रखने के लिए और उसके समाधान के लिए देश एक मजबूत किसान नेता के कमी को निश्चित ही महसूस कर रहा है।
देश कि संसद ने 20 सितंबर 2020 को 3 कृषि विधेयक को पारित किया जो अब कानून बन चुके हैं, देश के कई हिस्सों में इसका विरोध होना शुरू हुआ, इन कानूनों को लेकर दोनो तरफ़ से अपने अपने पक्ष रखे जा रहे हैं, सरकार का कहना है कि देश की तकरीबन 70% आबादी प्रत्यक्ष अथवा परोक्ष रूप से कृषि पर आर्थिक रूप से निर्भर है, इसके बाबजूद भी अर्थवयवस्था में कृषि का योगदान मात्र 16% है, अतः इसके योगदान को बढ़ाने के लिए एक ‘टोटल रिफॉर्म’ कि जरूरत है और ये सारे कानून इस दिशा में एक महत्वपूर्ण कदम है, वहीं किसान संगठन इन कानूनों से अपने लिए पैदा होने वाले संकटों को लेकर आंदोलन कर रहे है। यह आवश्यक है कि दोनों तरफ के बातों को समझा जाए और फिर यह निर्णय लिया जाए की किस पक्ष को किस मुद्दे पर बात करनी चाहिए और किस प्रकार इस गतिरोध को खत्म किया जाए।
(1)कृषि उपज व्यापार और वाणिज्य (संवर्धन और सरलीकरण) कानून, 2020—- यह कानून किसानों और व्यापारियों को अपना फसल APMC के मंडियों के बाहर देश के किसी भी कोने में बेचने को छूट देती है, बिना किसी रोक टोक के वे एक राज्य से दूसरे राज्य में जा कर अपना फसल बेच सकते हैं, किसानों के लाभ को बढ़ाने के लिए मार्केटिंग और ट्रांसपोर्ट खर्च को कम किया जाएगा, अगर किसान मंडी के बाहर फसलों को बेचता है तो उस पर कोई टैक्स नहीं लगेगा, किसान बिना किसी बिचौलिए के अपना फसल बेच सकते हैं, मंडियों के इतर किसान अपना फसल सीधे कोल्ड स्टोरेज, वेयरहाउस अथवा प्रोसेसिंग यूनिट वालों को बेच सकते है तथा इलेक्ट्रॉनिक व्यापार को बढ़ाने के लिए एक सुविधाजनक ढांचा का विकास किया जाएगा।
(2)कृषक (सशक्तिकरण व संरक्षण) कीमत आश्वासन और कृषि सेवा पर करार कानून, 2020—- यह कानून देश में कॉन्ट्रैक्ट फार्मिंग को बढ़ावा देने के लिए एक बेहतर और राष्ट्रीय स्तर कि प्रणाली बनाए जाने कि बात करता है, इसके तहत छोटे किसान भी किसी बड़े निर्यातक, व्यापारी, फार्म अथवा कोल्ड स्टोरेज वालों से कॉन्ट्रैक्ट लेकर कृषि कर सकते है जिसमे उनके फसल कि कीमत पहले से ही निर्धारित होगी, फसल कि कीमत बढ़ने कि परिस्थिति में किसान को भुगतान नए बढ़े हुए कीमतों पर किया जाएगा, इस प्रकार किसान बाजार के अनिश्चितता के खतरो से बाहर रहेगा और उसे बीज कि आपूर्ति, तकनीकी मदद और फसल बीमा इत्यादि आसानी से प्राप्त होगी। इसके अतिरिक्त किसी भी तरह के विवाद को 30 दिनों के भीतर SDM के द्वारा हल किए जाने कि व्यवस्था कि गई है और साथ ही कृषक उत्पाद समूह (FPO) का निर्माण किया जाएगा जो छोटे किसानों के हितों की रक्षा करेगा।
(3) आवश्यक वस्तु (संशोधन) कानून, 2020—- इस कानून के मदद से अनाज, दलहन, तेलहन, खाद्य तेल, आलू और प्याज को युद्ध, प्राकृतिक आपदा, दामों में अत्यधिक वृद्धि जैसी आपातकालीन स्थिति को छोड़ कर कभी भी मनचाही मात्रा में भंडारित किया जा सकेगा अर्थात अब इन सब को आवश्यक वस्तुओं के सूची से बाहर कर दिया गया है। सरकार का कहना है कि इससे कृषि के आधारभूत ढांचे में निवेश बढ़ेगा, एक बेहतर बाजार का विकास होगा जिससे खाद्य वस्तुओं के बर्बादी को कम किया जा सकेगा।
ये तीनों ही कानून अपने आप में बेहतर मालूम पड़ते है और ऐसा लगता है कि कृषि क्षेत्र के आधारभूत संरचनाओं में परिवर्तन के लिए बेहतर साबित होंगे, लेकिन ऐसे में यह सवाल उठता है कि आखिर इन कानूनों का विरोध क्यों किया जा रहा है, ऐसे में तीनों कानूनों को लेकर किसान संगठनों के बीच जो डर है उन्हे समझना भी आवश्यक है, अतः यहां हम एक एक करके तीनों कानून को लेकर किसानों के रोष का कारण जानने का प्रयास करेंगे।

कृषि उपज व्यापार और वाणिज्य (संवर्धन और सरलीकरण) कानून, 2020

वर्तमान में FCI राज्य सरकार के साथ मिल कर बिचौलियों के मदद से मंडिया लगता है जहां किसान न्यूनतम समर्थन मूल्य पर अपना फसल बेचता है। सरकार फसल कटने से पहले CACP के सिफारिश पर न्यूनतम समर्थन मूल्य (MSP) कि घोषणा करती है, हालाकि सिर्फ 6% किसान ही अपना फसल MSP पर बेच पाते है। किसानों का कहना है कि नए कानून के आने से APMC कि मंडी बंद हो जाएगी और न्यूनतम समर्थन मूल्य भी खत्म कर दिया जाएगा। बाजार में निजी कंपनियों के आने से शुरुआत में तो किसानों को फायदा होगा लेकिन कुछ समय बाद बाजार पर निजी कंपनियों का ही एकाधिकार हो जाएगा और वो अपनी मनमानी शर्तों पर बाजार चलाएंगे। किसानों का यह डर वाजिब इस कारण भी प्रतीत होता है क्युकी जब बाजार में निजी कंपनी आएगी तो वो बड़ी कीमतों पर फसल खरीदेगी और ऐसे में कोई भी किसान मंडी में अनाज नहीं बेचेगा जिससे मंडी व्यवस्था धीरे धीरे कमजोर होगी और अंत में उसका हाल वहीं हो जाएगा तो निजी टेलीकॉम कंपनियों के आने से बीएसएनएल का हो गया। वैसी परिस्थिति में बाजार निजी कंपनियों के द्वारा नियंत्रित किया जाएगा और वो मनमानी कीमतों पर फसल खरीद करेंगे। चुकी मंडी में बेचने पर टैक्स लगता है और नए कानून के मुताबिक बाहर बेचने पर टैक्स नहीं लगेगा, इसलिए सब कोई अपना फसल मंडी के बाहर ही बेचेंगे जिससे मंडियों का ढांचा कमजोर होगा और ये बंद होने के कगार पर पहुंच जाएगी। नए कानून में एमएसपी का जिक्र ना होने से किसान घबराए हुए है, हालाकि यह सच है कि एमएसपी कभी भी कानून नहीं था, सरकार स्वामीनाथन आयोग के सिफारिशों के अनुसार हर साल एमएसपी की घोषणा करती है, अब किसान चाहते हैं कि एमएसपी को लेकर कानून बनाया जाए जिससे ये सुनिश्चित हो सके कि निजी कंपनियां अपने मनमानी कीमतों पर फसल ना खरीद पाए।

कृषक (सशक्तिकरण व संरक्षण) कीमत आश्वासन और कृषि सेवा पर करार कानून, 2020

इस कानून को लाकर कॉन्ट्रैक्ट फार्मिंग को बढ़ावा देने कि बात कि गई है लेकिन किसानों का कहना है कि छोटे किसान,जिनकी संख्या भारत के कुल किसानों का लगभग 85% है, ये किसान प्रायोजकों से बात चीत करने में, अपनी राय रखने में तथा फसलों के खरीद बिक्री पर चर्चा करने में कमजोर होंगे, उनका ये भी कहना है कि बड़ी कंपनियां शायद छोटे किसानों को तबज्जों ना दे और चुकी मंडी बंद होने का डर उन्हें है ही, ऐसे में छोटे किसानों के पास अपनी फसल कम कीमत पर या यूं कहे कि कंपनियों के शर्तों पर बेचने के अलावा और कोई रास्ता नहीं होगा, साथ ही किसी भी तरह के विवाद के परिदृश्य में किसानों के मुकाबले प्रायोजक मजबूत स्थिति में होंगे। चुकी विवादों के निपटारे के लिए एसडीएम के पास शिकायत करने का विकल्प दिया गया है लेकिन किसानों को डर है कि ग्रामीण क्षेत्रों में बड़ी कंपनियां और अधिकारी आपस में मिली भगत करके किसानों के हक को दवा सकते है ऐसे में विवादों के निपटारे का कोई ठोस विकल्प किसानों के सामने नहीं सूझता है।

 आवश्यक वस्तु (संशोधन) कानून, 2020

इस कानून के मदद से अनाज, दलहन, तेलहन, खाद्य तेल, आलू और प्याज जैसी वस्तुओं को आवश्यक वस्तुओं के सूची से बाहर रखा गया है और सामान्य दिनों में इनका अब किसी भी हद तक भंडारण किया जा सकता है, अब ऐसे में कंपनियां, कोल्ड स्टोरेज या वेयरहाउस वाले लोग बाजार को अपने हिसाब से नियंत्रित करेंगे, साधारण सी बात है जो बाजार पर नियंत्रण रखेगा वो दाम पर नियंत्रण करेगा, मनचाही भंडारण के सूरत में किसानों को कम कीमत पर फसल बेचने पर मजबूर किया जा सकता है साथ है बाजार में उन्ही सामानों को मनचाही कीमतों पर बेचा जा सकता है।
कई जगहों पर ऐसा कहा जा रहा है कि इन कानूनों का विरोध कुछ चुनिद्दा राज्यों में ही क्यों हो रहा है, उसका कारण यह है कि पंजाब, हरियाणा, राजस्थान ये अब वैसे राज्य है जहां ज्यादातर किसान एमएसपी की कीमतों पर सरकारी मंडी में जा कर अनाज बेचते है, अतः उन्हें एमएसपी और मंडी का डर सबसे ज्यादा है और वे मुखर रूप से इसका विरोध कर रहे हैं। बिहार में इन मंडियो को खत्म करने से उत्पन्न दुष्परिणाम देश के सामने है, दूसरे राज्य के किसानों को भी ऐसा ही डर सता रहा है और इसी कारण से ये लोग तीनों कृषि कानूनों को वापस लेने, एमएसपी के ऊपर कानून बनाए जाने, स्वामीनाथन आयोग के सिफारिश को पूरी तरह से लागू करने, एनसीआर और उससे जुड़े क्षेत्रों में एयर क्वालिटी मैनेजमेंट से जुड़े अध्यादेश को रद्द करने, कृषि कार्यों में उपयोग होने वाले डीजल के दाम में 50% कि कटौती करने आदि मांगो को लेकर देश भर में और विशेष कर दिल्ली से सटे सिंघू बॉर्डर पर आंदोलन कर रहे हैं।
किसानों के आंदोलन के जवाब में सरकार के तरफ से कई तरह कि सफाई दी गई और बातचीत भी कि गई लेकिन अभी तक सभी कोशिश नाकाम ही साबित हुई है। सरकार का कहना है कि एमएसपी जारी रहेगी और इसके उपर वो लिखित में देने को भी तैयार है साथ कि एपीएमसी कि मंडी भी लगती रहती और किसान अगर चाहे तो एमएसपी पर अपनी फसल मंडी में भी बेच सकते है, नए कानून सिर्फ किसानों को अपना फसल बेचने के लिए नए रास्ते प्रदान करता है, इससे मंडिया बंद नहीं होगी। इसके साथ ही सरकार का कहना है कि कॉन्ट्रैक्ट फार्मिंग के सूरत में किसान फसल कि कीमत अपने अनुसार बिना किसी दवाब के तय करेगा और पैसों का भुगतान उसे 3 दिन के भीतर हो जाएगा, साथ ही छोटे किसानों के हितों के रक्षा के लिए किसान संगठनों का निर्माण भी किया जाएगा, इसके अतिरिक्त फसल खरीदने वाली कंपनियां खुद खेतों से फसल ले जाएगी किसानों को किसी भी प्रकार का का खर्च यातायात के साधनों में नहीं करना पड़ेगा और किसी भी प्रकार के विवाद के निपटारे के लिए स्थानीय स्तर पर पारदर्शी ढांचा का विकास किया जाएगा। हालांकि सरकार के इन वादों के बावजूद किसान संगठन अपनी मांग छोड़ने को राजी नहीं है और मजबूती से अपने मांगो को लेकर आंदोलन में डटे हुए हैं।
ऐसा नहीं है कि इस प्रकार के कृषि कानून देश में पहली बार लाए गए है, इससे पहले साल 2017 में भी एक इसी तरह का कृषि कानून लाया गया था जिसमें साल 2022 तक किसानों कि आय दो गुनी करने के लक्ष्य से कई तरह के प्रावधान किए गए थे। लेकिन ऐसे में बड़ा सवाल यह है कि आखिर इन नए कृषि कानूनों में ऐसा क्या हो गया कि अन्नदाता आज अपनी मांग को दिन रात एक कर के सड़क पर बैठा है। वह किसान जो चुनावी मौसम में एक ऐसा घोड़ा होता है जिस पर सवार हो कर हर कोई अपनी राजनीतिक महतवाकांक्षा कि रेस को जितना चाहता है, आज उसकी आवाज को दिल्ली के कानों तक पहुंच क्यों नहीं रही है? आखिर क्यों उसका भरोसा अपनी ही चुनी हुई सरकार और उसी सरकार द्वारा किसानों के हित कि बात कहकर लाए गए कानून पर नहीं है? यह निश्चित तौर पर सरकार और किसानों के बीच संचार कि कमी का परिणाम है। यह तय करने का वक्त नहीं है कि कौन अपने जगह कितना सही और कितना गलत है, यह समय है जल्द से जल्द किसानों और सरकार के बीच टूट चुकी भरोसे के बांध को फिर से खड़ा करने कि जो कि लगातार बातचीत से ही संभव है। यह बेहद आवश्यक है कि अन्नदाता और सरकार के बीच विश्वास कि डोर बंधी रहे। किसान अपने खेत में हल पकड़े ही अच्छा लगता है, दिल्ली कि सड़कों पर अपनी मांग के लिए हाथ उठाया हुआ बिल्कुल भी नहीं। सरकार जितनी जल्दी इनका विश्वास, भरोसा,यकीन जीत कर और आवश्यक कदम उठा कर इन्हे इनकी खेतों के तरफ भेज दे, देश के लिए उतना ही अच्छा होगा, बाकी चुनाव आते ही किसान हितों के बात कि चूल्हा तो फिर से गर्म होगी ही और आज किसानों के बिरयानी खाने से जिनको दिक्कत है वो भी और जिनको नहीं है वो भी, दोनों अपनी भूख मिटाने के लिए राजनीति कि रोटी इसी चूल्हे में सेकेंगे। बाकी हमारे और आपके लिए ये बेहद आवश्यक है कि हम अपनी भूमिका तय करे और इस पूरे प्रकरण में अपने आप को कहां खरा पाते है ये सुनिश्चित करे, इसलिए नहीं कि आज किसान दिवस है, इसलिए कि हमारे और आपके शरीर का एक एक बूंद खून इन किसानों के पसीनों से बना है। यह आवश्यक नहीं है कि सभी मुद्दों पर हम किसान के साथ खड़े हो या फिर सभी मुद्दों पर सरकार के साथ खड़े हो, आवश्यक ये है कि हम हितों के रक्षा में और सच के साथ हमेशा खड़े रहे।
जय जवान ! जय किसान !

Report By: Devesh Kumar

On National Mathematics Day, List Of Scholarships For Students of Math

National Mathematics Day is celebrated on December 22 to commemorate the birth anniversary of India’s mathematical genius Srinivasa Ramanujan. For the budding mathematicians of the country, who want to pursue the field but are unable to continue their higher education due to lack of funds, here is a list of institutes and organisations which offer scholarships and fellowships for students aspiring to make a career in mathematics.

Institute of Mathematical Sciences

It provides doctoral, postdoctoral fellowships for undergraduate, and postgraduate students. The junior research fellowships are awarded to PhD students. The fellowships include a month-long stipend ranging from Rs 25,000 to 28,000. While, for post-doctoral fellowships, the stipend varies between Rs 30,000 to 40,000 a month.

For both junior research, postdoctoral fellowships, applicants need to have a PhD. The fellowships are awarded for up to five years, the duration can be extended based on the candidate’s performance. The candidates are selected through a written test and interview.

Chennai Mathematical Institute

It offers a scholarship programme for its undergraduate programme. The candidates’ eligibility will be reviewed every semester and renewal of scholarship will depend on their academic performance.

The students eligible for a full scholarship will get a waiver on tuition fees and a monthly allowance of Rs 4000, while a half scholarship will consist of tuition fees being waived. Meanwhile, all students will receive an additional monthly scholarship of Rs 1000.

Indian Statistical Institute

It offers six months research fellowships at the postgraduate and postdoctoral levels. The candidates in their first and second year will get a stipend of Rs 16,000 while Rs 18,000 in the subsequent years. The candidates with a postgraduate degree in statistics, mathematics, electronics, computer science can apply for the programme. The interested candidates can mail their applications at

Indian Institute of Science (IISc Bangalore)

It offers an integral PhD programme in mathematical sciences. The fellowship amount offered varied between Rs 16,000 to 35,000 as per the merit of the students. Apart from it, the institute offered fellowships of Rs 31,000 to 35,000 to PhD students, Rs 12,400 to MTech, MTech (residential), MDes programme students. The institute also provides government scholarships, fellowships for selected students who are GATE/JEST/JAM and ME/MTech/MSc (Engg) qualified.

Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR)

The Centre For Applicable Mathematics, TIFR has an integrated PhD programme in mathematics, among other doctoral programme. For the integrated PhD programme, the eligible students receive a monthly fellowship of Rs 21,000, while fellowships between Rs 31,000 to 35,000 for other PhD students. The fellowship students also get accommodation facilities. The admission process usually commences in August every year.

With inputs from The Indian Express

Gravity, A Fallacy?


Is it real?

According to the general theory of relativity by Albert Einstein, gravity is nothing more than an imagination or illusion defined by us. Let’s debunk the theories or prove ourselves wrong in this piece of writing. Albert Einstein once said that one of his most satisfying works was his thought of the man falling off of a roof (he was not a sadist though). His observations were quirky and appealing. He observed that when a man is falling from the roof, he wouldn’t feel his own weight and that while falling if he drops something that he was holding or observed something that was falling along with him, the items would be stationary with respect to him and that they will fall with same the speed as the man.

Seeing it the way Einstein saw it

Try imagining that you were in a space shuttle in the outer space. Since there is no noticeable gravity there, you will feel weightless ,and anything that you exert force on will continue to move with a uniform with velocity in a straight line indefinitely.

The fun fact is that you will perfectly suffice the soul boundaries of inertial observer, i.e.

  • No acceleration
  • No gravitational field
  • All the laws of physics are applicable

Hence, no way to distinguish your inertial frame from any other. Here comes the climax. Einstein saw these two scenarios to be exactly the same, not only equivalent on papers, but also in physical terms. Stating this, he said that man falling from roof is under no gravitational field and that there is no gravitational field! He said that the man is not accelerating and that he is an inertial observer like the man in outer space.

Woah, what?

Wait, hold up! Are you crazy boy? The man is clearly falling from roof under the influence of gravity and that he is accelerating with 9.8 m/s2. With every second passing by, the man would crash harder into the ground, making him realize that things like gravity are real!

I know that these two scenarios might seem way different, but Einstein’ Equivalence Principle points out the portion we need to look out for- The Experience Of The Observer. It is the restatement of the fact that if they feel weightless, then they surely are in the inertial frame of reference.

Now, let’s say that the space shuttle (which we talked about earlier) comes near a planet or any such planetary mass (with appropriate mass). The straight path of the rocket would be disturbed and it will change its course slightly towards the planet. The fun fact is that for the man inside there is no force experienced by him even though the shuttle would be moving with an increasing velocity as it moves closer to the planet. The man in it would be unconscious of this fact. The man still feels ‘weightless’ and for him there is nothing erratic about the journey. Even the accelerometer wouldn’t budge a bar and that the man wouldn’t notice until he crashes onto the planet (his frame is inertial up to the point he crashes). So, can you tell when the switch of frame from inertial to non-inertial happened.

But wait… So

How do you explain the deviation of path in first place?

Are you out of your brain cells? The rocket obviously swayed from its path due the gravitational field of the planet. (or not… maybe… let’s see.)

Here comes the fun, Einstein once explained the phenomena of ‘curved space-time’.  Initially, let’s concentrate on what the man in space shuttle felt – movement with constant velocity in a straight line. As he went nearer to the planet, the path curved, or did it? The crux lies in the fact that he was still in a straight line of the space-time plot, and that near such masses, the space-time graph is curved.

This is the sole reason his path appeared curved to a distant observer.

As Quirky as it could get

You can imagine it in an easier way. The plane tries to accomplish the journey with the shortest route possible, moving in straight line on the globe, but since our planet is a sphere (I know it’s geoid, but let’s keep it simple here), the path appears to be curved when seen on a 2-D representation of earth (basically on world map, written in a complex way to make the article seem nicer.)

These curved paths are called ‘Geodesics’, and the same notation is used to name the curved path followed by the shuttle in the inertial frame of reference. Imagine another scenario. You and your friends, who are 1000km apart in equator travel to north pole in a straight line.

You both will eventually bump into each other at north pole, coming closer as if there was a force acting on you, but you didn’t feel it at all. Gravity is analogous to that force. It doesn’t actually exist!

People think that the bent sheet experiment can explain the special theory of relativity, but it is pretty much misleading instead. It makes us resemble a lighter body falling in the space-time well created by a heavier body, but what we should be thinking is a bit different. It is due to the fact that the space-time is curved around heavy masses that the body starts moving circularly, and not because it is falling into the well.

The quotes by John Wheeler best define the situation, “Matter tells Space-Time how to curve, and the Space-Time tells matter how to move.”

Going Shallow:

Imagine the space shuttle once again. Let’s say that the shuttle starts acceleration with an acceleration of 10m/s2. To a distant observer it would seem as if the floor of the shuttle is accelerating into the objects inside it which would presumably be stationary to the observer. Different is the case with the one inside, the observer inside the shuttle would feel a force against that accelerating floor. Isn’t it similar to what we feel on earth? Let me tell you the answer… it is.

As a reader, do you believe that you are an inertial observer, or that you are in an inertial frame of reference? No. The situation you face, or I face is pretty much like the one faced by an observer on that accelerating shuttle, and by pretty much alike, I mean exactly the same, gravity doesn’t exist and you are or we are accelerating! Wrap your head around as it is going to get even crazier.

What The Force!

According to the Newtonian Physics, each body faces an equal and opposite normal force in reaction to the one applied by the gravitational acceleration. The theory of special relativity defies it. According to theory of relativity, there is no such force by the gravity and that there is only a normal, which accelerate you upwards. But I am not moving up or going anywhere around? So, let’s say for a moment that you were moving around due to this acceleration, but relative to what? Everything else around you, say table, fan, floor etc. are in the same frame of reference and that is not inertial. (Relative to everything in the train, you are not accelerating while sitting in it.) So who can see this acceleration? Remember that guy who was falling from the roof, he was in the inertial frame of reference and he could see you moving up with an acceleration of 10 m/s2.

So if everything is moving up with us, am I implying that the earth is expanding? No, absolutely not. Here comes the theory of relativity to fill the loop-holes, according to which, it is possible that you can accelerate without changing your spatial co-ordinates. According to the double derivative equation of position for space-time, you need to accelerate, just to stand still in curved space-time.

All of this must be mind boggling, and yes Newtonian physics is easier, but this theory of relativity can explain one of the most basic questions that why all objects fall with the same rate. The way of understanding this was that the gravitational force equals the external force (force = mass*acceleration).

This way we cancel out the mass of the body from both sides of the equation as you can see and the accelerations remains the same. The twisting thing here is that the mass on the left side of the equation, is the gravitational mass (mass that leads to the experience of a gravitational field), while on the right is the inertial mass, then why these two conceptually different properties are numerically equal.

With years of experimenting, scientists have proven that these two types of mass are really the same. Here is the thing about the general relativity theory, there are no such mysteries, all the things fall the same way because they are just following a straight line in the space time and not accelerating.

Einstein really had something wrong in his head. This was as much shocking in 1915 as it is to you guys now. Being a super-human as he was, he came up with a measurable prediction to prove his works. He claimed that if we shone a lit ray from one end of the shuttle to the another (while shuttle was accelerating), the light must bend (the photon leaving at this instant would reach after a certain time to the other end, making up to only the lower point on the other side, hence not a straight line). Although this observation was really microscopic, but it baffled scientists. This showed that an accelerating frame of reference will bend light! Pretty cool, isn’t it ?

So, Einstein reasoned that light must also bend while it passes a large mass. Does it ring any bell? (supposedly with the name ‘black hole’ it might) Well we can talk about it in the next article.

What’s Next with theory of relativity?

The theory of relativity has answered almost all the virtually asked questions, but there are some which haven’t been answered, which aren’t yet logistically feasible to carry out. Let’s talk about one, and let others know in the comments what you think (who knows, maybe you are the one to crack this later). We know that accelerating charges radiate electromagnetic radiation. So here is one conceptually simpler test – comparing the behavior of a stationary in a gravitational field to a free-falling one. According to the theory of relativity, the free-falling charge is moving in a straight line and hence, no acceleration is there; while the one that is stationary must be acceleration to be standing still, and hence it must radiate radiation. So, what do you think will radiate electromagnetic radiation, the stationary one or the free falling one?

So, what do you think? Is gravity an illusion?

Report By: Sashit Vijay

Serve ten years in public sector or pay Rs 1 Crore, UP Govt tells PG medical students

The Uttar Pradesh government on Saturday made 10 years of medical service mandatory for post-graduation medical students in the state health department. Anyone failing to complete the mandatory service period and leaving the service would be fined Rs 1 crore.

The announcement was made by Principal Secretary (Health), UP, Amit Mohan Prasad on Saturday. Declaring that if PG medical students in the state drop out of the government job before completing 10 years, they will be fined Rs 1 crore, Amit Mohan Prasad also said that such students will be debarred from the course for the next three years.

According to reports, this decision by the Uttar Pradesh government was taken to deal with the shortage of specialist doctors in state-run hospitals and medical establishments.

Moreover, with the present order, those MBBS doctors who have been serving in rural areas for a year would be given a weightage of 10 marks in NEET for PG courses. Similarly, those who are serving for two years in rural areas would get a weightage of 20 marks and those who have completed three years of service in rural areas would get a benefit of 30 marks. These doctors would also be allowed to take admission in any diploma along with a PG course.

In 2018, the Uttar Pradesh government had introduced two years Compulsory Rural Service Bond also in medical courses.

As per the guidelines, MBBS/BDS students must fill a designated bond of Rs 10 lakh, MD/MS students Rs 40 lakh, PG Diploma/MDS students Rs 20 Lakh, and DM/MCh students Rs 1 crore, in case any medical student acts contrary to the bond.

This rule was passed in compliance with the National Medical Commission (NMC) Bill which was passed to replace the Medical Council of India (MCI) with a new body.


Cafe Coffee Day appoints Malavika Hegde, the founder’s wife, as new CEO

Coffee Day Enterprises Ltd. (CDEL) on 7th December, 2020 said Malvika Hegde, wife of late founder V G Siddhartha, has been appointed as the company’s CEO and will be in effect from December 31, 2020.

Siddhartha was found dead in August 19 and since then the group has been facing pressure to repay the debts of Rs 3,535 crore. Siddhartha was one of the biggest names in the coffee industry and his Amalgamated Bean Coffee Trading Co. Ltd and Coffee Day Global Ltd had provided jobs for over 100,000 people directly and indirectly. But rising debt and alleged harassment by income tax officials forced the 59-year old to take his own life last July that sent the company he founded into a downward spiral.

VG Siddhartha

Malvika Hegde was a non executive director of the company before being appointed Chief Executive Officer. She joined the board of company in July and in a letter to the company she wrote that she will be preserving the future of company. She further addressed “We will work to reduce the debt to a manageable level by selling a few more investments as I am committed to the company’s future”. She is a graduate from university of Bengaluru in engineering and will now be incharge for at least five years. How can we miss the appreciation she deserves here? She has managed to reduce the debt even during lockdown and the CDEL group with full trust and confidence is now relying on Mrs Malvika Hegde to further reduce the debts and bring back the company on track.
In the regulatory filing Company said C. H. Vasudhara Devi, Giri Devanur and Mohan Raghavendra Kondi have been appointed as additional directors in the capacity of Non-Executive Independent Directors from 31 December 2020 up till 30 December 2025 subject to the approval of shareholders.

Report by Avantika Gurjar

Supreme Court tells IIT-Bombay to admit the teen who lost B.Tech seat by clicking wrong link

Siddhant Batra, an 18-year-old student who is from Agra had scored an all India rank of 270 at JEE. He lost his seat for a B.Tech Electrical Engineering course at IIT Bombay by inadvertently clicking on a wrong link which was meant for withdrawing the application. SC came to the rescue of the student on Wednesday by permitting him to join and pursue his classes.

A bench headed by Justice S.K. Kaul took note of the submissions of lawyer Pralhad Paranjpe on behalf of the student and asked the IIT Bombay to grant provisional admission to him.

The bench of judges comprising of Justice Dinesh Maheshwari and Justice Hrishikesh Roy, said, “There is something known as common sense too, why would a meritorious student who had already got admission want to cancel it?” Justice Kaul also said, “All three of us have discussed. We are all in ad idem (meeting of minds)”.

They issued a notice to the institution and fixed the plea of Siddhant for hearing after winter break. Paranjpe said the admission would be subject to the final decision of the apex court on the plea of the student.

The plea was filed in the apex court after the Bombay High Court consisting of a division bench of Chief Justice Dipankar Datta and Justice G S Kulkarni on 23 November dismissed it. It cited the submissions of the IIT to restore his seat saying it cannot intervene at this stage as all the seats for the course were full and they had to follow admission rules. It also said that Siddhant could apply again next year for JEE (Advanced).

In his petition to the SC, Batra had sought a direction to the IIT to consider his case on humanitarian grounds. He mentioned how he had lost his father and his mother too, and he worked hard to eliminate all the obstacles to earn this seat only to lose it to a wrong click!

He requested the creation of an additional seat to undo his loss.

According to the plea filed by him through advocate Pralhad Paranjpe, to the top court focused, while filling out the admission process online, he came upon a page with ‘freeze’ option, which he thought meant confirming the seat and the completion of his admission process. The petition said, “On October 31, 2020, when he was surfing the IIT portal to check for further updates, he came upon a link which carried a declaration that read ‘I would like to withdraw from the seat allocation process of JoSAA (Joint Seat Allocation Authority)’.”

When the final list of students was uploaded on the IIT portal, in November 2020, his name was excluded. The IIT, in its order, however, said the withdrawal option was a “conscious” two-step process. Sonal Jain, the IIT counsel said, Batra had frozen his seat which as per rules alone indicated that he didn’t want to proceed for further rounds. He quoted rules of business for the admission process which said candidates who want to withdraw before the final round can do so and the ‘seat acceptance fee’ gets refunded, adding that once a candidate has withdrawn then his or her seat stands cancelled.

A blog by Ruqayya Asif

जब इंडियन नेवी ने पाकिस्तान को घर में घुस के मारा: इंडियन नेवी डे की कहानी

1971 का साल था।
बांग्लादेश यानी तब के पूर्वी पाकिस्तान में पश्चिमी पाकिस्तान के हुक्मरानों के आदेश पर भीषण नरसंहार जारी था, मुक्ति वाहिनी भारतीय सेनाओं के अप्रत्यक्ष सहयोग के साथ पाकिस्तान के रक्तरंजित इरादों का जवाब देने में लगी हुई थी। बांग्लादेश को पाकिस्तान के चंगुल से आजाद कराने को कृतसंकल्पित तब की इंदिरा गांधी सरकार ने भारतीय सेनाओं को युद्ध के लिए तैयार रहने के निर्देश दे दिए थे। युद्ध का ऐलान किसी भी वक़्त हो सकता था। इसी बीच पाकिस्तान सेना के नियंत्रकों को इनपुट मिली कि भारत ने अपने पूर्वी सीमा पर फौजी ताकत बढ़ा रखी है, ऐसे में पश्चिमी सीमा पर कम सैन्य शक्ति होने का अनुमान था। और इसी अनुमान के दम पर पाकिस्तान ने 3 दिसम्बर 1971 के दोपहर भारत के कई एयरबेसों पर हवाई हमला कर दिया। पाकिस्तानी एयरफोर्स ने इसे ‘ऑपरेशन चंगेज खां’ नाम दिया और तीन अलग-अलग फॉर्मेशन में पाकिस्तान के कुल 51 बमवर्षक विमानों ने भारतीय वायु सीमा में प्रवेश किया। अमृतसर, अंबाला, आगरा, अवंतिपुर, बीकानेर, हलवारा, जोधपुर, जैसलमेर, पठानकोट, भुज, उतरलाई और श्रीनगर के एयरबेसों के साथ-साथ अमृतसर और फ़रीदकोट के डिफेंस रडार इंस्टालेशन्स को भी निशाना बनाया गया। हालांकि बिना प्लानिंग और सटीकता के किये गए इस हमले में भारत के कुछ एयरफील्डस को ही नुकसान पहुंचा, जिसे उसी रात ठीक कर लिया गया।

इस कायराना हमले को भारत की सरकार ने ‘एक्ट ऑफ वॉर’ माना और उसी शाम प्रधानमंत्री इंदिरा गांधी ने रेडियो पर देश के नाम अपने संदेश में युद्ध के ऐलान
पर मुहर लगा दी। 3 दिसम्बर की देर रात ही भारतीय एयरफोर्स ने इस हमले का मुंहतोड़ जवाब दिया।

भारतीय नौसेना (Indian Navy) का हमला

तीन दिसंबर की दोपहर हुए हवाई हमले के बाद भारत ने बेहद आक्रमक रुख अख्तियार कर लिया। इसी कड़ी में दिल्ली स्थित भारतीय नौसेना मुख्यालय और पश्चिमी नेवल कमांड ने मिलकर पाकिस्तान के करांची बंदरगाह पर हमले की योजना बनाई। और इसी के साथ शुरू हुआ ऑपरेशन ट्राइडेंट।

ऑपरेशन ट्राइडेंट (Operation Trident)

भारत की ओर से हमले का नेतृत्व कर रहे थे कमांडर बबरु भान यादव और नेवी के इस ’25वीं मिसाइल बोट स्क्वाडरन’ के मारक दस्ते में शामिल थीं तीन विद्युत-क्लास मिसाइल बोट। सोवियत में बने SS-N-2B स्टिक्स सतह से सतह पर मार करने वाली मिसाइलों से लैश आईएनएस निपात, आईएनएस निर्घट और आईएनएस वीर नाम की इन तीन मिसाइल बोटों को एस्कोर्ट करने की जिम्मेदारी थी आईएएनएस किल्टन और आईएनएस कत्चल नाम की दो अर्नाला-क्लास एंटी-पनडुब्बी जंगी जहाजो पर। इस बेड़े में आखिरी जहाज था फ्लीट टैंकर आईएनएस पोषक 4 दिसम्बर को दिन में ही ये जंगी बेड़ा कराची एयरपोर्ट से 250 नॉटिकल मिल यानी 460 किलोमीटर की दूरी पर पहुंच चुका था। पाकिस्तानी के सर्विलांस रेंज से दूर और पाकिस्तानी एयरफोर्स के बमवर्षकों के रात में हमला करने में सक्षम न होने की जानकारी से लैश भारतीय खेमा दिन ढ़लने का इंतजार कर रहा था।

शाम होते ही भारतीय विध्वंसकों ने अपनी पोजिशन ले ली और पाकिस्तानी समयानुसार रात ठीक 10 बजकर 45 मिनट पर आईएनएस निर्घट ने पाकिस्तानी बैटल क्लास डिस्ट्रॉयर जहाज पीएनएस खैबर पर पहली स्टिक्स मिसाइल दाग दी। पाकिस्तानी जहाज के सिस्टम ने इसे हवाई हमला समझ कर अपना एंटी एयरक्राफ्ट डिफेंस सिस्टम डिप्लॉय किया पर तब तक देर हो चुकी थी। थोड़ी ही देर में निर्घट ने इस जहाज पर दूसरी मिसाइल दागी जिसके इंपैक्ट के कुछ देर बाद ही ख़ैबर समंदर के गहराइयों में समा गया।

उधर आईएनएस निपात ने पाकिस्तानी सेना के लिए विस्फोटक ले जा रही कार्गो शिप एमवी वीनस चैलेंजर और उसकी एस्कॉर्ट सी-क्लास डिस्ट्रॉयर पीएनएस शाह जहां को निशाना बनाया। आईएनएस वीर ने पाकिस्तानी नौसेना के माइनस्वीपर पीएनएस मुहाफ़िज़ पर इतना सटीक हमला किया कि वो नेवल हेडक्वार्टर को आपातकालीन सिग्नल भेजने के पहले ही डूब गया।

भारतीय नौसेना यहीं नही रुकी, आईएनएस निपात करांची हार्बर की तरफ आगे बढ़ा और वहां मौजूद केमारी ऑयल स्टोरेज फील्ड पर दो मिसाइल दागे। इस हमले के बाद पूरा ऑयल डिपो कई दिनों तक जलता रहा और पाकिस्तान में ईंधन की भारी कमी हो गई। पाकिस्तान की कमर तोड़ने के बाद भारतीय नौसेना के रण-बांकुरे नजदीकी भारतीय बंदरगाहों पर लौट गए।

इसी शौर्य की अमिट कहानी की याद में भारतीय नौसेना हर साल 4 दिसंबर को भारतीय नौसेना दिवस मनाती है।

रक्षा मामलों के विशेषज्ञ बताते हैं कि ये हमला इतना भयानक था कि पाकिस्तानी नेवी के बचे हुए जहाज़ और सैनिक अपनी जान बचा कर ग्वादर बन्दरगाह की तरफ भाग खड़े हुए। इस हमले से पैदा हुए खौफ़ के स्तर का अंदाजा इससे लगाइए की 6 दिसंबर को पाकिस्तानी वायुसेना ने भारतीय जहाज़ समझ कर अपने ही युद्धपोत पीएनएस जुल्फिकार पर मिसाइल दाग दिए।

इस हमले के बाद 8 और 9 दिसम्बर को भारतीय नौसेना ने पाकिस्तान के पोर्ट्स पर पुनः हमला किया और बाद में आईएनएस विक्रांत को डुबाने के इरादे से निकले सबमरीन पीएनएस गाजी को भी समंदर में दफना दिया।

4 और 5 दिसंबर की दरम्यानी रात ओखा पोर्ट से करांची के लिए गए भारतीय दल को ऑपरेशन के उपरांत कई इनामों से नवाजा गया। ऑपरेशन के नेतृत्वकर्ता कमांडर बबरु भान यादव को महावीर चक्र और आईएनएस निपात, निर्घट और वीर के कमांडर्स को वीर चक्र प्रदान किया गया। बिनी किसी क्षति के किया गया ये ऑपरेशन आधुनिक दौर में भी विश्व की नौसेनाओं के लिए एक मिसाल है।

आज भारतीय नेवी विश्व के अग्रणी नौसेनाओं में सुमार होती है। भारतीय नौसेना दिवस पर हमारे नौसैनिकों को नमन। अरब सागर में 4 दिसम्बर की रात भारतीय जहाजों के पराक्रम का इतिहास हर भारतीय को सदियों तक गौरवान्वित करता रहेगा। के लिए आशीष रंजन की रिपोर्ट

आम जनता को कब मिलेगी कोरोना की वैक्सीन?

भारत के प्रधानमंत्री ने शनिवार को हैदराबद, पुणे और अहमदाबाद में कोविड-19 के वैक्सीन निर्माण के प्रक्रिया का जायज़ा लिया। अहमदाबाद स्थित जाइडूश बॉयोटेक पार्क, हैदराबाद स्थित भारत बॉयोटेक लैब और पुणे स्थित सीरम इंस्टीट्यूट ऑफ इंडिया में रिव्यू विजिट के दौरान प्रधानमंत्री ने विशेषज्ञों से टीकाकरण से जुड़े बारीक़ पहलुओं पर चर्चा की।

भारत समेत पूरा विश्व कोविड-19 की समस्या से जूझ रहा है और अब राहत की इकलौती उम्मीद वैक्सीन से ही है। अलग-अलग देशों में वैक्सीन के अलग-अलग चरणों का ट्रायल चल रहा है और एक्सपर्ट्स के मुताबिक जल्द हीं सफलता मिलने की उम्मीद है। संक्रमण के लगातार बढ़ते मामलों से त्रस्त आम जन के मन में सबसे बड़ा सवाल है कि आखिर उन्हें कोरोना से निजात दिलाने वाली वैक्सीन कब मिलेगी?

अंडर ट्रायल वैक्सीनों की फेहरिस्त में जो पाँच वैक्सीन सफलता के सबसे करीब है, हमने इस रिपोर्ट में उनपर तफ़सील से जानकारी देने का प्रयास किया है।


सूची में सबसे पहला नाम है MODERNA-mRNA 1273 का जिसका अमेरिका की ‘नेशनल इंस्टीट्यूट ऑफ एलर्जी एन्ड इन्फेक्शस डिजीज’ के सहयोग से ट्रायल चल रहा है। ह्यूमन ट्रायल के फेज में पहुंचने वाली ये कोरोना की पहली वैक्सीन है। तकरीबन 30 हज़ार अमेरिकी नागरिकों ने इसके ट्रायल के लिए अपना नाम दिया और कई स्टेज की ट्रायल्स के बाद आये आंकड़े उत्साहवर्धक है। बिना किसी साइड इफेक्ट वाली ये वैक्सीन ह्यूमन ट्रायल के दौरान 94.5 फीसदी तक कारगर रही। एक्सपर्ट्स के मुताबिक़ इस वैक्सीन के एक डोज की कीमत 35 अमेरिकी डॉलर यानी कि लगभग 2600 रुपये होगी। इस वैक्सीन के अमेरिकी बाज़ार में उतारे जाने के तारीखों का ऐलान होना अभी बाकी है।


इस सूची में दूसरी वैक्सीन है फ़ाइजर (Pfizer)। अमेरिकी फार्मा कम्पनी फ़ाइजर और जर्मन फार्मा कम्पनी बायो एन्ड टेक ने मिल कर इस वैक्सीन को तैयार किया है। स्वास्थ्य मामलों के जानकारों के मुताबिक इस वैक्सीन के सबसे पहले प्रयोग में आने की संभावना है। निर्माता कम्पनियों के मुताबिक ये वैक्सीन 95 फीसदी तक कारगर है और दिसंबर 2020 तक इसके 5 करोड़ डोज तैयार हो जाएंगे, वहीं अगले साल तक एक अरब तीस करोड़ डोज तैयार करने की योजना है। इस वैक्सीन के भारत पहुंचने को लेकर फिलहाल कोई स्पष्ट जानकारी नहीं है साथ हीं इसके भंडारण के लिए आवश्यक बेहद कम तापमान को हासिल कर इसके सुचारू वितरण को सुनिश्चित करने की प्रक्रिया का सामने आना भी अभी बाकी है।

Sputnik V

इस फेहरिस्त में तीसरे स्थान पर है रूस की गामालेया नेशनल सेंटर ऑफ एपीडेमियोलॉजी एन्ड माइक्रोबायोलॉजी तथा रशियन डाईरेक्टरेट इंवेस्टमेंट फंड के संयुक्त तत्वधान में बन रही स्पुतनिक-V का। ये कोरोना पर दुनिया का पहला रजिस्टर्ड वैक्सीन है जिसे इसी साल अगस्त के महीने में रजिस्टर कराया गया था। निर्माताओं के मुताबिक ये वैक्सीन कोरोना रोकने में 92 फीसदी तक कारगर है। कुछ मामलों में वैक्सीन लगाने के उपरांत बुखार, थकान, सरदर्द जैसे साइड इफेक्ट्स भी देखे गए। हैदराबाद के डॉक्टर रेड्डीज लैब को भारत में इस वैक्सीन के ट्रायल की अनुमती मिली हुई है और भारत तथा रूस की सरकारें पूरी प्रक्रिया पर नजदीकी से नजर रख रहीं है। स्वास्थ्य मामले के जानकारों के मुताबिक इस वैक्सीन की कीमत अमेरिका के मोडर्ना वैक्सीन से कम होगी।


अब जानते हैं ऑक्सफ़ोर्ड यूनिवर्सिटी और स्वीडिश ब्रिटिश कम्पनी एस्ट्रॉजेन्का द्वारा बनाई जा रही वैक्सीन AZD1222 की। भारत में इस वैक्सीन को ‘कोविशिल्ड‘ नाम दिया गया है। इस वैक्सीन के निर्माण और ट्रायल की प्रक्रिया में पुणे स्थित ‘सीरम इंस्टीट्यूट ऑफ इंडिया’ भी सहयोगी है। भारत में इस वैक्सीन के आख़िरी फेज़ का ट्रायल चल रहा है। भारत के साथ ही यूके, साउथ अफ्रीका, अमेरिका और ब्राज़ील में भी इस वैक्सीन का ट्रायल किया गया। ट्रायल से प्राप्त आंकड़ो के अनुसार ये कोरोना को अधिकतम 90 प्रतिशत तक रोकने में कारगर साबित हुई है, हालांकि इस वैक्सीन की औसत सफलता दर 70 फीसदी के करीब है। कई देशों में कई तरीके से हुए ट्रायल के वजह से औसत और अधिकतम सफलता दर के आंकड़ो में बड़ा अंतर नजर आ रहा है। जिन लोगों को वैक्सीन का पहला डोज आधा और एक महीने बाद दूसरा पूरा डोज दिया गया, उनमें वैक्सीन की सफलता का प्रतिशत 90 के करीब रहा पर जिन्हें एक महीने के अंतराल में दो पूरे डोज दिए गए उनमें वैक्सीन की सफलता का प्रतिशत गिर कर 62 रह गया। एस्ट्राजेन्का ने ब्रिटेन के ड्रग रेगुलेटर से 29 नवम्बर को वैक्सीन के आपातकालीन प्रयोग की इजाज़त मांगी है जिसपर आधिकारिक जवाब आना बाकी है। भारत में उपलब्धता की कतार में ये वैक्सीन सबसे आगे खड़ी हैं। सीरम इंस्टिट्यूट ऑफ इंडिया ने इसके चार करोड़ से अधिक डोज तैयार कर लिए हैं। सीरम इंस्टीट्यूट के मुख्य कार्यकारी अधिकारी आधार पूनावाला के मुताबिक इस वैक्सीन के एक डोज की कीमत सरकार को तकरीबन सवा दो सौ रुपये (3 अमेरिकी डॉलर) और आम जनता को तकरीबन 600 रुपये पड़ेगी। सीरम इंस्टीट्यूट पहले भारत के वैक्सीन जरूरतों को पूरा करेगा फिर इसे अन्य देशों को निर्यात किया जाएगा।


पूरी तरह से भारत में बन रही अगली वैक्सीन है कोवैक्सीन(COVAXIN). इसका निर्माण हैदराबाद स्थित भारत बॉयोटेक और ICMR की नेशनल इंस्टीट्यूट ऑफ वायरोलॉजी द्वारा किया जा रहा है। इसके पहले और दूसरे फेज के ट्रायल पूरे हो चुके हैं और तीसरे फेज के ट्रायल जारी हैं। इसके सभी स्टेज के ट्रायल्स अगले साल तक पूरे होंगे। भारत बॉयोटेक के एमडी डॉक्टर कृष्ण एला ने कहा है कि इस वैक्सीन के एक डोज की कीमत एक पानी के बोतल से भी कम होगी।

रेस में सबसे आगे चल रही इन पाँच वैक्सीन का भारत समेत तमाम देश बेसब्री से इंतजार कर रहे हैं। वैक्सीन के लांच की कोई तय तारीख नहीं है और यही बात प्रधानमंत्री ने मुख्यमंत्रियों के साथ हुई बैठक में दुहराई पर सीरम इंस्टिट्यूट के सीईओ आधार पूनावाला के अनुसार दिसम्बर में भारत के ड्रग कंट्रोलर जनरल से वैक्सीन के आपातकालीन इस्तेमाल की इजाजत मांगी जाएगी। इजाजत मिलने की स्थिति में सबसे पहले कोरोना से जंग में कार्यरत फ्रंट लाइन वर्कर्स, जो कोरोना मरीजों के सीधे संपर्क में आते हैं, को वैक्सीन लगाई जाएगी, उसके बाद सीनियर सिटीजन्स की बारी आएगी। पूनावाला आगे बताते हैं कि आम लोगों के लिए वैक्सीन के अप्रैल में उपलब्ध होने की उम्मीद की जा सकती है।

अलग-अलग प्रयोगशालाओं में अलग-अलग वैक्सीनों के पूर्णतः तैयार होने के बेहद करीब पहुंचने को मद्देनजर रखते हुए प्रधानमंत्री ने सभी राज्यों के मुख्यमंत्रियों को वैक्सीन वितरण का खाका तैयार करने के निर्देश दिए हैं। कुल-जमा लब्बोलुआब ये की अप्रैल के पहले आमलोगों को वैक्सीन मिलना सम्भव नहीं है इसलिए कोरोना से जंग में सावधानी ही हमारा हथियार है। मास्क और हैंड सैनिटाइजर के प्रयोग से कोरोना को हराना सम्भव है और जब तक वैक्सीन आ नहीं जाती हमें इनके प्रयोग को लेकर कृतसंकल्पित होना होगा। के लिए आशीष रंजन की रिपोर्ट

Colleges to re-open; UGC issues guidelines

Colleges and universities across the country were closed since March 16, 2020.

Now the University Grant Commission (UGC) has released new guidelines for reopening of colleges. It consists of several measures that need to be taken, from entry to exit and from hostel facilities to classrooms, everything will be monitored. Colleges and universities need to follow all the guidelines in order to reopen. The Colleges/Higher Education Institutions outside the containment zones may be opened in a graded manner after consulting the concerned State/UT Government.

For Centrally Funded Higher Education Institutions, the Head of the Institution can decide regarding the opening of the institution based on the prevailing conditions and then decide accordingly. All other Higher Educational Institutions, e.g., State Universities, Private Universities etc., can open the physical asses as per the decision of the respective State/UT Government.

Listed below are all the guidelines and the measures issued by UGC to be followed by the educational institutions:


  1. Universities and colleges may plan opening the campuses in phases, with such activities where they can easily adhere to social distancing, use of face masks and other protective measures. This may include administrative offices, research laboratories and libraries etc.
  2. Thereafter, students of all research programmes and post-graduate students in science & technology programmes may join as the number of such students is comparatively less and norms of physical distancing and preventive measures can be easily enforced.
  3. Further, final year students may also be allowed to join for academic and placement purposes, as per the decision of the head of the institution.

However, for the points mentioned above, it should be ensured that not more than 50% of the total students should be present at any point of time and necessary guidelines/protocols to prevent the spread of COVID-19 are observed.

  1. For the programmes, other than those mentioned in paras 3.3 (ii) and (iii) above, online/distance learning shall continue to be the preferred mode of teaching and shall be encouraged.
  2. However, if required, students may visit their respective departments in a small number for consultation with the faculty members, after seeking prior appointments to avoid crowding, while maintaining physical distancing norms and other safety protocols.
  3. Some students may opt not to attend classes and prefer to study online while staying at home. Institutions may provide online study material and access to e-resources to such students for teaching-learning.
  4. Institutions should have a plan ready for such international students who could not join the programme due to international travel restrictions or visa-related issues. Online teaching-learning arrangements should also be made for them.

Institutional Planning:

  1. Institutions should prepare details of opening the campus in a phased manner with a complete roster for all departments and batches of students in different programmes.
  2. The institutions must ensure appropriate sanitization and disinfection process and procedures.
  3. It should be made mandatory for the Teachers, Officers, Staff and Students to wear the Id cards.
  4. The faculty, student, staff should be screened regularly to protect and avoid infecting one another.
  5. All preventive measures, preparedness and necessary support system to deal with the COVID -19 positive cases should be monitored and reported to local authorities on a day to day basis.
  6. Teaching hours in a day may be extended, as per requirements of the institution.
  7. Six-day schedule may be followed so that classes can be conducted in phases and the seating arrangement be made keeping in view the requirements of physical distancing.
  8. Universities and colleges may consider reducing the class size and break them in multiple sections to maintain physical distancing during the classes.
  9. Depending on the availability of space in class rooms or learning sites, up to 50% students may be allowed on a rotation basis to attend the classes.
  10. Faculty should be trained for online teaching-learning practices.
  11. The visitors should either not be allowed at all or their entry should be drastically restricted. The conditions of the entry for visitors should be strictly laid down and displayed on the entry point(s). Complete contact details of the visitors be maintained along with the names of persons whom he/ she meets.
  12. There should be adequate isolation arrangements for those having symptoms and also for those who test positive for COVID-19 (however the two need to be kept separately), either at the level of the institution or in collaboration with the Government authorities.

Safety Measures at Entry/ Exit Point(s):

  1. Adequate arrangements of thermal scanners, sanitizers, and face masks should be made available at all entry and exit points, including the reception area.
  2. Crowding must be avoided at entry/ exit points. Staggered timings of entry and exit with limited strength for different programmes should be followed.
  3. For ensuring queue management, inside and outside the premises, specific markings on the floor with a gap of 6 feet may be made and be adhered to.
  4. In case the institution has more than one gate for entry/ exit, all the gates should be used, with adequate care, to avoid crowding.
  5. Monitoring of the entry and exit of the students should be done.
  6. Screening of students, faculty and staff, wearing of face covers/ mask, sanitizing of hands etc. must be ensured at all entry points.
  7. Those having symptoms of fever, cough or difficulty in breathing should not be allowed to enter.

Safety Measures during Working Hours

Classrooms and other Learning Sites:

  1. Proper sanitization at all learning sites should be ensured. Cleaning and regular disinfection (using 1% sodium hypochlorite) of frequently touched surfaces (door knobs, elevator buttons, hand rails, chairs, benches, washroom fixtures, etc.) to be made mandatory in all class rooms, laboratories, (and also) lockers, parking areas, other common areas etc. before the beginning of classes and at the end of the day. Teaching materials, computers, laptops, printers, shall be regularly disinfected with 70% alcohol swipe.
  2. Sitting places in classes, laboratories, computer labs, libraries etc. should be clearly marked, keeping in view the norms of physical distancing. At least one seat should be left vacant between two seats.
  3. Wearing face cover/ mask is a must at all times and at all places inside the campus.

Inside the campus:

  1. Cultural activities, meeting etc. may be avoided. However, such extra-curricular and sports activities may be allowed where physical distancing is feasible and is in accordance with the Ministry of Home Affairs guidelines, issued under Disaster Management Act, 2005 from time to time.
  2. Adequate arrangements for safe drinking water should be made on the campus.
  3. Hand washing stations with facilities of liquid soap should be created so that every student can wash her/ his hands frequently.
  4. Regular and sufficient supply of face covers/ masks, heavy duty gloves, disinfecting material, sanitizer, soaps etc. to sanitation workers should be ensured.
  5. Wearing of face cover/ mask by all students and staff should be ensured.
  6. Proper cleanliness should be maintained inside the entire campus.
  7. Arrangements should be made for sanitizing the entire campus, including administrative and academic buildings, classrooms, laboratories, libraries, common rooms, toilets, water stations, furniture, learning material, teaching aids, sports equipment, computers etc.
  8. Physical distancing should be maintained at all places and crowding must not be allowed at any place under any circumstances.
  9. An adequate supply of water in toilets and for hand- washing should be ensured.
  10. Proper sanitization of buses, other transport and official vehicles of the institution should be done.
  11. Spitting in the campus must be made a punishable offence.
  12. Dustbins must be cleaned and covered properly.
  13. Dustbin for collection of used facemasks, personal protective equipment, hand gloves and their disposals should be ensured as per safety norms. Provision for proper disposal of used personal protection items and general waste should be followed in accordance with CPCB guidelines
  14. For air-conditioning/ventilation, the guidelines of CPWD shall be followed which emphasizes that the temperature setting of all air conditioning devices should be in the range of 24-30oC, relative humidity should be in the range of 40-70%, intake of fresh air should be as much as possible and cross ventilation should be there.


  1. Hostels may be opened only in such cases where it is necessary while strictly observing the safety and health preventive measures. However, the sharing of rooms may not be allowed in hostels. Symptomatic students should not be permitted to stay in the hostels under any circumstances.
  2. Since residential students may be coming from different locations, they shall remain in quarantine and self-monitor their health for a period of 14 days before being allowed to attend classes or as per the policy opted by the State Government for quarantine (even if they bring a negative test report or the university/college plan to test them on arrival).
  3. There should be no crowding in hostel areas where students live in close proximity and share common facilities and utilities. Hence, their numbers need to be limited appropriately to avoid crowding. Also, hostel students should be called in phases.
  4. Thermal Screening of all resident students should be ensured.
  5. They will be referred to the nearest COVID treatment facility for clinical assessment and treatment.
  6. Density in dining halls, common rooms, playing areas should be limited, keeping in view the requirement of physical distancing.
  7. Hygiene conditions should be regularly monitored in kitchens, dining halls, bathrooms and toilets etc.
  8. Cleanliness is to be maintained in dining areas. Meals should be served in small batches, avoiding over-crowding. Take away options should be available for students and staff.
  9. It must be ensured that the meals are freshly cooked. A senior staff should monitor the same.
  10. Utensils should be properly cleaned.
  11. Wearing of face covers/ masks and proper sanitization of hands of the staff engaged for the preparation and distribution of meals should be ensured.
  12. Resident students and staff should avoid or limit visiting the markets. As far as possible, essential items may be made available within the campus.
  13. Hostels may define the number of students in dining halls at any point in time.
  14. Mess timings may be increased to avoid overcrowding.

 Regular Monitoring of Health:

  1. Every institution should regularly monitor the health of its students, faculty, and staff.
  2. Faculty, staff and students should also be sensitized on self-monitoring of their health.
  3. Faculty, Staff and students should submit self-disclosure, if any of their family members have been infected/availed treatment for COVID-19.

Measures for Containment:

  1. As soon as a student, faculty or staff is detected COVID-19 positive, such person should be immediately isolated as per the directive/advisory of the Government. Room-mates and close contacts should be quarantined and symptomatic ones to be immediately tested.
  2. Universities and colleges should have a ready plan to provide healthcare support to those resident students and staff who test positive and are isolated.
  3. The guidelines restricting social and physical contacts and mobility in such parts of residential places in the campus, where positive cases have been found, should be strictly enforced. Measures like holding no class, not leaving the rooms for hostellers, if applicable, no take away arrangement of food from mess etc. may be enforced, depending upon the severity of the situation.
  4. Universities and colleges should also plan in advance, in case shut down are ordered by the Government due to outbreak in campus or the surrounding region.

Sensitization of Students, Teachers and Staff:

  1. Awareness programmes regarding COVID-19 as to how the infection spreads, common symptoms, and precautions and measures required to contain its spread may be launched.
  2. Maintaining hygiene, e.g., how to wash hands, how to cough or sneeze into a tissue or elbow, avoid touching of face, eyes, mouth and nose should be regularly told to the students and the staff.
  3. The necessity of physical distancing, wearing face covers/ masks, hygiene etc. should be brought home to all.
  4. Activities to stay fit, physically and mentally, should be encouraged like doing exercises, yoga, breathing exercises, meditation, etc.
  5. To improve resilience and mental health, students should be encouraged to share their feelings with friends, teachers and parents, remain positive, grateful, and helpful, have focussed approach, take a break from work, eat healthy and sleep timely etc.
  6. Eating healthy food and fruits, avoiding junk food, frequently drinking warm water, adopting ways to increase immunity etc. should be encouraged.
  7. Students should be told to regularly sanitize their laptops, audio, video and other media accessories.
  8. Factual information regarding COVID-19 and consequences of infection, without making them stressed or fearful, should be disseminated.
  9. Posters and stickers should be pasted at appropriate places in the campus to create awareness about the risk of infection from Coronavirus.

10.. All support and facilities should be provided to persons with disabilities (Divyangjan).

  1. No discrimination based on caste, creed or gender should be allowed to take place.
  2. Sharing of books, other learning material and eatables be discouraged.

Role of Stakeholders:

Central/ State Government(s)

  1. The Government should help educational institutions to prepare an effective plan for reopening their campuses. The plan may vary from institution to institution, keeping in view the situation regarding spread of COVID-19 pandemic in a particular area/region/zone.
  2. The Governments may issue clear instructions to the universities and colleges to ensure the safety and health of all concerned. This may include instructions for wearing of face masks, physical distancing, and the number of students in a class, library, hostels, and dining halls etc.
  3. State governments, in consultations with higher education institutions, should prepare an estimate of requirement in each of their districts and zones, of disinfectants, facemasks and prepare a plan in advance for their procurement and distribution. Universities and colleges should ensure sufficient supplies of these items to their students, faculty and staff.
  4. Keeping in view the varying conditions in any state at district and zonal levels, the Government concerned should prepare a region-specific plan, instead of a uniform plan for the entire state.
  5. State health departments should remain in touch with the universities and colleges and work to ensure that the campuses are well prepared to maintain the safe and healthy conditions and also to deal with the COVID-19 related unexpected situations.
  6. The Governments should keep a constant touch with the universities and colleges regarding the status of COVID-19. The government may call information regarding COVID-19 related condition in the campuses and also call meetings at appropriate intervals with the Head of institutions through video conferencing.

 Head of the Institution

  1. Vice- Chancellors/ Principals may get Standard Operating Procedures(SOPs) worked out in view of COVID-19 outbreak, in accordance with the Government orders and guidelines.
  2. A detailed institutional plan which may, inter alia, include sanitization, safety and health measures should be prepared and kept ready, before reopening of campus. Proper implementation of the institutional plan should be ensured and regular monitoring should be done with the help of faculty and the staff.
  3. Tie-ups may be established with nearby hospitals, health centres, NGOs, health experts for help and support in fighting COVID-19.
  4. A plan for all academic activities, i.e., the academic calendar, teaching-learning modes, examinations, evaluation etc. should be kept ready well in advance.
  5. A Task Group should be created to handle varied situations and issues related to the COVID-19 pandemic. Such Task Group may consist of senior persons from faculty and staff, students, volunteers from communities, NGOs, health organizations and Government officials etc. as the case may be.
  6. Teachers, students and staff should be made aware of all relevant plans and activities on the campus.


  1. Teachers should make themselves fully aware of institutional plans and Standard Operating Procedures.
  2. Every teacher should prepare a detailed teaching plan for the subjects taught by him/her, including time table, class size, modes of delivery, assignments, theory, practical, continuous evaluation, end- semester evaluation etc.
  3. Teachers should keep themselves updated with the latest teaching- learning methods and availability of e-resources.
  4. Teachers should make the students aware of the COVID-19 related situation, precautions and steps to be taken to stay safe and healthy.
  5. Teachers should monitor and keep track of the physical and mental health of their students.


  1. The parents should ensure that their children observe safety norms at home and whenever they go out.
  2. Parents should not allow their children to go out, if they are not feeling well.
  3. Parents may be advised that the ‘Aarogya Setu App’ has been downloaded by their children.
  4. Parents should sensitize them of healthy food habits and measures to increase immunity.
  5. Parents should ask them to do exercise, yoga, meditation and breathing exercises to keep them mentally and physically fit


  1. Self-discipline is most important to contain the spread of COVID-19 pandemic through social distancing and maintaining hygienic condition.
  2. All students should wear face covers/ masks and take all preventive measures.
  3. May consider installing ‘Aarogya Setu App’ in the mobile.
  4. It is important for the students to be physically and mentally fit to handle any exigencies. By remaining fit, they can take care of others also.
  5. The students must inculcate activities that will increase immunity-boosting mechanism which may include exercise, yoga, eating fresh fruits and healthy food (avoid fast food), sleep timely.
  6. Discrimination of fellow students in respect of whom there is a history of COVID-19 disease in the family be avoided.
  7. Give support to your friends under stress due to COVID-19 pandemic.
  8. Students should follow the guidelines, advisories and instructions issued by the Government authorities as well as by the universities and colleges regarding health and safety measures in view of COVID-19 pandemic.

In view of the present scenario and future uncertainties:

  1. The universities may adopt and implement these Guidelines in a transparent manner by making alterations/ additions/ modifications/ amendments to deal with particular situation(s) in the best interest of students, educational institution and the entire education system, except in respect of those guidelines that are mandatory.
  2. In case of educational institutions located at places where the Government (Centre/ State) have imposed restrictions on gathering of public, the institutions may plan accordingly. In any case, the above recommendations shall not cause any restrictions on the guidelines/directions issued by the appropriate Government/ competent authority.

With inputs from UGC circular

NEET Result Discrepancy: What’s the truth?

The National Testing Agency (NTA) released the result of the premier medical undergraduate entrance NEET-UG on 16.10.2020. Ever since the announcement, a new controversy has taken the internet with a buzz. Many students who appeared in NEET-UG have reached the National Testing Agency with claims of variation in score cards released on the result day and the one which are currently available. Some students are also claiming that their OMR answer sheet is changed/tempered. The rising number of cases claiming discrepancy has brought the scrutiny process of NTA under the radar of doubt.

The matter got more fuel when media reports claiming that a student who has 650 marks has been awarded only 329 marks surfaced in local news portals. In wake of this, The National Testing Agency issued a press release and denied any such incident. The NTA also cleared that it will entertain all genuine grievances but on the other hand it strictly warned the candidates to refrain from making any false accusation in the media. The press note from the apex examination body further adds that suitable legal action will be taken as per the laws of the land in case of manipulated and fabricated claims.

Press Release by NTA(20/10/20)

In order to get to the crux of this controversy, our team reached the concerned student. Mridul Rawat, a resident of Gangapur City in Rajasthan is making headlines. Mridul claims to score 650 marks as per the official answer key released by the National Testing Agency, but his initial and current scorecard reads only 329 marks.

Here’s what Mridul has to say on the chronology of events which occurred:

When the first official answer key was released, I was scoring 655. When the answer key was re-released, I was scoring  650. But, when the results were announced, my scorecard reflected only 329 marks. Baffled and shocked by this huge difference, I wrote a mail to NTA stating my problems, I also attached my admit card, OMR and the answer key with the mail. Going further, I also tweeted the matter, tagging the authorities. After this I got an email from stating that they are looking into the matter and an updated scorecard will be uploaded soon. After this, a change in scorecard was made but the marks in figures and marks in words were still showing discrepancy. After a few hours, a final updated result was published in which everything was correct. But when I rechecked the scorecard on the next day, it was again showing 329.

initial score card of the student
2nd Scorecard(Claimed by the student)

This is the claim being made by Mridul Rawat, he adds that he received a call claiming to be from NTA on the evening of 20th October and he was warned about legal repercussions he will have to face.  The concerned student further added that:

I got a call from NTA, they were saying that they will charge me with an FIR as I have made fake claims against them. I am looking forward to move to the court as there’s no stepping back from this point.

Another student, Vasundhara Bhojane, from Amarawati has moved to the Nagpur Bench of Maharashtra High Court after getting zero out of 720 in her final results. She claims that she was expecting 600/720 marks. Bhojane, in her petition has deamnded original OMR sheet to be produced before the court and an interim stay on medical admission process.

Issuing notice to the respondents, a division bench of Justice Atul Chandurkar and Nitin Suryavanshi listed the petition for next and final hearing on October 26. Now, the National Testing Agency is bound to file a response before the aforementioned date.

Note: IHOIK don’t affirm or deny any of the claims made above. This is reported as claimed by the concerned students. posses a copy of the claimed e-mail conversation between two parties, but due to privacy infringement laws, we can’t attach that here. Our correspondents tried to converse with NTA authorities to know their side of the story, but the helpline number didn’t work.

A report by IHOIK education desk based on inputs from concerned students.

The Science of Thinking

How does our thinking process work?

For most of us, thinking is somewhat unpleasant or less preferable. Why would you like to use your head unnecessarily? Avoiding thinking part is a really good choice for most of us. Many of us even payback hard due to the actions we do while we are not thinking. Thinking plays a paramount role in every human’s life.

Many precedents have been established, proving the fact that not thinking is more of a general trend among people. For example, there was an activity conducted where people were asked this one simple question- You go into a grocery store, there is a carrot and a broccoli; together they cost 1.10$ and the broccoli costs a dollar more than the carrot. What is the cost of the carrot?

Come on guys, you can do this. Did you answer 0.10$? Well, this is wrong. Same happened with a lot of people during this analysis… So don’t worry, you are not alone dude! If you think about it just for a second, you will realize that the carrot can’t cost 0.10$ because if the carrot costs 0.10$, then the broccoli will cost 1.10$ and that will add up to 1.20$ which sums up to a wrong amount. The correct answer is 5 cents (0.05$) and the broccoli would cost 1.05$.

So, the whole point of the question is that these questions are not difficult questions and that the people would easily check their answers and find the mistake, but the point is that they didn’t want to check! This is because thinking is uncomfortable and you won’t do something that makes you uncomfortable (it’s like why would you admit that your rank is lower than your friend’s in public!). It all comes down to the point that thinking takes effort.

These mistakes could be turned down to stupidity, unless you are smarter and wouldn’t fall for them. Well, guess what? You might be fooling yourself. Many say that these examples reveal our blind spots in all of our thinking due to the fundamental way our brains operate.

How does our brain work?

To understand the role of brain or more like working of the brain, we will try to remodel brain as two parts – ‘the flash’ and ‘the alpha’. Although psychologists call them system one and system two but here we will call them the flash and the alpha as mentioned earlier.

You are Alpha, he represents your conscious thought or more like the self you talk to when deciding anything or just randomly talking to yourself. Alpha is the one to follow the instructions and he is the one who executes in steps. Say, when you try calculate 13*18, the Alpha responds. The thing that makes Alpha ‘The Alpha’ is that he is really lazy and would deflect the work towards flash. It takes good efforts get Alpha do anything. Duh, that’s why he is alpha, but he is the careful one, capable of catching and correcting the mistakes.

Now, meet Flash. He is the agile, reflexive and synaptic one. These qualities are one of the leading assets of Flash as he constantly copes up with enormous amount of information and processes a lot of stuff that comes in through your senses. He evaluates each stuff into important or irrelevant. This is most of his job and it is fascinating that Flash is zappy that he responds automatically and you have pretty much no control over it. For example, when you spot some text, flash reads it before you even decide whether to read or not. He fills the gaps, he relates all stuff in a way that they make sense. For example, you can read pretty much everything from even a really gross handwriting (if you have knowledge of the topic). This is the whole point of Flash. He would keep in checking the previous information and would respond when ever you find something relatable.

You can easily read it as ‘the cat’, even though the letter ‘a’ and the letter ‘h’ are written in the exact same manner. Flash made the correct assumption!

So even though Alpha is unaware of what the Flash is doing, but it’s the perception of Flash that becomes the foundation of your conscious thoughts. The way you would like to think of them will be like each of these two characters play a crucial role in your main memory structures. Flash’s responses are due to the long-term memory, the hall of fame of your experiences that you have built over your life. With contrast, Alpha completely stays in the working memory and is only capable of holding 4 to 5 things at a time and simultaneously processes them. It is among the lead finding of known human psychology that tells us how limited the Alpha is, and that how less capacity we have of holding and manipulating the things. Like when you try to remember a string of random numbers (say 9102), it is not so easy and in fact, sometimes it is really hard. But this limitation is overcome if the number is somehow relatable (say 2019, the digits are just the same but it is easier now!). You can clearly notice how remembering ‘9102’ would take up most of your working capacity but ‘2019’ is just simpler. This process of grouping stuffs together is called ‘chunking’, and generally 4 to 5 chunks are adequately held in the working memory. So this means that the larger the chunks are, more amount of information you can manipulate at one time.

 Is muscle memory a reality?

Learning is the process of building bigger chunks over a period of time. In other words, essentially passing off the tasks from Alpha to Flash. But the things is that for this to happen, Alpha has to engage himself in hours of straining work and effort for multiple times. For example, when you were first learning the alphabets you would be singing a rhyme in order to remember them, but over the period of time you did it so many times that many of you can now recite it in your sleep. The point was that Alpha didn’t have to worry about it anymore because now Flash took the hold of it. Many musicians, gymnasts, sports stars and other people refer to this as muscle memory. Although there is nothing as muscle memory and it is all in the head but the muscle is used in a specific manner so many times that it is now the job of Flash to hold it on to the mark.

Slow, gentle, determined practice often leads to finesse and perfection. Remember Michael Jordon, Cristiano Ronaldo, Michael Phelps, and many other stars burnt themselves through the furies of hell, practicing their stuff over and over again and now we know that they define their sports.

Researchers say that 99% of what seems to be many times a super-human ability is result of spontaneous automation of Flash, developed by hell hours of Alpha (come on, that’s why he is the Alpha). Hard work of Alpha can be clearly seen by looking at a person. Try this quiz: There will be 3 digits on the screen and you have to read them out loud and say each number back every second, but adding one to each digit (add one task). The digits are: 147. The answer will be 258. Its was really simple, but when you do such kind of tasks, this makes Alpha hold digits in memory while you do manipulation task. Now try another pattern with 4 digits and then next with 5 digits. You will notice how involved your thinking process gets. This is even proven by a set of experiments where the participants were asked similar questions and were asked to respond after manipulating the answers.

Researchers found out that as the things got more complicated, the involvement of Alpha is not only noticed mentally but also physiologically, sweat production, increased heart rate and dilation of pupils. There was a significant observable change in the size of pupils of the participants as they performed the ‘add 3’ and ‘add 4’ tasks. Researchers also found that when the participants were casually chatting and not performing mathematical or other brainstorming problems, they didn’t show physiological changes. This proves the fact that these types of tasks are really strenuous for Flash, and that it is a stroll in a park for Alpha because almost all day to day life tasks are handled by Flash. This doesn’t need to sound like a bad thing. It is just how our brains evolved for best use of resources. For repetitive tasks, we developed automatic ways of doing things while using Alpha’s limited capacity to the things that really need attention.

What can go wrong?

In some circumstances, there can be mix-ups. For example, if you turn the switches in your house upside down, there is a really strong possibility that you would try to turn the light on the other way each time. You can also think this as the cap of your bottle, if you have a bottle which shuts anti-clockwise you have strong chances of getting an overshoot while twisting the cap (most bottles close with twisting clockwise).

This also explains the error space in the carrot and broccoli problem. It’s the Flash who perceives the first key pieces of question and it hastily gives up the quicker answer. Since Flash had an immediate answer, he blurted out immediately and the Alpha didn’t reconsider the choices of Flash (They trust each other you know).

How to make Alpha work more?

The researchers found one way to make it somewhat happen. They gave the students a crystal-clear paper with questions finely printed on it which had questions similar to one like the carrot and broccoli one, and 85% got at least one wrong. But when they gave the tests in a really hard to read font to students, the error rate dropped drastically to 35%. A harder to read test resulted in more correct answers! The explanation is pretty simple and obvious. Since Flash couldn’t quickly jump to an answer, he just forwards it to Alpha and the games begins! More interest to the plot is that when Alpha finds something challenging, it puts more efforts into solving the task and you are more likely to get a correct answer.

Where are these tactics used?

You will find ads on T.V. or other hoardings that make completely no sense, rather than telling what the product does or how it is better, they just use some ‘dumb’ abstract things and quotations that don’t make much of a sense. Previously the goal of the advertisements was to enable the information about the product to the user in as simple way as possible, but if you look at some of the effective advertising techniques today, you will find these things missing. Advertisements nowadays are more confusing. You can clearly notice how desparate figures are used for a simple advertisement. You would have also noticed that how the candy ‘poppins’ used to advertise using a phrase “Aee… Du kya?” and how this had no relation to the actual candy ad. But the fun fact is that you still remember it! You can take another example of ‘Thumbs Up’ soft drink – how can a soft drink be related to the phrase ‘Aaj Kuchh Toofani Karte Hain.’ even when it is not an energy drink.

Now that the advertising is everywhere, Flash has found a way to filter out all the normal advertisements, it has just become automatic. But something really different happens when you see a totally confusing or erratic ad nearby – Flash can’t bear it, so it transfers it to Alpha, and that’s what the companies want!

Similar is happening in education. The old forms of education have been mostly casted out. The smart boards have taken place, the theorems are given funny names by teachers that make no sense, there have been songs written with periodic table elements’ name initials, there has been a quadratic formula song… I mean what else is needed for a daily life example!

Even we use these tricks to make ourselves trigger a pathway to Alpha. You can clearly recall how you learned the noble gases (Hema {Helium} Neena {Neon} Aur {Argon} Kareena {Krypton} K X-ray {Xenon} Rangeen {Radon}). These don’t make any sense with periodic table, so Alpha comes up.

The institutions have started to organize workshops, peer lessons and make classes more interactive rather than a monologue (students are repetitively asked questions) and thus, Alpha is made to put effort. This is hard, but this is how learning happens. Many don’t like this because it’s hard or it makes them uncomfortable. Just as it’s hard to motivate someone to get off the couch and exercise, it’s hard to get Alpha put in full effort. There is an appeal to do things that you already know, say for the musician it is the feel to play the same familiar song again and again that Flash has already automated. It can be the videos that give you the sensation of understanding without learning anything, or it can be driving with GPS on so u may never get lost, but the thing is that you never learn that way.

If you want to better at anything than the rest, if you want to achieve expertise in anything, you have to get uncomfortable because thinking takes effort, it involves fighting through the confusion and for almost all of us it is not very preferable.

A report by Sashit Vijay

NEET 2020 Counselling: Step By Step Guide

The Medical Counselling committee has announced the counselling schedule of NEET qualified students for various medicine related courses. The national eligibility cum entrance test(NEET) for the admission in Private & Government medical colleges across  India was conducted in two phases, on 13th September and 14th October. The 2nd phase was conducted only for those students who missed the phase-1 examination on account of being Covid positive or for those who were in containment zone.

The result was declared by NTA on 16th October, following which the process of counselling will start.

The counselling process is mandatory for every qualified student to get admitted in MBBS, BDS & AYUSH courses.

Here’s a step by step guide of the counselling process.

The counselling of NEET is divided into two phases, i.e. All India Quota (AIQ) counselling and the State counselling. 85% of the total seats are filled up through the state counselling whereas the remaining 15% is filled up by the AIQ counselling. The counselling for All India Quota will be conducted by the MCC while the state counselling will be looked after by the counselling body of respective states.

Counselling procedure for AIQ:

Soon after the release of NEET 2020 results, the medical counselling committee (MCC) will release an official notification and the dates for the counselling for NEET 2020 soon after the release of the results on the NEET website.

  1. Registering on MCC website:

The candidates can register for this counselling on the official MCC website. This registration is applicable for admission in both MBBS and BDS college for private and government colleges across the country. After visiting the official website select the option that shows ‘UG medical counselling’ and register yourself. The registration portal will ask for the following details:

  • Application No.
  • Roll No.
  • Name of candidate
  • Date of birth
  1. Take printout of the registration slip and keep it safe for future references.
  2. Visit the website and login on the website with your ‘login credentials’
  3. Choice filling:

After logging in to the website, start the process of choice filling. Select all the colleges you want to get yourself enrolled in according to the priority order. Once the choice filling is completed and you submit the form, you can’t make any changes in the priority list.

One has to submit a refundable tuition fee and a non refundable registration fee after completing the choice filling.

  1. Release of mock list:

Once the process of registration is completed, MCC releases the mock seat allotment according to the counselling schedule. This mock list will help to determine whether a candidate got a seat in the college of his/her preference.

  1. Choice locking:

Once the candidate is sure about the choices filled and mock allotment… They have to lock their choices before the deadline. Failing to do so would result in inability to be a part of the counselling process.

The AIQ counselling takes place in 3 steps… The first round, the second round and the mop up round of counselling. After the list for counselling and allotted seats are released, the candidate has to revisit the website, login with the created id and password and look up for the remaining available choices. The process continues till the mop up round.

The seats allotted to students through AIQ counselling, if not joined, get reverted to the State quota. That’s the reason why there are less than 15% students from AIQ in every college.

Counselling procedure for State counselling:

The process of state counselling is the same as AIQ counselling. The schedule for counselling will be released by the state and registration will begin on the state’s website.

Documents required while appearing for counselling:

  1. Class 10th and 12th marksheet.
  2. Class 10th and 12th passing certificate.
  3. ID proof
  4. Birth certificate
  5. Domicile certificate (for State counselling)
  6. EWS certificate (if applicable)
  7. Category certificate (if applicable)
  8. 6 passport size photographs
  9. NEET admit card
  10. NEET rank card

Best Government Scholarships For College Students

India is a land of diversity and hence it becomes really important to uplift people of different sections and help them move ahead at the pace of nation’s growth. Keeping this in mind the government of India runs various scholarship schemes for helping and rewarding the meritorious students.

A scholarship is financial support awarded to a student, based on the academic achievement or other criteria.

Listed below is information about such scholarship programme that are to be availed after class 12th.


The Department of Higher Education under the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India provides scholarships under the Central Sector Scheme of Scholarship for College and University Students. This scholarship domains for class 12th pass students who are studying in College/University.


  To support the meritorious students from financially weaker sections by providing them financial assistance for their day-to-day expenses incurred while pursuing higher studies.


  • Be above the 80th percentile of successful candidates in the relevant stream in class 12th or equivalent of respective State board examinations.
  • Should be pursuing a regular course such as Medical and Engineering in a College/Institution recognized by the AICTE, Dental Council of India (DCI), Medical Council of India (MCI) and other respective regulatory authorities.
  • Annual family income not more than INR 8 Lakhs from all sources.
  • Not be in receipt of any other scholarship under Central

Not Eligible:  Students pursuing degree courses through distance mode or correspondence and diploma courses are not eligible.


  • At graduation level, a scholarship of INR 10,000 per annum for the first three years.
  • At the post-graduation level, an amount of INR 20,000 per annum will be provided.
  • For 5-year professional courses, INR 20,000 per annum will be provided in the 4th and 5th year.
  • In the case of technical courses such as B.Tech and B.E., the selected candidates will receive a scholarship for up to graduation level.

Scheme Closing Date: Open till 31-10-2020

Defective Verification: Open till 15-11-2020

Institute Verification: Open till 15-11-2020

Top Class Education Scheme for SC Students

The Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment provides scholarships under Top Class Education Scheme to Scheduled Caste students who have taken admission at undergraduate or postgraduate level. A total of 1,500 fresh scholarships are disbursed every year under this scheme.


To recognize and promote quality education beyond class 12th among Scheduled Caste students.


  • Should belong to Scheduled Caste category.
  • Provided for higher courses therefore must have completed class 12
  • Should be enrolled for a full-time course in a notified institution through general selection criteria prescribed by respective institutions.
  • Must belong to a family where the annual income is not more than INR 6 Lakhs from all the sources.


  • Full tuition fee and non-refundable charges of up to INR 2.00 Lakhs per annum for private sector institutions and up to INR 3.72 Lakhs per annum for private sector flying club for Commercial Pilot Training and Type Rating Courses.
  • Living expense: INR 2,220 per month.
  • Books and stationery: INR 3,000 per annum.
  • Computer/Laptop with UPS and Printer of any reputed brand: INR 45,000 (one-time assistance.

Scheme Closing Date: Open till 31-10-2020

Defective Verification: Open till 15-11-2020

Institute Verification: Open till 15-11-2020

Top Class Education for Students with Disabilities:

The Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities, Government of India offers Scholarships for Top Class Education for Students with Disabilities. This scholarship is provided for both undergraduate and post graduate course. A total of 300 scholarships are given under this scheme.


To recognize and promote quality education amongst students with disabilities by providing them with full financial support.


  • Should be pursuing studies at Graduate/Postgraduate degree/diploma level in notified institutions of excellence in education.
  • Have more than 40% disability and a valid certificate for the same.
  • Have an annual family income of less than INR 6,00,000.


  • Reimbursement of tuition fees and non-refundable charges paid/payable to the institute: Up to INR 2 Lakhs per annum (subject to actual amount).
  • Reimbursement of expenses for the purchase of a computer with accessories: INR 30,000 (one-time grant).
  • Reimbursement of expenses for the purchase of Aids and Assistive Devices: INR 30,000 (one-time grant).
  • Maintenance allowance for hostellers: INR 3,000 per month.
  • Maintenance allowance for day scholars: INR 1,500 per month.
  • Book grant (Hostellers and Day Scholars): INR 5,000 per annum.
  • Special allowances: INR 2,000 per month.

Scheme Closing Date: Open till 31-10-2020

Defective Verification: Open till 15-11-2020

Institute Verification: Open till 15-11-2020

Merit Cum Means Scholarship For Professional and Technical Courses CS

The Ministry of Minority Affairs welcomes applications for Merit Cum Means Scholarship for Professional and Technical Courses from minority community for students who are pursuing technical or professional courses at undergraduate or postgraduate level.


To provide suitable financial assistance to meritorious and underprivileged students belonging to minority communities.


  • Must belong to Minority communities (Muslims, Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, Jain and Parsis/Zoroastrians).
  • Must be pursuing a technical or professional course at undergraduate or postgraduate level from a recognised institution.
  • Must have scored at least 50% marks or equivalent grade in the previous final examination.
  • Annual family income should not exceed more than INR 2.50 Lakhs from all the sources.
  • Must get admission on the basis of the competitive entrance examination or must have scored at least 50% in class 12th or graduation. (in case of direct admission)


  • Course fee (for Hostellers and Day Scholars): INR 20,000 per annum or actual, whichever is less.
  • Maintenance allowance for Hostellers: INR 1,000 per month for 10 months in an academic year.
  • Maintenance allowance for Day Scholars: INR 500 per month for 10 months in an academic year.

Scheme Closing Date: Open till 31-10-2020

Defective Verification: Open till 15-11-2020

Institute Verification: Open till 15-11-2020

Prime Minister’s Scholarship Scheme For Central Armed Police Forces And Assam Rifles

The Welfare and Rehabilitation Board (WARB), Ministry of Home Affairs runs a scholarship called Prime Minister’s Scholarship Scheme for Central Armed Police Forces and Assam Rifles for the dependent widows and wards of Central Armed Police Forces and Assam Rifles personnel.


Primary Criteria:

The applicant must:

  • Be a ward or widow of a deceased CRPF and AR personnel who died in harness at work/election duty, OR
  • Be a ward of personnel who became disabled due to causes attributable to Government service, OR
  • Be a ward of Ex-CRPF & AR personnel in receipt of Gallantry awards, OR
  • Be a ward or widow of a retired and serving CRPF & AR personnel (below officer rank)

Qualification Criteria:

The applicant must:

  • Be pursuing first professional degree courses in the field of Engineering, Medicine, Dental, Veterinary, BBA, BCA, B.Pharm, BSc (Nursing, Agriculture, etc), MBA, MCA, etc.
  • Have secured 60% marks in the qualifying exam i.e Class 12th, diploma, Graduation or equivalent.


  • INR 3,000 per month for girls
  • INR 2,500 per month for boys

Scheme Closing Date: Open till 31-10-2020

Defective Verification: Open till 15-11-2020

Institute Verification: Open till 15-11-2020

Inspire (MANAK) scholarship

Department of Science & Technology under the Government of India is successfully implementing ‘Innovation in Science Pursuit for Inspired Research’ (INSPIRE) scheme since 2010. This scheme covers students from different age groups under various categories.

Under this scheme, students will be invited from all government or private schools throughout the country and will be asked to send original and creative technological ideas/innovations focusing on common problems and come up with solutions on their own. Once the student has thought of an idea, he/she can submit their ideas to the Principal/Headmaster of their schools.

Steps of organization of this scheme:

  • Top 1,00,000 ideas, with potential to address the needs of the society through Science & Technology are shortlisted by NIF. A total of INR 10,000 is transferred to the bank accounts of students under Direct Benefit Transfer scheme.
  • Similarly a District Level Exhibition and Project Competition (DLEPC) is organized by District/State authorities and 10,000 best ideas/innovations are shortlisted for State Level Exhibition and Project Competitions (SLEPC).
  • A State Level Exhibition & Project Competition is organized for shortlisting of top 1,000 ideas/innovations. At this stage, NIF will provide mentoring support to students for the development of prototypes.
  • Finally 1,000 best ideas/innovations are showcased at the National Level Exhibition & Project Competition (NLEPC) and top 60 innovations are shortlisted for national awards and future direction.

Bihar Students credit card

This scheme was launched by the Bihar government on October 2, 2016. This scheme aims to provide financial assistance to those students who are not financially sound but are willing to pursue their higher education. Under this scheme the government provides an education loan of up to 4 Lakhs to the students at nominal rate of interest.

Documents required:

  • 10+2 Mark Sheet.
  • Resident Certificate
  • Selection Certificate from recognized Institute for Higher Education.
  • A detailed document of fee for higher education, issued by Institute.
  • PAN Card
  • Self-attested copies of application form with passport size photographs.
  • Last 6 Months Statements of Parents Bank account.
  • Form -16 and Family income certificate of last year.
  • Income Tax Return of last two years.
  • Other identification documents like AADHAR Card, Voter Card, Passport, etc.

After the successful submission, all the documents are examined by the government officials. This process of verification takes around 15 days. Once the documents are verified, the details are shared with the bank which then approve or disapprove the loan. Once the loan is approved, the students visit the bank to fulfill the desired formalities.

We hope that these programs would find the right recipient and will help the students in their higher studies. Apart from these schemes, numerous other scholarships are given by state governments and private institutes as well with varying criteria and benefits.

A report by Sumit Yadav for IHOIK Education Desk

UGC declares 24 Universities as fake: Check full list

The University Grant Commission (UGC) has announced a list of 24 “self-styled unrecognized institutions” in the country, declaring them as “fake”. The list contains 8 universities from Uttar Pradesh, 7 from the national Capital Delhi, 2 each from West Bengal and Odisha and 1 each from Karnataka, Kerala, Puducherry, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh.

“Students and public are informed that currently 24 self-styled, unrecognized institutions are functioning in contravention of the UGC Act, which have been declared as fake universities and these are not empowered to confer any degree,” the notice issued by UGC reads.

Section 22(I) of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956 provides that a degree can be awarded only by a university central, state/provincial Act or an institution deemed to be University under section 3 of the UGC Act or an institution specially empowered by an act of Parliament to confer the degree. Any institution except those fulfilling at least one of the above criteria can not claim to confer a degree.

UGC is releasing this list since 1994 and surprisingly 12 out of these 24 Universities are repeatedly appearing in the list. 6 institutions named in the list released on October 7, 2020 were also in the fake universities list of year 2015.

List of institutions declared as “Fake Universities”


  • Commercial University Ltd. Daryaganj, Delhi
  • United Nations University, Delhi
  • Vocational University, Delhi
  • ADR-Centric Juridical University, ADR House, 8J, Gopala Tower, 25, Rajendra Place, New Delhi — 110 008
  • Indian Institution of Science and Engineering, New Delhi
  • Vishwakarma Open University for Self-employment, India, Rozgar Sewa sadan, 672, Sanjay Enclave, Opp. GTK Depot, New Delhi — 110 033
  • Adhyatmik Vishwavidyalaya (Spiritual University), 351-352, Phase-1, Block-A, Vijay Vihar, Rithala, Rohini, Delhi — 110 085


  • Badaganvi Sarkar World Open University Education Society, Gokak, Belgaum


  • St. John’s University, Kishanattam, Kerala


  • Raja Arabic University, Nagpur

West Bengal

  •  Indian Institute of Alternative Medicine, 80, Chowringhee Road, Kolkata — 20
  • Institute of Alternative Medicine and Research, 8-A, Diamond Harbor Road Builtech inn, 24 Floor, Thakurpukur, Kolkata — 700 063

Uttar Pradesh

  • Varanaseya Sanskrit Vishwavidyala, Varanasi, U.P./Jagatpuri, Delhi
  • Mahila Gram Vidyapith/Vishwavidyalaya, (Women’s University) Prayag, Allahabad (U.P.)
  • Gandhi Hindi Vidyapith, Prayag, Allahabad (U.P.)
  • National University of Electro Complex Homeopathy, Kanpur
  • Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose University (Open University), Achaltal, Aligarh (U.P.)
  • Uttar Pradesh Vishwavidyalaya, Kosi Kalan, Mathura (U.P.)
  • Maharana Partap Shiksha Niketan Vishwavidyalaya, Pratapgarh (U.P.)
  • Indraprastha Shiksha Parishad, Institutional Area, Khoda, Makanpur, Noida Phase-2, (U.P.)


  • Nababharat Shiksha Parishad, Anupoorna Bhawan, Plot No. 242, Pani Tanki Road, Shakti Nagar, Rourkela — 769 014
  • North Orissa University of Agriculture & Technology, University Road Baripada, Distt. Mayurbhanj, Odisha — 757 003


  •  Sree Bodhi academy of Higher Education, No. 186, Thilaspet, Vazhuthavoor Road, Puducheey — 605 009

Andhra Pradesh

  • Christ New Testament Deemed University, # 32-23-2003, 7″ Lane, Kakumanuvarithota, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh — 522 002 or # fit No. 301, Grace Villa Apts., 7/5, Srinagar, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh — 522 002

Note: The case of Bhartiya Siksha Parishad, Lucknow is subjudice in Lucknow District Court

Know the secret reactions of your brain: Key to happiness

Understanding the difference:

You might wonder why playing video games makes you feel much better as compared to studying for your next assignment. You may wonder that playing games for three hours isn’t just as much tiring as is studying for 3 hours. Is it because recreation is fun? Is it because it’s simple? Is it related to some sort of science?

Even though you know that studying, working and all such productive stuff is incredibly helpful in the longer term, you rather prefer to scroll on Instagram or Facebook than to turn the pages of your assignment. You might have noticed that why focusing on a PS4 game (that you like) is much easier than concentrating on the book for same amount of time. This dilemma might strike people with simple answer that one activity is ‘EASY’ while the other activity is ‘HARD’.

You also might have met people who clearly seem to have no problem with studying or concentrating on the stuff which may not be that easy for you. This brings us up to our new question that why tackling these things is easy for someone, while it is clearly hard for the rest. To answer this question, we have to dig into Science.


As a few might have guessed, the magic whip here is ‘Dopamine’. Dopamine is coined as the ‘pleasure molecule’ but the fact is that Dopamine harnesses the desire for things. The infinitive wish to get more of what you may like is due to presence of this chemical. This desire motivates us to get out of the bed and do the work (from the easiest to the hardest).

Power of Desire!

If you second guess the inevitable power of human desire that is stimulated by this chemical, you must continue reading. This claim is corroborated by a series of experiments that scientists conducted a few years back.

The scientists implanted a set of electrodes in the mouse’s brains to guarantee their claim of influence of desire in a living being. They kept the rat near a lever, such that, whenever the rat pulled the lever, a machine would generate an electrical impulse in the brain of mouse which would trigger the release of dopamine in the mouse brain. This led to a development in a desire that was so strong that the rat would pull the lever over and over for hours just to suffice its carving for dopamine.

The rats would deny other survival preferences such as sleep, food etc. and would keep the cycle of pulling the lever. It was ultimate exhaustion which would stop them from pulling that lever.

To the other side of the experiment, scientists just reversed the whole concept and this time they deprived the mouse of any kind of dopamine release and the results were utterly threatening as the rat became so lethargic and hopeless that getting up to get water became unbeatable like climbing the hills barefoot and that it wasn’t worth the effort. They wouldn’t eat, they wouldn’t mate as if all craving had just vanished out of the blue. However, if the food was placed directly into the mouth, the rat would enjoy the food as it did before. It was just lack of motivation that would prevent rat from doing any kind of work.

Along with hunger and thirst, the dopamine plays a key role in our will to eat and survive.

Effect of dopamine level:

Those experiments might seem like extreme cases, but the observation claims that similar results are seen in humans.

The priority of an activity is largely influenced by the amount of dopamine it releases. Often the activities with lower dopamine levels are below on the priority list.

If the brain knows that there will be an immediate reward for an activity than it will prefer to do it over any other activity that does not bear such short-term reward. This could be easily complied by your choice of a can of Coca Cola over Aloe Vera juice (Seriously, who would take Aloe Vera!). Every time you are going to drink the Cola, the brain releases Dopamine signaling you that you will feel better and you must have it. Possibly, you might end up throwing up everything else in your stomach (it wasn’t needed).

Your brain doesn’t care if high Dopamine levels might be damaging to your body. It just craves for more.

A typical example of this damaging nature of brain is of a drug addict. He knows that what he might take today will harm his rest of the life, but the important fact here is that brain needs more dopamine.

Yes, that is true! Besides making you high, cocaine, heroine and other such drugs release unnatural amounts of dopamine in your brain, leading as principal reason of addiction. Although everything releases some amount of Dopamine (imagine the satisfaction of drinking water after an hour or two workout routine) but the highest dopamine release takes place when you receive a random, unexpected reward (you might find yourself extravagant after scoring a good rank in the test).

Why should it concern me?

Well, in today’s world we are exposing ourselves to myriad numbers of dopamine releasing activities. We might not even know before we start getting addicted to it and falling in the loop (say, of endless scrolling over Instagram). Some other examples of the activity when we get ourselves high dopamine strikes unknowingly is watching YouTube, playing video games, and eating junk food and as you might guess watching pornographic visuals.

Brain anticipates a reward with each of such activities and we always feel an unusual drive for doing them over and over. This captures the same reason why we constantly check our mobile phones or keep the track of our notifications.

We eventually turn out to be those rats, looking for the very next opportunity to pull the lever, demeaning the consequences.

Hey Dude, I have control over my body; don’t judge me by my internet usage, it’s just some fun. Really, is it so?

The body’s biological system of ‘Homeostasis’ tries to regain the default structure whenever an imbalance occurs in the body. But when it is continuously fed by the similar imbalance, it shifts its default value to a newer default value (routine alcohol takers don’t get high in the first shot). This leads to higher craving of dopamine as the receptors have been viciously damaged by the activities of addicts. It’s no more different than your desire to spend more time in front of the screen, playing games, watching T.V. shows, or watching internet pornography. Formation of this new ‘tolerance’ will just push the limits to a next level.

The problem occurs when these new dopamine levels create a greater setback to the things that you already do not prefer to do in the first place- they just don’t release enough dopamine after all.

This the very same reason that supports the scenario that a drug addict might quit more easily in real life than a normal healthy person. The other things just do not matter to them as they just crave to do things that can fill up their dopamine can up to unnatural levels. Their dopamine desire is just so high that a normal life can’t outscore it. This is not just for the drug addicts, people using a lot of smartphones, internet, and pornography fall in the same category too. Nothing else is much enjoyable to them. They are like the rats in the previous experiment. Once their dopamine levels are high, lower ones do not suffice their demands.

How do I prevent it? Can it stop?

The answer is

Dopamine Detox

As you might have guessed by now, Dopamine detox will be the process of reducing the overflowing levels of dopamine in brain.

The extreme approach might be to stop the usage of anything that is really pleasurable to you. You will make a list of activities that you think drive your dopamine levels high and other of the activities that you do not like to take interest in. In case if you are a drug addict, a doctor is strongly recommended as you might have developed a physiological and psychological dependence of the drug and any extreme measures can lead to fatal changes in the body.

Hopping back to our original ride, let’s talk about detox. For one day you will try to have minimum amount of fun.

Being Sad For One Day Will Make All Others Better

Key to be Happy is being Sad:

Some of you might question the viability of this method. Imagine this to be something like sleeping on the floor for next few months, this hard surface becomes your new normal. Now try sleeping in the bed with the usual mattresses, you either feel that it is incredibly soft or might not be able to even sleep. But then, you find yourself in a place where you have to sleep in a damp area, you will find that uncomfortable soft bed is way better. It is all about setting new preferences.

This is what dopamine detox does. It starves you of all such pleasures and then gives you a new default, which would then help you to suffice with low dopamine levels from those uninteresting stuff. Surprisingly, the hard stuff now becomes desirable and hence what we can say ‘EASY’.

In simpler words, you are so bored that even less interesting stuff seems to feel great.

A lesser extreme version of this is that you pick a day in the week when you will not access any kind of pleasures, be it mobile, laptop, junk food, internet pornography etc. This would weekly revise the dopamine levels in your body and make your receptors healthy once again to take in great pleasures from those low dopamine works.

This can even increase your overall productivity as you would now do the activities which you generally left earlier, as they weren’t much attractive.

Although high dopamine levels are normal and healthy for say once in a week but you must focus on directing your high dopamine counts to other activities which might actually benefit you (like physical exercises, reading novels, etc). This might be an incentive to work on things that actually help in longer term.

A report by Sashit Vijay

Hotel Management: A career in hospitality

Being a part of the country with a motto of ‘guests are equivalent to god’ what else can be a better career than hospitality.

Hotel management is a big and crucial platform for following your passion of serving with the best as per requirements. It is detailed study of hospitality and hotel management which is basically about meet and greet with a huge number of people, somewhere in the crowd of hard work, it’s smart work which pays a lot to the talented communicators and other work professionals.


Hotel management jobs include skills of Accounting, administration, finance, information systems, human resource management, public relations, strategy, marketing, revenue management, sales, change management, leadership, gastronomy, food and beverage services and more.

Hotel management & hospitality basically requires a good communicator. As we are leading towards globalization, the benefits in the hospitality field as a career option keep on increasing. It’s a personal choice certificate, diploma or degree course. Bachelor and masters degree in hotel management allows one to work in overall hospitality field.

It is expected that by 2023, the hotel industry in India will be valued at INR 1,210.87 Bn. The increase in compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of ~13% is likely to take place during 2018-2023 owing to surge in the influx of foreign tourists and business delegates.


  • Minimum qualification is 10+2.
  • Selection for government recognized colleges and institutes is done through the common entrance test held in April every year.

College allocation process:

  • For government colleges allocation NCHMCT JEE is all india level Joint Entrance Examination.
  • Entrance exam consists of MCQs on English, Reasoning, general Sciences & General Knowledge.
  • After entrance exam, group discussion & personal interview is conducted for allocation of hospitality seat.

For 3 year B.Sc. In hospitality and hotel administration program offered jointly by NCHMCT & IGNOU, total available seats are approximately 7667. The academics for hospitality, hotel administration & 9 other structured courses that are studied at various Institute of Hotel Management (IHMs), State Institute of Hotel Management (SIHMs) is regulated by National Council for Hotel Management & Catering Technology, which is an autonomous body under Ministry of Tourism by Government of India.

Top Hotel Management courses (UG) :

  • Bachelor of Hotel Management (BHM)
  • Bachelor in Hotel Management and Catering Technology (BHMCT)
  • BSc in Hospitality and Hotel Administration
  • BA in Hotel Management
  • BBA in Hospitality, travel & tourism

Top Hotel Management courses (PG) :

  • Master of Hotel Management (MHM)
  • Master in Tourism and Hotel Management (MTHM)
  • MBA in Hotel Management
  • MBA in Hospitality Management
  • MSc Tourism and Hospitality Management
  • MBA Hospitality


Certificate courses can be of six months to one year, diploma is of two years, degree course is of three years and doctorate course is of 2 years duration.

  • Certificate course: Hotel & Hospitality Management to Maritime
  • Catering Diploma & PG Diploma: Hotel Management, Hotel Management & Catering Technology, Hospitality Management, Housekeeping, Aviation Hospitality & Travel Management, etc.
  • Undergraduate course: BHMCT, BHM, BSc (Hospitality and Hotel Administration), BSc (Catering Science & Hotel Management), BSc (Hospitality Studies), BHM (Culinary), etc.
  • Postgraduate course: MHM, MTHM, MSc (Tourism & Hospitality Management), etc.
  • Doctorate course: PhD in Hospitality, etc.


Ranges from Rs.10,000 to 3,00,000.

Certificate course: Rs. 8,000 – 100,000

Diploma & PG Diploma course: Rs.10,000 – 200,000

Bachelors courses: Rs. 3,00,000 – 10,00,000

Doctorate: Rs. 48,000 – 1,60,000.


There are total 21 IHMs, 19 SIHMs and 15 private institutes of Hotel Management that get allocated by JEE score card.

Hotel Management courses are offered in 615 public and 175 private colleges throughout India.

Some of the famous institutes are mentioned below:

  1. Institute of Hotel Management, Catering Technology and Applied Nutrition(with total 17 centres across the country: New Delhi, Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Bhopal, Bhubaneshwar, Calcutta, Chandigarh, Chennai, Goa, Gurdaspur, Gwalior, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Lucknow, Mumbai, Srinagar and Thiruvananthapuram).

Popularly known as IHM, Mumbai. It was established in the year 1954 and is an institute approved by the AICTE.

Total fees: 13.5 Lakhs

  1. SRM Institute of Hotel and Catering Management

It is a private institute and was established in the year 1993. It offers 9 courses across 2 streams.

Total fee: 2.45 Lakhs

  1. Indian Institute of Hotel Management (run by the Taj Group of Hotels) Aurangabad

It is a private institute found in the year 1989. It is associated with the Taj Group and the University of Huddersfield.

Total fee: 16 Lakhs

  1. Ashok Institute of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Delhi

Total fee: 60K

  1. The Welcome group Graduate School of Hotel Management

It was established in the year 1986 and is a part of Manipal Academy of higher education.

Total fee: 13 Lakhs

Job opportunities:

Hotel management opens door to Operations, Front Office, Food and Beverages, Accounting, Sales and Marketing, Engineering/ Maintenance, Security etc. Except for these one can also opt for:

  • Hotel and Tourism Associations (for eg: state tourism development corporations).
  • Kitchen Management (in hotels or running canteens in college, schools, in factories, company guest houses etc.).
  • Catering departments of railways, banks, armed forces, shipping companies etc.
  • Forest Lodges
  • Hospitality services in the Indian Navy.
  • Airline Catering (flight kitchen) and Cabin Services.
  • Cruise Ship Hotel Management.
  • Club management

And the list goes on in hospitality sector.


The demand for this course is increasing  in the market. A diploma can earn you a salary of 12000 to 15000 per month and for a candidate with a degree in hotel management the starting salary could be anything ranging from Rs. 15,000 to Rs. 20,000 per month. The average salary for these roles range from INR 3-10 LPA in India currently and takes you to a great hike on the basis of experience and your passion of serving people.

A report by Sneha for IHOIK Education desk

The mechanism of sleep cycle: How it affects you?

Are Sleep Cycle, Biological Clock and  Grades correlated?

Irregular sleep cycle and performance, are they related? Can sleeping in daytime affect my scores? How do I cope with such an amount of homework and continuously varying class timings? What is a biological clock?

Does sleep sacrifice worth good marks?

Visit any student during exam season and you will find him or her glued to the book all night long. After all, studying whole night isn’t an anomaly these days. Many students know that depriving themselves from night time sleep is bad, but they are ready to sacrifice their physical and mental health to score points on tally. They know that once they are through the exam, they can sleep 12hrs a day. Is this mentality a healthy one?

Sleep, Sleep, Sleep!

70% of High School or senior students sleep less than 8 hours a night. 68% of students have trouble falling asleep because of stress. 12% of students with sleep problems miss or fall asleep in class three or more times a month. 20% of students pull all-nighters at least once a month. Teens who do not get enough sleep are more likely to be overweight, not get enough exercise, suffer from depression, and get bad grades.

What do scientists say?

Researchers at Harvard claim that a sufficient sleep is not only important in the exam days but also in the whole academic session. Night-time sleep deprivation can have direct and blunt effects on physical and mental health. It would detrimentally impact one’s score card. Research says that the daytime sleep cannot outplay the night-time sleep and hence, must not be compromised in any case.

Sleep your way to Success:

Ernest Hemingway is said to have once remarked, “I love sleep. My life has a tendency to fall apart when I’m awake.” Whether you have it all together during the day or feel more like Hemingway, we all benefit from healthy sleep habits. Sleep promotes cognition and memory, facilitates learning, recharges our mental and physical batteries, and generally helps us make the most out of our days. With plentiful sleep, we improve our mental and physical health, reduce stress, and maintain the routine that is critical to healthy daily functioning. While for students, sleep is the first thing to be cut short whenever they try getting into other activities like games, cultural events, studies, and other extracurricular activities. Many prominent personalities promoted sufficient sleep at appropriate times. Even Einstein used to sleep for 10 hours. (during night)

What is a biological clock?

Most people notice that they naturally experience different levels of sleepiness and alertness throughout the day, but what causes these patterns is unknown to many. The two factors influencing this are sleep/wake homeostasis and circadian biological clock.

The sleep/wake homeostasis warns the body that it is “time to go to bed”. It also helps us to get adequate amounts of sleep at night so that we can work all day. If this is the only restoring process, we would be most alert during the daytime, while our craving for sleep would keep increasing with the increasing awake time. In short, the homeostasis maintains a profound balance in sleep and wakefulness.

The circadian biological clock is controlled by a part of the brain called the Suprachiasmatic Nucleus (SCN), a group of cells in the hypothalamus that respond to light and dark signals. From the optic nerve of the eye, light travels to the SCN, signaling the internal clock that it is time to be awake. The SCN signals to other parts of the brain that control hormones, body temperature and other functions that play a role in making us feel sleepy or awake.

When properly aligned, a circadian rhythm can promote consistent and restorative sleep. But when this circadian rhythm is thrown off, it can create significant sleeping problems. Research is also revealing that circadian rhythms play an integral role in diverse aspects of physical and mental health.

The circadian rhythms throughout the body are connected to a master clock, sometimes referred to as the circadian pacemaker, located in the brain. Circadian rhythms are closely connected to day and night. While other cues, like exercise, social activity, and temperature, can affect the master clock, light is the most powerful influence on circadian rhythms.

Is Circadian Rhythm the same as a Biological Clock?

Circadian rhythm is generally discussed in the reference to sleep-wake cycle. Biological clocks help regulate the timing of bodily processes, including circadian rhythms. A circadian rhythm is an effect of a biological clock, but not all biological clocks are circadian.

Circadian Rhythms except sleep

Research continues to uncover details about circadian rhythms, but evidence has connected them to metabolism and weight through the regulation of blood sugar and cholesterol. Circadian rhythms influence mental health as well, including the risk of psychiatric illnesses like depression and bipolar disorder diseases like dementia, as well as the potential for neurodegenerative

Too much for disturbing this rhythm, isn’t it?

When circadian rhythm is thrown off, it means that the body’s systems don’t function optimally.

Disruption In Circadian Rhythm, How?

  • Jet Lag Disorder: This occurs when a person crosses multiple time zones in a short period of time
  • Shift Work Disorder: This is seen in people working night shifts.
  • Advanced Sleep Phase Disorder: People with this type of disruption find that they get tired early in the evening and wake up very early in the morning. Even if they want to be up later at night or sleep later in the morning, people with an advanced sleep phase disorder usually cannot do so.
  • Delayed Sleep Phase Disorder: This type of circadian rhythm disruption is associated with “night owls” who stay up late at night and sleep in late in the morning.
  • Irregular Sleep-Wake Rhythm Disorder: People with this rare disorder have no consistent pattern to their sleep and may have many naps or short sleeping periods throughout a 24-hour day. It is frequently connected to conditions that affect the brain.

The research suggests that physical and mental activity during local minima of the circadian cycle leads to impaired performance and dramatically increased physiological and psychological stress.

What is in for Grades?

For students, the logic is simple: Less time sleeping means more time to cram for that exam. According to some studies, as many as 60% of students claim to pull-all nighters, and their reasons were twice as often academic as social (Thacher 2008). As corroborated by many animal studies, the disruption in circadian rhythm has numerous detrimental effects on the learning, recalling, and sensory powers of the brain. Research concludes that most of the animals learn the most in their natural awake time period.

Cockroaches, rats, and mice, all nocturnal are more successful in various memory tasks when they learn during the nighttime. (Decker 2007, Hauber 2001, Hoffmann 1992, respectively). Those rats who were phase shifted had a harder time with recall, more like sitting blank in the examination hall, huh?

A study in humans confirmed this, showing that students who shifted their sleep-wake cycle by 2 hours had difficulty concentrating, even if they were sleeping a full 8 hours nightly (Taub 1974). This thereby proves the point that if a student is sacrificing the sleep days before exam and prefers studying, it is sorry to say that but your brain will be in denial- lack of concentration, anxiety, loss of understanding of the topic etc. are some prime features of it.

Is sleep a friend of students?

The hippocampus is associated with spatial memory and the crucial process of forming long-term memories. Neurogenesis—the growth of new neurons—in the hippocampus is associated with learning (Epp 2007) and it has been shown that circadian disruption can inhibit neurogenesis through many pathways. Restating the fact that sleep can affect neurogenesis.

Melatonin, a key ingredient of a good learning brain, is drastically affected by the ‘extra’ light hours at night and especially by the loving ‘night-time coffee’ of students’.

What’s more, circadian disruption has been shown to disturb the normal fluctuations of cortisol (Wotus et al 2013). Disruption of cortisol rhythms has been associated with structural changes in the hippocampus (Gartside et al 2003) and deficits in certain types of training of rats and mice. All three of these pathways lie at the center of sleep, body clocks, and learning and memory.

All of these findings suggest there is strong biological evidence in favor of students calling it a night, even when an exam is coming up. What could possibly be derived from the experiments above is that we should positively swap our night time studies as they exacerbate our loose ends and decrease the overall efficiency of a healthy human brain.


Just choose the blankets over books, sleepiness over sleeplessness, stop deluging your brain with the knowledge when it just needs to relax and fuse all the information that you have gained for the day. What’s a more simple way of thinking this is that let your brain prepare for the next day rather than wasting the next day being half asleep.

A report by Sashit Vijay

Design your career to perfection: B.Design

B.Design or Bachelor Of Design is a 4 year full time undergraduate course which is divided into 8 semesters. This design course offers many specialized design courses, which include Fashion Design, Interior Design, Communication Design, Jewellery Design, Textile Design, Product Design and many more. The recent system has included and motivated the Graphic Designing, VFX Design, 3D Modelling Design, Animation and Gaming Design. In the developing phase, Design is being included in every single sector world wide. This course is now being offered by India’s top colleges. This course is full of enjoyment, art and experiment in a disciplined manner. Design gives a lot of exposure and reshapes the communication skills as well as gives the infield experience in the form of art exhibitions, part time internships and competitions.

B.Design students have a bright and creative future. Right from the second year, the designers are eligible for internships in there respective fields and after the accomplishment of the bachelors degree, job experiences are more important than the masters degree here. Three major types of Design courses are:

  • Fashion Design
  • Communication Design
  • Interior Design

B.Design Eligibility Criteria:

  1. Students who have passed the 12th boards with minimum 50% marks are eligible for the entrance exam.
  2. This course has no restriction for any stream students, which means it is open to Science, Commerce, Arts and Humanities students too.
  3. No specific Arts subject is compulsory in 12th grade.
  4. Minimum age limit for admission in government colleges like NIFT and NID is 20 years.

B.Design Entrance Exams:

  1. NID (National Institute of Design)
  2. NIFT (National Institute of Fashion Technology)
  3. AIEED (All India Entrance Examination for Design)
  4. CEED (Common Entrance Examination for Design)
  5. MIT Institute of Design Examination

B.Design Admission Process:

The common entrance exams are conducted respectively on different dates. The admission procedure varies from college to college. For government colleges common test like NIFT and NID is compulsory followed by the situation test and interview round. Different private colleges conduct different tests, like some take students on the basis of marks while some organize there own entrance examinations.

B.Design Top Colleges:

  1. Nation Institute of Design (NID)


  • NID Ahmedabad
  • NID Gandhinagar
  • NID Bengaluru
  1. National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT)


  • NIFT New Delhi
  • NIFT Bhubaneshwar
  • NIFT Chennai
  • NIFT Gandhinagar
  • NIFT Hyderabad
  • NIFT Patna
  • NIFT Kangra
  • NIFT Kannur
  • NIFT Kolkata
  • NIFT Mumbai
  • NIFT Bengaluru
  • NIFT Jodhpur
  • NIFT Rai Bareilly
  • NIFT Shillong
  • NIFT Srinagar
  • NIFT Panchkula
  • NIFT Varanasi
  1. Industrial Design Centre, IIT Bombay
  2. Department Of Design, IIT Guwahati
  3. Symbiosis Institute of Design, Pune
  4. Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur
  5. JD Institute of Fashion Technology, Delhi
  6. Vogue Institute of Art & Design, Bengaluru
  7. Amity school of Fashion Technology, Noida
  8. MIT Institute of Design, Pune
  9. Lovely Professional University, Punjab
  10. Pearl Academy, Delhi

*The average fees of B.Des course in India is around 1.5-3 Lakhs per year and 6-10 Lakhs in total. Few exceptions like Pearl academy, New Delhi have an overall fee of 10-14 Lakhs.

Career Options & Job opportunities:

  • Fashion Designer
  • Interior Designer
  • Jewellery Designer
  • Product Designer
  • Graphic Designer
  • Gaming Designer
  • Cinematographer
  • Photographer
  • Visual Merchandiser
  • Colour Consultancy
  • Illustrator
  • Textile Designer
  • Entrepreneur
  • Animator
  • UI/UX Designer
  • Visual Identity maker

The foundation batches in colleges are introduced to all the subjects.

Career options as a Fashion Designer:

In recent times, fashion industry is growing very rapidly due to the change in fashion sense of the upcoming generations. A well known designer costs more than 1 million per dress. Designing is all about skills and you get paid according to your creative thinking and potential.

  1. Fashion Stylist:

Fashion stylists are the ones who take the whole responsibility of the fashion shows. The job revolves around choosing the right outfit for the right model with suitable accessories and styling.

  1. Make-Up Artist:

These artists now-a-days get highly paid because makeup and touch up is a very big part of today’s society. The makeup artists are in huge demand these days. Mainly the shooting sets of Bollywood, Tollywood, Hollywood and television series have the requirement of make-up artists.

  1. Fashion Journalism:

Models, actors and actresses have always been in the headlines for their fashion sense and wearings. These reporters cover them with the help of previous studies done on the fashion field.

  1. Then comes the backstage work which a fashion designer does, firstly the textile designers design the unique patterns for the prints on the clothes which we wear, secondary work which a designer does is the quality check and advisory in the clothing industries. Every brand has a Fashion Coordinator which takes care of the proper brand marketing and advertising.

Top Companies which give opportunity to Fashion Designers are:

  • Raymond’s
  • Skykar
  • Pantaloons
  • AND
  • Adidas
  • Bata
  • Lifestyle
  • Trinity India Ltd.
  • Silver Spark Apparel Ltd.

The approx. salary of the newly joined fashion designer varies between 2 Lakhs to 5 Lakhs per annum.

Career options as a Communication Designer:

The digital world is now stepping towards communication design. Everything a communication designer does, is done on PCs with creativity and uniqueness. Communication designers are highly in demand especially for the sectors like VFX, animation, 3D modelling, UI/UX and illustration making. Every movie these days involves the use of more than 250-300 graphic and VFX designers. This field is growing rapidly and making its place all over the world.

  1. VFX Designer(Visual Effects):

A VFX artist works on the extra effects which can’t be achieved in real time shooting. These designers are required in every movie, series, serials, advertisements, title making and promo making. Things like an artificial blast and flying objects are virtually done on the software like Adobe After Effects, Adobe Photoshop and Adobe illustrator by these designers. Indian movies like Ra-one, Koi mil gya, Krish, Padmavati and Bahubali (which had 250 crores budget only for communication designers) have also used VFX artists in their projects.

  1. Print Media Designer:

The daily newspapers and magazines we read have a great part covered by the communication designers. For being a good print media designer one should have perfect command over grid and layout system with the creative typography skills. The colour theory plays a very important role in the life of a designer, which should be up to the mark for any professional work. The software of Adobe which is highly used by print media houses is Adobe InDesign.

  1. UI/UX Designer:

User Interface and User Experience designers are the supporter of the web and app designers, they simplify the working of the engineers by introducing the simple interface which can be easily accessed by any normal user. The design contains pixel perfect layout and prototype of the final application. The UI/UX designers these days use Figma applications for the makings. These designers are highly in demand these days, because the speed of digitalization is increasing rapidly.

  1. Cinematography/ Photography:

The subject like photography and videography with cinematography is the part of communication design studies. The parameters like camera handle, composition making, working as a group, narrative writing, critic thinking, documentary making and the rules of cinematography and photography are also explained properly in the subject. The career is bright if you have the interest and out of the box thinking towards cinema.

  1. Animation Artists:

Animation study needs a lot of focus and observation skills, in order to see and track the movement of the animated cartoons. Animations are done in two ways: 2D and 3D animations. This sector needs lots of dedicated and highly patient job holders who can work for hours continuously and present a fruitful result at the end. Applicant thinking to enter into animation world should be perfect at proportion making, sketching and drawing.

  1. There are plenty of works a communication designer can do after completing the graduation degree.

Everything we see around us is designed by a designer, from the product design to the design of our phones, from the packing design to the wallpapers of our houses, from the design of the machines to the interface designs of our phones, laptops, tv, from the digital advertisements to the print ads, from the business logos, flyers to the posters of the films we see. We are surrounded by opportunities and a vast amount of work in this field.

The approx. salary reported for communication designers over all, is starting from 4 Lakhs per year and endlessly increases on the basis of hard work.

Top Companies which recruit communication designers are:

  • Pentagram
  • Meta Design
  • XVS creations
  • Hannon Digital
  • Prrowess
  • Communication Crafts
  • Buttercup Design Studio
  • 9Dzine
  • Studio Tale
  • Power

Career Options as an Interior Designer:

Houses, offices and even the cafes are so well designed and presented that it pleases our eyes and soul. After doing B.Design course in Interior design, a number of options are open for the applicant. Designing someone’s dream needs more dedication and concentration. The work graph revolves around the accurate measurements, creative ideas, colour theory and management of every minute thing. Future in this sector needs no perfect season to bloom properly as there is no limitation of work in this fast growing world.

  1. Working under a expert:

The more experience an interior designer has, the closer they go towards success. Observing and analysing the work under a senior is a good thing to be done by a designer in the starting stage.

  1. Own design firm start-up:

Taking risks and giving chance to different things is the speciality of designers. These days the renovations and Shifting of people from one place to another is very common, this gives a bigger chance of interior designers to show there talents. The trend of renovating the restaurant and cafes by the magical touch of managing the space and design has changed the whole touch of the market.

  1. Set design/ temporary setup design:

The design sets of big movies, serials and talent shows needa a lot of designers in the recent times. The accuracy and perfection needs someone who has a proper knowledge of using the elements in a way that it can be used again in different manners. Every month some new series and serials are introduces which gives scope in this sector.

  1. Furniture boutique/ store:

Minute and detailed furniture gives higher income. There is no scarcity of people buying costly and unique furniture for their houses and stores.

  1. This is not compulsory that a interior designer can only become a designer for interiors, they even can be photographers, graphic designers, colour consultor, mini model maker, a professor and a lot more because the foundation subjects of B.Des includes photography and basic colour theories for all the three sectors.

Top Companies for Interior Designers in India are:

  • A Interiors
  • Bonito Designs
  • Design Café
  • Kaushal Interiors Pvt. Ltd.
  • Master Piece India Pvt. Ltd.
  • Om Sai Interiors
  • Perfect Interior Design
  • S&T Interiors and Contracting

In India, Bengaluru is rich in Interior Design jobs.

The salary of Interior designers in India approximately starts from 2.2 Lakhs per year and goes more than 3 Lakhs per month as per experience and working dedication.

Major subjects included in the semester are:

  1. Fashion Design:

1.1  Art Appreciation

1.2  Draping & pattern making

1.3  Material Studies

1.4  Drawing & Media exploration

1.5  Fabric structure

1.6  Design Management

1.7  Environmental friendly designs

1.8  Textile processing

1.9  Colour, Context & Composition

1.10 Software skills in Adobe

  1. Communication Design:

2.1  Understanding Cinema

2.2  Photography

2.3  Typography

2.4  VFX

2.5  Animation

2.6  UI/UX

2.7  Advertising Design

2.8  3D modelling

2.9  Logo Design

2.10 Brand visual identity creation

  1. Interior Design:

3.1  Architectural Drafting

3.2  Form Shape & Order

3.3  Building Codes & Standards

3.4  Furniture Design & Detailing

3.5  Business Practices

3.6  Trends & Forecasting

3.7  Human Rights law & Practices

3.8  Lighting Design

3.9  Software skills

3.10 Critical Thinking

Note: Designing is a newly introduced sector which needs to be explored and Students need to be motivated by the parents themselves. World is changing in a way that we have lot more options and sectors, to be successful. This degree needs both love and passion towards the artwork of designing the whole world only through technology.

A report by Shreya Raj for IHOIK education desk

KVPY: A Dream Scholarship Test

KVPY or the Kishore Vaigyanik parotsahaan yojana, is one of the toughest exams in India.
Government of India started KVPY in the year 1999. Indian Institute of Science (IISC) Bangalore conducts KVPY every year in the month of November. KVPY is a scholarship-based program funded by the government of India

Elgibility criteria:

This exam has 3 Streams: SA (Class 11), SX (Class 12) and SB(First year BSc). The eligibility criteria varies according to category and stream.
1. The candidate must be of Indian nationality.
2. For SA and SX, students should have a minimum of 75% aggregate marks (65% for SC and ST) in Mathematics and Science subjects in the X standard board examination.
3. Stream SB students should have enrolled in 1st year BSc and must have secured a minimum aggregate of 60% marks in Science subject in the XII standard board examination.

Paper Pattern:

The paper pattern is quite different whereas the difficulty level of paper meets the level of JEE Main. Let’s have a look at the paper pattern for all the three streams of examination.

Examination is divided into 2 parts:
First is the aptitude based test and the second is the interview. The aptitude based test contributes 75% in result whereas the interview part determines the remaining result.

1. SA paper pattern:

  • The paper consist of four subjects; Physics, Chemistry, Maths and Biology. The most important thing to keep in mind is that Biology is not optional for this stream. Students have to opt for both Biology and Mathematics along with Physics and Chemistry.
    • The question paper consists of two sections:
    Section 1: It consists of 15 questions from each subject making it a total of sixty questions. All questions are compulsory.
    For every correct answer, students will be awarded one mark and for every wrong answer one-fourth of 1 mark will be deducted.
    Section 2: It consists of 5 questions from each subject making it a total of twenty questions. All questions are compulsory.
    For every correct answer, students will be awarded 2 marks and for every wrong answer one-fourth of 2 marks will be deducted.
  1. SX paper pattern:
  • The paper consists of four subjects that is Physics, Chemistry, Maths and Biology. In this stream, Biology is optional. Students have to opt between Biology and Mathematics along with Physics and Chemistry.
    • The question paper consists of two sections:
    Section 1: It consists of 20 questions from each subject making a total of eighty questions out of which 60 questions are compulsory.
    For every correct answer, students will be awarded one mark and for every wrong answer one-fourth of one mark will be deducted.
    Section 2: It consists of 10 questions from each subject making it a total of forty questions. In this section, you have to opt for any 2 subjects according to your preference.
    For every correct answer, students will be awarded 2 marks and for every wrong answer one-fourth of 2 marks will be deducted.


KVPY considers NCERT as its syllabus, although their syllabus is vast enough. For SA stream, the biology portion is relatively easier but in the past few years questions were asked from Genetics too. As for a student of class XIth, questions from the class XIIth syllabus makes the paper a bit difficult. Students are suggested to go through both 11th and 12th NCERT thoroughly, irrespective of the stream of the exam.
Physics and Organic Chemistry paper is relatively tough.


  • The cutoff for SA stream for general category students lies between 50-55% and for reserved category students, it lies between 40-45%. About 2000 students are selected from the aptitude test for the interview round. After the interview, around thousand students are selected for the scholarship.
    • For SX stream the cutoff for unreserved students lies between 55 to 60% whereas for reserved category students the cutoff lies between 45-47%.

Note: This data may vary yearly.

Application form prerequisite:

Valid email id, phone number, a photograph with white background and signature are all that is needed.
The cost of form for general and OBC category is ₹1000 and for SC, ST and PWD it is ₹500.


KVPY provides both monthly and annual scholarship. Scholarship starts from graduate studies.
For BSc. students five thousand per month is given as scholarship and 20,000 as an annual grant for books.
For MSc. students seven thousand per month is given as scholarship and 28,000 as an annual grant for books.

Importance of KVPY:

KVPY helps in building basics for JEE and NEET exams. Appearing for KVPY, helps the students in gathering experience about the competitive exams and handling exam pressure. KVPY scholars can take admission in IISC Bangalore, one of the most reputed colleges in India.

A report by Shekhar by IHOIK education desk

Heal the pain of voiceless: Career in Veterinary

Veterinary is currently an emerging field in medical science, it has been there in the past but with time, this career option and field has evolved a lot. If you are a passionate science student and love taking care of the animals or have a deep interest in Science, this field can be the right career choice for you. But before proceeding with the details of this career option, let us understand the meaning of veterinary in simple words. Veterinary is the branch of medical science that deals with prevention and cure of the disease or injury of animals.

This branch of the medical science will help those students who dream to treat and care for animals. In the coming years, this field is going to be one of the top career options available.

Eligibility Criteria:

To enroll in veterinary courses, you must have completed your 10+2 exam with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as a subject from a recognized board with a minimum aggregate of 50 marks in PCB. Some colleges also require English as a necessary subject.

The minimum age to enroll in the bachelors course is 18 years and the maximum is 25 years as on 31st December of the admission year.

Admission Process/Exams:

In the past, there was an All-India level entrance exam organized by the Veterinary Council of India known as AIPVT. But it was abolished in the year 2017 and now students have to qualify the NEET exam in order to pursue a career in veterinary courses.

Not just NEET, but there are many other exams available for taking admission in the undergraduate course of this medical branch.

Some of the top exams to get you enrolled in the undergraduate courses are given below:


The above mentioned entrance exams usually follow the MCQ-based exam curriculum. These papers usually consist of objective questions from Physics, Chemistry and Biology of Class XII level.

Some of the top colleges for veterinary in India are:

  • Madras veterinary college, Chennai

It is affiliated to Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University and is currently one of the best and well reputed college for veterinary course. It is approved by the Veterinary council of India.

Total fees: 1 Lakh (approx)

  • Indian Veterinary Research Institute(IVRI), Bareilly

It is a Deemed-to-be University established in 1989. It is under the administrative control of ICAR, New Delhi. It offers courses such as  M.V.Sc., Ph.D and National Diploma in Various Specializations.

Total fees: 85,000 (Approx)

  • Gobind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar

Also known as Pantnagar University, it was established in the year 1960. It offers 2 UG, 8 PG and 7 PhD courses. It is approved by UGC and is located in Pantnagar, Uttarakhand.

Total fees: 2.7 Lakhs

  • Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Hisar

It was established in the year 2010 and has been playing a crucial role in the development of the livestock sector promoting rural development through its various activities.

Total fees: 12.58 Lakh

  • Nanaji Deshmukh Pashu Chikitsa Vigyan Visva Vidyalaya, Jabalpur

It was established in the year 2009 and is affiliated to UGC. The University offers different courses in fisheries, veterinary and allied Sciences. The University also offers various orientations and training programmes.

Total fees: 2.5 Lakhs


To pursue your career in veterinary there are different bachelors degree available for a student after their 10+2 exam.

Bachelor Courses:

  • Bachelor of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry: It is a 5-year undergraduate program and introduces you to the aspects of Veterinary Science and teaches you about basics of Animal Science.
  1. Fees: INR 1,00,000
  2. Salary: INR- 4-6 Lakhs
  • Sc. in Animal Genetics and Breeding: It is a 5-year undergraduate course and teaches you about the concepts of animal feeding, breeding, genetics, health and maintenance.
  1. Fees: INR 4,000 to 2 Lakhs
  2. Salary 2 to 6 Lakhs
  • Sc. in Animal Production & Management: It is a 3-year undergraduate course that deals with concepts like cattle and buffalo management, swine production & management, animal production and integrated farming etc.
  1. Fees: INR 2-3 Lakhs
  2. Salary: INR 2-6 Lakhs
  • Sc. in Veterinary Surgery & Radiology: It is a 3-year undergraduate course and deals with the application of medical and therapeutic principles to various animals. It basically teaches you about the advanced study related to animal surgery and handling.
  1. Fees: INR 10,000 to 5,00,000
  2. Salary: INR 3-7 Lakhs

After pursuing a bachelors degree one can go for the masters and the doctoral degree after that in the same stream if they wish to continue with higher studies.

Job & Career Prospect:

There are various job opportunities available in both the public and private sectors in this particular course. Not only India, but veterinarians have a great scope for a job in a foreign country as well, especially in the USA or Canada.

You can select your career in any of the following specializations for veterinary:

  • Companion animal veterinarians: Usually provide treatment to pet animals.
  • Equine veterinarians: Provides treatment to horses.
  • Food animal veterinarians: Provides treatment to farm animals.
  • Food safety & Inspection veterinarians: Researches about diseases which are transmissible and can be spread between human and animals.
  • Research veterinarians: Work in laboratories researching over new techniques.

The various job posts where the candidates can apply after completing their courses in both public and private sector are as follows:

  • Veterinary Surgeon: They provide treatment to the wounded animals and surgery if needed. Their estimated average salary is 6 Lakhs.
  • Veterinary Officer: It is a public sector job in the Department of Agriculture and the salary is decided as per the guidelines of Government.
  • Animal Caretaker: It is a private sector job basically in the zoos and average salary is approximately 6 Lakhs.
  • Social Worker for Animals: This is a basically a job profile associated with animal NGOs that provides care and treatment to animals. Their average salary is approx. 4 Lakhs.

A report by Shruti for IHOIK education desk

Doctor of Pharmacy: A growth oriented career in medicine

PharmD or Doctor of pharmacy is a professional Doctorate in pharmacy. PharmD is the art and science of preparing and dispensing medicines. The course has been designed to train eligible candidates in clinical pharmacy, pharmacy practice and pharmaceutical care. Upon successful completion of the course, students gain skills in diagnosis and treatment of diseases, selection and therapeutic usage of drugs, monitoring of patients, etc. PharmD is a six year long course course inclusive of 5 years of learning and one year of internship. This is the only doctoral degree that can be pursued right after passing 10+2 qualifying examinations. Moreover, PharmD can also be pursued by B. Pharm. graduates by seeking admissions to lateral entry course.

Eligibility and entrance exam:

  • Candidates must have completed 10+2 level of education from any state or national education board with Physics and Chemistry as compulsory subjects and Mathematics or Biology as additional subjects.
  • Candidates holding a Pharm. Degree are also eligible for PharmD course, provided they fulfil all the above conditions as well.

Some of the major entrance examinations conducted in India for admission to the course are as follows:

  • GPAT (Graduate Pharmacy Aptitude Test)
  • UP-CPMT (Uttar Pradesh Combined Pre-Medical Test)
  • PMET (Punjab Pre-Medical Entrance Test)
  • UPSEE Pharmacy (Uttar Pradesh State Entrance Examination)
  • Dayananda Sagar University admission test
  • Maharashtra Common Entrance Test
  • VELS Entrance examination
  • Bharti Vidyapeeth Common Entrance Test
  • Integral University Entrance Test

Besides these entrance examinations, some institutes in the country also have their own admission criteria in place and offer admission on the basis of the candidate’s score in such qualifying examination.

Top Institutes offering PharmD are:

  • Government College of Pharmacy, Aurangabad

It was found in 1996 and is located in the Marathwada region of Maharashtra. It is affiliated to Dr. Baba Sahab Ambedkar Marathwada University and is approved by AICTE and Government of Maharashtra.

Total fee: 2.4 Lakh

  • Government College of Pharmacy, Amravati

Established in the year 1996, this college is located in Amravati, Maharashtra. It is accredited from AICTE and is affiliated to the Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University.

             Total fee: 2.42 Lakhs

  • Poona college of Pharmacy

It is a private college recognised by the Pharmacy Council of India (PCI). It was established in the year 1981 and is affiliated to the Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed-to-be University, Pune.

Total fees: 10.5 Lakhs

  • JSS College of Pharmacy

It is a private college located in Mysuru, Karnataka and was established in the year 1973. It is affiliated to JSS University and offers 23 courses across 5 streams

Total fee: 15.01 Lakhs

  • Integral University, Lucknow

It is recognised by UGC and approved by MCI and PCI. It was established in the year 2004 and is accredited by the NAAC.

Total fee: 7 Lakh

Career prospects and job options:

  • The PharmD course offers a good return on investment as there are a lot of jobs available after completion of the programme. Candidates can practice as a pharmacist at government as well as private hospitals. Jobs are also available at NGOs working in the health domain, especially in rural areas.
  • A great scope for jobs is also available in the pharmaceutical industries and pharmacy institutes. Candidates can also take up business opportunities and start their own pharmacy stores to provide medicines to patients and doctors. There are many areas in that they can work such as Pharmacist, Medicinal Instructor, Research profession, Marketing professional for Pharmaceutical Industry, Quality Control Officer and Drug Inspector.

Government jobs:

  • Drug inspector
  • Dispensing pharmacist
  • Clinical pharmacist
  • Nutritionist
  • Drug advisor
  • Drug interaction specialist
  • Hospital Pharmacy Director

Private jobs:

  • Lecturer
  • Drug writer
  • Retail Pharmacist
  • Medical writer
  • Pharmacist incharge

A report by Akanksha Sharma for IHOIK education desk

Kota Stone: India’s Flooring Solution

Kota stone is an excellent variety of stone found in Kota district of Rajasthan. Hundreds of mines are located in or near the town of Ramganj Mandi and in the Kota district. This excellent flooring material connects Rajasthan with other states of India, providing a new identity to Rajasthan. Although it is not environment friendly, but with natural limestone and different conditions, it is better than most local alternatives.

The stone has a beautiful greenish-blue shade which is complimentary with most interiors. Various colors, for example, chocolate clay colour, are additionally accessible, although with less notoriety. For a long time, marble and rock controlled the scene, as part of the latter option, especially for uninvited areas. But people now realize the benefits of using Kota stone as flooring.
It is durable, performs well under excess use, reflects cleanliness, reduces elusive obstructions and surface residues are not immediately ineffective.
There are five colors of Kota Stone: Blue, Brown, Black, Grey and Red.

Kota Blue Limestone:

Kota Blue Limestone is very popular due to its excellent texture. This Limestone is light green and bluish-green when it is dry and has a more rich green or bluish-green color when wet.

Kota Brown Limestone:

Kota brown limestone is produced in small quantities, so its availability is low, that’s why its price is higher than Kota Blue Limestone. It is available only in limited sizes, its color form is also high.

Kota Black Limestone:

Black limestone is an ebony stone with an excellently finished surface. This Black limestone gives a contemporary look to any area.

These Limestones are very durable, non-water absorbent, non-slippy, non-spongy and have a fantastic stain removability. It is breakable in surface and profoundly harsh. It can resist all types of climate easily, be it cold, scorching heat or heavy rain.


The thickness of Kota stone generally ranges between 1 inch to 1.5 inches but if you want a stone of 2-inch thickness, then the price will increase.

Standard Sizes:

2 x 2 (feet)

2 x 1 (feet)

4 x 2 (feet)


Kota stone is produced in very large quantities. Being cheaper, its demand in the market is high. A small factory provides around 1000 to 1200 slabs in 12 hours and there are thousands of such factories here. You can estimate the production of Kota Stone from this number.


The Kota Stone is used in two finishes; rough dress and polished finish. It is an excellent building stone for flooring and wall cladding, Pathways, corridors, garden areas, temples, lobby areas, railway stations, hospitals, stair areas, etc. It is also used in chemical industries (due to its resistant properties).

Note: Kota stone is not used in kitchens, as it is not acid-proof.


Kota stone is exported all over India and also in various countries like U.S, U.K, Indonesia, Japan, France, Nepal, Canada, Bangladesh, etc.


In the vicinity of Ramganjmandi, there are thousands of mines. A large amount of Kota stone is taken out from these mines. After that, stones are taken to factories where they are cut, polished and prepared.

Based on the above mentioned points, we can conclude that Kota is the hub of Kota stone.

A report by Salman Raza

Paramedical Courses: The second line of healthcare

The field of medicine attracts the minds of the youth, when we talk of the vast variety of career options that are available after opting for biology. Talking about the recently passed NEET exam where the cutoff is expected to be high, complementing the shortage of seats, making admission in a college of your choice a challenging task.

With the ultimate target and orientation towards serving the nation, lakhs of students aspire to be a part of the medical field. Some make up to it very easily, but for the others, it turns out to be the harder way. Very few know of finding a way towards a bright future sticking to the medicine line.

To a student, it may seem to be the end of opportunities, but it’s simply not. We have a wide range of paramedical courses.

Why should one go for it?

  1. Very few know that a paramedic plays a crucial role whether it’s about a complete hospital setting or providing the required treatment to the patient even before reaching the hospital.
  2. It’s a job oriented, short term course with actually appreciable packages and a bright future.
  3. It’s not just a bachelor’s degree, it’s a professional course where the degree is provided after the teaching process is completed. With its increasing demand across the globe, it’s now a direct choice for many.
  4. Whether it’s about a general accident, spinal injury, burn cases or a fracture, they just don’t complement the system but is an important part of the same.
  5. Your bachelor’s degree isn’t the end to it, we have a number of diploma courses, certificate courses and the post-graduation courses too.

Eligibility: Passing the 12th exam with Science taking Biology as a subject, scoring atleast 50% marks.

But which one to go for? Read the details below and select the best.

Bachelor of physiotherapy: A physiotherapist deals with the science of physical movement and channelising it to prevent disability and diseases of movement. Physiotherapy helps people increase, maintain or restore their physical mobility, function, and strength. This science makes use of electrotherapy, exercise prescription and shockwave mobility to treat chronic conditions of the bones and soft tissues.

Duration: 4 years and a compulsory internship of 6 months.

Average fees: 30,000-50,000 in government colleges and up to 2,00,000 per annum in some of the private ones.

Admission process: Direct or exams conducted by few of the private universities.

Some of the entrance exams for admission to BPT colleges are:






Significance: Here the course and the material seems more or less parallel to MBBS, more focus is towards the neurological and muscular functioning. Not only in India, has the demand of physiotherapists abruptly increased in abroad as well.

Being a part and a department in the hospital settings, the pay scale increases with your experience.

Govt. Colleges:

  1. Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyay institute for the physically handicapped, Delhi
  2. All India Institute of physical medicine and rehabilitation, Mumbai
  3. National institute for locomotor disability, Kolkata
  4. SV Nirtar National institute of rehabilitation training and research
  5. Center for physiotherapy and rehabilitation sciences, Jamia Millia Islamia Delhi
  6. Patna Medical college
  7. PGIMER Chandigarh
  8. Punjabi University, Patiyala
  9. Uttar Pradesh University of medical sciences, Saifai, Uttar Pradesh

(Note: Physiotherapy is an independent profession and is not listed under the category of paramedical courses by WHO. However some of the sites on do mention it under the category of paramedical courses.)

Bachelor of occupational therapy: Occupational Therapy is the branch that deals with curing and rehabilitating the physically, emotionally and mentally disabled people. It focuses on teaching and educating them in the necessary skills needed in performing daily activities. This was earlier known as ‘Moral Treatment’.

Duration: 4 years

Average fees: 40,000- 50,000

Admission process: Direct or exams conducted by few of the private universities.

Some of the entrance exams for bachelor of occupational therapy are:

  • K.M.C.H. College of Occupational Therapy Entrance Exam
  • CMC Vellore Entrance Exam
  • Manipal University Bachelor of Occupational Therapy Entrance Exam
  • SVNIRTAR NIOH Common Entrance Test
  • All India Institute of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (AIIPMR) Entrance Exam

Significance: This course is all about curing and treating the needy, be it physically or mentally disabled people. With increasing demands of the rehabs, the course has a wide scope with a handsome package.

Government Colleges:

  • Government Medical College & Hospital, Nagpur
  • National Institute of Orthopedically Handicapped, Kolkata

Private Colleges:

  1. Manipal University
  2. Jamia University
  3. Christian Medical College

Bachelor of Radiology and imaging technology: This course helps students to familiarize with the use of a variety of sophisticated technology employed in medical imaging and cancer treatment.

Duration: 3 years

Average fees: 15,000- 1,00,000

Admission process: Direct or exams conducted by some of the private universities.

Significance: The new era has been the source to many new diseases and in order to perform all the processes successfully, a doctor needs an assistant.


  1. Tripura Institute Of Paramedical Sciences (TIPS), Agartala
  2. Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam
  3. Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Chandigarh
  4. University College of Medical Science and GTB Hospital, Shahadra, Delhi
  5. Christian Medical College, Vellore
  6. Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Bangalore

Bachelor Of Science (B.Sc):

This course is not only about a traditional course, it has evolved im a number of ways as various professional courses. The option of branches in this course are listed below:

1. B. Sc. Nursing: Nurses play a crucial role for the proper functioning of hospitals. They are a glue that holds a patient’s healthcare journey together.

Average fees: 10,000-1 lakh

Duration: 4 years

Admission process: Direct or exams conducted by few of the private universities.

Some of the entrance exams are:

  • NEET
  • SAAT

Government Colleges for B.Sc. nursing:

  • All India institute of hygiene and public health
  • AIIMS Bhuvaneshwar
  • AIIMS Delhi
  • AIIMS Jodhpur
  • AIIMS Raipur
  • Allahabad state University

Almost every medical college in India consists of a nursing college too. They get graded as A, B, C depending on their qualification, experience and a number of other factors.

2. in Anaesthesia Technology: B.Sc. in Anaesthesia Technology course is opted by students who wish to learn about anaesthesia equipment, anaesthesia agents, techniques as well as dosage in order to ensure a better monitoring of the patient.

Duration: 3 years

Admission process: Direct or exams conducted by few of the private universities.

Some of the entrance exams are:

  • NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test)
  • AICET (All India Common Entrance Test)
  • Bangalore University Entrance Exam
  • BVP CET (Bharati Vidyapeeth Common Entrance Test)
  • University of Technology Entrance Exams
  • NIMS School of Paramedical Sciences and Technology Entrance Exams

Government Colleges:

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Delhi
  • Aligarh Muslim University (AMU), UP
  • Mahatma Gandhi Mission Institute of Health Sciences (MGMIHS), Mumbai
  • Indira Gandhi Medical College (IGMC), Shimla
  • Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), Pune

3. B.SC. in dialysis therapy: This course offers in a wide range of application and technologies involved in the process of dialysis. The course focuses on the treatment of various diseases related to kidney and perform dialysis on patients suffering from kidney failure and require treatment for removing excess waste and fluids from their blood.

Average fee: 20,000-1 Lakh

Duration: 3 years

Admission process: Direct


  • AJ Institute Of Medical Science and Research Centre
  • JSS University
  • Jamia Hamdard University
  • Jawaharlal Nehru University
  • Manipal University

4. B.SC. in Medical Lab Technology: This course is concerned with the treatment, diagnosis, and prevention of diseases using the clinical laboratory tests.

Average fee: 20,000-1 Lakh

Duration: 3 years

Admission: Direct admission


  • Christian Medical College
  • Chandigarh University
  • Bangalore medical college and research institute
  • NIMS University

5. B.SC. in optometry: This course involves the study of clinical skills involved in professionally measuring eyesight, prescribing corrective lenses and detecting eye diseases.

Average fees: 50,000-1 Lakh

Duration: 3 years

Admission process: Direct

Entrance exams:

  • AIIMS (All India Institute of Medical Sciences) Entrance Test
  • JNU (Jawaharlal Nehru University) Combined Entrance Examination
  • DU (University of Delhi) Biotechnology Entrance Examination
  • CMC (Christian Medical College) Entrance Examination
  • NEET-UG (National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test for Under Graduate


  • Christian Medical College, Vellore
  • Government medical college, Kohzikode
  • DY Patil University, Navi Mumbai
  • Jamia Hamdard University , New Delhi
  • Christian College, Bangalore

The above mentioned courses are the most popular amongst the youngsters… There are a few others that are not much popular but are an important part of our healthcare services. These are:

  1. B.SC. in nuclear medicine technology
  2. B.Sc. in medical record technology
  3. B.Sc. in medical imaging technology
  4. B.Sc. in operation theatre technology

The above mentioned courses don’t end up at a bachelor’s degree, there are diploma courses for some of them, as mentioned.

  1. Diploma in OT technology
  2. Diploma in rural health care
  3. Diploma in occupational therapy
  4. Diploma in physiotherapy
  5. Diploma in nursing care assistant
  6. Diploma in dialysis technology and many more.

The course duration for most of them ranges between 1-3 years.

The various certificate courses are as follows:

  1. X-ray technician
  2. ECG and CT scan
  3. Technician and lab assistant
  4. Nursing care technology
  5. Dental assistant
  6. HIV and family education
  7. Rural health care

Research, various fellowship programs and a lot more… The opportunities are endless, it’s just about you making the right choice. Once you excel in any field, you can fly high and reach the pinnacle of success.

A report by Sakshi Lal for IHOIK education desk with inputs from Riya Vasudeva & Aakrati Chitransh

Physiotherapy: Most Demanding & Fastest Growing Career Option In Medical Sector

With exams, admissions, councelling and all such processes around the corner, opting for a career that not only fits your interest but also provides you a satisfactorily bright future is the thought that every candidate has in their mind while choosing a career or course for themselves. Being a NEET aspirant and having many options at hand, one such considerable option is that of a physiotherapist. It is one of the promising fields for individuals aspiring to pursue medical field.


Physical therapy also knows as physiotherapy is an allied medical profession that helps cure physical impairments, acute or chronic muscular pain, movement, etc.  Physiotherapy helps in maximizing physical function, rehabilitation of muscles and causing pain or trouble and helping in smooth functioning of the body.

Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT):

It is a four year undergraduate program with a compulsory internship of 6 months which helps to train the students in the science of curing physical movements. This course entitles you to provide education, advice and counselling services to people who are in their old age and need special treatment both physically and mentally. Students are also taught about skills related to manual therapies and exercises that cure a variety of disabilities and diseases associated with the spine, back, neck and even the stress-related problems.


  1. A candidate must have passed 10+2 with a minimum aggregate of 50% marks with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as compulsary subjects.
  2. The choice of taking an entrance exam to provide admission or to grant admission without an entrance exam depends on the respective colleges.
  3. In order to provide admission, some of the colleges also take two rounds of group discussion and interview where your general aptitude for the course is assessed.

Top colleges for physiotherapy in India:

  • Christian Medical College, Vellore

Christian medical college, Vellore, popularly known as CMC Vellore is a private medical school, hospital and Research Institute. It is affiliated with the Tamil Nadu Dr. MGR medical university.

Total fees: 52.49 K

  • Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore

Kasturba Medical College is a medical college located in Karnataka, India. It is affiliated to the Manipal Academy Of Higher Education.

Annual fees: 2.3 Lakhs per year

  • Christian Medical College, Ludhiana

CMC Ludhiana was the first medical school for women in Asia, founded in 1894. It is affiliated to the Baba Farid University of Health sciences.

Annual fees: 88.5K per annum

  • Hamdard Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, New Delhi.

Hamdard Institute of Medical Sciences and Research is situated in New Delhi and aims at providing quality healthcare at an affordable cost.

Annual fees: 2.65 Lakh

  • Seth GS Medical College, Mumbai.

King Edward Memorial Hospital and Gordhandas Sunderdas medical college is one amongst the top teaching and medical care providing institutions which was found in 1926. It is affiliated with Maharashtra University of Health Science.

Annual fees: 30K.

  • SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai

SRM Institute of Science and Technology was found in 1985 under the University of Madras. It is a deemed University and includes 6 campuses all over India.

Total fees: 7.10 Lakh

Career prospects:

After the successful completion of 4 year long UG progrmme and completion of a compulsory 6 months internshi, the candidates move forward to select a job that best suits them. They can either opt for pursuing their studies further by opting to compllete there MPT degree or they can go in the search of a job.

  • Consultant Physiotherapist in Multi-specialty Hospitals, Health Care Centers, NGOs
  • Corporate Physiotherapist in MNCs
  • Health Care Physiotherapy Instructor in Modern Gymnasiums
  • Ergonomic Care Advisor
  • Physiotherapist in Special Schools for Physically Challenged Children
  • Physiotherapist in Old Age Residential Homes
  • Sports Physiotherapists along with Sports Associations, Sports Team, individually hired physiotherapists by elite athletes
  • Entrepreneurs in Rehabilitation Centers/ Organizations
  • Private Practitioners running Private Physiotherapy Practice
  • Lecturer
  • Clinical Researcher

A report by Riya Vasudeva for IHOIK Education Desk

Pharmacy: The Backbone Of Healthcare Services

Medicine and related branches have been a source of attraction for the young minds since time immemorial. It not only ensures a bright and safe future for you, but also provides you with a chance to serve the mankind, making you stand apart from the crowd in numerous ways. One such course is the ‘Pharmacy course’ that help you stand apart from the crowd and secure a bright future.


Pharmacy is the clinical science that relates medical science with chemistry. It plays a vital role in healthcare profession. The demand of pharma graduates is high in sectors like healthcare, research, manufacturing and pharmacovigilance. By seeing the increasing demand of pharmacists, AICTE has also increased the number of seats in various courses.

Eligibility for pharmacy:

  • Candidates should have passed 10+2 in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics/Biology from a recognized university.
  • Minimum 50% aggregate in the qualifying examination.
  • Candidates who had passed a Diploma in Pharmacy (D.Pharm) are also eligible.
  • Admission is done by State/Central Medical Admission Authority. It can be based on merit/Entrance exam.
  • For getting admission in Masters of pharmacy, one has to give the GPAT exams.

Entrance exam:

  • WBJEEWest Bengal Joint Entrance Examination.
  • Odisha JEE
  • GCETGoa Common Entrance Te
  • HPCETHimachal Pradesh Common Entrance Test
  • SAAT- Shiksha ‘O’ Anusandhan University Admission Test.
  • MHT CET- Maharashtra Health and Technical Common Entrance Test
  • DIPSARDelhi Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Res
  • UPSEE/UPTU- Uttar Pradesh State Entrance Examination
  • GUJCET- Gujarat Common Entrance Test
  • TSECET- Telangana State Common Entrance Test


Diploma courses:

  • Pharm.
  • Diploma in veterinary pharmacy.
  • Diploma in pharmaceutical management.

All the diploma courses are of 2 years.

Undergraduate Courses:

  • Pharm.
  • Pharm.(hons)
  • Pharm. in pharmaceutical chemistry.
  • Pharm. in pharmaceutics
  • Pharm. in pharmacognosy.
  • Pharm. in ayurvedic.

All the above mentioned bachelor courses are of 4 and half year duration.

  • Pharm. + MBA dual course is of 5 years duration.

Postgraduate pharmacy courses:

  • M Pharm.
  • Pharm. in biopharmaceutics and pharmacokinetics.
  • Pharm. in biopharmaceutics.
  • Pharm. in biotechnology.
  • Pharm. in clinical pharmacy.
  • Pharm. in clinical practice and research.
  • Pharm. in cosmoceuticals.
  • Pharm. in drug development and regulatory sciences.
  • Pharm. in drug discovery and drug development.
  • Pharm. in drug regulatory affairs.
  • Pharm. in industrial pharmacy.
  • Pharm. in medicinal chemistry.
  • Pharm. in medicinal natural products
  • Pharm. in nanotechnology.
  • Pharm. in pharmaceutical administration.
  • Pharm. in pharmaceutical quality assurance.
  • Pharm. in pharmaceutical analysis.
  • Pharm. in pharmaceutical biotechnology.
  • Pharm. in pharmaceutical chemistry .
  • Pharm. in Pharmaceutical Market and Management.
  • Pharm. in Pharmaceutical Regulatory Affairs.
  • Pharm. in Pharmaceutical Technology and Biopharmaceutics.
  • Pharm. in Pharmaceutical Technology.
  • Pharm. in Pharmaceutics.
  • Pharm. in Pharmacognosy & Phytomedicine.
  • Pharm. in Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry.
  • Pharm. in Pharmacology & Toxicology.
  • Pharm in pharmacology.
  • Pharm. in pharmacy practice.
  • Pharm. in natural product and phytochemistry.
  • Pharm. in quality assurance.
  • Sc in pharmacology.

All the masters courses mentioned above are of 2 years duration.

Many doctoral courses are also available which are of 3 year duration.

Career prospects:

  • Career Scope & Job Opportunities in Pharmacy field are huge. Due to the opening of large pharmaceutical companies, the future in the field of pharmacy is bright.
  • Numerous jobs are available for pharmacists in government as well as private organizations. After completing your studies, you can easily find jobs in pharmaceutical industries, government departments, colleges and universities, hospitals, investigation and research institutes etc.
  • Pharmacists can practice in community pharmacies, hospitals, clinics, extended care facilities, psychiatric hospitals and regulatory agencies. Sales & Marketing job sector also hire maximum number of pharmacy graduates.
  • One can also work in retail stores of medicines. After registering with the state Pharmacy Council, you can open chemist/drug shop and sell medicines as per doctor’s prescription.

A report by Akanksha Sharma for IHOIK education desk

Find NEET 2020 Answer Key From top KOTA coachings

After being postponed twice due to Corona Virus pandemic, the National Testing Agency finally conducted the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test(Ug) 2020, from 2 pm to 5 pm, today. NEET 2020 has been held for over 15 lakh candidates aspiring to pursue medicine.

The NTA will releasee the official answer key in coming days, but here we are providing you the answer keys made by Top notch faculties of coaching institutions located all over the country, specifically from the coaching hub Kota.

This blog contains answer keys from the following institutions

Resonance, Kota (Paper Code – E1, E3, F2, F3, G2)

Narayana Medical Academy (Code G3)

Rao IIT Academy(Code- G5)

Allen Career Institute, Kota (Code H3)

Click below to download

NEET-2020-Answer-Key-for-Set-H3-by-Allen-Kota (1)

Aakash Institute (Code G4, G5)

Click below to download

Qus&Sol_NEET2020_(Code-G5)_AKANH (1)



Motion, Kota (Paper code: F3)

Ascent career point, Udaipur (Paper code: E3, F3, G3, H3)

Sarvottam Kota (E3, G3)

Synthesis Group Of Institutions (Paper Code: E1, F1, G1, H1)

Allen Career Institute (G1, G2, G3, H1, H2, H3, E1, E2, E3, F1, F2, F3)

Keep Refreshing this page for answer keys of other coachings

NEET 2020: Paper Analysis

After being postponed twice due to Corona Virus pandemic, the National Testing Agency finally conducted the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test(Ug) 2020, from 2 pm to 5 pm, today. NEET 2020 has been held for over 15 lakh candidates aspiring to pursue medicine.

Over 15 lakh candidates appeared on 3843 exam centres across the country. The conduct of the premier medical entrance exam was in question due to the chaos and backlash created by the global pandemic and the matter landed in the court, but the ministry of education and the National Testing Agency ensured the hon’ble Supreme Court about the safe conduct and enforcement of strict Standard Operating Procedures which paved the way for conduct of examination.

The pen and paper mode examination was taken in a single shift at 155 test cities across India.

Talking to education correspondents of, candidates said that the question paper was moderate. As far as section wise difficulty is concerned, majority agreed on Biology being the easiest section while candidates found Physics as the most difficult, but as compared to previous year, it can still be considered moderate. As per the students Chemistry section was moderately easy, as most of the questions in Physical and Inorganic section were moderate but the questions in Organic section were a bit standard.
In Biology, Botany constituted the majority while questions from Zoology were a bit less in numbers. The paper was well balanced as it covered almost every part of the syllabus and almost every question derived its origin from NCERT barring a few exceptions. Paper of this type increases the chances of selection of average students although the cut off in paper of this nature remains high, usually.

We will upload the detail analysis and answer key as soon as it gets available.


A report by Rashid Anwer with inputs from academicians and  students for IHOIK education Desk.

JEE Main 2020 results: Cutoff, trends, stats and all you need to know

The National Testing Agency (NTA) on Friday released this year’s Joint Entrance Examination(JEE) Main results on its official website. Earlier a press release was circulated in media which disclosed the list of toppers which got its validity from a tweet posted by the union education minister.

A total of 24 candidates have scored 100 Percentile in JEE main 2020. The examination was conducted from September 1 to 6 for which 8.58 lakhs candidates had registered. As there was so much uncertainty and chaos around the exam being conducted amidst pandemic, only 6.35 lakhs candidates appeared for September edition of JEE Main. The list of Toppers got its majority from Telangana with as many as eight candidates from the state securing 100 percentile.

The JEE (Main) Examination, 2020 for B.E./B.Tech has been conducted two times in CBT mode, in this year. The first Examination was conducted between 7th and 9th January, 2020 in 6 shifts, and the second JEE (Main) Examination was conducted from 2nd to 6th September, 2020 in 10 shifts. Including both the phases a total of 11.74 Lakh unique candidates registered for the exam out of which a total of 10.23 Lakh unique candidates appeared for the exam. 5.88 lakhs common candidates registered for both January and September phases of the examinations, out of which a total of 4.81 lakhs appeared. The examination body also presented gender and category wise data of appeared students. Only 3.08 lakhs female candidates appeared in the exam in comparison to a whooping 7.15 Lakh male candidates. Five transgender  candidates also appeared in this premier engineering entrance test.

Based on the scores obtained by the candidates, the National Testing Agency has also released cutoff percentile for JEE Advanced. For those candidates who appeared in both examinations, their better of the two scores have been accounted for. For candidates of General category, the cutoff percentile to appear in JEE Advanced is 90.37 and that for Economically Weaker  Section(EWS) is 70.24. For OBC, SC and ST categories, the cutoff percentile is 72.88, 50.17 and 39.06, respectively. The Cut off  for physically challenged candidates remained the lowest with just 0.06 percentile.

The supreme examination body also released the state wise toppers list and female category toppers list. List of state wise toppers and female category toppers are attached below.

State Wise Toppers

Female Toppers List

An IHOIK Education Desk Presentation.

You are a warrior: Today’s dose of motivation

“I am a failure. I have failed my parents and their expectations for me.”

“I don’t love what I am doing, but that’s the only choice I have!”

“I want to be an artist but I am forced to take forward the legacy of singers.”

“I think I am the most worthless creature in this world!”

For once, we all have come across these moments, days, weeks or even years when we belittle ourselves. We devalue our existence and continue to endure the miseries of losing ourselves! We think material possessions, relationships, degrees are our biggest assets and they make us happy. Being around our loved ones is the only thing we carve for? In reality, it’s only our own SELF which is our best possession & partner! It’s a tragedy, how we are losing ourselves in order to find something/someone else!  It must have been ages since we last had a conversation with ourselves but here we are thinking about the future we don’t know if it would even exist! Yeah, we should be optimistic about the days to come, so should we be about ourselves too!

There are many justifications we keep giving of losing our bright smile, peaceful nights, health, dignity and SELF. But if something/someone requires us to lose ourselves to achieve it, is it even worth it?


We neglect our health by sleeping late, eating processed food because we are eternally in a hurry to achieve silly deadlines. But never do we ponder that these achievements are nothing without our health! During Covid-19 era, it has become evident how even one’s family abandons and refuses to do the last rites of a deceased family member! Let’s take the lessons?


No! Never! Losing our dignity at the cost of getting anything isn’t a fair deal at all! Even if it may seem relatively lucrative, such things make us lose ourselves & often rob us of our happiness. NOTHING, YES NOTHING IS IMPORTANT IN THIS WORLD THAN OUR DIGNITY.


Persuasion is a communication skill which is indeed a privilege but some people misuse it to convince us to go astray from our paths. We often try to imitate our cool friends involved in things we don’t conform to! That’s when we start losing our identity forgetting we all are unique! “You are the only one of you, Baby that’s the fun of you!”


Life is very interesting. We do things, get appreciated, feel we are on cloud nine. Next moment, we do things, get criticised, and then begins the term of self-doubt, a vicious cycle. Remember no one ever kicks a dead dog! Criticism is often a misguided compliment which should motivate us to improve.

Also, learning to reject or say ‘No’ is extremely crucial. This makes our lives better and easier as we don’t go under the mental strain “log kya kahenge?”. We simply deny the norms because they make us feel uncomfortable and cause so much harm to our well being and hence it’s worth denying things.


Although empathy is a basic life skill and should be nurtured, keeping ourselves in someone else’s shoes for long is dangerous! Imagine the torture we are giving to our SELF by being away from our SELF for so long trying to get the facts clear for someone else! If we can’t be with ourselves, we can’t do it for someone else as well!

The chromosomes that made us, had so much probability of becoming someone else, but they made us, therefore, there must be a reason for our existence! While being influenced by someone is reasonable, imitating them to lose our SELF isn’t, ” Kyun roshni Tu bahar talashe? Teri mashalay hain andar tere!”. We should learn to be confident of who we are. We are something new in this world and should embrace it because what we got, no one else has got it! Constantly trying to prove to the world our integrity doesn’t make sense. Becoming better each day for ourselves should matter, not for impressing others. Our void should be our own self. We work so hard for attaining a bright future that we forget to live in the present. One day our heart will stop beating and we will wake up in the darkness of the grave and none of us our plans or fears will matter. ALL THAT WILL MATTER IS HOW WE LIVED. Then why waste it because someone abandoned or we didn’t achieve something we aimed for? Let’s learn to live, love, and enjoy our own company. Let’s not imitate others because there is nothing more miserable in this world than a person who is constantly trying to be someone he/she isn’t!  Let’s find ourselves and be ourselves. Even if we want to help and spread happiness around it will begin from our SELF. NOTHING, I REPEAT NOTHING IS MORE IMPORTANT IN THIS WORLD THAN YOU! We ought to love ourselves more.

A report by Ruqayya Asif

Plan the world: career in B.Planning

B.Planning is a 4 year bachelor course program which involves basic knowledge and training about professionals planning. Through the course, in each semester from 2-7 students are taught different aspects of course. In B.Planning presentation is at core of the course as the main subject of course is all about studio work, in which you will be doing surveys, analysis etc. Theory subjects are also taught to give background knowledge of how cities evolve, history of town, history of human settlements, roads, networks etc.
Contacts do matter in this field and can be developed while pursuing the course.

B.Plan Eligibility Criteria:
1. The student must have completed his 10+2 from q recognised school/board.
2. The student must have acquired q minimum of 50% at the higher secondary level.
3. Mathematics should be the main subject at 10+2

B.Plan Admission Process:

The admission process for Bachelors in Planning differ according to different colleges. Some colleges conduct the admission through an entrance test followed by a personal interview. Some universities also conduct their personal entrance test for the admission at the same time some conduct direct admissions based on the marks scored by student in 10+2.

B.Plan Entrance Exams:

1. JEE Mains
2. UPSEE (Uttar Pradesh State Entrance Exam)
3. NATA (National Aptitude Test In Architecture)
4. UPESEAT (University of Petroleum & Energy Studies Engineering Aptitude Test)

B.Plan Top Colleges:

1. School of planning and architecture (New Delhi)
2. School of planning and architecture (Vijaywada)
3. School of planning ans architecture (Bhopal)
4. Lovely Professional University (Phagwara)
5. Amity University (Gurgaon)
6. Manipal University – School of planning and design (Jaipur)
7. Maulana Azad Institute of Technology (Bhopal)
8. Integral University (Lucknow)
9. Ansal University (Gurgaon)
10. University of Petroleum and Energy Studies (Dehradun)

  • The average fee in India ranges somewhere in between 1-2 lakh for private colleges and for government college it ranges around 80,000-90.000. However, the course fee also depends on the type of college and marks in entrance exams.

Career Options and Job Prospects:

After pursuing Bachelors of Planning students can go either for government, private or self employment. The various career options are:
1. Urban planner:- Someone who develops plans and programs for the use of land, to create communities, accommodate growth, or revitalise physical facilities in towns and cities.
2. Regional planner:- Regional planners develop land using plans and programs that assist in creating communities, have room for population growth, and revitalise physical facilities.
3. Project planner:- Project planners or project managers, work with business directors to oversee and direct a project’s progression, ensuring that projects are completed within determined time frame, constraints of budget and sufficient staffing.
4. Design Architect:- Architects create designs for new construction projects, alterations and redevelopments that are functional, safe, sustainable and aesthetically pleasing.
5. Interior designer:- Interior designers understand a client’s individual taste and requirements in order to dress an space with colour, lighting and furnishings.

  • For government jobs, the student can go for government housing schemes, transportation projects, PWD employment projects etc.
  • The major responsibility which a planning professional has to manage is designing, surveying, model making, project management etc.
  • Top recruiting companies are:

Town & Country planning department known as TCP department under state government. NITI Aayog etc.

  • The average salary for a B.Plan graduate is INR 5 to 6 LPA.

A report by Avantika Gurjar for IHOIK education desk

Indian Statistical Institute (ISI): Recent admission alerts and updates


Indian Statistical Institute (ISI) is an Institute recognised world-wide for research and Training in Statistics and related Sciences. It was found in 1931. ISI has its headquarters in Kolkata and other 4 centres are also operating in the cities of Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai and Tezpur. ISI was declared as an Institute of National Importance by Government of India by an act of the Parliament in the year 1959.

Courses, eligibility and admission process:

  • Bachelor of Statistics (Honours) [B Stat (Hons)]:


In order to be eligible for admission to this programme, an applicant must have successfully completed 10+2 years of Higher Secondary Education (or its equivalent) with Mathematics and English as subjects.

Selection Procedure:

  • All applicants for this programme, except the INMO AWARDEES, will have to appear for two written tests comprising multiple-choice type and descriptive questions in Mathematics at the 10+2 level. Based on performance in the written tests, a number of candidates will be called for interviews.
  • The written test is waived for applicants who have been selected as INMO AWARDEES for participation in the International Mathematics Olympiad Training Camp (IMOTC) in the current year or in any previous year, based on their performance in the Indian National Mathematics Olympiad (INMO) conducted by the National Board of Higher Mathematics, Department of Atomic Energy, government of India. Such candidates will be directly called for an interview.
  • The final selection of candidates for admission to the programme is based on performance in the two written tests (unless waived) as well as the interviews. The final list of candidates selected for admission is announced after completion of all the interviews.

A candidate who has applied for the B Stat (Hons) programme shall have only one subsequent option to switch to the B Math (Hons) programme of the Institute. Candidates who wish to exercise this option must inform the Dean of Studies of their decisions either in writing or by sending an e-mail to the email id.

  • Bachelor of Mathematics (Honours) [B Math (Hons)]:


Same as B. Stat. (Hons) programme.

Selection Procedure:

Same as B. Stat. (Hons) programme.

A candidate who has applied for the B Math (Hons) programme shall have only one subsequent option to switch to the B Stat (Hons) programme of the Institute. Candidates who wish to exercise this option must inform the Dean of Studies of their decisions either in writing or by sending an e-mail.

  • Master of Statistics (M. Stat):


In order to be eligible for admission to this programme, an applicant must have-

  • A three-year Bachelor’s degree or a BE/B. Tech. degree with Statistics as a subject, or
  • A B. Math. degree from ISI, or
  • A Post-Graduate Diploma in Statistical Methods and Analytics from ISI.

Selection Procedure:

Students with B. Stat. (Hons) degree from ISI are offered direct admission to this programme without any selection test or interview. For all other eligible candidates, including students with a B. Stat. (Pass) degree from ISI, selection for admission to this programme is based on performance in written admission tests and subsequent interview.

  • Master of Mathematics (M. Math):


In order to be eligible for admission to this programme, an applicant must have-

  • A three year Bachelor’s degree in Mathematics, or
  • A BE/B Tech Degree, with Mathematics as a subject, or
  • A B. Stat. degree from ISI.

Selection Procedure:

Students with B. Math. (Hons) degree from ISI are offered direct admission to this programme without any selection test or interview. For all other eligible candidates, including students with B Math (Pass) degree from ISI, selection for admission to the programme is based on performance in written admission tests and subsequent interview.

  • Master of Science in Quantitative Economics [MS (QE)]:


In order to be eligible for admission to this programme, an applicant must have-

  • A Bachelor’s degree (of at least 3-year duration) in any discipline and
  • Must have passed the 12th standard examination with Mathematics as a subject.

Selection Procedure:

Selection of candidates to this programme will be based on performance in written tests and subsequent interview.

  • Master of Science in Quality Management Science [MS (QMS)]:


In order to be eligible for admission to this programme, an applicant must have-

  • A three-year Bachelor’s degree with Mathematics as a subject, or
  • A BE/ B Tech degree in any discipline.

Selection Procedure:

Selection of candidates to this programme, including the sponsored ones, will be based on performance in written tests and subsequent interview.

There is, however, a provision for sponsorship by government, semi-government, public sector undertakings, autonomous institutions and commercial/ industrial organizations, which can sponsor candidates from their establishments, provided they satisfy the eligibility requirements. The Institute, at its discretion, may apply a different criterion for such candidates. A candidate would be considered sponsored only if the employer gives him/her leave and full salary for the entire duration of the programme. Sponsored candidates will not receive any stipend and their sponsors will have to pay a tuition fee of Rs.20000 per year.

  • Master of Science in Library and Information Science [MS (LIS)]:


In order to be eligible for admission to this programme, an applicant must have a three-year Bachelor’s degree in any discipline.

Selection Procedure:

Selection of candidates will be based on performance in written tests and subsequent interview.

  • Master of Technology in Computer Science [M Tech (CS)]:


In order to be eligible for admission to this programme, an applicant must have-

  • A Master’s degree in Mathematics/ Statistics/ Physics/ Electronic Science/ Computer Science/ Computer Applications/ Information Technology, or
  • A BE/ B. Tech. degree or any other qualification considered equivalent (such as AMIE or GRAD-IETE or DOEACC ’B’ Level).

Selection Procedure:

  • A candidate is admitted to this programme through written tests and interview. A few candidates may be sponsored by government, semi-government, public sector undertakings and autonomous institutions but such candidates will also be admitted through the ISI Admission Test. The Institute at its discretion may apply a different criterion for such candidates. A candidate would be considered sponsored only if he/she is granted leave and full salary by the employer for the entire duration of the

programme. Sponsored candidates will not receive any stipend and their sponsors will have to pay a tuition fee of Rs 20,000/- per year.

  • A candidate with a valid GATE score above a threshold (to be decided by the Selection

Committee) in his/her own subject will be directly called for interview. Final selection of such candidates would be based on their GATE scores and their performance in the interview. These candidates are required to apply, like all other candidates, in the prescribed application form.

  • Master of Technology in Cryptology and Security [M Tech (CrS)]:


Same as M. Tech. in Computer Science programme.

Selection Procedure:

Same as M Tech in Computer Science programme.

  • Master of Technology in Quality, Reliability & Operations Research [M Tech (QROR)]:


In order to be eligible for admission to this programme, an applicant must have-

  • A Master’s Degree in Statistics with Physics and Chemistry at the (10+2) level, or
  • A Master’s Degree in Mathematics with Statistics as a subject at undergraduate or

post-graduate level, and Physics and Chemistry at the (10+2) level, or

  • A BE/B. Tech degree or any other qualification considered equivalent (such as AMIE).

The programme is offered in two streams:

  • Statistics Stream for candidates with qualifications mentioned above
  • Engineering Stream for candidates with an undergraduate degree in Engineering or Technology.

Selection Procedure:

All candidates, including sponsored ones, are admitted through written tests and interview. For admission to this programme, valid GATE score is not necessary, and candidates with valid GATE scores also must take the written tests. There is a provision for sponsorship by government, semi-government, public sector undertakings, autonomous institutions and industrial organisations, which can sponsor candidates from their establishments, provided they satisfy the eligibility requirements. The Institute, at its discretion, may apply a different criterion for such candidates. A candidate would be considered sponsored only if the employer gives him/her leave and full salary for the entire duration of the programme. Sponsored candidates will not receive any stipend and their sponsors will have to pay a tuition fee of Rs 20,000/- per year.

  • Postgraduate Diploma in Statistical Methods & Analytics:


In order to be eligible for admission to this programme, an applicant must have a domicile certificate of North-Eastern states from a recognised authority and one of the following:

  • A three-year Bachelor’s Degree in any discipline with Mathematics as a subject;
  • A BE/B. Tech. degree or any other qualification considered equivalent (such as AMIE).

Selection Procedure:

Selection is based on the performance in written test and interview.

Fifty percent (50%) of the total number of seats is reserved for the domiciled students of the North-Eastern states of India. For taking admission in these seats, the domiciled candidates of the North-Eastern states of India must have domicile certificate of North Eastern states from a recognised authority.

  • Postgraduate Diploma in Computer Applications:


In order to be eligible for admission to this programme, an applicant must have a three-year Bachelor’s Degree in any discipline with Mathematics as a subject.

Selection Procedure:

Selection is based on the performance in written test and interview.

  • Junior Research Fellowships (JRF):
  1. JRF in Statistics, Mathematics, Quantitative Economics, Computer Science, and

Quality, Reliability & Operations Research (QROR)


Statistics- In order to be eligible for admission to this programme, an applicant must have-

  • An M Stat degree from ISI, or
  • An MA/M.Sc. or equivalent degree in Statistics.

Mathematics-  In order to be eligible for admission to this programme, an applicant must have

  • An M. Math./ M.Stat. degree from ISI, or
  • An MA/ M.Sc. or equivalent degree in Mathematics, or
  • An ME/ M.Tech. degree or equivalent with Mathematics as a subject.

Quantitative Economics: In order to be eligible for admission to this programme, an applicant must have

  • A Master’s degree in any discipline with Economics/ Mathematics/ Statistics as a subject at the undergraduate or post graduate level.

Computer Science: In order to be eligible for admission to this programme, an applicant must have

  • An ME/ M.Tech. or equivalent degree in Electronics/ Telecommunication/ Radio

Physics/ Computer Science/ Electrical Engineering/ Microwave Communications/

Information Technology/ Bioinformatics/ Biotechnology with Mathematics as a subject at the undergraduate or postgraduate level, or

  • An M Sc/ MCA/ MA or equivalent degree in Physics/ Mathematics/ Applied

Mathematics/ Statistics/ Electronic Sciences/ Computer Science/ Atmospheric Science/ Information Technology/ Bioinformatics/ Biotechnology with Mathematics

as a subject at the undergraduate or postgraduate level.

Quality, Reliability & Operations Research (QROR):  In order to be eligible for admission to this programme, an applicant must have

  • An M.Tech./ ME/ MS/ M.Phil. or equivalent degree in Quality/ Reliability/ Operations Research, or
  • An M.Stat./ M.Sc./ MA or equivalent degree in Mathematics/ Statistics/ Physics with

Mathematics as a subject at the undergraduate or postgraduate level.

Selection Procedure:

Subject to the eligibility criteria being satisfied, the selection of candidates for this programme is strictly based on merit as judged by performance in written test and interview.

An applicant who has obtained a Master’s degree in the relevant discipline from ISI with at least 75% in the aggregate without any back-paper or compensatory examination in any course during the entire programme and is applying within two years of graduating, the written test will be waived, and he/ she will be called directly for interview by the corresponding JRF selection committee. However, such candidates are also required to apply, like all other candidates, in the prescribed application form.

Candidates who have been awarded a Junior Research Fellowship in the afore- mentioned research areas by NBHM/ CSIR/ UGC/ ICMR/ DST/ DBT based on a nationally conducted written Admission Test, are also required to clear the JRF admission test or an equivalent separate test conducted by the relevant JRF selection committee of the institute, if they wish to obtain a Ph D degree from ISI.

  1. Research Fellowships (JRF) in Other Subjects:

The Institute also offers Junior Research Fellowships in several areas of the Natural Sciences and the Social Sciences. However, candidates working for Ph D in any area other than the five mentioned above need to register with other Universities/Institutes for their PhD degree. The areas in which the Institute wants to recruit JRFs and the respective eligibility conditions for applying for admission are as follows:

(a) Physics

The areas are: Physics.

Eligibility: an M Sc degree in Physics.

(b) Geology

The areas are: Vertebrate Palaeontology.

Eligibility: an M Sc degree in Geology or equivalent.

(c) Biological Science

The area is: Human Genetics.

Eligibility: an M Sc degree in Biochemistry/ Biophysics/ Molecular Biology/ Genetics/ Neurosciences/ Biotechnology/ Zoology.

(d) Library and Information Science

The area is: Library and Information Science.

Eligibility: MS (LIS) awarded by ISI or Associate ship in Documentation and Information

Science (ADIS, awarded by ISI or NISCAIR/INSDOC) or its equivalent degree (such as Master’s degree in Library and Information Science from any Indian/Foreign University).

Selection Procedure:

Subject to satisfying the eligibility criteria, the selection of candidates for JRF is strictly based on merit as judged by their performance in Written Tests and interview. Past academic records may also be taken into consideration.

A report by Sakshi Saranya Rout and Riya Vasudeva for IHOIK education desk


How to get into Journalism in India – Career blog

Career in Journalism:

People often think that journalism is limited to the news channels, to the anchoring in the media houses, to wandering in the crowded streets to make absurd headlines, and to being a puppet of the government in power!

But no, there is much more to the story and much more which is taught to the students pursuing this strong intellectual subject. A journalism student is the most outspoken one who speaks with facts dripping from his mouth. And, the subject isn’t confined to being in the newsroom but from the newspapers and radio to the internet and YouTube, everything and anything works in this field.

Courses Offered:

  1. Bachelors in Journalism and Mass Communication (BJMC): A 3-year program including an overall development for the student by teaching him the basics and the history of the subject. It covers the print, electronics and web journalism. The practical part is a little less and the theory is often the main objective.
  2. Masters in Journalism and Mass Communication (MJMC): A 2-year program focusing more on the practical sessions than the theory part. The student can choose his specialization according to which he is prepared for job purposes.
  3. PG Diploma in Advertising and Public Relations: A one year program in which students are prepared to work in advertising agencies or for the Public Relation department in organizations.
  4. PG Diploma in Radio Production: A one-year program where students refine their skills about radio jockeying and production and can choose between excelling in the technical or executive department.

Top Exams:

  1. BMMMC: Delhi University Mass Media and Mass Communication Entrance Exam come under the Delhi University. Conducted in June every year, you should have cleared class 12th from a recognized board which is the only eligibility criteria for the entrance exam.
  2. PU CET: The Punjab University also conducts entrance for the Bachelors and Masters in Journalism and Mass Communication. There are usually 30-35 seats only which makes it a highly competitive exam. The exam is usually held in Mid-June but this time it will be conducted in October.
  3. Symbiosis Entrance Test: SET is another entrance test conducted by Symbiosis University for undergraduate students. Conducted in the month of May every year, the paper consists of no negative marking which is an added advantage for the appearers.

Job Types:

  1. Print Media: A student after completing his bachelor’s in Journalism and Mass communication can opt for working for the print. It includes working for Newspapers or Magazines. A person can go for Columnist, Editor in Chief, Report Writer, Critic, or Feature Writer.
  2. Television: For the broadcast media, the options are broader like a reporter, anchor, producer, linear or nonlinear editor, TV Correspondent, or a PEX – Program Executive.
  3. Radio: Most of the students opt radio journalism for becoming a radio jockey but apart from that, other options include Program Designer, Community volunteer, Program Executive, Data Entry Operator, Technical Operator, and Sound Operator.
  4. Web: Nowadays the web journalism is on fire! The reason is simple, there is more freedom to speak and more listeners to respond. Being a web content creator is the best option for working online. Although you can go for editing and the shooting part too.

Top Colleges:

  • IIMC – Indian Institute of Mass Communication (Delhi)

Ranked #1 by India Today and offers 5 courses for Journalism.

  • Xavier Institute of Communications (Mumbai)

Ranked #2 by Outlook. Around 65 seats and offers 2 courses.

  • Asian College of Journalism (Chennai)

Ranked #2 by The Week and offers 2 courses for Journalism.

  • Symbiosis Institute of Media and Communication (Pune)

Ranked #3 by India Today and offers 3 courses in Journalism.

  • Christ College (Bangalore)

Ranked #8 by India Today and offers 2 courses for Journalism.

  • Amity School of Communication (Noida)

Ranked #8 by Outlook and offers 3 courses for Journalism.

A report by Shreya Kulsreshtha for IHOIK education desk

How to shape career in Arhitecture?

Not everyone dreams of becoming a doctor or opting to pursue B. Tech., Making themselves a part of the huge crowd. There are numerous students out there who believe in standing out of the league and making a career choice that is unique and helps them in getting a step closer to their dream and passion.

B.Arch (Bachelor of Architecture) is a 5 year undergraduate degree course. Anyone who shares a deep interest in designing of buildings can opt for this course and pursue a career in this field. Buildings like our homes, schools, hospitals, malls etc. are all result of architectural work. So if the construction of buildings interests you and you also want to be a part of the designing of the buildings, you can build a successful career in this. The main objective of this course is to polish your skills in designing, planning and constructing buildings and non-building structures.

Course Details

B.Arch. is a 5 year long undergraduate degree course. This course consists of classroom lectures and practical training. This 5 year long course is sub-divided into 10 semesters. 1 to 6 semesters is called the first stage and it mainly covers the academic classroom lectures, a full time study stage. After this, there is a practical training period of 6 months. Then, the second phase starts followed by thesis work in 9th semester.

Eligibility Criteria

Science stream students who have Mathematics and English as their compulsary subject in Class 12th are eligible for this course. A candidate must have a minimum aggregate marks of 50% in PCM and must have passed Class 12th from a recognized board with minimum 50% aggregate marks.

In the second case, if a candidate has done 10+3 diploma with mathematics in any field, then he becomes eligible to apply for this examination.

Exams & Admission

The most popular entrance exam for this course is – NATA (National Aptitude Test in Architecture), JEE and Architecture Aptitude Test. These entrance exams are held on All India Level. Merit list is released and the students get admission in the respective colleges. The scores of these exams are taken in consideration to give admission in the top colleges of this course. However, some private institutes take their own entrance test to give admission in their respective colleges.

Fees & Salary

The average fees for most of the colleges in the country varies from 2 Lakh to 6 Lakh. This is the most commonly accepted fees for majorly all the institutes giving admission for this course. And the average starting salary for this course ranges from 2.5 Lakh to 5.5 Lakh per annum.

Top 5 government colleges for B. Arch.

  1. Indian Institute of Technology: IIT Kharagpur
  2. Indian Institute of Technology: IIT Roorkee
  3. Jamia Millia Islamia
  4. Birla Institute of Technology
  5. College of Engineering Visakhapatnam

Career Prospects

There are several job opportunities in front of the architects because of the boom in the construction and designing fields. They are demanded in various government and private organizations. In the public or government sector you have recruiters from Municipal Corporation, PWD and Government Run Housing Schemes. Whereas in the private sector, you can work under an established architect and then can be an entrepreneur and start something of their own.

Some common job profiles are:

  • Landscape Architect
  • Interior Designer
  • Teacher/Instructor
  • Consultant
  • Data Analyst
  • Architecture Designer
  • Architecture Engineer
  • Architecture Draftsman
  • Staff Consultant
  • Technical Assistant
  • Project Assistant Manager
  • Manager
  • Sales/Business Development Manager
  • Architectural Assistant
  • Architectural Historian/Journalist
  • Art Director
  • Building Contractor
  • Landscape Architect

A report by Shruti for IHOIK education desk

JEE-NEET Exam Special Trains: Check Complete List

The Indian Railway will run special trains in many parts of country  between September 4 and September 15 to help students appearing in NDA, JEE Main and NEET examinations. According to a series of tweets posted by union minister Piyush Goyal, Railways have decided to run these trains for the convenience and safe transportation of the students.


According to the tweet made by minister of railways, 4 pairs of special trains for the convenience of students taking JEE Main, NDA, NEET and other examinations will run in Rajasthan between September 4-15. These trains will ply between Udaipur-Jaipur, Sri Ganganagar-Kota and Jaipur-Bikaner routes.



Kota-Sri Ganga Nagar-Kota (4 days a week)

Jhalawar City- Sri Ganga Nagar- Kota (3 days a week)

Uttar Pradesh

As a big number of students appearing in aforementioned examinations are from Uttar Pradesh, the Indian Railways have announced five pairs of special trains for the examinees of the state. these special trains will ply on Jhansi-Lucknow, Kanpur-Chitrakut Dham (Via Bhimsen), Agra Fort- Lucknow Jn, Jhansi-Itaawa and Kanpur-Chitakut Dham (Via Prayagraj) routes.


The Indian railways have decided to run 8 pairs of intercity special and 20 pairs of DEMU/MEMU trains for the convenience of the students.

Intercity Special trains

DEMU/MEMU special trains


Indian Railways have also made special arrangements for the students of Mumbai. According to a press note tweeted by Railway minister Piyush Goyal, students and their parents will be allowed to travel in special sub-urban services on exam days. The press note also requests common passengers not to board these trains.

The National Testing Agency is conducting the NEET on September 13 and JEE between September 1 and 6. There was a growing chorus for postponing JEE-Mains and medical entrance exam NEET amid the rising number of COVID-19 cases but The Supreme Court dismissed a plea seeking postponement of the two exams, saying a “precious year” of the students should not be wasted, and all these facilities are being provided to ensure safe conduct of these examinations.


How to get admission into NIFT- Complete guide

With an increase in the availability of knowledge and information, with an increase in the availability of options to explore a career of your choice, there are a number of people who opt to stand apart from the crowd and follow a career option that leads them towards their passion. One such stream is the fashion industry.

Choosing fashion as a career is very good for the students interested in fashion and NIFT is one of the best colleges where you can take addmission in Bachelor and master degree. Diploma course is also available for the graduate.

About NIFT

NIFT (National Institute Of Fashion Technology), set up in 1986, is the pioneer institute of fashion education in the country and has been a leading institute for providing the textile and apparel industries with a professional human resource. It was made a statutory institute in 2006 by an Act of the Indian Parliament with the President of India as ‘Visitor’. NIFT has full fledged campuses all across the country. NIFT has been working as a knowledge service provider to the Union and State governments in the area of design development and positioning of handlooms and handicrafts.

Branches of NIFT

The Campuses at Chennai, Gandhinagar, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Mumbai were set up in 1995 and that of Bengaluru in 1997. The new millennium witnessed emergence of new campuses in Bhopal, Bhubneshwar, Jodhpur, Kangra, Kannur, Patna, Raebareli and Shillong. The Campus at Srinagar in Jammu & Kashmir is the newly added node to NIFT’s network.

Courses at NIFT

Fee Structure

The fee structure for NIFT colleges changes with level and duration of the course. However the annual fees for most of the NIFT campuses is the same and is about 2.5 Lakh per year.

Admission process

To secure admission in courses offered at NIFT, candidates need to appear in NIFT entrance exam. Candidates are eligible to appear for NIFT entrance exam for UG courses if they have cleared their Class 10+2 from a recognised board with passing marks. Qualification required for NIFT admission in PG level courses is that candidates should possess an undergraduate degree from a recognised institute.

Career Opportunities

  • Fashion Design
  • Textile Design
  • Leather Design
  • Accessory Design
  • Knitwear Design
  • Fashion Communication
  • Apparel Production
  • Apparel Design and Merchandising
  • Lifestyle Accessory Design

Industrial design

  • Product Design
  • Furniture and Interior Design
  • Ceramic and Glass Design
  • Transportation and automobile Design
  • Toy and Game Design
  • Architecture
  • Civil Construction

Communication Design

  • Graphic Design
  • Animation Design
  • Film and Video Communication
  • Exhibition Design
  • Photography Design

Mukundara Hills Tiger Reserve: A Paradise In Making

राजस्थान का कोटा शहर अपने ‘एजुकेशनल हब’ कि छवि के लिए पूरे भारत में विख्यात है और अपने इस छवि को बनाए रखने के लिए हर साल JEE और NEET के परीक्षा में अपने अद्वितीय परिणामों के माध्यम से दहाड़ता भी है, मानो कहता हो कि ये परीक्षाएं अगर एक जंगल है तो कोटा इसका शेर। इस जंगल में कोटा के बादशाहत को चुनौती देने वाला शायद ही कोई हो और इसलिए इसके दहाड़ की गूंज पूरा हिंदुस्तान सुनता है लेकिन ऐसा नहीं है कि कोटा में सिर्फ मेडिकल और इंजीनियरिंग वाले बाघ और शेर मिलते हैं। कोटा ने अपने आंचल में मुकुंदरा टाइगर रिजर्व के भीतर असली वाले बाघ को भी जगह दी है। आपको कभी कोटा के एजुकेशनल दहाड़ के अलावा असली बाघ के दहाड़ को सुनना हो, तो एक बार मुकुंदरा घूमना तो बनता है।
यहां आने के लिए आपको पहले कोटा के प्रसिद्ध हैंगिंग ब्रिज आना होगा जो कि कोटा से चितौड़गढ़ की तरफ जाने वाली NH-12 का हिस्सा है। हैंगिंग ब्रिज पार करने के बाद आपको बाईं ओर गरड़िया महादेव मंदिर का बोर्ड दिखेगा… वहां से करीब 5km भीतर के तरफ आइए और फिर कुछ दूर दाहिने तरफ चलने पर आपको मुकुंदरा टाइगर रिजर्व की चौकी नजर आएगी जहां आपको मामूली शुल्क पर टिकट लेना होगा और फिर आप कर सकते है बाघ का दीदार!
लगभग 760 वर्ग किलोमीटर क्षेत्र में फैले इस क्षेत्र का नामकरण मुकुंदरा के पहाड़ियों के नाम पर हुआ तथा इन पहाड़ियों का नामकरण कोटा के प्रसिद्ध प्रकृति प्रेमी हाडा शासक मुकुंद सिंह के नाम पर हुआ था। अभ्यारण्य की स्थापना सन् 1955 में हुई थी, तब इसका नाम ‘दर्रा वन्य जीव अभ्यारण्य’ था। साल 2004 में इसका नाम ‘राजीव गांधी नेशनल पार्क’ कर दिया गया और फिर 2006 में इसका नाम वसुंधरा सरकार ने ‘मुकुंदरा हिल्स पार्क’ रखकर राष्ट्रीय उद्यान का स्तर प्रदान करने का प्रस्ताव पारित किया परंतु इस प्रस्ताव को केंद्र ने मंजूरी नहीं दी। इसे राष्ट्रीय पार्क का दर्जा देने के लिए 9 जनवरी 2012 को अधिसूचना जारी की गई जिसमें जवाहर सागर अभयारण्य, चंबल घड़ियाल अभ्यारण्य तथा दर्रा अभयारण्य के कुछ भाग को मिलाकर राष्ट्रीय उद्यान बनाने की घोषणा की गई और 10 अप्रैल 2013 को इसे टाइगर रिजर्व घोषित किया गया। यह राजस्थान का तीसरा टाइगर रिजर्व है जो कि राजस्थान के 4 जिलों कोटा, बूंदी, झालावाड़ और चित्तौड़गढ़ में फैला हुआ है। यह राजस्थान का एक मात्र नेशनल पार्क है जो नदी के किनारे स्थित है और यहां का घना जंगल, पहाड़, सदानीरा चम्बल और प्रकृति की गोद में पलते सैकड़ों प्रजाति के वन्यजीव सहित बहुत सारे अन्य कारक ऐसे हैं जो इसे बाघों की बसावट के लिए सुरक्षित और मुफीद जगह बनाते हैं। इन्हीं संभावनाओं को ध्यान में रखते हुए 18 नवंबर 2018 को यहां रणथंभौर नेशनल पार्क से एक बाघ को लाया गया जिसके साथ ही मुकुंदरा के क्षेत्र में पहली बार बाघ की दहाड़ सुनाई दी, जिसका आयाम आने वाले सालों में और मजबूत होने की उम्मीद है।

Image Courtesy: Rajasthan Patrika

मुकुंदरा रिज़र्व का नजा़रा बरसात के महीनों में और सुंदर हो जाता है। यहां शुष्क, पतझड़ी वन पाया जाता है जिसमें तेंदू, पलाश, बरगद, पीपल, महुआ, बेल, अमलताश, जामुन, नीम, इमली, अर्जुन,कदम, सेमल, आंवला आदि के वृक्ष पाए जाते हैं। यह अभ्यारण्य धोकड़ा वनों के लिए भी प्रसिद्ध है। ऐसा नहीं है कि मुकुंदरा आकर आप सिर्फ बाघ के दहाड़ने कि आवाज सुन सकते हैं, यहां आपके दिल को जीतने के लिए एक से बढ़ कर एक आकर्षक चीज़े हैं। यहां के प्रमुख वन्य जीवों की बात करें तो यहां का ‘गागरोनी तोता’ काफी प्रसिद्ध है। यह एक विशेष प्रजाति का तोता है जो कि इंसान की आवाज की हूबहू नकल कर सकता है। इसका कंठ लाल रंग का होता है और पंख पर लाल रंग का धब्बा होता है। इसे हीरामन तोता तथा हिंदुओं का आकाश लोचन भी कहा जाता है। प्राचीन काल में इस तोते का उपयोग जासूसी करने हेतु किया जाता था। इसे वन विभाग ने झालावाड़ जिले का शुभंकर घोषित किया है। इसके अतिरिक्त यहां मुख्य रूप से घड़ियाल, भेड़िया, चिंकारा, सांभर, चीतल, नीलगाय, पैंथर, लकड़बग्घा, जंगली सूअर, तेंदुआ, दुर्लभ कराकल(स्याहगोश), लोमड़ी, खरगोश आदि जानवर भी पाए जाते हैं। यहां तकरीबन 225 तरह के पक्षियों की प्रजातियां भी पायी जाती है जिनमें अति दुर्लभ सफेद पीठ वाले व लम्बी चोंच वाले गिद्ध, क्रेस्टेड सरपेंट ईगल, शॉट टोड ईगल, सारस क्रेन, पैराडाइज फ्लाई कैचर, स्टोर्क बिल्ड किंगफिशर, कार्ड कार्ड स्कोप्स आउल, मोर इत्यादि प्रमुख हैं।
यहां स्थित अन्य प्रमुख पर्यटन स्थलों की बात करें तो रिजर्व में 12वीं शताब्दी का गागरोन का किला(झालावाड़), 17वीं शताब्दी का अबली मीणी का महल जो कि कोटा नरेश राव मुकुंद सिंह द्वारा स्थापित है, भैंसरोडगढ़ फोर्ट, 19वीं शताब्दी का रावठा महल(कोटा), गेपरनाथ, गराडिय़ा महादेव मंदिर, गुप्तकालीन मंदिर का खंडहर(भीमचोरी मंदिर), चित्तौड़गढ़ में हूणों द्वारा 8वीं-9वीं सदी में बनवाया गया बाडोली का प्रसिद्ध शिव मंदिर, मुकुंदरा पहाड़ियों में आदिमानव के शैलाश्रय इत्यादि हैं जो कि मुकुंदरा घूमने आने के क्रम में घूमा जा सकता है।

Image Courtesy: Pugmark

कोटा और उसके आसपास के क्षेत्रों में पर्यटन को बढ़ावा देने के लिए मुकुंदरा एक उपयुक्त विकल्प है। ऐसा माना जाता है कि अगर यहां वाइल्ड लाइफ सफारी को बढ़ावा दिया जाए तो अगले 5 वर्ष में करीब 2000 करोड़ की नई अर्थव्यवस्था तैयार कि जा सकती है जिससे शिक्षा नगरी के साथ साथ पर्यटन उद्योग में भी कोटा को आगे बढ़ाया जा सकता है।

अगली बार जब भी कोटा आएं तो जरूर जाइए मुकुंदरा… शांत जंगल के बीच चिड़ियों कि मीठी चहचहाहट, सन्नाटे को भेदने वाली बाघ कि दहाड़, सैकड़ों तरह के जीवों और पक्षियों की समरसता और राजस्थान के अतुलनीय गौरवशाली इतिहास की एक झलक सहित ढेर सारे अनुभव एक साथ आपको देने के लिए मुकुंदरा बाहें खोले आपके स्वागत के लिए इंतजार में खड़ा है।

A Report by Devesh Kumar for IHOIK 

Kota Doria: Taking the pride of city to new heights

Kota – the city situated on the banks of river Chambal is not only famous for its lip smacking delicious kachoris but also famous for a number of things that mostly remain unappreciated. Being known as the ‘Education Hub’ and being famous primarily for the coaching facilities, we remain unaware of a number of other things that make this city extra special.  One such unrecognized thing is a famous fabric known as Kota Doria (Doria means thread).

Kota Doria, itself gives us the illustration of its origin but according to some historians, Mysore, in Karnataka region was the first place where the art of making Kota Doria was invented. Artisans who practiced weaving this fabric were referred to as “Masurias”.

Image Courtesy: Internet

In the the mid 17th century during the Mughal era, these Masurias were brought to the town of Kota by Rao Kishore Singh of Kotah. As the Art of making the fabric was highly complex and only skilled artisans could do that, the fabric was also known as “Kota- Masuriya”, now now poopularly known as Kota Doria.

The fabric is a combination of cotton and silk. Cotton provides strength and durability, while silk ensures its softness and shine. The fabric is light, airy, comfortable and soft making it the first choice of numerous people residing in hot and humid regions.

Kaithoon, a small town in the district of Kota is the major hub of Kota Doria production. Though a few clusters of production are also found in the villages of Bundi, Baran and Kota.

The process of making the fabric starts with the preparation of the yarn followed by the preparation of the loom.

Preparation of the Yarn includes- Pirn winding, Wrapping, Dyeing, Sizing.

Preparation of the loom includes- Drafting, Denting, Piecing, Design setting and Weaving.

An eminent square pattern (known as Khats) makes the fabric more attractive and is also the patent design.  But as the fabric grew popular, many designers started experimenting with the fabric and now it is produced in many shades and patterns. In the earlier days, the fabric was used for making turbans and sarees but with time it is being used in making Suits, Kurta, Lehangas, Curtains, Pouches, etc. too.  In India, the Kota Doria saree is mainly worn by the women of the Marwari community.

Image Courtesy: Internet

To meet the needs of the demand of the Fabric, the use of power looms has also started over a period of 50 years. A power loom can produce approximately 20 sarees a day while it approximately takes a month or two to complete a saree on a handloom. Only a skilled and experienced person in the field of textile can differentiate the Hand loomed and the Power loomed Kota Doria.  The Government has also awarded the Geographical Indication (GI) to distinguish the fabric made on handloom and Power loom.

Kota Doria is one of the finest open weave fabrics in India and the fabric being airy, light and self- woven makes it one of the most loving fabric for People living in the hot and humid regions of India.


Is Commerce a safe career option?

What is Commerce?

“Commerce is a branch of any business which covers the economical part of the legal, social, political, technological and cultural system”.

In India, a big community of the students choose Commerce after 10th board for their bright future. The students who mostly want to work in the corporate world, choose this field.

There are many different career options in Commerce after 12th. Today we will discuss about those various options in this blog.

1. Bachelor of Commerce (B.Com)

You can choose B.Com after 12th. There are many job opportunities in this field.

Job Profiles:
B.Com graduate can work as an/a
⦁ Accountant
⦁ Auditor
⦁ Consultant
⦁ Company Secretary
⦁ Business Analyst
⦁ Finance Officer
⦁ Sales Analyst
⦁ Junior Analyst
⦁ Tax Accountant
⦁ Stock Broker
⦁ Economist
⦁ Business Development Trainee

2. Bachelor of Management Studies (BMS):

Job Opportunities After BMS In India
1. Administration And Operations
2. Project Management (Executive Level)
3. Enterprise Management
4. Human Resource Management And Development
5. Customer Management
6. Data Management And Systems Analysis
7. Sales And Marketing
8. Financial Management
9. Communications Management

3. Bachelor of Business Studies (BBS):
Top 10 Career Opportunities After BBS Degree
1. Marketing
2. Advertising & PR
3. Human Resources
4. Banker
5. Insurance
6. Entrepreneur
7. Civil Services
8. Chartered Accountant
9. Company Secretary
10. Study MBA

There are same job opportunities with Bachelor in Business Administration (BBA)

Difference between BBA and BBS: The Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA) is a three year undergraduate degree course in business administration, while, the Bachelor of Business Studies (BBS) is a three year undergraduate degree course which facilitates the integration of academic knowledge and practical work experience.

1. Master of Commerce (M.Com):
M. Com Jobs
A large number of job opportunities which are available to the graduates of  M.Com course in the public & private sector are enlisted below:
⦁ Various Corporate Sectors in their Marketing and Accounts Sections
⦁ Finance, Commerce and the Banking Sectors
⦁ Research Associates with Economic Consulting Firms
⦁ Economic Consulting Jobs
⦁ Customs Department
⦁ Import / Export Companies
⦁ Indian Civil Services
⦁ Indian Statistical Services
⦁ Indian Economic Services
⦁ Insurance Industry

M.Com Jobs for Freshers:
⦁ Money Manager
⦁ Cashier / Teller
⦁ Corporate Analyst
⦁ Executive Assistant
⦁ Risk Analyst
⦁ Investments Analyst
⦁ Accounts Assistant
⦁ Investment Banker
⦁ Assistant Accountant
⦁ Market Analyst
⦁ Accountant
⦁ Business Analyst
⦁ Securities Analyst
⦁ Financial Analyst

2. MBA (Master of Business Administration):
If you want to do MBA, you must hold the bachelor’s degree with a minimum of 3 years duration in any of the disciplines.
Job Opportunities:
⦁ Brand Manager
⦁ Account Manager
⦁ International Business Manager
⦁ Marketing Executive
⦁ Business Technical Consultant
⦁ Business Development Executive
⦁ Marketing Manager
⦁ Management Consultant

3. Chartered Accountancy (CA):

Practice CA
1.Chartered Accountant in practice
2.Cost Accountant in Practice
3. Company Secretary in practice
4. Advocate as defined by Bar Council of India
5. Actuary professional
6. Architect professional
7. Engineer (chartered)

International taxation (along with direct tax) consultancy for companies involving foreign party (associate, joint venture, subsidiary).
GST / Customs consultancy.

Management consultancy services:
1. Project Financing
2. Mergers acquisition
3. Valuation
4. Preparing consolidated financial statements for companies. (doing IND AS consultancy)

1. Statutory audit of Companies (governed by rotation )
2. Internal / management audit of companies
3. Cooperative audits
4. Forensic audit

4. Chartered Financial Analyst Program (CFA):
Types of Job Roles for Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA)
Financial Analyst
Research Analyst
Credit Analyst
Finance Manager
Equity Research Associate
Employment Opportunities for Chartered Financial Analysts

There are different types of firms that employ CFAs. A person with CFA certification can get employment in any of the following firms:
⦁ Wealth Management Firms
⦁ Portfolio Management Firms
⦁ Investment Banking
⦁ Equity Research
⦁ Private Equity
⦁ Credit Rating / Analysis
⦁ Corporate Finance Divisions

5. Company Secretary Program (CS):
Job Profiles:
⦁ Company Registrar
⦁ Legal Advisor
⦁ Corporate Policymaker
⦁ Chief Administrative Officer
⦁ Principal Secretary
⦁ Corporate Planner
⦁ Chairman
⦁ Managing Director
⦁ Administrative Assistant
⦁ Administrative Secretary
⦁ Investor Capital Market Relations
⦁ Contents Coordinator

A report by Shahriar Alam for IHOIK education desk

How to shape a career in banking?

There is a huge craze among the youth in regard with the banking career. This career is most attractive in terms of stability, security, salary and other benefits. It is the fastest growing sector in India. Banks are termed as the backbone of Indian economy. There are 12 public sectors and 22 private sector banks in India. This sector will be providing a number of employment opportunities to the youth in the coming years.
After graduation with a good percentile, two posts are available for an individual:
Clerical post: In these, various categories such as clerk, clerk cum cashier, typist, steno and data entry jobs are included.

Eligibility criteria for a clerk:
Candidate should be a citizen of India.
Candidate should be graduate and passed intermediate with 60% or more marks.
For some banks, only the completion of class 12th is required and age limit for them is 25.
Age group of 18-28 is required for this job and there is some relaxation of age limit for OBC/SC/ST/PH category.
In public sector bank, INR 1,40,000 is the average salary per annum.
PO-Probationary officer – Candidates will be under probation i.e. their performance will be judged during their training period.

Eligibility criteria for bank PO:
Candidate should be a citizen of India.
Candidate must have an age between 21 to 30 years.
Candidate should have passed the bachelor’s degree with 55%-60% aggregate marks.
Knowledge to operate computers is a must in this job
In public sector, one earns INR 2 LAKHS per annum.

Competitive exam for getting a job in government bank:

Independent organization which conducts online exams to recruit officers, clerks, trainees in public sector of India.
Maximum banks hire candidates on the basis of this exam.
Exam is conducted in 3 phases – preliminary, mains and interview.
Hiring of individual on the basis of ranks and exams.

This exam helps to post the candidate in SBI and its associate banks.
2 kinds of posting for PO and clerical.

3- RESERVE BANK OF INDIA(RBI):Highest difficulty level exam.
It gives jobs to B grade officers.

It fills vacancies from all over India.
It has a moto of developing all the rural areas.
Both grade A and B officers get job via this examination.

To get job in private bank in India:
30% of private banks hire through IBPS and common written exam and rest by applying directly from official portal.
Some of the popular private banks in INDIA are axis bank, union bank, HDFC, ICICI etc.

Degree Courses in Banking:
BBA in Banking & Finance
BCom in Banking & Finance
BBA in Banking
BCom in Banking Management
BCom in Banking & Insurance
BCom (Hons.) in Banking and Insurance
BSc in Banking and Finance
MBA in Banking & Taxation
MBA in Banking & Finance
BCom in Bank Management
BCom in Banking & Insurance Management
BCom in Banking, Finance and Risk Management
MSc in Banking and Finance
PhD in Banking & Finance
Master in Banking/Finance/Insurance

Diploma Courses in Banking:
Advanced Diploma Course in Banking Services
Diploma in Banking and Finance
Diploma in Banking and Insurance
Diploma in Banking and Insurance Management
Advance Diploma in Urban Co-operative Banking
Diploma in Banking Laws
Diploma in Banking Management
Diploma in Home Loan Advising
Diploma in Banking Services
Post Graduate Diploma in Bank Management
Post Graduate Diploma in Banking
Post Graduate Diploma in Banking and Financial Management
Post Graduate Diploma in Development and Investment Banking
Post Graduate Diploma in Islamic Banking and Finance

Certificate Courses:
Post Graduate Certificate in Investment Banking
Certificate Course in Banking
Certificate Course in Banking Management
Certificate Course in Patent Searching & Drafting

Candidates can also go for the following in-demand courses of banking sector in India:
Banking related laws.
Business Mathematics.
Marketing of Banking Services.
Computerized Accounting.

A report by Akanksha Sharma for ihoik education desk

What is in the affidavit submitted by MCI in Supreme court?

MCI has demanded the dismissal of the petition that asked for the setting up of exam centres abroad, stating that the students can return back to India under the ‘Vande Bharat Mission’. They also stated that delaying the exams further would result in disturbed academic schedule and would disrupt the upcoming academic session. As per the affidavit filed by MCI in Hon’ble Supreme Court, it is not possible to set up examination centres outside India, as it needs meticulous planning and arrangement of infrastructure amidst this pandemic is not feasible. However, MCI maintained the fact that as per the existing laws admission to medical courses can only be granted on the base of uniform entrance test.

This petition was filed by the parents of applicants residing in Doha, Qatar.
. This affidavit is filed in response to that petition. The decision of the Kerala high court has been challenged in this matter which had previously dismissed the plea demanding the setting up of exam centres in gulf countries. Justice L. Nageshwar Rao, Justice Hemant Gupta and Justice S Ravindra Bhatt had issued a notice regarding the same. Further hearing on this matter will take place on the 24th August.

In the affidavit filed by advocate Gaurav Sharma, MCI has stated that the current petition does not require the interference of the honorable Supreme court as the government of India has permitted the people living abroad to travel and reach India under the Vande Bharat Mission. Markedly, Supreme Court had also clearly mentioned about the availability of flights to return to India under the Vande Bharat mission in their last hearing.

The applicants have also mentioned all the difficulties that will be faced while trying to conduct the examination abroad. They quoted that NEET is a pen and paper exam and hence should be uniform and fair for all the applicants.


Postpone NEET & JEE: Big Names Join Campaign

As the exam dates are approaching and number of Covid-19 cases are on constant rise, students’ campaign to get the engineering and medical entrance examinations postponed is gaining momentum. The students, worried about their safety, turned to twitter in huge numbers. Multiple hashtag demanding the postponement on the ground of flood, pandemic and transportation problems, made to the trending list.

Students Protesting In Gopalganj, Bihar

The campaign has got it’s fuel as many celebrities, leaders from ruling and opposition parties, YouTubers and journalists have supported the demand in last few days.

Though the Education Ministry and the National Testing agency are seemingly rigid to conduct the exam, students are in no mood to step out amidst this pandemic.

Youtubers/celebrities are appealing the government via twitter and politicians are writing letters to the Prime Minister but at the same time future of lakhs of students is on stake.

We have handpicked some of the tweets for you, have a look:

Famous Yotubers Like Bhuvan Bam(BB Ki Vines), Ashish Chanchalani, Ajey Nagar(Carryminati) and Amit Bhadana requested the central government to prioritize the health of students.

After the entry of ruling party MP Subramanian Swami into the campaign, a number of politicians jumped into the scene. Chirag Paswan, MP from Bihar wrote a letter to the education minister stating the double trouble being faced by students of Bihar, as the state is badly hit by flood as well as Corona. Another Rajyasabha MP Sanjay Singh wrote a letter to Mr. Nishank, stating similar problems.

Leaders of different parties also turned up to twitter and asked the government to ensure safety of more than 25 Lakh students appearing for JEE and NEET. Manish Sisodiya, Education Minister of Delhi, blamed the central government for playing with the lives of students and asked the government to look for the alternative options for admission. Akhilesh yadav, former Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh questioned the feasibility of transportation for such big number of students amidst this pandemic.


Swachh Sarvekshan 2020: Indore Tops Again, Patna most polluted

Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs has released the results of the fifth annual edition of nationwide cleanliness survey, Swachh Survekshan 2020. This was World’s largest cleanliness survey, which covered 4242 cities, 62 cantonment boards and 92 towns along with Ganga river, across the nation. Bounded by time, the survey was completed in the duration of 28 days. Swachh Survekshan is based on over more than five lakh documents captured along with more than twenty-four lakhs geotagged photos captured from the field. Survey witnessed the feedback of about 1.9 crores citizens, over 11 crore impressions on social media, more than 5.5 lakh sanitary workers linked to social welfare schemes and over 84,000 informal waste-pickers integrated into the mainstream. This survey was completely digitized and paperless.
Swachh Survekshan was introduced by the government with the objective of generating large scale citizen participation in the Mission, alongwith inculcating a spirit of healthy competition among cities towards becoming India’s cleanest city.
The announcement of results was made by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Union Minister Hardeep Singh Puri on Thursday at the Swachh Mohotsav event organised by Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA).

Top 10 Cleanest cities – More than 10 Lakh Population

Top 10 cleanest cities with population between 1-10 Lakhs

Some other categories which draw your attention are :

⦁ Cleanest state with more than 100 cities – Chhattisgarh
⦁ Cleanest state with less than 100 cities – Jharkhand
⦁ Cleanest Ganga town – Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh)
⦁ Maximum citizen participation in keeping city areas clean – Shahjahanpur
⦁ Cleanest megacity with more than 40 lac population – Ahmedabad (Gujarat)
⦁ Fastest-moving city in terms of cleanliness – Jodhpur (Rajasthan)
⦁ Self-sustainable city in terms of cleanliness (more than 10 lakh population) – Rajkot (Gujarat)
⦁ Self-sustainable city in terms of cleanliness (less than 10 lakh population) – Mysuru (Karnataka)

Apart from the cleanest city ranking, eyes were also on the cities which landed on the bottommost part of the list.

Top 10 dirtiest cities – More than 10 Lakh Population

Top 10 dirtiest cities with a population between 1-10 Lakhs

What makes Indore the cleanest city in the country?

Indore stands clean on the top of all cleanest cities of India. Indore bagged the cleanest city title again for the fourth time in the row. Let us try to understand all the measures and efforts put in by Indore which helped it outshine the rest.

⦁ Indore’s Municipal Corporation maintains direct communication with the citizens for awareness and to build the habit of cleanliness among the masses. Corporation also includes some NGOs to enhance this task.
⦁ District administration has set up a command centre for tracking garbage collection of the city. Also, garbage collection vehicles are constantly tracked by the GPS system.
⦁ The large public dustbins have been removed and the garbage is collected from door to door.
⦁ Support of school children are taken for creating awareness about cleanliness and some are made brand ambassadors for the same.
⦁ Cleaning the roads at night rather than in the morning has helped in creating a sense of cleanliness among the public when they come for a walk in the morning.

⦁ Imposing fines on people disobeying the ecosystem is also taken in account by the Indore Administration.

Indore has set an example for the entire municipal bodies and the public to follow and sustain cleanliness in their respective cities and surroundings. The cities which ended at the bottom must look to Indore for improving their rankings in the future survey bound to held in 2021. This survey is the end result of the seriousness of both Municipal Corporations and the people. Everyone should come up and work for ensuring cleanliness in the country.

A report by Sumit Yadav

JEE Main and NEET 2020: Centre releases SOPs for NTA

The Covid – 19 cases are increasing abnormally every coming day. But even in this challenging situation the government has planned to conduct the engineering and medical entrance examinations. In this order, the first examination from NTA will be JEE (Main) which will be held between 1st to 6th of September. You might be worried about how will be the examination conducted in this scenario? Don’t worry, we have got you covered. Below listed is the SOP from the NTA.  The premier testing agency is planning to strictly execute the safety measures during the examination.

Image Source: aglasem

Important instructions for candidates

  1. As a precaution for COVID-19, the candidate must reach centre as indicated against Reporting/Entry time at centre.No candidate shall be permitted to enter after the Gate Closing Time.
  2. No candidate shall be permitted to leave the Examination Room / Hall before the end of the examination.On completion of the examination, please wait for instructions from Invigilator and do not get up from your seat until advised. The candidates will be permitted to move out one at a time only.
  3. All candidates are required to download and carefully read the Instructions and Advisory for COVID-19 given with the Admit Card and strictly adhere to them.
  4. The Admit Card and related details are in four pages – Page 1 contains the Centre details and Self Declaration (Undertaking) formbregarding COVID-19, page 2 has “Important instruction for candidates” and page 3 and 4 have “Advisory for candidates regarding COVID-19”. The candidate has to download all the four pages.
  5. The Admit Card is provisional, subject to satisfying the eligibility conditions as given in the Information Bulletin.
  6. Candidates are suggested to visit the examination venue, a day in advance to see the arrangements at the centre, so that they do not face any problem on the day of examination.
  7. If religion/customs require you to wear specific attire, please visit centre early for thorough checking.
  8. No Candidate would be allowed to enter the Examination Centre, without Admit Card, Valid ID Proof and proper frisking. Frisking through Handheld Metal Detector (HHMD) will be carried out without touching body.
  9. Candidates are advised to carry only the following items with them into the examination venue:
  10. a) Admit Card along with Self Declaration (Undertaking) downloaded from the NTA website (a clear printout on A4 size paper) duly filled in.

b)A simple transparent Ball Point Pen

c)Additional photograph, to be pasted on attendance sheet

d)Personal hand sanitizer (50 ml)

e)Personal transparent water bottle.

Guidelines issued by NTA

Before reaching the Centre, the candidates must enter required details in the Undertaking in legible handwriting, put their signature and paste the Photograph at the appropriate place. They should ensure that their Left-Hand Thumb Impression is clear and not smudged.

  1. Candidate must carry “Any one of the original and valid Photo Identification Proof issued by the government” – PAN card/Driving License/Voter ID/12th Class Board Admit or Registration card/ Passport/ Aadhaar Card (With photograph)/ E-Aadhaar/ Ration Card./ Aadhaar Enrollment No. with Photo. All other ID/Photocopies of IDs even if attested/scanned photo of IDs in mobile phone will NOT be considered as valid ID Proof.
  2. The candidate must bring PwD certificate issued by the Competent Authority, if claiming relaxation under PwD category. The scribe must also carry his/ her own Self Declaration(Undertaking) regarding educational qualification, etc., passport size photograph, valid government identity and self-declaration (Undertaking) regarding COVID-19 (as per above format).
  3. For Drawing Test – Part III of B.Arch., the candidate must bring their own Geometry Box Set, Pencils, Erasers and Colour pencils or Crayons. The Candidates are NOT allowed to use water colour on Drawing Sheet.
  4. Candidates are NOT allowed to carry any personal belongings including electronic devices, mobile phone and other banned/ prohibited items listed in the Information Bulletin to the Examination Centre. Examination Officials will not be responsible for safe keep of personal belongings and there will be no such facility.
  5. Shoes/footwear with thick soles and garments with large buttons are NOT permitted.
  6. 5 Blank paper sheets for rough work will be provided in the examination Hall/Room. Candidates must write their name and Roll Number at the top of the sheet and must drop in the designated drop box without fail, before leaving the examination Hall/Room. Failure to do so may result in non-evaluation of your answers.
  7. Duly filled Admit Card at the end of examination must be dropped in the designated drop box. Failure to do so may result in non-evaluation of your answers.
  8. No Candidate should adopt any unfair means or indulge in any unfair examination practices as the examination centers are under surveillance of CCTV and equipped with Jammers.
  9. If at any stage, it is found that the candidate has submitted multiple Applications and/or appeared in more than one date/shift, then the candidature will be cancelled and legal action will be taken including debarring in all future examinations conducted by NTA.
  10. Candidates are advised to check updates on NTAs website regularly. They should also check their mailbox on the registered E-mail address and SMS in their registered Mobile No. for latest updates and information.

Advisory for candidates regarding Covid19

NTA will implement Social Distancing measures as per Government of India guidelines in current scenario of COVID-19 to ensure health and safety of the candidates. Adequate measures are implemented for safety of all without compromising the high standards, sanctity, and fairness in conduct of the examination. Candidates are also required to adhere to guidelines and new process for Social Distancing and hygiene to ensure safety &health of their own and fellow candidates.

safety purposes, NTA strongly advises candidates not to bring anything other than permitted items. However, in case of unavoidable situation, there will be arrangement to store the bags at centres at owner’s risk.

Preparation at centre

  1. Standard Operating Procedures for implementing safety precautions and for maintaining required standard of hygiene are getting implemented.
  2. Before each shift starts (and after last shift of the candidate) Seating Area will be thoroughly sanitized – monitor, keyboard, mouse, webcam, desk and the chair. All door handles, staircase railing, lift buttons, etc will be disinfected. Wheelchairs (if present at the venue) will be disinfected.
  3. Gap between 2 seats will be maintained as per GOI guidelines.
  4. Hand Sanitizer will be available at entry and inside the exam venue at various places for candidates and centre staff to use.
  5. Barcode readers will be available at the entry point to scan barcode on the admit card. The Lab number will be informed to the candidate at this point.
  6. Rough sheets will be kept at all desks before start of exam by invigilators wearing gloves to ensure hygiene.
  7. It is ensured that all the processes are touch free to ensure Social Distancing norms. Candidate to reach centre as per the Reporting/Entry time at Centre given in the Admit Card to avoid any crowding at the centre at the time of entry and to maintain social distancing.
  8. Candidate to reach the centre as per the reporting/Entry time given in the admit card to avoid any crowding at the centre at the time of Entry and to maintain social distancing.

Pre-Exam Preparation

  1. Candidate to check Reporting/ Entry time at Centre given in the Admit Card and to reach centre as per Reporting time only to avoid any crowding at the centre at the time of entry and to maintain social distancing.
  2. Candidate should fill Admit card as per instructions completely and properly.
  3.  In case of candidate with scribe, both the candidate and the scribe must bring their own mask. Candidates will be permitted to carry only certain items with them into the venue:
    • Exam related documents (Admit Card, ID card, etc. Please refer Admit Card for more details)
    • A simple transparent Ball Point Pen
    • Additional photograph, to be pasted on attendance sheet
    • Personal hand sanitizer (50 ml)
    • Personal transparent water bottle

At time of Entry

  1. Candidates need to maintain a space of at least 6 feet from each other at all the time. Queue manager / ropes and Floor Marks will be arranged outside the centre, follow the instructions provided by centre staff.
  2. Lab number will not be displayed outside the centre to avoid any crowding at any one place in any situation.
  3. Candidates will be required to sanitize hands by washing with soap and with Hand Sanitizer before entry in centre. Hand sanitizer will be available at various locations in the centre.
  4. Candidate should bring duly filled in Admit card as per instructions.
  5. Candidate will be offered a fresh 3 Ply mask before entry. In order to stop chances of any UFM being used in the examination, the candidate is expected to wear the freshly provided mask at the centre. The candidate will be required to remove the mask worn by him/ her from home, and use the mask provided at centre only.
  6. Candidate should bring Identity Proof and other documents as advised under Point-11 &13 of IMPORTANT INSTRUCTIONS FOR CANDIDATES given on Page-2.
  7. Do not bring prohibited items to exam centre as there are no arrangements available for safe keeping your belongings. Please refer Point-11 of IMPORTANT INSTRUCTIONS FOR CANDIDATES given on Page-2 for permitted items.
  8. At the time of entry, the filled in Undertaking on Admit Card, and body temperature (using Thermo Guns) will be checked and centre staff will guide you to respective labs after scanning bar code at Admit Card. Candidates are required to strictly adhere to instructions provided by centre staff.
  9. Please observe that no-one will be denied permission to appear for examination, until he/ she violates the Covid-19 directives/advisories of Government (Central/State) applicable on the day of exam and instructions mentioned in the Admit Card.

    A report by Riya Vasudeva & Ashwini Gautam for IHOIK education desk. Inputs from NTA

Common Eligibility Test For Job Seekers

The Union Cabinet on Wednesday approved the setting up of a National Recruitment Agency (NRA) to streamline the recruitment to be all non-gazetted posts in the Central government and public sector banks.
As per the centre, this move will help to benefit the less privileged sections of the society and will help to reduce the burden on the students. This new agency will conduct the examination ‘Common Eligibility Test’ and will be an independent and professional organisation. The centre has sanctioned a fund of Rs 1517.57 crore which will be undertaken over a period of three years.

The proposal for the establishment of NRA was first given by finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman in the Union Budget 2020.

Existing set up

• An average of around 2.5 – 3 crore candidates appear for these exams every year and have to register for separate examinations conducted by different recruitment agencies despite of the fact that most of these examinations share a common Eligibility criteria.
• Not only this, a candidate pays a hefty amount as registration fee apart from the money spent on travelling and reaching the examination centres.

Changes in this setup

• A Common Entrance Test (CET) will be conducted to shortlist candidates for the Group B and Group C (non-technical) positions.
• The score of this examination will be valid for a duration of three years from the date of the declaration of results. The best of these three scores will be considered as the current score of the candidate.
• There will not be any restrictions on the number of attempts by a candidate subject to the upper age limit. However relaxation in the upper age limit shall be given to candidates of the SC / ST / OBC category.
• A separate CET will be conducted for the three levels graduate, higher secondary and matriculate candidates.
• Based on the shortlisting done by the CET, the respective agencies might undergo a final selection for recruitment through separate specialized tiers.
• The curriculum for this examination would be standard and hence would reduce the burden on the candidates by many folds.
• There would be a common portal for the registration of candidates wherein they will give a choice of centres and the centres will be allotted based on the availability.
• CET would be available in a number of languages facilitating people from different parts of the country to register for the examination.

• Help to reduce the time, money and efforts spent by candidates every year in registering for different examinations.
• This will help to reduce the hardships faced by women candidates who face difficulty while travelling multiple times to different examination centres.
• Ease of selection and job placement for the disadvantaged sections of the society.

Report by Riya for IHOIK Education Desk

Join Defence Forces As An Officer

“We sleep peacefully in our beds only because rough men stand ready to defend us from enemies day and night.” The ‘Rough Men’ are none other than ‘Our Indian Armed forces’. The career in defence forces promises one of the most spectacular and honorable positions in our country. The armed forces make their ordinary life less ordinary and more adventurous.They are the backbone of a country.

India has the world’s largest volunteer army. The President of India is the Supreme Commander of the Indian Armed Forces and is looked after by the Ministry of Defence. It is led by the Union Cabinet Minister of Defence. The Indian Armed Forces consist of three professional uniformed services: The Indian Army, Indian Air Force, Indian Navy. Additionally, they are supported by Indian Coast Guard, various paramilitary organizations and various inter-service commands and institutions .The Ministry of Defence is responsible for the management of armed forces in India. Recruitment to the Armed Forces is voluntary and open to all the citizens of India irrespective of their caste, class, religion and community provided the laid down physical, medical and educational criteria are met.

The following examinations offer you a chance to join Defence forces as an officer after successful completion of your 10+2 course.

1. NDA (National Defence Academy) and NA (Naval Academy) exam :

The NDA exam is conducted by UPSC for admission to the Army, Navy and Air Force wings of the NDA. This exam is a gateway for candidates looking forward to joining Defence Forces including Army, Navy and Air Force.
The examination is a two-step process where candidates first need to take the exam and then qualify the personality test or interview conducted by the Service Selection Board (SSB). UPSC is solely responsible for issuing guidelines for selection and the final conduct of the entrance examination.
This examination is for the students of 10+2 level.

Exam details

NDA 1: March – April
NDA 2: August – September

Eligibility: age between 16 and half years to 19 years

Medium: bilingual

Mode of examination: offline


• General Ability (150 questions)
• Mathematics (120 questions)

Exam duration: 2.5 hours (for each section)

2. TES (Technical Entry Scheme):

TES stands for Technical Entry Scheme. As the name suggests it is a technical entry to get into Indian army as an officer. TES is an opportunity for the aspirants to join the technical branch of Indian army after 10+2.

Those who have passed 10+2 level exam with a minimum aggregate of 70% in Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics are eligible for the 10+2 TES (Technical Entry Scheme) Course.
On successful completion of 4 years of the course cadets will be granted Permanent Commission in the Army in the rank of Lt.

Exam details
Exam 1: November – December
Exam 2: May – June

Eligibility: age between 16 and a half to 19 and a half

Both these entry schemes are suited for young Defence aspirants but getting recommended from SSB is the real job.

A report by Vaishnavi and Riya for IHOIK Education Desk

NTA releases JEE Main admit card, SC denies Postponement

National Testing Agency has released the JEE Main admit card on its official website today. The premier engineering entrance exam is scheduled for September 1-6, 2020.

The April edition of JEE Main got delayed due to Covid-19 pandemic and now the supreme examination body has planned to conduct it in two shifts on each scheduled day. The first shift will be from 09:00 am to 12:00 noon and the second shift will be 3:00 pm to 06:00 pm.

The admit card of JEE Main was to be released on August 14, but a group of students moved to the Supreme Court seeking postponement of NEET and JEE in wake of the steep rise in Covid cases and floods in parts of Bihar, Assam and Maharashtra. Earlier today, a three-judge bench of the apex court dismissed the plea seeking postponement, saying that precious year of students “cannot be wasted” and “this will put career of students in peril”.

In backdrop of the statements made by the supreme court during dismissal of the plea, NTA released the admit card of JEE Main.

Mode of Examination

1. B.E. /B. Tech. in “Computer Based Test (CBT)” mode only.

2. B. Arch: Part I(Mathematics) and Part II(Aptitude Test) in “Computer Based Test (CBT)” mode and Part III(Drawing Test) in “Pen & Paper Based” (offline) mode.

3. B. Planning: in “Computer Based Test (CBT)” mode only.

You can download JEE Main admit card by clicking here:

Teen-Parents Relationship: A roller coaster

Teenage is the onset of puberty. They go through a lot of physical and emotional changes which are beyond their comprehension. They pass through a period of stress & storm and feel they are on an emotional seesaw. One moment they may be happy after getting ‘chicken dinner’ or winning an argument but the next moment they may be disheartened for being unable to conform to their peer group. They are in a constant search of self. Due to these reasons, there is bound to be a change in relationships of teens with their parents.

1) Identity crisis and ambiguous status

Adolescents in this stage are in the identity crisis and parents usually add to their confusion and frustration by giving them ambiguous status. When they try to indulge in adult conservation and give suggestions, they are told that they are “too young” to do that. But when they procrastinate some work or refuse to clean their wardrobe, they are scolded for being irresponsible and are asked to act “according to their age”. This creates resentment in the mind of teenagers and leaves them with a big question, “Who am I?”

2) Love-hate relationship due to freedom vs control

Teenagers share a love-hate relationship with their parents as there is an increase in the child-parents conflict. According to them, their parents don’t know the modern world and try to impose their old school rules over them which triggers them a lot. They believe that their parents don’t understand them. They want freedom and rebel against any restrictions imposed on them. For instance, when they aren’t permitted for a night out at a friend’s house, they protest and argue to win over the situation. They are rigid and uncooperative.

Such conflicts often make them feel less close to each other. Parents often tense that their children aren’t growing up to the mark. They feel that they are disobedient, ill-tempered, have no value system and are irresponsible.

3) Generation and cultural gap

Adolescents are exposed to a different environment through school activities and peer groups. There is a change in their mentality, thoughts, values and belief systems. And due to the advancement in technology, they come across different cultures and believe in idealism. Generation and culture gap is another reason for deteriorating child-parent relationships. Children are impulsive and if parents refuse to accept their beliefs and try to take control over their mind, things do not work out!

4) Privacy

They aren’t as close to their parents as they were in early childhood. They don’t share everything with parents like before especially related to sex or girlfriends/boyfriends. Parents can’t accept the fact that their child thinks or talks about sex. They add to the confusion by scolding and criticising them instead of explaining them.

They become secretive and resist spending time with family members. They demand their privacy and like to stay in closed rooms and discover things on their own.

5) Studies and career

In India even before the child is born, he/she is earmarked for engineering or medical. Children do fantasize becoming a doctor/engineer but growing up, they explore other areas of interest. Some parents accept their choice but some parents are reluctant and don’t accept there is any scope for an art graduate. Although adolescents are quite impatient they always look for their parent’s advice regarding their career and streams. The collision between their interests and parents’ choice often land them in a state of stress and pressure.

Families who are friendly and entertain the opinion of everyone, their children are confident and don’t deviate from the path. However, in families, where parents exercise control over their children, adolescents are unable to develop confidence and suffer inferiority complexes. The parent-child relationship is very crucial. Parents must understand that there are various techniques of control over their children instead of beating them. They must also respect the boundaries and understand their interests. A friendly attitude towards them will always convince them than a stern voice giving orders.  Adolescence is the most crucial period of life, if nurtured and appreciated, they have a lot of potential to make a marked change in society.

An article by Ruqayya Asif.

12वीं गणित के बाद सर्वोत्तम कैरियर विकल्प

भारत में JEE (MAIN) के परीक्षा में पिछले साल तकरीबन 9.5 लाख छात्र-छात्राओं ने हिस्सा लिया। ये आंकड़ा यह बताने के लिए काफ़ी है कि भारत में 12 वीं में गणित के साथ पढ़ने वाले बच्चों की संख्या कितनी अधिक है। इन सारे बच्चों का सपना एक ही होता है… IIT, NIT या उसके समतुल्य इंजीनियरिंग संस्थानों में एक सीट हासिल करना। लेकिन इन सभी संस्थानों के कुल सीट और परीक्षा में भाग लेने वाले बच्चों का अनुपात अगर देखा जाए तो वो काफ़ी अधिक है और उसके ऊपर से अगर बच्चों के पसंद के ब्रांच और कॉलेज के हिसाब से देखा जाए, तो यह गणित और उलझी हुई और कठिन मालूम पड़ती है क्योंकि सारे बच्चे अपने पसंद के ब्रांच और कॉलेज में ही जाना चाहते हैं। साथ ही एक सच ये भी है कि भारत में उच्च स्तर के संस्थानों को अगर छोड़ दिया जाए तो अन्य जगहों पर इंजीनियरिंग और टेक्निकल विषयों की पढ़ाई की बेहतर सुविधा नहीं है। ऐसे में एक बहुत बड़ा सवाल ये होता है कि जिन लोगों को अच्छे कॉलेज में दाखिला नहीं मिल पाता है उनके सामने और क्या रास्ते हैं? क्या उन्हें दोयम दर्जे के कॉलेज में सिर्फ़ इसलिए चले जाना चाहिए कि इंजीनियरिंग के अलावा कोई और विकल्प मौजूद ही नहीं है!! वे बच्चे जो 10 वीं के बाद तो इंजिनियरिंग के लिए तैयारी शुरू कर देते हैं लेकिन बाद में उन्हें लगता है कि वो इंजिनियरिंग नहीं करना चाहते हैं, ऐसे बच्चों के सामने और क्या क्या रास्ते हैं? वास्तव में इस सवाल का शिकार हो कर हर साल बहुत से बच्चे सिर्फ़ इसलिए निचले स्तर के कॉलेज में दाखिला ले लेते हैं क्योंकि उन्हें कोई और रास्ता नहीं सूझता है। ये जानते हुए भी कि भारत के पहले और दूसरे टियर के इंजिनियरिंग कॉलेज को अगर छोड़ दिया जाए तो बाकी जगह बेहतर पढ़ाई के नाम पर बहुत तरह के धोखे होते हैं। लेकिन वास्तव में ऐसा नहीं है कि इंजिनियरिंग के अलावा और कोई विकल्प नहीं होता… ऐसे बहुत से अन्य रास्ते होते हैं जो दोयम दर्जे के इंजिनियरिंग कॉलेज में दाखिला ले कर रिस्क लेने से कई ज़्यादा बेहतर हैं। इन रास्तों के बारे में उन सभी बच्चों को जानना चाहिए जो ना चाह कर भी इंजिनियरिंग सिर्फ़ इसलिए कर लेते है क्योंकि उन्हें और कोई विकल्प नहीं सूझता है। यहां हम उन सारे बेहतर विकल्पों के बारे में चर्चा करेंगे जो 12 वीं में गणित के साथ पढ़ने वाले बच्चों के लिए इंजिनियरिंग के अलावा मौजूद हैं।

1. NDA (National Defence Academy) :

यह परीक्षा यूपीएससी के तरफ से हर साल 2 बार आयोजित की जाती है जिसमें 12 वीं के स्तर के गणित, अंग्रेज़ी और सामान्य ज्ञान के प्रश्न पूछे जाते हैं। यह दो स्तर की परीक्षा होती है। पहले लिखित और फिर इंटरव्यू… इस परीक्षा के माध्यम से रक्षा क्षेत्र में आसानी से प्रवेश पाया जा सकता है।

2. TES (Technical Entry Scheme) :

12वीं के स्तर पर आयोजित होनी वाली इस परीक्षा के माध्यम से भी रक्षा क्षेत्र में प्रवेश पाया जा सकता है। लिखित परीक्षा तथा इंटरव्यू के बाद चयनित अभ्यर्थियों को 5 वर्ष के कोर्स के लिए चयनित किया जाता है। यह परीक्षा NDA के परीक्षा से कठिन होती है क्योंकि इसमें पूछे जाने वाले प्रश्नों का दायरा बड़ा होता है लेकिन यह एक ऐसी परीक्षा है जिसके माध्यम से रक्षा और टेक्नोलॉजी दोनों क्षेत्र को एक साथ साधा जा सकता है।

3. B.Sc (Bachelor of Science) :

भारत में बहुत सारी ऐसी यूनिवर्सिटीज है जो स्नातक डिग्री के लिए अलग से परीक्षा आयोजित करती हैं जैसे बनारस हिन्दू विश्वविद्यालय (BHU), जवाहर लाल नेहरु विश्वविद्यालय (JNU), दिल्ली विश्वविद्यालय (DU), अलीगढ़ मुस्लिम विश्वविद्यालय (AMU), जामिया मिल्लिया इस्लामिया विश्वविद्यालय (JMIU), अन्ना विश्वविद्यालय (AU)। यहां से गणित, भौतिकी अथवा रसायन में से किसी भी विषय से स्नाकोत्तर करके IIT-JAM जैसी कई परीक्षाओं में शामिल होकर अपने कैरियर को एक नई दिशा दी जा सकती है। यहां से उच्च शिक्षा के तरफ जाते हुए M.Sc और PHD जैसी बेहतर डिग्रीयों की सहायता से जीवन में ऊंचे मुकाम हासिल किए जा सकते है। NET-GRF जैसी परीक्षाएं इस क्षेत्र में आगे बढ़ने के लिए बेहतर माध्यम उपलब्ध कराती हैं, जो ज़िन्दगी को नई दिशा देने में सहायक है।

4. विमानन (Aviation) :

अगर आपको हवा में उड़ने वाली जहाज़ अपनी तरफ आकर्षित करते हैं, अगर आपके भीतर उसके बारे में जानने की इच्छा है कि ये सेवाएं किस तरह काम करती हैं और कौन-कौन लोग किस प्रकार से एक साथ मिल कर इन हवाई अड्डों तथा जहाजों की देख-रेख एवं सुरक्षित यातायात को निश्चित करते हैं, तो विमानन आपके लिए उपयुक्त विषय है। यह एक ऐसा क्षेत्र है जिसके बारे में भारत में अभी बहुत कम जानकारी है और बहुत कम लोग ही इस क्षेत्र में आते हैं। विमानन कंपनियों में काम करने के लिए 12 वीं के बाद इस क्षेत्र में आया जा सकता है और एक बेहद मज़बूत कैरियर बनाया जा सकता है। इस क्षेत्र में किए जाने वाले कुछ प्रमुख कोर्स हैं BBA (aviation), B.Sc(aviation), BBA(airport management) इत्यादि। इसके साथ ही बहुत से विषयों में diploma डिग्री लेकर भी इस क्षेत्र में कैरियर बनाया जा सकता है। इन सभी डिग्री के लिए विभिन्न कॉलेज और यूनिवर्सिटी के तरफ से परीक्षा आयोजित की जाती है जहां मेरिट लिस्ट और इंटरव्यू (कुछ जगहों पर) के आधार पर दाखिला दिया जाता है।

5. मर्चेंट नेवी :

12 वीं के बाद उन लोगों के लिए जिन्हें सागर के लहरों से प्यार है, जो जहाजों के साथ घूमना पसंद करते हैं और 9-5 की नौकरी में नहीं फसना चाहते, यह एक बेहद उम्दा कैरियर हो सकता है। इस क्षेत्र में प्रवेश पाने के लिए जो मुख्य कोर्स हैं वो है ‘B.Sc (nautical science/marine catering)’. इसके लिए आयोजित होने वाली सबसे प्रमुख प्रवेश परीक्षा है ‘IMU-CET’ जिसके माध्यम से CUSAT, AMET यूनिवर्सिटी चेन्नई, मर्चेंट नेवी एकेडमी दिल्ली, इंडियन मैरीटाइम यूनिवर्सिटी, जैसे प्रमुख संस्थानों में प्रवेश पाया जा सकता है और ज़िन्दगी को एक नई दिशा में बेहतर तरीके से संवारा जा सकता है।

6. डिजाइनिंग :

संभावनाओं से भरे इस क्षेत्र में आप अपनी रचनात्मकता को एक नई पहचान दे सकते हैं। इसमें कई तरह के कोर्स उपलब्ध हैं जैसे इंटरियर डिजाइन, टेक्सटाइल डिज़ाइन, ग्राफिक डिज़ाइन, कार्टून डिज़ाइन, ऑटोमोबाइल डिज़ाइन, इंडस्ट्री डिज़ाइन, फैशन डिजाइन, UX/UI डिज़ाइन इत्यादि। इन सभी कोर्सेज में प्रवेश पाने के लिए भारत में बहुत सारी परीक्षाएं आयोजित की जाती है जैसे CEED, NID-DAT, UPES-DAT, NIFT इंट्रेंस, SOFT इंट्रेंस, NEED, UCEED, FDDI, AIST तथा और भी बहुत सारी.. जिसके सहायता से भारत के बेहतरीन डिजाइनिंग संस्थानों जैसे FDDI, NID, NIIFT, NIFT, IDC मुंबई, pearl अकादमी, SID में प्रवेश लिया जा सकता है।

7. फोरेंसिक साइंस :

आपने बचपन में यदि सीआईडी वाले डॉक्टर सालुंखे को देखकर ये सोचा हो की एक लाश से वो इतनी जानकारी कैसे निकाल लेते हैं… क्या ऐसा सच में होता है? अगर ऐसा है तो आपको इन सारे सवालों के जवाब फोरेंसिक साइंस देगा! आज के समय में इसकी महत्ता काफी बढ़ गई है क्योंकि बहुत सारे क्राइम के मामलों में टेढ़े-मेढे सवालों का उचित व अर्थपूर्ण तथ्यों के साथ जवाब ढूंढने में इसकी मदद ली जाती है। आधुनिक तकनीक, मेडिकल साइंस और विज्ञान के कई नए सिद्धांतो को एक साथ मिला कर फोरेंसिक साइंस की नींव रखी जाती है, जो क्राइम वाले जगह से एवं मुर्दों के शरीर से कई तरह की जानकारियां एकत्र करता है और मामले को सुलझाने में मदद करता है। भारत में बहुत सारी संस्थानें जैसे IFS पुणे, IFS मुंबई, IFS गांधीनगर, LNJN, NICFS, IGIMS पटना इस विषय में स्नातक डिग्री (B.Sc forensic science) प्रदान करती हैं जिनमें अधिकांश कॉलेजों में बिना किसी प्रवेश परीक्षा के 12 वीं के अंक के आधार पर प्रवेश पाया जा सकता है।

इन सभी विकल्पों के अतिरिक्त उन सभी बच्चों के लिए अन्य और भी बहुत सारे रास्ते हैं जिन्होंने गणित के साथ 12 वीं की होती है। ये सभी रास्ते इंजिनियरिंग के अतिरिक्त वैकल्पिक कैरियर प्रदान करते हैं जिनमें एक उत्तम भविष्य बनाया जा सकता है। जो लोग मैनेजमेंट में जाना चाहते है उनके लिए होटल मैनेजमेंट, BBA इत्यादि बेहतर विकल्प हो सकते हैं। कंप्यूटर और उससे जुड़ी चीज़ों में रुचि रखने वालों के लिए BCA एक बेहतर विकल्प है। साथ ही वो बच्चे जिन्हें आंकड़ों और अंकों से खेलना पसंद है तथा गणित को व्यावहारिक ज्ञान से बढ़ कर एक प्रायोगिक विषय के रूप में देखते है उनके लिए B.Sc (statistics) एक शानदार कैरियर हो सकता है… जिसके लिए Indian Statistical Institute (ISI) के अतिरिक्त कई और बेहतरीन संस्थान भारत में मौजूद हैं। साथ ही प्रकृति और निर्जीव वस्तुओं अर्थात् अकार्बनिक पदार्थों में रुचि रखने वालों के लिए आपदा प्रबंधन, meteorology आदि प्रमुख विषयों के साथ स्नातक डिग्री एक अच्छा विकल्प है। अर्थात् जिन लोगों ने 12 वीं गणित के साथ किया हो उनके लिए इंजिनियरिंग के अलावा ढेरों ऐसे विकल्प मौजूद हैं जिनके साथ आगे बढ़ा जा सकता है और जीवन को नए नजरिए से देखा एवं समझा जा सकता है।

A report by Devesh Kumar for IHOIK education desk

SAT: Gateway To US Universities

Studying abroad is the dream of a number of individuals. Better facilities, better environment and a number of other factors influence the students to opt for courses in universities situated abroad. Here we are enlisting about one such examination SAT that licences you to study abroad and pursue your education further.

SAT stands for the scholastic aptitude/assessment test organized by College Board that provides you admission in the top universities of USA/Canada. All the top universities of these countries accept SAT scores to give admission to the students who aspire to pursue their graduation in foreign countries.

The scores of this exam are the minimum criteria to give you admission to a top foreign university. Along with the SAT score, the college you are seeking admission in will also monitor your high school GPA, the subjects you were taught, letter of recommendation from teachers, interviews and essays.

It usually depends on the college that at what score they will give you admission. But the higher you score, higher are your chances of securing seat in a good college and notably a scholarship.

Exam Pattern

SAT comprises of four sections: Reading, Writing & Language, Math (Without calculator) and Math (With Calculator). There is an optional essay section at the end which is the fifth section. The exam duration is 3 hours but if you are going with the optional fifth section, you will be allotted with an extra 50 minutes for that.

The SAT score is evaluated from the following two sections:

  1. Evidence-Based Writing & Reading (Score Range: 200-800)
  • Reading Test: It comprises of 52 questions with a time limit of 65 minutes.
  • Writing and Language Test: It comprises of 44 multiple choice questions with a time limit of 35 minutes.
  1. Mathematics (Score Range: 200-800)
  • Without Calculator: It comprises of 20 questions (15 MCQ + 5 grid-in) and has a time limit of 25 minutes.
  • With Calculator: It has 38 questions (30 MCQ + 8 grid-in) and has a time limit of 55 minutes.
  1. Essay (Optional) (Score Range:2-8)
  • The maximum time allotted for writing essay is 50 minutes.

Total Score range : 400-1600


There is no specific exam eligibility set by the College Boards.  Usually students of age group 17-19 appear for the SAT exam. There is also no such rule that you cannot appear for the SAT exam more than once…  You can enroll for the exam as many times as you want.


There are two ways to register for the SAT exam. The first one is by mail while the more convenient one is by doing the registration on the official website of SAT i.e. the online method.

  1. Online Method
  • Create your account at the College Board official website.
  • Submit all the details like your name, DOB, etc.
  • Choose your nearest test center.
  • Upload your photograph & pay the application fee.
  1. Mail Method
  • You need to collect “The Student Registration Guide for the SAT and SAT Subject Tests” from your school.
  • The guide has a registration form and a return envelope.
  • Demand Draft should be sent along with your form.
  • Mail your form and draft to College Board SAT Program P.O. Box 7502 London, KY 40742-7502

Mode of Exam

It is a paper-pencil test and is conducted in the offline mode.

Exam Fees

$52 $49 No $101
$68 $49 Yes $117


What are SAT Subject Tests?

SAT subject tests are given to get admission in a particular subject course. There are a total of 20 subject tests in general five areas – English, Mathematics, History, Languages and  Science. You need to pay some extra exam fee if you are giving the SAT subject tests.  Students can sit for three subject tests on the test day.

Registration Fee $26
Each SAT Subject Test $22 additional per test.
Language Test with Listening $26 additional per test.

All The Best!

A report by Shruti Rai for IHOIK education desk.

Dentists: Protectors Of Oral Health

With the dream of becoming a doctor and living a life serving others, BDS is the option that comes handy and helps you in accomplishing your dreams. BDS is not only about uprooting teeth and correcting smiles, it also trains an individual not only to treat patients with oral disorders and malfunctions but also imparts them basic knowledge of a general physician and hence entitles them to treat and attend on general patients as well. Playing with wax blocks and carvers, making dentures, cavity cutting and a lot of adventurous yet interesting things makes this a good career option.

BDS or Bachelor of Dental Surgery is one of the most popular and designated degree of dentists (doctors). The BDS  is the only educational and professional courses of dental surgery in India. It is equivalent to MBBS and earns you the title of a ‘Doctor’. In the medical educational field, it is the second choice of the students after the MBBS course.

In this course, the students are taught about the denture, dental problems and surgery. It is also a good job oriented degree courses and various opportunities are available in the hospital, pharmaceutical and medical device manufacturing industries. The BDS degree is awarded on the successful completion of the four-year academic education and one year mandatory internship program in dentistry education leading to the Bachelor of Dental Surgery degree courses. After completing your BDS, you are qualified to practice as a dentist. The BDS is the degree given to a person who plays a vital role in the treatment of problems related to teeth. The dentist prevents, diagnoses and cures all dental and related diseases.

Aspirants who wish to pursue BDS must qualify the NEET exam scoring a minimum cut off percentile marks and scores in order to be eligible for admission in top colleges. Top colleges for pursuing BDS are:-

1.Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, New Delhi

The institute located in the heart of New Delhi, Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences enjoys the best of what Old and New Delhi has to offer. It aims to emerge as an institute of regional and global excellence in the field of dental education, patient care and research.

Fees- Rs-30,000 per annum

2. Manipal College Of Dental Sciences, Manipal

 This institute formerly known as the College of Dental Surgery, is the first self-financing dental college in the private sector of India. The undergraduate program of four years followed by a one-year internship leads to a Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) degree.

Fees-Rs 26,40,000 (5 years)

 3. Government Dental College, Mumbai

One amongst the premiere dental colleges in India, Government Dental College and Hospital imparts dental education and services to the country as well as abroad. The institute, which was established in the year 1938, is affiliated to the prestigious Maharashtra University of Health Sciences (MUHS), Nashik.

Fees-43,900 per annum

 4. Nair Hospital Dental College, Mumbai

 This institute is also affiliated to Maharashtra University of Health Sciences, (MUHS), Nashik. The college is approved by Dental Council of India (DCI), Ministry of Health and Government of Maharashtra.

Fees-70,900 per annum

5. Government Dental College, Bangalore

 This college, which was started in 1958, is one of the first few dental colleges in the country post independence and the first dental college in Karnataka. Within a very short period of time, Government Dental College gained a lot of importance with its service to humanity mainly by providing the best dental education to its students. It is also catering to the needs of the population in and around Karnataka through efficient oral health care delivery.

Fees-49,350 per annum

Subjects taught

The BDS course focuses on providing a student with an all round knowledge. From the basic about human anatomy to the depths of Dental anatomy and histology… This course enhances your knowledge and helps to Grove yourself into a successful doctor.

Subjects for first year 

  • Human anatomy, embryology and histology
  • Human physiology and Biochemistry
  • Dental anatomy, embryology and histology : The most interesting yet the most annoying part of this subject includes carving tooth samples on wax block
  • Pre-clinical prosthodontics : Not for evaluation. (A student is introduced to the basics of prosthodontics and hence faces a little difficulty handling the POP cubes and dental stone samples they have to make)

Subjects for second year

  • General Pathology and Microbiology
  • General and dental pharmacology and therapeutics
  • Dental materials
  • Pre clinical conservative dentistry : Not for evaluation
  • Pre clinical prosthodontics : Not for evaluation

Subjects for third year

  • General medicine
  • General surgery
  • Oral Pathology and oral Microbiology

Subjects for fourth year

  • Oral medicine and radiology (OMR)
  • Paediatric and preventive dentistry
  • Orthodontics and dentofacial orthopaedics
  • Periodontology
  • Prosthodontics
  • Conservative dentistry and endodontics
  • Oral and maxillofacial surgery
  • Public health dentistry

Career Options

After completion of the 5 year course of BDS one can go for following Career Options:

1. Join a PG Course After BDS to Pursue Higher Studies

2. MBA in Hospital Management

3. A career as a Dietitian

4. MPH after BDS: Masters in Public Health

5. Starting your own clinic

6. Work overseas

7.   Government job/ Army

8.  Clinical Researches

A report by Ayush Arya for IHOIK education desk.

Best Universities For Medicine: A Different League

We are very particular about studying Abroad which is, of course, natural as well as needed. Apart from the ranking of the university, we not only look upon the fee structure but also the environment of the campus which should be favorable for the Indian students. Although there are a lot of Medical Schools in the world, here are the Top 5 universities which are feasible and ranked as the best across the globe.

  1. Harvard Medical School

Harvard University is a private Ivy League research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts and was established in 1782. Harvard medical school is the oldest institution of higher learning in The United States and among the most prestigious in the world. Harvard Medical School’s core mission is to alleviate human suffering by nurturing a diverse group of leaders in both clinical care and biomedical inquiry. Only 5-6% of those who apply are admitted to fulfil their dreams of research in medicine.


  • To apply in HMS you need to submit the AMCAS (American Medical College Application service) application (Non-refundable application fee $100).
  • HMS accepts applications from current students in good standing and graduate of accredited colleges who demonstrate aptitude in the biological and physical science during their undergraduate course, demonstrate fluent and nuanced facility in English as effective communication among the team.
  • HMS does not accept transfer students.
  • Some of the selection factors of HMS are: academic records, applicant essay, extracurricular activities, and experience in health field and community work.
  • Admission to Harvard Medical School is very selective. They seek students of integrity and maturity who have leadership potential and concern for others.


  1. Oxford University Medical School

The University of Oxford is a collegiate research university in Oxford, England, United Kingdom. Oxford University Medical School was established in 1936. It offers Bachelor of Medicine for a duration of 6 years which costs around 31.9 lakhs. The Oxford Medical School is traditional in its teaching and is therefore split into preclinical (1-3 years) and clinical (4-6 years) phases. Preclinical students are based at university science area and clinical students are based at John Radcliffe Hospital.


  • Candidates are required to achieve at least a grade A in both chemistry and at least one of biology, physics and mathematics.
  • All candidates must take the Biomedical Admission Test (BMAT) as part of their application and no student is admitted without interview.
  • University of Oxford Medicine course does not accept requests from students wishing to transfer from other universities to Oxford.


  1. University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine

The University of Cambridge is a public university in Cambridge, United Kingdom. The University grew out of an association of scholars who left the University of Oxford after a dispute. Medical School of University of Cambridge was found in 1842. The school is co-located with Addenbrooke’s Hospital in Cambridge biomedical campus.


  • Students from Cambridge University can enter the clinical school on completion of three years of pre-clinical training and a further interviewing process.
  • Applicants from outside Cambridge University are also invited to apply, provided they meet the entry requirements.
  • Applicants must have a level chemistry, and one of biology, physics, mathematics A or AS level. At least an upper second class honors degree in any discipline. The AS/A level subject requirements also apply to the IB.


  1. Stanford Medical School

Stanford University School of Medicine is in the medical school of Stanford university and is located in California. It traces its roots to the medical department of the University of Pacific, found in San Francisco in 1858. The Stanford School of Medicine has a long tradition of leadership in medical research, education and effective clinical therapies. Stanford provides scholarship ranging from 25-75% on tuition and course associated fee to candidates.


  • Average GPA required- 3.89
  • International students must have studied for at least one academic year at an accredited college or university in the United States, Canada or The United Kingdom prior to applying for admission.
  • Applicants are considered for admission without regard to any disability or region.
  • Applicants must demonstrate knowledge of biology, chemistry, physics, mathematics, laboratory or field experiments, behavioral or social science and communication.


  1. The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

The Johns Hopkins University is a private research university in Baltimore, Maryland. It is research intensive medical school of Johns Hopkins University and was found in 1893. The school of medicine shares a campus with the Johns Hopkins Hospital and Johns Hopkins Children’s Center. As a global health leader, Johns Hopkins benefits from the talents of a diverse community. In that spirit, the school of medicine encourages qualified international students to apply.


  • To be competitive for admission, you should have MCAT scores in the top 1% and powerful application that includes plenty of extracurricular activities and challenging coursework.
  • The application fee at Johns Hopkins University is $100 and tuition fee is $54900.

A report by Avantika Gurjar by ihoik education desk

Law As A Career In India: A Profession Of Pride

With the growing craze among the students to stand apart from the crowd and opt for a different career, the legal profession has become one of the fastest and the most profitable career in the recent times. There are a number of questions that bother the minds of students regarding law as a career… The probable job opportunities, some top colleges and universities, the examination criteria and a few misconceptions that refrain students from opting for law as a career and moving forward in this field. Let’s get a close look and try to find the answer to all these queries.

 At a very early stage, a candidate can apply for 5 years BA LLB  course offered by many top ranked Colleges all over india after their 10+2. The national level entrance examination CLAT, basically tests the student’s general English, aptitude, logical reasoning, etc.

If one wants to move forward in this field then he/she needs to have a membership in one of the local State Central Bar councils, all of which require an undergraduate law degree (LL.B., which is a minimum of three years of study ). The candidate must submit the application to the State Bar Council of India within the jurisdiction of which the applicant wishes to practice.

But this time period of three years might be different if you want to pursue the degree from far off countries. In December 2010, a motion came into effect which stated that all the law students who have graduated recently and even those who have previously cleared their law graduation but are somehow not registered with the state bar council, must sit for the bar examination. They will be allowed to practice in the courts and the tribunals in India only after clearing this exam.

Why should someone opt for a legal profession?

Before proceeding further, it’s very Important for a student to realize whether he/she is interested in law or not.

With this another question arises and that is how should a student know about their interest. So let us take this question first and then we shall move towards the options we have in this field.

Basically, this field will open your gates to deal with legal works and cases including bundles of documentations and paper work. It is important for students to realize their field of interest.

There is an old saying which goes like ‘If you have three friends ensure that one amongst them is a lawyer, other the doctor and the third one a banker.” Because any single day you may require to seek help from either of the three.

You can manage  to step into many fields like successful lawyer, politician, producer, manager, journalist or even a police officer; a law degree equips you for almost any profession that requires intellectual strength along with a practical approach. Most importantly, law is a professional course which helps a student to learn many skills like critical analysis, researches, drafts, arguments and sharing the thoughts and ideas.

So now as you know the importance of law and why a student should have a look in this field, let us look into the plethora of opportunities available for a student.

Career opportunities


An advocate practices law in the legal courts of justice. An advocate represents someone (an individual, a group or an organization) in the court room. They deal with true facts and evidences, cross examine witnesses and finally conclude that why the court should give the verdict in favour of or against someone.


A magistrate is a lawyer who is not a judge but who is authorized to hear and make a decision in certain types of cases. A Magistrate is a civil officer with power to administer and enforce law.

NOTE:- In order to be a magistrate it’s important to  have a minimum Graduate Law Degree (LLB), after which you become eligible to appear for competitive exams.

Attorney General

The Attorney General is the Highest legal officer of the Union Government and is appointed by the President of India. The attorney general gives advice on all legal matters which are assigned to him by the President. He appears before the Supreme Court and various High Courts in cases involving the Government of India. He is entitled to audience in all courts of the country & can take part in the proceedings of the Parliament & its committees, But

1.He is not entitled to the right to vote.

2.He is also allowed to take up private practice; provided the other party is not the State. Because of this, he is not paid any salary but a retainer to be determined by the President.

NOTE:- To be an Attorney General, a person should be qualified to be appointed as a judge of the Supreme Court.

Company Secretary

He/She is the most important link connecting the shareholders, regulatory agencies and the board of directors. He/she also acts as the registrar of the company performing important secretarial functions like filing company returns with the Registrar of Companies and other authorities.

Legal Advisors

A Legal Advisor works in the legal departments of organizations. Legal advisors work as  consultants for a firm and suggest appropriate course of action in business and personal matters. They also check deeds, issue writs, collect information for affidavits and draft legal documents.


Solicitors explain the cases of his clients to the advocates. Solicitors never need to appear in a court directly. A Solicitor takes up cases related to his field of expertise.

Advocate General

Advocate Generals are analogous to Attorney Generals at the State level. Advocate Generals take up cases that are significant to a particular state and work with local District Attorney’s offices in the prosecution of these cases.

Notary/Oath Commissioner

A Notary or an Oath Commissioner is appointed on application to Central/State government to draw, verify, authenticate, certify and attest the execution of any document with legal validity.

NOTE:- A Notary must have an experience of at least 10 years in the profession of law.

District Attorney

A District Attorney is usually an elected official. Depending upon the size of the District, District Attorneys may have multiple branches that focus upon different types of crime such as domestic violence, homicide and a lot more.


People having good command over teaching can pursue  LL.M or even doctorate and have any job in any of the university or institutions with the law courses.


If someone has keen interest in a particular field, he/she can write books or even produce journals and legal commentaries related to that field. Moreover, he/she can also have a detailed analysis of the researches.

LPO – Legal Process Outsourcing 

In Legal Process Outsourcing, vendors or in-house departments of organizations outsource legal work from off-shore areas.

Top most Institutions

Topmost institutions offering courses in law are as follows:

  1. National Law School Of India, Bangalore
  2. National Law University, New Delhi
  3. NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad
  4. Rajiv Gandhi School Of Intellectual Property Law, Indian Institute Of Technology, Kharagpur
  5. National Law University, Jodhpur

The fee for LLB 3 years course involves lesser expenses in the range of 20,000 INR to 50,000 INR. But 5 years of BA LLB costs a little more i.e. approximately 3,00,000 INR. As such, there are no scholarship opportunities provided by most of the law colleges. So a student must first confirm this from the respective college authorities.


Now you have gained ample amount of knowledge on the career options and the top most Universities relate to the field of law, but still there are a number of perceptions in the mind of a student that need to be cleared.

 Students usually think that they have to choose either civil or criminal law after obtaining a degree.

Moreover once students own a legal degree, they make a conception that law is safe. Is it right to state that law is safe? Absolutely NO! The reason is quite simple. There are abundant number of lawyers chasing for really less number of jobs. Likely, Many colleges and universities try not to talk much about it on a wider range. There are bulk of students who are struggling with a tight job market. So it’s very important to know that hard-work along with smart work and consistency is a key to success for all the fields.

Then there is one more very common myth among the students i.e, when you enter and have a law degree then the probability of being rich is extremely high.

It’s not correct because firstly you are subsidizing those who graduated before you. When you end up landing in a private sector then somehow the seniority system restrains your mobility in the upwards direction. Secondly, when you have or are having your education in this firm, then the fee is quite high. Unfortunately a student lands up in going for a student loan and after having the degree, a student feels dissatisfied with the position offered but the salary is in good figures. This somehow makes a student hold to that job even at a low position.

One more common thought a law student has is that the law is alluring.

It is actually right to say that things when seen from the far point looks beautiful but when you step inside, reality hits hard. It is a disillusion which usually pops up in the developing minds of the teenagers. Working on land records, public utilization rate, plea bargaining a drunken driving charge or solving and answering the piles of documentaries  is not at all alluring.

And the final myth which is very common amongst the students is that they can save the world.

Undoubtedly when you step into this law World, you have the licence to a few things that may help you in saving the people of this world from a number of problems but you need to keep in mind that

Firstly there are a number of lawyers who are willing to do the same so this will automatically increase the level of competition but the main point is that the number of positions are very less which increases the competition level even more.

We discussed much about the students who want to pursue their career in this field but what about those who are looking out for some internships or work in this field?

First and the foremost thing to keep in mind is that practical knowledge can never be gained through books or videos. So basically, an applicant should Focus more on practical training in courts which will help him in getting more chances in law firms with professional and highly experienced lawyers. Though many of the Colleges impart practical legal education to final year students, it is the students who have to step forward and take an initiative in practicing more. Candidates who get their degrees from top universities get attractive job offers within the campus. Many of them even opt to start their own practice. All the law graduates who wish to register themselves in the courts have to register themselves in the Bar Council of India (BCI)

A report by Cheena Kachroo for IHOIK education desk

Top five Indian universities according to NIRF

National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) outlines a methodology to rank institutions across the country. The methodology draws from the overall recommendations and broad understanding arrived at by a Core Committee set up by Ministry of Education, to identify the broad parameters for ranking various universities and institutions. This institution releases rankings every year.  We have curated  in depth information about top five universities as per the NIRF ranking.

Indian Institute Of Science, Bangalore

One of the most seasoned organizations built up in 1909 is known for its exploration and advanced education in Engineering, Science, Management, and Design. At the university level and in general classification, it is positioned first for three sequential years. This university is research-oriented.

Admission Process:

Admission here is only through the entrance examination. The fee of Application form for UG is INR 500 and fir PG is INR 800.

Courses Offered:

B.Sc., M.Sc., M.Tech, M.Mgt, M.Des, M.Sc.+ Ph.D, Ph.D

Exam Criteria:

JEE Main/ NEET-UG/ JEE Advanced/ GATE

Fee Structures:

UG Courses- Rs. 0.8 Lakhs Total Fee (Approx)

PG Courses- Rs. 0.4 Lakhs Total Fee (Approx)

MBA in Business Analytic- Rs. 3.2 Lakhs Total Fee (Approx)

Campus Area:

434 acres

Hostel Facility and Fee:

As we all know, every Central University has a hostel facility. But when we talk about the top universities, the hostels there are simply amazing.

Hostel Fee: INR 20K


Memorial Library, Central Computing Facility, Conference room, Auditorium, Laboratory, Research Facility, Lecture Halls, Publication Cell, Alumni Affairs Department.

Location: CV Raman Road, Bangalore Karnataka

Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi

Jawaharlal Nehru University was entrenched during the year 1969 in Delhi, the national capital of India. The college is licensed by NAAC with ‘A’ grade and is perceived by University Grants Commission. The open focal college is an individual from the Association of Indian Universities. This University is spread across 1000 sections of land with present-day framework offices. JNU offers UG, PG and Ph.D. Course Studies in Different Sectors. This university was granted the Visitor’s Award for Best University in 2017 by the President of India and is positioned sixth in the general classification and second in college classification by National Institutional Ranking Framework in the year 2017. A few notable alumni of Jawaharlal Nehru University are Baburam Bhattarai: 36th prime minister and former finance minister of Nepal, Nirmala Sitaraman: Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Sitaram Yechury: General Secretary, Communist Party of India, Ali Zeidan: Prime Minister of Libya and many such legends. JNU organizes different co-curricular and extra-curricular activities like Seminars, Blood Donation Camp, International Conference, Lectures, International Comparative Human Rights Practicum, Archives on Contemporary Exhibition, Youth Film Festival, Annual Yoga Competition, Annual Celebration, and so on.

Admission Process:

Entrance Exam Based (Interview for Masters & Ph.D.)

Courses Offered:

UG, PG and Ph.D. courses

Exam Criteria:


Fee Structures:

UG Courses – Rs. 500 Total Fee (Approx)

PG Courses – Rs 778 Total Fee (Approx)

Campus Area:

1000 Acres

Hostel Facility and Fee:

There are spacious, well-furnished hostels. Apart from hygienic foods, hostels provide recreational facilities that include TVs, indoor games, health clubs, PCOs, etc. Each hostel has its live-in wardens, a member of faculty who administers the hostels.

Hostel Fee: INR 5500

Location: New Mehrauli Road, JNU Ring Road, Delhi

Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi

Banaras Hindu University was brought into reality during the year 1916 under the direction of Madan Mohan Malaviya in Varanasi city of Uttar Pradesh state. The university is a functioning individual from the Association of Indian Universities and is perceived by the University Grants Commission. The college is been certify by NAAC. This University organizes different extra-curricular activities such as SPANDAN: an Inter college youth celebration which incorporates occasions like writing essays, poems, debates, Painting, sketches, vocal music, Dancing, singing, drama, mimicry, etc.

Admission Process:

Entrance Exam Based

Courses Offered:

UG, PG, Diploma, Ph.D.

Exam Criteria:

BHU Entrance for UG & PG courses, NEET-UG / JEE Advanced / CSIR qualified student for Ph.D. Programme.

Fee Structures:

Less than 50k

Campus Area:

The main campus is spread across 1300 acres and South campus is spread over 2,700 acres of land.

Hostel Facility and Fee:

The institute has hostel facilities for both girls and boys and the rooms available in the institute are spacious and well equipped. They also have Wi-Fi facilities. The rooms are available on a single and sharing basis and the hostel mess meals provided are of good and clean quality and the hostel fee includes both accommodation and mess.

Hostel Fee: INR 7000


Library, Hostel, Sports Complex, Labs, Moot Court (Law), Cafeteria, Gym, Hospital / Medical Facilities, Convenience Store

Location: Ajagara, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh

Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore

Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham University was established during the year 2003 in Coimbatore city of Tamil Nadu state. The college is working under the aegis of Mata Amritanandamayi Math Trust. The college is perceived under the University Grants Commission and licensed by NAAC with ‘A’ grade. The university also provides modern amenities for the students by creating a learning environment. This University was ranked 801-1000 on the planet by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2018. The college was positioned 168 in Asia in the QS World University Rankings and fourteenth in 2017 by Outlook India. The university is ranked fourth among Universities and National Institutional Ranking Framework in 2020.

Admission Process:

Entrance Exam Based

Courses Offered:

B.A, B.Tech, Integrated M.Sc., MCA, M.A, M.Tech, MBA, M.Sc, Ph.D

Exam Criteria:

B.Tech- AIEEE or JEE


M-Tech- AGET or GATE

Application Fee:

B.Tech/MBA- INR 1000

M.Tech- INR 960

Ph.D./MSW- INR 500

Fee Structures:

Less than 4 lakhs for all courses

MBA- 9.9 lakhs total (approx)

Campus Area:

900 Acres

Hostel Facility and Fee:

Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham provides separate accommodation for both girls and boys on the campus. It provides all the basic facilities for the students and it enables the students to create a holistic lifestyle with all the activities like sports, extra-curricular activities and yoga. All the hostels are equipped with a solar system that provides hot water to the students till 8 am. There is a mess that provides clean and pure vegetarian food for the students.

Hostel Fee: INR 89500 to 140000 per annum


Computer Labs, Sports, Medical, Laboratory, Library, Gym, Cafeteria, Auditorium, Swimming Pool, Bank/ATM, Guest House.

Location: Amritanagar, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India – 641112, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

Jadavpur University, Kolkata

Jadavpur University is an open University which was built up in 1955. Earlier, it was known as Bengal Technical Institute. The University is affiliated to the Indian Universities Association and the National Assessment and Accreditation Council. The University has two Campuses. What’s more, the QS World University Rankings put the University at 74th place.

Admission Process:

Entrance exam based

Direct Admission for B.Sc Courses based on merit in the last qualifying exam.

Courses Offered:

UG, PG and Ph.D. courses

Exam Criteria:


Admission to UG and PG Courses will be granted based on the Entrance Exam conducted by Jadavpur University.

B.Sc admission based on merit in the last qualifying examination.

Fee Structures:

Less than 20k

Campus Area:

Main campus Jadavpur 58 acres

New Campus Salt Lake 26 acres

Hostel Facility and Fee:

The JU has 2 campuses – the main campus in Jadavpur and the Salt Lake campus in Salt Lake. On the main campus, the hostel situation is not so good and one has to share rooms with other roommates. Cleanliness of hostels in both the cases is almost same and sometimes not so good. If one finds a hostel in the Salt Lake campus, one gets a room without sharing, which is a plus point.

Hostel Fee: Rs75/year

Mess charges are around 1500-1800 per month.

Location: Jadavpur, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

A report by Salman for IHOIK education desk

An Insight Of AYUSH Courses

Talking about medicine in India and not considering the ancient but effective domains of treatment will be a great injustice. India has a great history of healing and implementation of medications using the more nature oriented forms of treatment like Ayurveda, Unani, Homeopathy etc.

When you dream of becoming a doctor, there comes a wide range of courses that may help to transform your dream into reality and take you on a journey towards a bright future.

AYUSH COURSES are one such way of accomplishing your dreams and turning the thoughts of owning a white apron into reality.

The ministry of AYUSH is headed by a Minister of State, currently held by Shripad Yesso Naik.

AYUSH COURSES aren’t confined to just Ayurveda. There is a lot more to them.

AYUSH COURSES are categorised as follows :

  • Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS):

It is a UG programme that deals with the use of ayurveda and it’s healing process. It also adds the information of modern medicine to a student’s knowledge. The traces of the oldest way of healing dating back to the Vedic era, are of AYURVEDA. It is basically based on the process of self healing. The biggest health organization ‘WHO’ promotes it.

Students having curiosity for the exploration in medicine, open big door of opportunities for them by opting to pursue BAMS.

Admission process : One must appear for the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) and qualify it. Admission to BAMS course is through a centralised counselling based on the NEET merit list.

Cut off : Ranges between 350-490+ (General category), 330-490+ (OBC category), 280-350+ (SC category), 220-340+ (ST category).

Top colleges:

  1. Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi.
  2. Shri Guru Gobind Singh Tricentenary University, Gurgaon, Haryana.
  3. Patanjali Ayurved College, Haridwar.
  4. Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Delhi.
  5. Tilak Ayurved Mahavidyalaya, Pune.

Average fee: INR 25,000 – 3.2 lakh per annum.

  • Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery (BHMS) :

5 years of academics offers a UG in homeopathic medicine & surgery. The base of this learning is “Healing is an internal process, can’t be done externally.” The medicine is composed of the products directly brought from the nature’s lap. It is mandatory for students to undertake the internships at hospitals which makes it a course of total duration 5.5 years.

Admission process– Majority of colleges take admission on the basis of results of 10+2. Some take entrances & for some other colleges, clearing the entrance exam is followed by group discussions or personal interviews. NEET Entrance Exam, PU CET, Common Entrance Test, AP Entrance Examination are some of the entrance examinations.

Cutoff (NEET):

Though there is a yearly variation in the cutoff marks depending upon the college you want to get into, depending on your domicile state to get assured seat, one’s marks should cross a minimum benchmark of 400 marks.

Top colleges:

  1. Swarrnim Startup & Innovation University, Gandhinagar, Gujarat.
  2. Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, Punjab.
  3. Sanskriti University, Mathura.
  4. Shri Guru Nanak Dev Homeopathic Medical college, Ludhiana.

Average fees:

Govt. : INR 20,000 – 50,000/- per annum.

Private : INR 1,00,000-3,00,000/- per annum.

  • Bachelor of Naturopathy and Yoga Sciences (BNYS):

It’s a 4.5 years UG course for the study of Integrative medicine which includes both modern and traditional (naturopathy) art of healing.

Completion of a Compulsory Rotatory Residential Internship of 1-year duration is a must.

Admission process : NEET is one of the method of admission to this course, followed by a personal interview. Some colleges offer direct admission on the basis of results of 10+2.

Cutoff (NEET) :

Min. 119 marks(UR), 96 marks (OBC, SC, ST)

Top colleges:

  1. SDM College of Naturopathy and Yogic sciences, Kannada.
  2. JSS Institute of Naturopathy and Yogic sciences, The Nilgiris.
  3. ADN Medical College and Paramedical Sciences, Nagpur.
  4. CMJ University, Shillong.

Annual fee:

INR 50,000 100,000/- per annum.

  • Bachelor of Siddha Medicine and Surgery (BSMS):

It is the most ancient among all the AYUSH COURSES. According to this, all the functions of human body are controlled by seven elements : Saram (plasma), cheneer (blood), ooun (muscle), kozhuppu (fat), elumbu (bone), moolai (nerve) and inthiriyam (semen). These are activated by three “Mukkuttram” – vatha (air), pitha (fire or heat or energy) and kapha (water). The imbalance of any of Mukkuttram leads to disease and disorders. It also includes a  compulsory internship of 1 year.

Admission process– Student should clear NEET for admissions to this course.

Cutoff (NEET):

Roughly a score of near about 480+ marks for general category and near about 420+ marks for the other categories to secure admission in a government college is required whereas to get admission in a private college, the score ranges from 350-420 marks.

Top colleges:

  1. Government Siddha Medical College, Chennai
  2. Government Siddha Medical College, Palayamkottai
  3. Government Siddha Medical College, Palani
  4. Sri Sai Ram Siddha Medical College, Chennai
  5. R.V.S. Siddha Medical College & Hospital, Coimbatore

Average fee:

The Fee in Central/State Government Funded Institutions are  around Rs.5000 to Rs. 10,000 per Annum. The course fee in other institutions under All India Quota varies between Rs. 50,000 to Rs.2 lakhs annually.

  • Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery(BUMS):

Fourth most popular medication method is Unani system. It originated in Greece and from there the system of medication was adopted by Middle-East and South-Asian countries. It is a 5 year UG programme. It is known for the treatment of weight loss, kidney stone, diabetes, psoriasis, arthritis and a number of deadly diseases by natural ways.

Admission process : KEAM (state level exam), CPAT, NEET offer admission in BUMS course.

Cutoff (NEET):

Different colleges offer admission at a different mark range. A minimum of 50% marks in 12th (PCB) is a must.

Top Colleges:

  1. Government Unani Medical College, Bangalore
  2. Luqman Unani Medical College and Hospital, Bijapur
  3. National Institute of Medical sciences, New Delhi
  4. Tippu Sultan Shaheed Educational Trust Unani Medical College, Gulbarga, Karnataka.

Average fee: INR 50,000 to 6.3 Lacs for three years.

Opting for any AYUSH COURSE brings pride and honour to heal people from sufferings and earns you with the title of a ‘Dr.’

A report by Sneha Verma for IHOIK education desk

Twelve Best Places To Visit In Kota: A Travel Catalogue

The cartographic coordinates of 25.18°N and 75.83°E, mark the existence of the city of Kota. Situated on the banks of river Chambal, Kota enjoys a lush green topography over the rocky and barren terrains of Rajasthan. The history of Kota dates back to 12th century AD, which gives the city a unique cultural, historical and architectural bliss.

Upon taking a wide tour of the city and it’s outer, we were able to catalogue the top twelve places to visit in Kota.

Garadia Mahadev

At about a distance of 25 Km from Kota main city on NH76, lies a holy shrine of Lord Shiva at the banks of river Chambal. At an elevation of 500 meters above the sea level, Garadia Mahadev offers an incredible view of Chambal taking an ‘S’ shape turn in her way to reach Kota. The untouched beauty of the land and water along with the view of beautiful horizon makes it a picturesque place.

Gaiparnath Temple

Away from the city lights, lies an old Shiva Temple in a deep gorge known as Gaipernath Mahadev. Situated in a deep trench, Gaipernath is blessed with several waterfalls gushing over the place. An unending path of stairs leads to the shrine of Lord Shiva, resting in the lap of waterfalls, huge boulders, and an ecosystem of its own. The best time to visit is in monsoons when the rain refurbishes the water reserves and greenery.

Kishore Sagar Talab

Kishore Sagar is an artificial lake with a history dating back to 1346. It was constructed by the Prince of Bundi, Dehra Deh. Boat rides in the lake serve to make the evening more beautiful. Evening lighting of the place makes it more attractive. The reflection of the city, which falls on the water at night, is eye candy for the visitors.

Jagmandir Palace

In the midst of Kishor Sagar Lake lies the beautiful Jagmandir Palace. It was built by the queens of Kota between 1743 to 1745. This redstone monument between the lake is a unique attraction of the city of Kota. It is built with the combination of Mughal and the Hindu architectural design, which provide it with unique essence. The night is marked by a mesmerising reflection of the lights of Jagmandir Palace forming upon the water of the lake.

Seven Wonders Park

Along the waters of Kishor Sagar Lake lies the famous seven wonders park. It has the replicas of all the Seven Wonders of the World erected on it. It also houses small and beautiful sheds build in native Rajasthani type of architecture, which makes this place more picturesque. Some Bollywood movies like Badrinath Ki Dulhania  and  the  series  of  Kota Factory have featured this park recently.

Chambal Garden

Located on the bank of river Chambal, it marks an excellent picnic spot in the city of Kota. The view of the flowing Chambers, the chimneys of the thermal power plant on the other side of the river and a lush green cover and bird diversity in the garden enhance its glory. Toy train rides give a complete tour of the garden. Being a part of National Chambal Ghariyal (Gavial) Sanctuary, it offers boat rides to have a close view of fish-eating reptiles (Ghariyal) in their natural habitat.

Garh Palace

Also known as City Palace, this palace is a complex representation of the cultural and architectural richness of the Rajput dynasty. It contains the suites and apartments built by different Rajput rulers at different times, therefore giving a vast tour of the past to present of Rajput dynasty in a single visit. Being attached to museums, this palace offers a cultural, historical and an educational tour to the visitors.


Abheda Mahal

Abheda Mahal is a medieval palace which served as a recreational spot to the rulers of Kota. It contains a lake in the middle which harnesses beautiful lotus and turtles. Reflection of Abheda Mahal forming on the lake is worth having eyes on while walking in its beautiful gardens.

Kota Barrage

Kota Barrage is a dam built on river Chambal and is situated quite close to the city. It is marked for peaceful evenings and offers a thrilling view of water gushing through the barrage gates with a great force and valour. Kota Barrage provides an incredible view of the city and flowing Chambal from the height.

Khade Ganesh Ji

Khade Ganesh Ji is a 600-year-old temple within city proximity. It holds the fact to be the only temple in India with the standing idol of Lord Ganesh. The occasion of Ganesha Chaturthi marks a very enthusiastic celebration in the temple when the procession is carried out with utmost spirituality and zeal. Temple attends a large number of devotees every year.

Chattaneshwar Mahadev

Situated in the laps of nature, a beautiful Shiva temple Chattaneshwar Mahadev is a tourist attraction spot known for its scenic beauty. This place holds special religious importance and experiences a crowd of numerous shiva bhakts all throughout the year. With a beautiful waterfall as its source of attraction, this place is a must visit for all specially during the monsoon season.

Chhatra Vilas Garden

Chhatra Vilas garden, popularly known as CV garden is a popular tourist attraction spot in Kota. With lush green grass and natural beauty this place also offers tourists with a treat to to some of the royal cenatophs inside the garden. A perfect place for family picnics and a center of attraction for historians and tourists, CV garden is not only a place for leisure but also historically significant and culturally rich.


A report by Sumit Yadav 

Evolution Of Social Media: fleets, Reels & Rooms

The continued growth of social media is the result of regular innovation and planning through the introduction of new features and updated formats of the existing features of the social media apps. The social media freaks are going gaga over the introduction of new features in the most popular social media platforms.

Latest data shows that more than half of total population on Earth use social media to connect to each other. Around 3.96 billion people across the planet, i.e. 51% of total global population use social media.

In this time of COVID-19 pandemic, when everything was getting out of hand, social media played a much needed role, to get everything to almost normal. From helping to spread minute by minute updates to the users, to introducing new and efficient features to keep everyone entertained during low times, many new ideas came up. Some of these new features are:

  1. Rooms (Facebook):

    Facebook launched its latest video conferencing feature, Messenger Rooms. This feature was announced by Facebook’s CEO, Mark Zuckerberg in April 2020. Messenger rooms is basically a platform to create video group calls and invite upto 50 people to join the room. With no such time limit for the meeting termination, it gives a direct competition to platforms such as ‘Zoom’ which have grown much in popularity in last few months. This feature is open for all, which means that you don’t need to create a facebook account to use it. It is limited to Facebook as of now, but soon, this feature will be accessible via other applications like Instagram and WhatsApp. While in a room, you can use 360-degree views of exotic locations for backgrounds, and work with beauty filters too. You can use your rooms from your phone or computer.

    Fleets (Twitter):

    Twitter fleets were first introduced in Brazil. This feature is now available in India. Similar to Instagram stories, these tweets, known as ‘fleets’ will disappear after 24 hours. Also, likes, retweets and public replies are restricted in this feature. This feature was introduced, because many people felt insecure to tweet, because they felt that tweets are permanent, and all the people can like and retweet them, which are displayed permanently. Fleets will inspire more and more people to express themselves and tweet freely. This feature is available for both android and iOS.

  1. Reels (Instagram):

    Instagram Reels was started in India in June, 2020, after Tik-Tok was banned. This was the biggest chance for Instagram to gain more popularity in India. Instagram reels let users shoot video, apply filters, add music to it from Instagram albums and share them beyond Instagram platform. It allows users to create 15 seconds video and share the reels in explore section and even to non-followers. Instagram has partnered with prominent music labels to provide the best and wide collection on songs to its users.

With the introduction of these features, all these apps have become more inclusive and more interactive. the users are showing the expected enthusiasm and this opens the door to more such experiments by established social media giants.

A report by Muskan Dahiya for IHOIK Technical desk

Online Education In Corona Times: A Controversial Necessity

The Pandemic has not only affected the economy of the world but has affected the education system drastically. More than 1.4 billion students are not studying in the classrooms today. E-learning has paved its way much earlier than what we would have experienced in the upcoming digital world, of course, a few years later!

If we talk about the current scenario, it’s been 5 months of the pandemic and things are just getting worse. Still, most of the industries whether they are MNC’s or the shootings for the TV serials or web series have started again with all the essential precautions. Only the educational institutions are on the hold because of the option of Online Education which is equally efficient for the students. What matters the most is the quality of education, whether online or in the classrooms.

Coming to the part of challenges, every situation has its pros and cons. Online education also faces some obstacles for both the teacher and the students.

1. Internet connectivity: The students are out of their schools in around 167 countries. Every place and area is different and many without proper network connectivity. Students are having problems while studying due to major internet issues and are not able to attend their lectures effectively.

2. Dropout rates: Government declared schemes like Mid-Day Meal so that the poor people and below the poverty line also send their children to the schools which worked well. Now, since there are no schools that means no food which resulted in major dropouts this year. That means the food is the only bait for those people to send their children to study.

3. Electronic gadgets: Online education demands a gadget like a mobile phone or a laptop. Not all people can afford this. Recently, a father in Himachal Pradesh sold his cow which was the only source of income, for purchasing a smartphone so that his son could study. Not all the people do this and therefore stop educating their children due to the expenses involved in this. Therefore, a gadget is directly proportional to education in terms of online classes. This problem has not aroused in India but many other countries. While 92% of students in Switzerland or Norway have access to electronic gadgets, only 34% of students in Indonesia do.

4. Improvising skills: Teachers have a lifetime habit of teaching on the blackboards face to face and this Electronic teaching is a very new concept for them. It is very difficult for them to teach the students effectively when they do not have much knowledge about this new type of teaching. Without the absence of the physical presence of students or assets like blackboards, teachers find themselves much helpless.

Apart from the few demerits, if we look at a brighter side, we can see the coming generation which is fully digital. We have often heard and debated that E-education will take over the classroom teaching but this time it will happen much faster having an experience of months. Once we are adapted to this and we start to grow, we will be ready for this new type of learning.

If we talk about the status of online education in India, we can notice that students retain approximately 45-60% more material when studying online whereas only 15-28% when studying in the classroom that too if the class is a smart class. Also, online education saves 40% of the learning time of the students. But on the other side, according to the survey by Niti Aayog, 55,000 villages in India are lacking mobile network coverage which makes the people there hopeless to think about E-Education.

The road ahead will be smoother than this because we were not prepared this time. Zero training was provided to the teachers, unlike the US, no gadgets were given to the students, there were no arrangements and lack of awareness was there. These things were partially responsible for the dropout rates of the students this year. The options available in the online study material are outstanding. Whether we talk about re-reading or recording the lectures, it is estimated that it will be more beneficial to the higher class students.

A report by Shreya Kulshrestha

ICAR AIEEA: Doorway To Top Agriculture Universities

Since India is largely dependent on agriculture for its economy, studying its technical aspects is very important. Specialised courses are offered to aspiring individuals who wish to explore all possible innovations in the field of agricultural. These courses produce professionals who can apply scientific approach to the idea of farming. The individuals enrolled in the course learn various technical and practical methods related to agriculture, such as: methods to improve crop yield and reduce soil population.

The ICAR AIEEA or Indian Council of Agricultural Research All India Entrance Examination is conducted for filling 15% of seats in Bachelor’s degree programmes and short listing students for getting placed in doctoral programmes, Post Graduate and Undergraduate in agriculture and Allied Sciences.

On the basis of AIEEA UG, aspirants get an opportunity to be awarded with ‘National Talent Scholarships in Agriculture & Allied Science Subjects’ in different Agricultural Universities across the nation.

In 2019, 8,374 candidates attempted for AICE-JRF/SRF (PGS); 31,486 for PG course and 2,36,931 for UG course.


To appear n the examination, a candidate must have completed 12th or +2 Education from any recognised board in English medium with at least 3 subjects with mathematics, biology, physics or chemistry. The applicant must be an Indian only. The minimum age of the candidate must be at least 16 years. The minimum qualifying marks required in class 12th exam to be eligible for the  process is 50% for general, OBC or non-creamy layer candidates and it is just 40% for candidates belonging from Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes or Physically challenged category.

Exam pattern & courses on offer:

Duration of the exam is 2 and ½ hour that takes place once a year in online mode, conducted by NTA (National Testing Agency). Official website is Based on the score obtained in this exam, candidates can secure a total of 11 UG courses.

Courses available for students of Biology stream:

  • Agriculture
  • Horticulture
  • Fisheries
  • Forestry
  • Sericulture
  • Home science
  • Biotechnology
  • Food science

Courses available for students of Mathematics stream:

  • Agriculture Engineering
  • Dairy Technology
  • Agricultural Marketing & co-operation
  • Forestry
  • Food Science
  • Biotechnology

Admission and career opportunities:

There are around 102 ICAR institutes and 71 agricultural universities in the country. Top Institutions /Universities  accepting admissions in UG courses based on ICAR-AIEEA are SAUs (State Agricultural Universities), IARI (Indian Agricultural Research Institute), IVRI, (Indian Veterinary Research Institute), CIFE (Central Institute of Fisheries Education), NDRI (National Dairy Research Institute), RPCAU (Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University), CAU (Central Agricultural University), etc.

Studying agricultural research at ICAR makes a candidate eligible for Central and state government jobs that include

1. Indian Forest service (IFS)

2. Banking

3. Research

4. Engineering

5. Consultation

6. Corporate

7. Plantation

Apart from this, any government job that specifies graduation as the required qualification like civil services, defence services, banks etc., the Ag BSc graduates can equally apply like any other graduate. Moreover, there are large number of local, national and international private business organisations, manufactures and NGOs where agriculture products professionals can find a decent employment.

A report by Sakshi Saranya Rout for IHOIK education desk

A Sneak Peek Into The Life Of A Kotaite

Nothing comes without a sacrifice. Being an average kid, I have always wondered what special do toppers do. Why some people excel in every field and why some struggle for even the little things in life. A year in Kota taught me things that were priceless.

Kota, the place famous for its astounding results in two of most difficult exams of the country IIT JEE and NEET creates an educational environment for almost 1.5 Lakhs Students every year. But what does a Kota student do that gives him an edge over the others. Let’s see:

Their daily routine of an aspirant is pretty much involved in attending classes and solving problems. But the mental state is on a whole another level.

The day starts with a loud alarm and some post examination stress that comes along with the weekly test. Aside from the tiresome homework, getting up in the morning with around 4 hours of sleep is probably the most difficult task every Kotaite faces. We hurry to the classes with a breakfast of “Poha” and “Kachoris” which are immensely popular and available of every street.

We get to the class and get the seats; with our friends the latecomers are welcomed with class cheering “Aaaaaaaaooooooo” Then comes the exhausting part that requires 6-7 hours of classes. But fortunately, that’s equally the most fun part. The reason is ” The awe-inspiring teachers”. They are undoubtedly the best teachers one could ever get in life. The way they uplifted our spirits when we were demoralized was admirable. They would crack jokes, tell stories, techniques and methods for increasing productivity helps us in many aspects to life other than studies too. Their way of teaching which makes even the most dreadful chapters easy to understand is amazing. They would speak up about the problems they faced and how we may tackle them.  After 6 hours of classes the last bell seems to be a savior. It’s like ending of one phase.

Close to 2’o clock, the extreme hunger compels us to reach the mess as fast as we could. No matter how awful the food is, you’ll get used to it eventually and start appreciating the little “Specials on particular days.”

The afternoon sleep after the heavy lunch ends in no time and before you know it the work timing starts again.

Around 4’o Clock we are back to the study table. This time of self-study is something which remains with us for the entire life. During these days I learnt to be alone and not lonely. How to work in a closed room without distractions and not stressing about what people think or what they are doing. Being cut off from the world and giving more than 100%. It’s not about the studies it’s about pushing your limits.

Sometimes there might be days of feeling low and claustrophobic when we might question our decisions and no one to talk to but that’s what improves us in the long run.

A Samosa or Pani-Puri break helps a lot in focusing. Not to forget the group studies (that were not actually group studies but group joking sessions) and study break we took to visit the City Mall or eat Biryanis or watching movies once in a week. Those were some good times.

The dinner time is at approximately 8:30 PM, where we are hoping on the way there might be something delicious (but of course that’s not the case almost 90% of the time).

On the way back to the hostel with friends there aren’t conversations about Bollywood or Politics or Religious. In Kota it’s different, it’s about what teachers provide better notes who have better style of teaching what questions are challenging. And most popular “This inorganic chemistry is the worst”.

After bunch of discussions and goodbyes we reach our hostel and the same schedule is followed again. During nights you could find two types of people The Night owls and The Early Risers.

Being a night owl myself I assure you the late-night snacks has a separate significance (The Night owls will relate). It’s not until our eyes are tired and we can’t stand studying anymore we go to bed. Complete homework is a myth. No matter how hard you work there will always be a thing or two that you left off. But after working all day long the satisfaction when we’re off to sleep is immense. With another few hours of sleep, it’s morning again and “BACK TO THE ROUTINE”

And that’s how you transform an average student to an extraordinary rank holder. It’s true they say “NOTHING COMES WITHOUT A SACRIFICE”

Report By: Ayush Arya

Top Engineering Entrance Examinations in India

Indians and engineering runs  parallel to each other, a big percentage of youth is in the race to secure a seat in a good engineering college. JEE, which is conducted in two phases opens the gates of IITs, NITs, IIITs and GFTIs but as the competition is quite high, it is impossible to land in these premier institutions. For those who miss the cut by a little margin there are several other engineering entrance examinations which may take an aspiring engineer to an institute of high eminence. With thousands of aspirants running towards their engineering dreams, a number of entrance exams are held in India each year on national level, state level, and university level. With a lot of entrance exam offered, it is very important that students choose the right institute to pursue their dreams and make their future brightest.


BITSAT is conducted by Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS) Pilani. BITSAT is a computer based test conducted annually for admission to integrated first year B.Tech and BE programmes offered by BITS campuses located at Pilani, Goa and Hyderabad. Application Form charges of BITSAT vary around 3000/- and the annual tuition fee ranges between 1,50,000-2,00,00.


VITEEE is conducted by Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT) located in Vellore, Tamil Nadu founded in 1984. It is an online exam which provides admission on around 5000 undergraduate seats. It has it’s campuses in Chennai, Bhopal and Amaravati. Tuition fee (per annum) is about 1,70,000. The highest package offered is 39 lakhs per annum and the average package goes around 8-9 lakhs.


SRM Institute of Science & Technology conducts SRMJEE for admission to B.Tech pragrammes offered by its campuses in Kattankulathar, Ramapuram and Vadapalani in Tamil Nadu and Delhi-NCR for admission on around 7000 undergraduate seats. Direct admission is provided to the top 1000 IIT-JEE rank holders along with the merit holders of central and state board examinations. The tuition fee varies for different campuses around 1 lakh per annum.


Consortium of Medical, Engineering & Dental College of Karnataka conducts Undergraduate Entrance Test (UGET) for around 20000 seats available. It is a state level exam for around 181 colleges. The application form charges are under 2000 INR. Candidates are provided admission according to their domicile whether they are Karnataka Residents or Non Karnataka. To be eligible for any reservation one should be a Karnataka Resident.


Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology (Bhubaneshwar) conducts KIITEE. It is a private institute deemed to be university established in 1992. It is held at more than 60 test centres across various states for admission on around 1200 seats. KIIT goes a little up in the matter of annual fee which is 3,50,000. The mass recruiting companies provide an average package of 4.5 lac per annum in KIIT.


Indraprastha University Common Entrance Test (IPU-CET) is a university level entrance exam organised by Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Delhi. It is an online exam and more than 93 colleges are included. The application fee for IPU-CET is INT 1200. Although the placement rate varies every year, IPU has record of minimum 80% batch being placed. Some of the industry giants offer a package around 7 lacs.


University of Petroleum and Energy Studies Engineering Aptitude Test is conducted by UPES, a private university in Dehradun. It was established in 2003. It is first Indian university to be awarded QS 5 stars for 5 years. The Indian Nationals have to pay Rs. 1350 to submit a form and the foreign applicants have to pay USD 75. The placement records of university had too much up-down in previous years. In 2019 more than 2200 students got placed, moreover some batches even had a placement record of 100%. The median salaries offered was 4.5 LPA.


Symbiosis Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Examination (SITEEE) is conducted by SIT. JEE Main and MHTCET (Maharashtra Common Entrance Test) qualified applicants are also eligible. This exam offers admission on 420 BTech Seats. SIBM Pune has a reputation for producing managers of high calibre.  Average salaries offered here in 2019 was 20.27 LPA. The application form charges are about Rs. 1000/-.


AMUEEE is an entrance examination conducted by Aligarh Muslim University (a public central university). It is held over a duration of 3 hours and comprises of 150 questions which all are objective based. Application fee charges are Rs. 700/- and the fee for B.E and B.Tech for a duration of 4 years is around 1.5 lacs. The Zakir Hussain College of Engineering and Technology (AMU) has secured enviable placement record with exceptional consistency.

Report by: Avantika Gurjar

City Guide: Kota

‘Kota’, the education hub and the city of dreams. Situated on the bank of enchanted river Chambal, which is rich in indigenous flora and fauna, this city is a well-developed and a smart city. Many people think that Kota is all about studies and coaching institutes, which is a misconception. There are a number of beautiful places to visit and explore in this city. This city provides the students with numerous facilities ranging from multiplexes to global food chains which include essential services like hospitals, stadiums, sports complexes, shopping hubs and a lot more.

Multiplexes in Kota:

An equilibrium between study and entertainment is a must in order to ensure proper mental well being of an individual. We all have our unique ways of refreshing our minds. This part of the blog is for those who use movies as a way of refreshing themselves. There are a lot of multiplexes here and they all are famous for different facilities provided by them. A list of Kota multiplexes includes:

PVR- Cinemall

Located on Jhalawar Road. (The only multiplex with recliner).

Fun Cinema, City Mall

Located in Indraprastha Industrial Area, Jhalawar Road. (most prevalent in people).

Gold Cinema

Located in Aakash Multiplex, Aerodrome Circle, New Grain Mandi.

INOX : Ahluwalias The Great Mall

Located in DCM Road, Ramchandrapura, Dhanmandi. (Best Multiplex in Kota).

Mayur Cinema – Nayapura

A famous theatre located at Chatra Vilas Garden, Near Agarsen Circle, Nayapura, South

Carnival Cinemas Natraj

Suitable for kids and located at Station Main Road


Shopping Hubs:

Every year this city attracts a crowd of lakhs of students. Therefore, there is a complete arrangement to help them meet all their demands. Kota provides a diverse and wide range of shopping hubs where you can shop according to your budget. Some of which include:

City Mall

Located on Jhalawar Road. A lot of stuffs might seem to be a bit expensive, but the quality is outstanding. You mostly get to shop big brands at City Mall.

Cine Mall

Like City Mall, this place also introduces you to a world where you find products from the top-notch brands. There are a number of shops in the basement of Cine Mall where you will find everything, ranging from clothes to shoes at a cheaper price.

Ahluwalia – The Great Mall of Kota

The biggest mall of Kota and a great shopping option for shopping freaks. Here you can find stores of popular brands. It is located at DCM Road, Dhanmandi, Kota.


You will also find V-Mart in Kota with a number of branches in different areas such as Dadabari, Rangbari, Talwandi, Kunadi and Maharana Pratap Circle.

Vishal Mega Mart

One cannot simply ignore this place. You can find all the items of your requirements at a very reasonable price here.

Friends Bazaar

This place is quite famous among the students. Clothes, electronics, and every other item of daily use is available here at the best price. It is located in Mahaveer Nagar, Kota.

Central Square Mall

This mall is more famous for electronic items, especially for second-hand phones. You can also buy a new mobile phone and other electronic goods from this place. Located at Ballabhbari, Gumanpura, Kota.

Indira market

This place is the local market of Kota. Many people might be unaware about the existence of this market. It’s a little crowded and you may even face problems while finding a suitable parking for your vehicles but you can buy a lot of things at a very reasonable price if you are good at bargaining. It is located at Ghanta Ghar.


Global Food Chain:

Missing the magical taste of food cooked by your mom? Don’t panic! Though it’s true that there can’t be any replacement to ‘Ghar ka khana’ but the global food chain in Kota tries their best to satiate your hunger and satisfy your taste buds. ‘Kota’ this city has the solution to your every single problem like a self-sustainable system. Students from different parts of the country come to this place. As we know, our country has a diversity of culture and food pattern, the global food chain in Kota provides you with thousands of options to convince your craving for food and savor. It includes :


A perfect place to dive into a cheesy experience of thin bread crust with toppings according to your taste.

No. of branches : 2

Location: 1. City Mall, 2. Aakash Mall.

Mc Donalds

Famous for their crispy fries, smoothies and lip smacking burgers with a number of options for vegetarians and non vegetarians.

No. of branches: 1

Location: City Mall

Burger King

As the name suggests, this place is famous for its fresh bread burgers and chicken bowls.

No. of branches: 2

Location: 1. City Mall, 2. Ahluwalia – The Great Mall of Kota


Customized crust between the cheesy bread makes it the perfect place to try something new.

No. of branches: 1

Location: City Mall

Pizza Hut

Pizza Hut offers you with the best pan Pizzas and on point flavors. Their variety of stuffed crust pizzas might leave you awestruck every single time.

No. of branches: 1

Location: Cine Mall

Cafe Coffee Day

The perfect place to grab a cup of coffee to refresh your mind after a hectic day of studies. Try having a new beverage every time you visit CCD until you find your best coffee type.

No. of branches: 3

Location: (1)Cine Mall, (2)Mahaveer Nagar, (3)Central Square Mall, Gumanpura.

Barbeque Nation

A restaurant that is slowly emerging as a popular choice for people with a table d’hôte menu where you have to pay a fixed amount of money and enjoy unlimited starters, main course, and deserts.

No. of branches: 1

Location: Ahluwalias Great Mall, Kota.


Government Hospitals:

It is hard to escape the clutch of misfortune. A well-known proverb circulates between us “an apple a day keeps the doctor away”, but there are emergency cases where you need urgent medical assistance. So providing you with a list of government hospitals for any unfortunate urgencies.

Rampura Satelite Government Hospital

Location: Rampura, Kota.

Maharao Bhimsingh Hospital

Location: Nayapura, Kota.

Sahari Prathamik Swasthay Kendra

Location: Near Sabji Mandi, Vigyan Nagar, Kota

Govt hospital

Location: Govind Nagar, Kota Industrial Area, Kota.

Vaidya Dau Dayal Joshi Government Ayurvedic Hospital

Location: Commerce College Rd, New Rajeev Gandhi Nagar, Sector-A, Talwandi, Kota.

Govt Hospital Kunhari

Location: Ladpura, Kota.

Super Speciality Hospital Govt. Medical College Kota

Location: Ganesh Nagar, Kota.

ESI Hospital

Location: Jhalawar Road, Chhatrapura, Dhanmandi, Kota.


Government Colleges:

Kota is well known for institutes that provide the best ambience for entrance exams like NEET and JEE but as a district headquarter, it also has colleges for higher degrees. The list is quite long including

Government Medical College

Courses Offered: MBBS, MD Biochemistry.

Location: Rangbari Road, Kota.

Government Commerce College

Location: 65 A, Talwandi, New Rajeev Gandhi Nagar, Kota.

Rajasthan Technical University

Courses Offered: Engineering and Architecture, Hospitality and Tourism, Medicine and Applied Science

Location: Akelgarh, Kota.

Government Law College

Location: Swami Vivekanand Nagar, Kota.

Government College Kota

Location: Nayapura, Kota.

Government Polytechnic College

Location: DCM Road, Kota.

University Of Kota

Location: Sector-C, Talwandi, Kota.


Sport Complexes:

Sports is an integral part of our day to day lives providing students with a way to refresh  and take a break from all the tensions that outweigh their mind. Some famous sports complexes of Kota are:

Singhania Badminton Hall

A place where you can polish your badminton skills with well maintained and clean environment provided with gym equipments.

Location: CV Garden Nayapura., Kota.

Badminton Court Complex

As it’s a little bit far away from the busy city side, very few people know about this place and visit this court. A basketball court is also present here.

Location: Chitargupt Colony, Dadabari, Kota.

Srinathpuram Badminton Hall

A well maintained badminton court and the best place to have a workout session.

Location: Shirinathpuram, Kota.

Umed Club

The club with an excellent dining and drinking place. Here you can get a coaching for playing tennis and cricket. They have a Deco Truff court of tennis with floodlighting facility.

Location: Nayapura, Kota.



Physical fitness along with mental well being makes us a perfectly healthy human. Taking care of the need of students for providing space to refresh minds and practice outdoor games, a number of stadiums and small parks are found in every colony. Some of the stadiums are :

International Cricket Stadium Kota

This was made as a fan park for IPL 2019 and people enjoyed the match of CSK and MI. The ground regularly hosts Ranji matches for the Rajasthan cricket team.

Location: Nayapura, Kota.

Shreenathpuram stadium

Location: Srinathpuram, Kota.

Major Dhyan Chand Stadium

A clean and big stadium where you can go for s morning and evening walk refreshing your mind with fresh air. This park has sufficient space for playing football, cricket, basketball, etc, and is oen for everyone. There is a badminton court as well as a temple inside the park.

Location: Dadabari, Kota

Mukherjee Stadium Kota

Location: Sector-C Talwandi, Kota.

Vijayveer Stadium

A beautiful place for jogging, walking and playing football and volleyball.

Location: Kunhari, Kota.

Jk Pavilion International Stadium Kota

The ground regularly hosts Ranji matches for the Rajasthan cricket team.

Location: Opposite Zoological Park, Kota.

Kota Stadium

It is also known as Umed Singh stadium. People come here for jogging, running, playing football, etc.

Location: Baran Road, CV Garden, Kota.

Raghav Stadium

A well maintained stadium, surrounded by greenery and plants. Ground for local tournaments.

Location: Dadabari Extension, Dadabari, Kota.

This is all you need to know about the various places and services that make Kota special. Hope this would help you explore the hidden aspects of this city and make this place a little more special for you.

Report by: Shekhar and Salman Raza


Importance of good company: Things to keep in mind while choosing a friend in tender age

“A man is known by the company he keeps.”

Growing up, we all have heard this from our teachers and parents a hundred times. But we never knew the actual meaning of it until we were called “good students” or “defaulters” according to the group we chose to be part of.

Remember, those warnings from teachers when we were caught using abusive words to conform to the social group, we were part of Remember, idolizing a famous artist just because ‘my group likes it’?

The early experiences of ridicule, failures, triumphs, learning are directly linked to the type of companions we chose.

As a social being, there is a great significance of interaction in our lives. We share our thoughts, ideas and information by interacting. Interactions are the reasons for inventions. To make life a happy journey, we share our insights with those around us. We may prefer companions according to our taste and they eventually become the reason of who we are and what we will become.

Why is a good companion important for you?

A good companion is like water to your life because:

  • Best Stress Busters: They are the ones who are always there to lift you up, no matter how gloomy you are! They will do everything to cheer you up. Their companionship gets you rid of all the stress and anxiety, the moment they say, “Aal izz well” while giving you ‘jaadu ki jhappi’
  • Honest Feedback: Whether you tried some new dish or wrote something, they are the ones whom you look up to for the feedback. Without any shadow of doubt, you know they will never sugarcoat things to make you feel happy rather will suggest where you can improve.
  • Secret Keepers: You pour everything in your heart and mind to them without any fear of feeling judged or exposed. Who is your crush, what are your family problems, difficulties in studies, they know it all! You trust them and know that they will never expose you and will take all your secrets with them to their tombs.
    Best Cheerleaders: Good friends make you realize your true potential and always encourage you to achieve your goals. Even when the whole universe is conspiring against you, they will never leave you and face the situation with you! They boost your confidence by acknowledging your strengths and help you overcome your weaknesses. They ‘push’ you to overcome all the obstacles and are the happiest when you win.
  • Favorite Teachers: Many will tell you that a particular thing is wrong, but it’s only your true friend who succeeds in convincing you why it’s wrong! They not only show you the right path but also walk along with you. They make boring subjects interesting with their quirkiness. They inspire you every day with their vision and loyalty.

Now when you know the importance of good friends, here are a few recommendations you must keep in mind while choosing one for yourself:

  • Similar Values: Be friends with those who have similar values as yours and are as motivated as you in life because their beliefs & behavior strongly influence you. You may enjoy the diverse values but like-minded friends are like home, your comfort zones.
  • Common Goals: Having similar goals in life makes your friendship stronger and healthy competition helps you achieve bigger in life. Their thirst of knowledge helps you become wiser. After all, ‘Birds of the same feather flock together’!
  • Good Character:  Don’t compromise with the character of the person whom you will call a friend. If they don’t respect elders and show mercy to animals, don’t be friends with them. Respect, honesty and kindness are the important aspects of personality. If they don’t possess any, remember they are not the one!
    Supports You: A true friend stands by you through all your ups and downs and assists you in whatever way he/she can. For instance, remember Kamlesh from the Sanju movie? He stood by him when all left and played a major role in enabling him to get rid of the drug addiction. Such friends never leave you and are to be treasured.
  • Listener: This is the most important trait to notice while searching for a friend, whether they are speakers or listeners too? Friendship is all about sharing and it should be both sided. If your friend keeps telling you about himself/herself and refuses to listen to you, are they even your friend? They drain out your energy levels, it’s better to get rid of them! Remember a real friend not only speaks but listens too!

Knowing what you must avoid while making a friend is equally essential because we are motivated by the type of people, we spend our time. Go over the following suggestions:

  • Don’t fall prey to peer pressure: This is the age when you will have a strong desire to explore new sensations out of the adventure. Due to limited experience and underdeveloped decision-making skills, you may become vulnerable to negative peer pressure. You will lose your individuality in the process of adopting the way your friend dresses or talks. You may end up doing things you aren’t ready to handle emotionally, including sexual activity, substance abuse, thefts, etc.
  • No to abusive friends: A company of a person who doesn’t respect your feelings, time and your boundaries will never become your good friend! They will be supremely critical to anything you do and will make efforts to bring you down. They will try to dominate you, and in the end, you will give up to them. So be aware of such companions!
    Don’t think gossipers will be your great friends: You may trust them but are they worthy of it? They will show their concerns to know all your secrets and shortcomings and the next moment, boom! You are exposed to the whole world. All they care about is the ‘masala’ they get for spreading rumors. Never reveal your secrets to them!
    Online friends are cool but may make your fool: With the advancement of technology, social media has made it possible for us to interact with millions globally. You can make friends easily but don’t forget they may end up destroying you in ways you can’t even imagine. Be mindful of the information you share online. Just because a friend is very sweet and frankly doesn’t mean you invite them to invade your privacy. Some friends may actually be very good but always look for real interactions.

Friendship is a very beautiful relationship. And this journey becomes lovable if you have got a true friend otherwise you will only get disappointments if you make a mistake in choosing your friend.

Happy journey!

Report by: Ruqayya Asif

Engineering Abroad: Five Dream Colleges

Being Indians, we are very particular about studying Abroad which is, of course, natural as well as needed. Apart from the ranking of the university, we not only look upon the fee structure but also the environment of the campus which should be favorable for the Indian students. Although there are a lot of engineering institutes in the world, here are the Top 5 universities which are feasible and ranked as the best across the globe!

California Institute of Technology:

Popularly known as Caltech, the university itself is a small world. This notable engineering research and education center, located in California, is the best for PCM students for graduation and further post-graduation. There are only a few Indians there because of the tough competition but they are highly welcomed.

Admission Process:

To apply for CalTech, the applicants need to complete the Coalition Application with Caltech questions and submit a $75 application fee, standardized test results, teacher evaluations which should be excellent, and a secondary school report.

Courses Offered:

For engineering, there are around 8 courses offered including Bachelor of Science in Materials Science, Bachelor of Science in Bio-engineering, Chemical, and Mechanical engineering. The curriculum consists of opting 3 terms of Mathematics and Physics, 2 of Chemistry, Biology, 2 lab courses, and 3 of Physical Education.

Fee Structure:

1st tuition fee:  INR 39.7L

Exam Criteria:

SAT: Accepted

ACT or TOEFL: Accepted

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Founded in 1861, MIT was originally a small association of problem-solvers and science lovers longing to bring their learning to some practical use. Today, MIT has converted into one of the top universities with approx 1,000 faculty members and more than 12,000 undergraduate and graduate students.

It is noticed in the past few years that every Indian getting admission there has an Olympic medal plus topping exams like IIT JEE with AIR 1 to 5.

Admission Process:

There is a unique online application system – MyMIT for the admission process. The application fee is $75. The selection depends on the answers given to the questions asked and written essays. The final criteria are the interview round, which is conducted locally by alumni or on applications like Skype.

Courses Offered:

There are a total of 17 engineering courses in the university including unique courses like Bachelor of Science in Aerospace Engineering, Bachelor of Science in Architecture (BSA), Bachelor of Science in Biological Engineering, Bachelor of Science in Materials Science and Engineering, etc.

Fee Structure:

1st tuition fee: INR 41.9L

Exam Criteria:

SAT: Accepted

TOEFL: 90 & Above

University of Cambridge

The UK is one of the favorite overseas countries for Indian students in terms of Education due to the wide variety of subjects and extracurricular activities there. The University of Cambridge is also one of the renowned universities, considered to be the best one in the field of engineering.

Admission Process:

The completion of a UCAS form is required. Besides, a supplementary application questionnaire is to be filled and lastly, a written admission assessment is to be done to be selected. Of course, the final and the main step is the interview day having 1 or more rounds.

Courses Offered:

There are around 3 courses offered for Engineering like Engineering for Sustainable Development and Electrical Engineering.

Fee structure:

1st-year tuition fee: Ranges around INR 25.9L – 30.2L

Exam Criteria:

IELTS: 7.5 & Above

Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

Also called NTU Singapore, it is one of the world’s best young academies and is coming amongst the top 10 universities in the QS university rankings from the past 5 years.

Admission Process:

Application for undergraduate is done online during the application period. Once you receive a confirmation email, you got to pay the fee which is USD30 which is around Rs. 2250. Supporting documents are required later on.

Courses Offered:

There are around 9 Engineering courses which are mainly Electronic, Civil, Mechanical and chemical engineering.

Fee Structure:

1st-year tuition fee: INR 17.1L only.

Exam Criteria:

IELTS: 6 & Above

TOEFL: 90 & Above

PTE: 55 & Above

Stanford University

Established in California, USA, around 500 Indian students are enrolled in the campus of Stanford every year which implies that there is an excellent environment for Indian students.

Admission Process:

You apply by completing the Coalition Application along with letters of recommendation from teachers which should be outstanding, official school transcripts, SAT with Essays, and a non-refundable $US90 application fee which is Rs 6700.

Courses offered:

There are in total 26 courses available including 13 bachelor courses and the most famous engineering ones are mechanical engineering, engineering in architectural design, civil engineering, etc.

Fee Structure:

INR 41.9L

Exams Criteria:

SAT: Accepted

ILETS: Accepted

A report by Shreya Kulshrestha for IHOIK education desk


Joint Entrance Examination-Main: Doorway To Best Engineering Colleges

JEE (Joint Entrance Examination) – Main is an engineering entrance exam conducted by NTA (National Testing Agency). It is conducted twice a year and on the base of the score obtained in this, candidates can secure seats in NITs(National Institute of Technology), GFTIs (Govt. Funded Technical Institutes) and many private colleges of high reputation.  Every year, around 10 Lakh students appear for this examination but due to the tough competition, very few manage to get admission to their dream engineering college. JEE-Main is also a gateway to JEE Advanced which is conducted for admissions in IITs.

JEE Main has two papers, Paper 1 which provides admission in B.E./B.Tech courses and Paper 2 which is conducted for admission in B.Arch courses. Candidates can appear either in one or in both papers according to their choice. And from this year, i.e. 2020, one more examination has been added to this series for the candidates and that is B.Plan.


There has been a change in JEE pattern several times. In 2013, AIEEE (All India Engineering Entrance Examination) was replaced by JEE Main and IIT-JEE was replaced by JEE Advanced. Earlier, AIEEE was the examination that provided admission in NITs, GFITs (Government Funded Technical Institutes) and other private institutes. From September 2013, the IIT councils decided to conduct the exam in a two phase pattern known as JEE (Main & Advanced) for admission in IITs, NITs and GFITs.

Eligibility criteria

1. Candidate who have passed or are appearing in class 12th board examinations are eligible for JEE-Main.

2. Candidate must secure minimum 75 percent marks or should be in top 20 percentile of their respective boards.

3. A candidate can appear in JEE Main exam consecutively only for 3 years, beginning from the year when the candidate passes his/her intermediate examination.

Exam Pattern

Paper 1 of JEE Main which is for B.E./B.Tech courses is divided into three sections: Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. Each section comprises of 20 multiple-choice questions and 5 numerical based questions. A total time duration of 3 hours is assigned for the same. 4 Marks are awarded for each correct answer and 1 mark is deducted for each incorrect answer. Paper 2 is for the B.Arch course and it has 77 multiple choice questions from Mathematics, Aptitude, and Drawing. The B.Plan examination has 100 multiple choice questions from Mathematics, Aptitude, and Planning.

Steps of application

Visit the NTA website ‘’
Register for the JEE main exam by filling in all the required details
Upload all the mentioned documents in proper format
Proceed to pay the application fee.
Book your slots for the examination
Take a print out of the acknowledgement page for future references.

Colleges Offered

JEE-Main offers admission in a total of  NITS, IITs, and Government Funded Technical Institutes (GFITs) based on the rank obtained by the candidates in the entrance examination.

Also, some top private colleges provide admission to the candidates based on their JEE Main score. These colleges are as follows:

PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore
Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology, Patiala
Amity School of Engineering, Noida
BIT Mesra
CV Raman College of Engineering, Bhubaneswar
Jaypee Institute of Technology, Noida
Lovely Professional University, Phagwara

Course Offered

The various courses offered in NITs, IIITs and GFTIs through JEE Main are as follows:

Bachelor of Engineering/Bachelor of Technology (4 Years)
Bachelor of Planning (4 Years)
Bachelor of Architecture (5 Years)

Normal Cut-off Trends

Category Normal Cut Off (Excepted) Cut off 2019 Cut off 2018 Cut off 2017
Common Rank List (CRL) 89 89.75 74 81
GEN-EWS 78 78.21
OBC 74 74.31 45 49
Scheduled Tribe (ST) 44 44.33 24 27
Scheduled Caste (SC) 54 54.01 29 32
PwD 0.11 0.11


Mode of Conduct

Paper 1 of JEE Main Exam is conducted in the online mode, however, Paper 2 of JEE Main Exam is conducted in the offline mode(pen and paper mode).

A report by Shruti for IHOIK education desk

A World Beyond NEET: Career Options With Biology

As soon as students get their matriculation results or even before that, the thoughts of career options are on their head. Selecting a course where the interests of the ward as well as the future prospect is secure is a cumbersome task for students and parents.

If we look at the present scenario, we will find that if a student opt Biology in Science stream, the only thing that comes to mind is ‘NEET’, i.e. the medical entrance test. But, this is a myth and prejudice. There are ample career options else than medicine once you opt Biology for intermediate course. Here, we are listing in detail some other career options with bright future prospect.


  •  B.Sc. in Anthropology 

Anthropologists can start their careers in different sectors, like colleges, have, government agencies, NGOs, business, health and human services. These graduates can also get jobs at private businesses, community organisations, museums, independent research institutes, service organisations and media.

  •  B.Sc. in Veterinary Science

The career scope of veterinary science is large and is growing faster in this modern world era. Veterinarians work in private clinics, animal hospitals and laboratories.

  •  B. Pharma (Pharmacy)

Job Opportunities in Pharmacy field are huge. Due to the opening of large pharmaceutical companies, the future in the field of pharmacy is bright. Numerous jobs are available for pharmacists in government as well as private organizations.


  •  B.Sc. in Nursing

After finishing BSc in Nursing one can opt for MSc in nursing which will improve their prospects in the job market. One can specialize in psychiatry, Medical-Surgical, Community Health and Paediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynaecology. The students can  join the top Nursing Colleges in Bangalore for further studies.

  •   B.Sc. in Physio-Therapy

After the completion of the course one may go for the higher studies as M.PT or PhD. To work with the hospitals, health organizations or individual practice, it is necessary to have the bachelor degree. One can work with the ministry of sports, stadium, hospitals, health societies or can do freelance practice.

  •  B.Sc. in Medical Science

Scopes: Lab Technicians, Lab Assistants, Medical Technologists, Lab managers.

  •  B.Sc. in Speech and Language Therapy

Career Scopes: Audiologists, Speech Pathologists, Clinical Supervisors

  •  B.Sc. in Rehabilitation Therapy

Job opportunities for Rehabilitation Therapists are available in special schools, community mental health centers, residential care facilities, adult daycare programs  and sports teams. Some Rehabilitation Therapists may choose NGOs working for rehabilitation of children, elderly people and disabled.

  • B.Sc. in Occupational Therapy

Career Options:

  • OT Technician
  • Consultant
  • OT Nurse
  • Rehabilitation Therapy Assistant
  • Private Practitioner
  • Speech and Language Therapist
  • Occupational Therapist
  • Lab Technician


  • B.Sc. in MLT-Medical Technology

Career Options:

  • Lab technician
  • Lab technologist
  • Lab supervisor
  • Lab manager
  • Lab assistant
  • Instructor/Tutor
  • Lab analyst


  • B.Sc. in Audiology

Career opportunity in MSc/BSc Audiology:

  • Acousticians
  • Audiological Scientists
  • Auditory Scientists
  • ENT / Audiological Physicians
  • Hearing Aid Audiologists
  • Hearing Therapists
  • Research Audiologist


  • B.Sc. in Genetics

Genetics is a wide field and it has applicability in cancer research, assessing newborn defects, Nutrigenomics, DNA sample analysis, etc. The field of genetics allows you to work in medical as well as scientific research.

  • B.Sc. in Microbiology

There are several job opportunities for those who want to pursue a career in microbiology. Microbiologists can find job opportunities in sectors such as government and private hospitals, food industries, research and development organizations, chemical industries and pharmaceutical industries.

  • B.Sc. in Bio-Technology

In-Demand Biotechnology Careers:

  • Biomedical Engineer
  • Biochemist
  • Medical Scientist
  • Biological/Clinical Technician
  • Microbiologist
  • Process Development Scientist
  • Biomanufacturing Specialists
  • Business Development Manager


  • B.Sc. in Bio-Chemistry

Jobs directly related to a Biochemistry degree include:

  • Research Fellow
  • Analytical chemist
  • Biomedical scientist
  • Pharma Associate
  • QA / AC Associate
  • Healthcare scientist
  • Clinical biochemistry
  • Food Safety Analyst


  • B.Sc. in Bio-Informatics

What are the job roles?

  • Professor
  • Science Technician
  • Research Assistant
  • Bioinformatics Scientist
  • Bioinformatics Analyst
  • Junior Research Fellow
  • Research Associate
  • Bioinformatics Software Developer


  • B.Sc. in Bio-Medical Science

Biomedical Sciences program:

  • Clinical Research Coordinator
  • Biostatics & Programming Manager
  • Clinical Data Analyst
  • Research Assistant
  • Lab Manager
  • Research Scientist
  • Medical Image Analysis Researcher
  • Pharmacist

Graduate Courses in Biology

  • B.Sc. in Botany

A Botanist can work as a Technical Assistant, Field Assistant or Scientific Assistant in both the private and government sectors. Various private firms like nursery farms and environmental consultancies are also a good option for a Botanist.

  •  B.Sc. in Zoology

There are numerous career opportunities for candidates completing their BSc, MSc,  and Ph. D. in Zoology in the public and private sectors. Candidates find jobs as  Animal Behaviourist, Conservationist, Wildlife Biologist, Zoo Curator, Wildlife Educator, Zoology faculty, Forensic experts, lab technicians, Veterinarians.

  • B.Sc. in Home Science

The professional career for home science is bright with a number of job opportunities. Graduates of home science can get to work at schools, colleges, welfare organizations, textiles, management, interior design, child care management, dietetics and nutrition, and more.

  • B.Sc. in Environment Science

The scope of environmental studies is very wide and it deals with many areas like:
i) Conservation of natural resources
ii) Ecological aspects
iii) Pollution of the surrounding natural resources
iv) Controlling the pollution,
v) Social issues connected to it
vi) Impacts of human population on the environment

  • B.Sc. in Food Technology

Career in Food Technology:

  • Food technologist
  • Nutritional therapist
  • Product/process development scientist
  • Quality manager
  • Regulatory affairs officer
  • Scientific laboratory technician
  • Technical brewer


  • B.Sc. in Agriculture

BSc Agriculture Jobs & Career Options:

  • Agriculture Officer
  • Assistant Plantation Manager
  • Agricultural Research Scientist
  • Business Development Executive
  • Marketing Executive


  • B.Sc. in Horticulture

A horticulturist can also choose his/her career in the education sector as a professor. Those holding PhD degree can apply for the examination conducted by the Agriculture Scientist Recruitment Board, ICAR, New Delhi.

Work Areas:

  • Field Work
  • Sales & Marketing
  • Teaching
  • Research Area
  • Farming
  • Projects
  • Irrigation Department


  • B.Sc. in Fisheries

Jobs: Farm Manager, Hatchery Manager, Fisheries Inspector, Aqua Culturist, Fish Exporter, Marine Biologist & Marine Scientist, Fish Trader, Fish Breeder, Hatchery/Farm Operator, Fisheries Extension Officer/Technical Officer, Feed Mill Manager, Processing & Production Manager, Fish Export Inspector, Export Manager.

  • B.Sc. in Food Technology

Career in Food Technology:

  • Food technologist
  • Nutritional therapist
  • Product/process development scientist
  • Quality manager
  • Regulatory affairs officer
  • Scientific laboratory technician
  • Technical brewer


  • B.Sc. in Radiography

Radiology Career Scope and Job Opportunities in India:

  • Radiology Technician
  • Radiologist
  • MRI Technician
  • Radiology Assistant
  • Radiology Technologist/Radiographer
  • Ultrasound Technician / Diagnostic Medical Sonographer
  • Radiology Nurse
  • CT Tech / CAT Scan Technologist / CT Scan Technologist


  • B.Sc. in Nutrition and Dietetics

Scope of the course:
Nutrition and Dietetics jobs require specialized and customized services for patients and clients. It is a highly lucrative and well-paid job. A dietician’s salary in India is quite high when one has achieved high prominence and excellence in the field.

Courses In Research Area:
If you are interested in research are then there are many options. There are some research topic related to Biology given below-
1. Behaviour
2. Biochemistry
3. Biophysics
4. Cell Biology
5. Computational Biology
6. Conservation Biology
7. Developmental Biology
8. Ecology
9. Evolution
10. Genetics
11. Marine Biology
12. Microbiology
13. Molecular Biology
14. Neurobiology
15. Physiology
16. Plant Biology
17. Population Biology

Some Others Options:

  1. B.Sc. in Physics
    2. B.Sc. In Mathematics
    3. B.Sc. (Analytical methods in Chemistry and Biochemistry)
    4. B.Sc. (Applied Chemistry)
    5. B.Sc. (H) Chemistry
    6. B.Sc. (Industrial Chemistry)
    7. B.Sc. in Textile Designing
    8. Astronomy
    9. Aviation
    10. Merchant Navy
    11. BPT (Bachelor of Physiotherapy)
    12. B.Arch

A report by Shariar Alam for IHOIK education Desk

CBSE 12th Results Declared, No Merit List This Year

Amidst the chaos created due to the global pandemic, 13th July, 2020 brought some relief for over 12 lakh students, as Central Board Of Secondary Education (CBSE) announced class 12 results on Board’s official portal. Students can access their results via Board’s official website,, SMS, IVRS and Digilocker app.

This year, a total of 12,03,595 students registered for CBSE 12th exams, out of which 11,92,961 students appeared and 10,59,080 students passed the exam. A Total of 88.78 percent students have passed this year, which is 5.38 percent more than last year, when overall pass percentage of students was 83.40.
Total pass percentage of boys is 86.19,  whereas girls, with pass percentage of 92.15, are leading this list by a considerable margin of 5.96 percent.

In institution-wise performance, Jawahar Navoday Vidyalaya (JNV) has topped the list with pass percentage of 98.70, followed by Kendriya Vidyalaya (KV) with pass percentage of 98.62.

The CBSE has announced that no merit list will be released this year as the results are on assessment basis and not purely on evaluation.
According to CBSE, class 12 results of 400 students could not be computed as per decided assessment scheme, so, their results will be announced later.

Earlier on June 26, 2020, CBSE informed the Supreme Court that the results of pending examinations will be prepared as per the new assessment guidelines. The apex court approved the following set of rules for evaluation of papers in this unprecedented scenario:
• For student who appeared in all the examinations, results will be declared on the basis of their performance in examination.
• For students who appeared in more than 3 subjects, an average of best 3 subjects will be awarded.
• For students who have appeared in 3  subjects, the average of best 2 subjects will be awarded.
• For students who appeared in less than 3 subjects, the result will be calculated based on their performance in those subjects as well as previous assessments and internals.

CBSE has made it clear that if a student is not satisfied with the results or he/she is willing to improve his/her performance, the board will conduct special examination for the same when the situation gets better.

A report by Muskan Dahiya for IHOIK Education Desk.

ICSE 10th and ISC 12th results-2020 Declared

The ICSE (Indian Certificate of Secondary Education) Class 10th and ISC (Indian School Certificate) Class 12th result 2020 were announced today, on 10th July 2020 at 3 pm by Council for the Indian School Certificate Examination (CISCE). A total of 2.07 Lakhs students appeared in ICSE whereas 88,409 appeared in ISC.

A change in trend was noticed in the pass percentage this year as compared to the last year. This year the pass percentage for ICSE is 99.34% which was 98.54% last year whereas the pass percentage for ISC is 96.34% which was 96.52% last year. Students can check their results by visiting the official website Students also have the option of getting their results via SMS. To check their results by SMS all they have to do is to send their 7 digit roll number to 09248082883.

CISCE had cancelled 6 papers of ICSE and 8 papers of ISC which were scheduled between 19th March to 31st March due to the COVID-19 outburst. It was later postponed to July, but due to the ongoing circumstances, it was decided that CISCE will declare the results opting for a new way of assessment. This is the reason why CISCE has not released the merit list this year.

The new way of assessment for ISC students was that the average of the best three subjects along with the percentage of marks obtained by students in projects and practical will be made in consideration for the marking of remaining papers. For ICSE, an average of best three subjects along with the percentage of marks of internal assessment will be the basis for the evaluation of remaining papers.

Further, if any student is not happy with the assessment, the option of giving a written examination will be available for them, once the situations gets in control. The window for rechecking is also open till July 16 at only for the subjects whose exams were conducted.

A report by Shruti Rai for IHOIK education desk

CBSE Scraps Class 9-12 Syllabus by 30%

The Central Board of Secondary Education syllabus for class 9 to 12 has been shortened by 30 percent this year due to damage of academic time caused by Covid-19 pandemic. According to the Human Resource Development Minister, the reduction in syllabus has been done but the core concepts are still intact.

Since the beginning of this new academic session, conduct of classroom teaching has not been possible and it has affected approximately 25 Crore students across the nation.  Sighting this situation, the HRD Minister invited suggestions for syllabus rationalization and  around 1500 educationists put forth their opinions, based on which the curriculum committee, respective course committees and the governing body of CBSE finalised the new syllabus. CBSE released an official statement instructing the school principals to also explain the deleted topics to the extent required to connect different topics.

As per the revised syllabus released by CBSE for the session 2020-21, Anatomy of flowering plants, transport in plants,  mineral nutrition and  digestion and absorption are deleted from Class XI syllabus of Biology.
From class XII Biology,   Reproduction in organisms, Evolution, strategies for enhancement in food production,  ecosystem and environmental issues are deleted.

No Chapter is completely deleted from syllabus of Physics for class XI & XII
Frame of reference, motion in a straight line, x-t graph, speed and velocity,  Kepler’s law,  Elastic behaviour, sheer modulus of rigidity, Poisson’s ratio, elastic energy, heat engine and refrigerator are deleted from the portion of class XI.
From class XII, Carbon resistor, colour code of carbon resistor, series and parallel of resistance, magnetic field intensity due to magnetic dipole, torque on a magnetic dipole, para, dia and ferro magnetic substances, electromagnets power factor, wattless current, AC generator, AC transformer, displacement current,  reflection of light, spherical mirror, mirror for scattering of light,  radioactivity, alpha, beta and gamma rays, radioactive decay law, binding energy and Zener diode are deleted.

From chemistry portion of class XI Environmental chemistry is deleted and from class XII Metallurgy, Polymers and Chemistry in everyday life is deleted.

No changes has been made in the topics and chapters of Mathematics, unit-wise marks distribution and books.

The Core English course for class XI will not include exercises to write a letter to the editor, or apply for a job with a resume.

Similar Changes have been done in arts and commerce syllabi. Topics like federalism, nationalism, Secularism, demonetization, GST, partition, Zamindars & the state, impact of government policy changes on business with special reference to liberalization, privatization and globalization in India stands deleted.

Human eye, evolution, forest and wildlife, democracy, diversity, popular struggles and movements, and challenges to democracy along with some experiments which will be harder to conduct are removed from the syllabus of class tenth.

Click here to check the tweet by HRD Minister:

HRD Minister informed the students about the changes by a tweet from his personal twitter handle.

JEE & NEET Postponed Till September

In the wake of Coronavirus outbreak, the Human Resources Development ministry has decided to postpone the Engineering and Medical entrance examinations, conducted by National Testing Agency.

Union HRD Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank announced the postponement of JEE & NEET through a video tweet from his twitter handle. The JEE MAIN examination will be held between September 1, 2020 to September 6, 2020. JEE advanced exam will be held on September 27, 2020 and National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test (NEET) examination will be held on September 13, 2020.

Earlier, a panel was formed  to check the possibility of conducting these examinations. The panel was supposed to submit its recommendations to HRD ministry by today evening. This panel was constituted after continuous outrage by parents and students on social media, seeking clarity over conduct of examinations. After extension of lockdown in a few states and cancelation of trains upto mid-August, conducting exams on pre-announced dates was a tough task.
The steep rise in number of coronavirus cases across the nation was continuously worrying the aspirants and they were requesting the ministry to postpone it. Hashtags like #PostponeNEETandJEE and #HealthOverExams made the headlines with more than half a million tweets asking for postponement and this compelled the ministry to reschedule the examinations.

The Union HRD minister wished luck to the aspirants and advised them to study up to their full potential.

NIRF Ranking 2020: Where does your dream college stands

Human Resource Development Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ announced NIRF ranking for Indian institutes on Thursday. The rankings which were scheduled to be announced in April were delayed due to Corona outbreak. Launched by HRD Ministry in 2015, this framework of ranking  national institutes has stepped in its fifth year. In the fifth edition, a total of 3,771 universities and higher educational institutions across the country participated in the ranking process and The rankings have been released for a total of 10 categories – Overall, Universities, Engineering, Colleges, Management, Pharmacy, Medical, Architecture, Dental and Law.

About NIRF:
NIRF stands for National Institutional Ranking Framework. This framework outlines a methodology to rank institutions across the country. The methodology draws from the overall recommendations and broad understanding arrived at by a Core Committee set up by MHRD, to identify the broad parameters for ranking various universities and institutions. After approval from MHRD it was launched on 29th September 2015 and the first edition of ranking was released in 2016.

The ranking framework evaluates institutions on five broad generic groups of parameters — Teaching, Learning and Resources (TLR), Research and Professional Practice (RP), Graduation Outcomes (GO), Outreach and Inclusivity (OI) and Perception (PR). Ranks are assigned based on the total sum of marks assigned for each of these five broad groups of parameters.

Here’s the list of top ten institutions from each category:

Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai
Indian institute of Science, Bengaluru
Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur
Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur
Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati
Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee
Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi

Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru
Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore
Jadavpur University, Kolkata
University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
Calcutta University, Kolkata
Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal
Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune
Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi

Miranda House, Delhi
Lady Shri Ram College For Women, New Delhi
Hindu College, Delhi
St. Stephen’s College, Delhi
Presidency College, Chennai
Loyola College, Chennai
St. Xavier’s College, Kolkata
Ramakrishna Mission Vidyamandira, Howrah
Hans Raj College, Delhi
PSGR Krishnammal College for Women, Coimbatore

Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai
Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Delhi
Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai
Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur
Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee
Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati
Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad, Hyderabad
National Institute of Technology Tiruchirappalli, Tiruchirapalli
Indian Institute of Technology Indore, Indore

Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, Ahmedabad
Indian Institute of Management Bangalore, Bangluru
Indian Institute of Management Calcutta, Kolkata
Indian Institute of Management Lucknow, Lucknow
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur
Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode, Kozhikode
Indian Institute of Management Indore, Indore
Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi
Xavier Labour Relations Institute (XLRI), Jamshedpur
Management Development Institute, Gurugram

Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi
Punjab University, Chandigarh
National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research Mohali, Mohali
Institute of chemical technology, Mumbai
National institute of pharmaceutical education and  Hyderabad, Hyderabad
Birla institute of technology and science, Pilani
Manipal college of pharmaceutical sciences, Udupi
National institute of pharmaceutical education and research Ahmadabad, Gandhinagar
JSS college of pharmacy, Ooty
Jss college of Pharmacy, Maysore

All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh
Christian Medical College, Vellore
National Institute of Mental Health & Neuro Sciences, Banglore
Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow
Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore
Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education & Research, Pondicherry
Kasturba Medical College, Manipal
King George’s Medical University, Lucknow

Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, Delhi
Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Udupi
Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune
Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai
A. B. S. M. Institute of Dental Sciences, Magaluru
Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Magalore
Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education And Research, Chennai
Nair Hospital Dental College, Mumbai
SRM Dental College, Chennai
JSS Dental College and Hospital, Mysuru

Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur
Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee
National Institute of Technology Calicut, Kozhikode
Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology University, Ahmadabad
School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi
Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur
School of Planning and Architecture, Bhopal
National Institute of Technology Tiruchirappalli, Truchirappalli
School of Planning and Architecture, Vijaywada
Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi

National Law School of India University, Bengaluru
National Law University, New Delhi
Nalsar University of Law, Hyderabad
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur
National Law University, Jodhpur
The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata
Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar
Symbiosis Law School, Pune
Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi
The Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiyala

VK Bansal: The Architect Of Dreams

This is a moment of profound grief and sorrow for all those who ever had a connection with Kota. The person who made Kota, ‘an education hub’, is no more with us. The architect of Kota coaching culture, VK Bansal Sir breathed his last today morning. He has left behind an unparalleled legacy of three decades. We pay tribute to the legend. Let’s have a look on his life’s journey…

Mr. Bansal was born to a sweet seller in Jhansi, India on October 26, 1946. After passing high school at the top of his class, he went on to study engineering at the Banaras Hindu University, graduating with a degree in mechanical engineering in 1971. Soon after graduating, Mr. Bansal was married and he moved to Kota, Rajasthan as an engineer at JK Synthetics, a chemical company. He wanted to be the Chief Engineer at the company, but destiny had some different plans for him. In the year 1974, Mr. Bansal was diagnosed with Muscular Dystrophy, which left him physically impaired; he could not even stand without support. And it eventually made him give up on his dream of becoming the Chief Engineer in the company.
In 1983, Mr. Bansal was advised to start teaching, as his new profession. In the beginning, he managed a few students and taught them at his dining room. Gradually, he gained popularity when his students started performing well. One of his students got through to IIT-Roorkie in 1985, and a similar feat was achieved in 1986. Soon Mr. Bansal found himself around more students than he could handle. In 1991, Mr. Bansal started the “Bansal Classes Pvt. Ltd.”, a coaching for the preparation of JEE Main and Advance. Bansal classes have produced JEE AIR rank 1 in the year 2000, 2002, 2007, 2008 and 2015.
Teaching is my breakfast, lunch and dinner. Teaching is my life. I cannot do anything apart from teaching. And since I cannot do anything other than teaching, I can do it the best. Nobody can work harder than me as a teacher. Anyone who is not disabled has a lot of other distractions in life, replied Mr. Bansal, when he was asked if he enjoys teaching.

He underwent bypass surgery and treatment of Dural Hematoma (bleeding in the brain). In Jan 2014, Mr. Bansal sent a CD narrating his life story in a seminar held in the Neurology Department of AIIMS New Delhi. He told that he had been writing for six hours daily, because of which the muscles of his hand are functional. Till 2012 he used to take lectures for 7-8 hours daily because of which his lungs and heart are functioning normally.

The success of Mr. Bansal led to the creation of many more coaching classes, many of them started by Mr. Bansal’s former employees.
The life and work of VK Bansal is motivating and inspiring to all the people around the globe. He wrote his own destiny and faced all the odds in life smartly and bravely. He is the Father of the Coaching hub of Kota, because of this legendary man Kota is known for its coaching facilities, environment and success rate throughout the Nation.

You Are A Warrior

Hello! Hope you are fine and into the play as a real warrior. Quarantine is a challenge! Yes! For me, you and everyone… But it’s a tougher one for you, who can’t simply “Netflix and chill”. You are on your battlefield preparing for the ultimate shot. The shot which is probably considered having the capability to either make or break you. Well… I strongly disagree! Nothing except “you, yourself” can break you. You are a warrior and it’s about the day and you are into the play for yourself. I still remember the NEET exam of 2018 which despite of me being over prepared made me drop a year more. After february when the syllabus gets completed and you are sort of free from the daily schedule you practice, things might take a bitter turn. The situation is almost the same.

Having your exams postponed might bring a feel of joy, but it is the time to tighten your shoe laces and go for it with even more enthusiasm. “Hey! Is it going to be a zero session year? Will the dates extend even more? What should we do? How to overcome boredom?” are some of the queries which would be definitely be popping up your minds as a notification everytime you go through the sheets/DPPs. But, no one has seen the future. Inquiring more and more won’t bring a favourable outcome. It’s the time for you to be in attacking mode and most importantly, don’t let stress defeat you. You are a warrior and can’t afford to distress yourself! The main cause of stress as per my opinion is OVERTHINKING. Don’t set targets for the whole month. Take each day as a target and achieve it. Enjoy the victory of everyday. Trust me, the moment I started being a true _Befikra_, things changed and with lesser preparation, I succeeded. Well, being a _Befikra_ definitely doesn’t mean leaving it all and enjoying. It’s just about being a warrior who doesn’t has time to think about the results. Every day is a new target for you. Utilise it beautifully. Be in proper contacts with your mentors and keep yourself motivated. The mindset of yours affect your subconscious and ultimately the results. Be a warrior, fight with enthusiasm and you will definitely come out with flying colours.

Satiate Your Hunger: The Kota Way

Kachori, Poha Aur Patties ! Don’t the above names sound like three best friends? Kota is the Mecca of coaching for all the students who want to pursue Engineering or Medical. We all know that the journey in Kota is monotonous and tough and most of the time the students are under pressure because of one reason or another. But one among these three best friends comes to their rescue most of the time. “Kachori” Kota’s Kachori makes your lips burn, tongue dance, eyes fill with tears and even heat race faster. Some special ingredients that make Kota Kachori mouth watering are Heeng (asafoetida) and dry coriander seeds used in the filling of the Kachoris. The filling mainly consists of Urad Dal and Indian spices. The Kachori is accompanied by green chutney and sometimes even with curry. The taste of the Kachori might not be uniform throughout the city but it can never be disappointing. “Poha” One of the healthiest breakfast options in Kota is Poha. It is often served with Jalebi. The flat taste of Poha is made tangy and mildly spicy with the addition of onions, tomatoes, lemon juice, chat masala, sev bhujiya, green chillies and some even add saunf (fennel). The namkeen Poha and the sweet Jalebi makes a perfect combination and it is one of the most loved combinations in the city. “Patties” In a hurry and want to quiché your hunger? Then patties always comes to your rescue. The patty consists of a filling which is made of potato and Indian spices. One can add generous toppings like chesse, mayo, bhujiya, ketchup, paneer and a lot more that makes it a sheer delight to eat. It is a pocket friendly and stomach filling option one can find in the food menu in Kota. Which among the three comes to your rescue when you are hungry and in a hurry? When mess’s food is boring and flat, when you want a healthy breakfast or snack at 4 in the morning… Apart from Kachori, Poha and Patties a variety of food is served and loved by the people. The food menu also consists of various kinds of sandwiches, momos, parathas, rolls and many items. The city even serves delicious Indian style Burgers (a must-try if one visits the city). Kota serves all kinds of Indian cuisines, all one needs to do is to find the best place, where it is served. The emotion attached with the food is what makes it more special may it be sharing business ideas, discussing life problems, comparing the answer after test, a short break from studies or anything. These feelings and emotions attached to Kachori, Poha and Patties makes it even more special to every Kotaite.

Roadmap to Kota

Kota is a district in Rajasthan and is situated on the banks of the enchanted Chambal River. The district is bounded on the north by Bundi, on the east by Baran, on the south by Jhalawar, and on the west by Chittorgarh. The city is famous for its ancient heritage, historic monuments, modern attraction and the scenes across the Chambal River.

Kota is a district in Rajasthan and is situated on the banks of the enchanted Chambal River. The district is bounded on the north by Bundi, on the east by Baran, on the south by Jhalawar, and on the west by Chittorgarh. The city is famous for its ancient heritage, historic monuments, modern attraction and the scenes across the Chambal River.

The city is an industrial hub of Rajasthan and is also famous for the preparations of IIT JEE and NEET competitive examinations. Some of the must visit sites are- Kota Barrage, Seven Wonders, Jag Mandir Palace, Garadia Mahadev, Umed Bhavan Palace, Chambal Garden, City Palace, Shivpuri Dham, Kishore Sagar Lake, Maharao Madho Singh Museum, Hanging Bridge. Mode of transport through which one can reach Kota Kota is well connected by road and railways. The Airport is not operational but it is used for charted planes and VIPS. The city is well connected with all the other cities of Rajasthan through roadways. Major modes of travel include state transport buses, on-hire vehicles and private vehicles.

Below are some of the means of transport through which one can reach Kota:

By Air- Some of the nearest Airport to Kota city are: Jaipur International Airport, Jaipur Maharaja Pratap Airport, Udaipur Devi Ahilyabai Holkar Airport, Indore Raj Bhoj International Airport, Bhopal Gwalior Airport, Gwalior Indira Gandhi International Airport,

Delhi By Road- Kota has two bus stops: the main bus stop is Nayapura Area and a new bus stand is near Aerodrome circle. And it is connected well with all the other cities and villages of the State and the Neighbouring states too. Ajmer to Kota – 215 Km (4h 4 min via Kota Rd and NH 12) Jaipur to Kota – 250 Km (4h 44 min via NH12) Udaipur to Kota – 289 Km (4h 21 min via NH76) Delhi to Kota – 508 Km (8h 12 min via 508 Km) Ahmadabad to Kota – 540 Km (7h 55 min via NH8 and NH 76) (The distance and time mentioned are approximate values.)

By Railway Most of the trains stop at Kota Junction, as it is the major junction in the Western Railway sector, on the Delhi-Mumbai line. It takes approximately 4 hours from Jaipur, 6 hours from Delhi, and 7 hours from Indore to reach Kota.